retrograde


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ret·ro·grade

 (rĕt′rə-grād′)
adj.
1. Moving or tending backward: a retrograde flow.
2. Opposite to the usual order; inverted or reversed: the retrograde form of the melody.
3. Reverting to an earlier or inferior condition: a retrograde way of thinking.
4. Astronomy
a. Of or relating to the orbital revolution or axial rotation of a planetary or other celestial body that moves clockwise from east to west, in the direction opposite to most celestial bodies.
b. Of or relating to the brief, regularly occurring, apparently backward movement of a planetary body in its orbit as viewed against the fixed stars, caused by the differing orbital velocities of Earth and the body observed.
c. Of or relating to orbital motion in the direction opposite that of the predominant motion in an orbital system.
intr.v. ret·ro·grad·ed, ret·ro·grad·ing, ret·ro·grades
1. Astronomy To have retrograde motion.
2. To decline to an inferior state; degenerate.
3. Archaic To move or seem to move backward.

[Middle English, from Latin retrōgradus, from retrōgradī, to go back : retrō-, retro- + -gradus, walking (from gradī, to go; see ghredh- in Indo-European roots).]

ret′ro·gra·da′tion (-rō-grā-dā′shən) n.
ret′ro·grade′ly adv.

retrograde

(ˈrɛtrəʊˌɡreɪd)
adj
1. moving or bending backwards
2. (esp of order) reverse or inverse
3. tending towards an earlier worse condition; declining or deteriorating
4. (Astronomy) astronomy
a. occurring or orbiting in a direction opposite to that of the earth's motion around the sun. Compare direct18
b. occurring or orbiting in a direction around a planet opposite to the planet's rotational direction: the retrograde motion of the satellite Phoebe around Saturn.
c. appearing to move in a clockwise direction due to the rotational period exceeding the period of revolution around the sun: Venus has retrograde rotation.
5. (Biology) biology tending to retrogress; degenerate
6. (Music, other) music of, concerning, or denoting a melody or part that is played backwards
7. obsolete opposed, contrary, or repugnant to
vb (intr)
8. to move in a retrograde direction; retrogress
9. (Military) military US another word for retreat1
[C14: from Latin retrōgradī to go backwards, from gradi to walk, go]
ˌretrograˈdation n
ˈretroˌgradely adv

ret•ro•grade

(ˈrɛ trəˌgreɪd)

adj., v. -grad•ed, -grad•ing. adj.
1. having a backward motion or direction; retiring or retreating.
2. inverse or reversed, as order.
3. Chiefly Biol. exhibiting degeneration or deterioration.
4.
a. moving in an orbit in the direction opposite to that of the earth in its revolution around the sun.
b. appearing to move on the celestial sphere in the direction opposite to the natural order of the signs of the zodiac, or from east to west.
Compare direct (def. 25).
5. Archaic. contrary; opposed.
v.i.
6. to move or go backward; retire or retreat.
7. Chiefly Biol. to decline to a worse condition; degenerate.
[1350–1400; Middle English (adj.) < Latin retrōgradus going back, derivative of retrōgradī=retrō- retro- + gradī to step, go; compare grade]

ret·ro·grade

(rĕt′rə-grād′)
Relating to the revolution in an orbit or rotation about an axis of a celestial body that moves clockwise from east to west, in the direction opposite to the movement of most celestial bodies.

retrograde


Past participle: retrograded
Gerund: retrograding

Imperative
retrograde
retrograde
Present
I retrograde
you retrograde
he/she/it retrogrades
we retrograde
you retrograde
they retrograde
Preterite
I retrograded
you retrograded
he/she/it retrograded
we retrograded
you retrograded
they retrograded
Present Continuous
I am retrograding
you are retrograding
he/she/it is retrograding
we are retrograding
you are retrograding
they are retrograding
Present Perfect
I have retrograded
you have retrograded
he/she/it has retrograded
we have retrograded
you have retrograded
they have retrograded
Past Continuous
I was retrograding
you were retrograding
he/she/it was retrograding
we were retrograding
you were retrograding
they were retrograding
Past Perfect
I had retrograded
you had retrograded
he/she/it had retrograded
we had retrograded
you had retrograded
they had retrograded
Future
I will retrograde
you will retrograde
he/she/it will retrograde
we will retrograde
you will retrograde
they will retrograde
Future Perfect
I will have retrograded
you will have retrograded
he/she/it will have retrograded
we will have retrograded
you will have retrograded
they will have retrograded
Future Continuous
I will be retrograding
you will be retrograding
he/she/it will be retrograding
we will be retrograding
you will be retrograding
they will be retrograding
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been retrograding
you have been retrograding
he/she/it has been retrograding
we have been retrograding
you have been retrograding
they have been retrograding
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been retrograding
you will have been retrograding
he/she/it will have been retrograding
we will have been retrograding
you will have been retrograding
they will have been retrograding
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been retrograding
you had been retrograding
he/she/it had been retrograding
we had been retrograding
you had been retrograding
they had been retrograding
Conditional
I would retrograde
you would retrograde
he/she/it would retrograde
we would retrograde
you would retrograde
they would retrograde
Past Conditional
I would have retrograded
you would have retrograded
he/she/it would have retrograded
we would have retrograded
you would have retrograded
they would have retrograded
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.retrograde - move backward in an orbit, of celestial bodies
orb, orbit, revolve - move in an orbit; "The moon orbits around the Earth"; "The planets are orbiting the sun"; "electrons orbit the nucleus"
2.retrograde - move in a direction contrary to the usual one; "retrograding planets"
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
3.retrograde - move back; "The glacier retrogrades"
draw back, move back, pull away, pull back, recede, retreat, withdraw, retire - pull back or move away or backward; "The enemy withdrew"; "The limo pulled away from the curb"
4.retrograde - go back over; "retrograde arguments"
recap, recapitulate - summarize briefly; "Let's recapitulate the main ideas"
5.retrograde - get worse or fall back to a previous condition
decline, worsen - grow worse; "Conditions in the slum worsened"
Adj.1.retrograde - moving from east to west on the celestial sphere; or--for planets--around the sun in a direction opposite to that of the Earth
astronomy, uranology - the branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole
direct - moving from west to east on the celestial sphere; or--for planets--around the sun in the same direction as the Earth
2.retrograde - of amnesia; affecting time immediately preceding trauma
anterograde - of amnesia; affecting time immediately following trauma
3.retrograde - going from better to worse
regressive - opposing progress; returning to a former less advanced state
4.retrograde - moving or directed or tending in a backward direction or contrary to a previous direction
backward - directed or facing toward the back or rear; "a backward view"

retrograde

adjective deteriorating, backward, regressive, retrogressive, declining, negative, reverse, retreating, worsening, downward, waning, relapsing, inverse, degenerative It would be a retrograde step to revert to the old system.

retrograde

adjective
Directed or facing toward the back or rear:
verb
1. To move in a reverse direction:
Idiom: retrace one's steps.
2. To move back or away from a point, limit, or mark:
3. To become lower in quality, character, or condition:
Idioms: go bad, go to pot, go to seed , go to the dogs.
Translations
retrograd

retrograde

[ˈretrəʊgreɪd] ADJ (fig) [step, measure] → retrógrado

retrograde

[ˈrɛtrəgreɪd] adjrétrograde
a retrograde step → un pas en arrière, une régression

retrograde

adjrückläufig; orderumgekehrt; policyrückschrittlich; (Phys, Biol, Astron) → rückläufig, retrograd (spec); retrograde stepRückschritt m
vi (Biol) → sich zurückentwickeln; (Astron) → sich retrograd bewegen

retrograde

[ˈrɛtrəʊˌgreɪd] adj (frm) a retrograde step (fig) → un passo (all')indietro

ret·ro·grade

a. retrógrado-a, que se mueve hacia atrás o retorna al pasado;
___ amnesiaamnesia ___;
___ aortographyaortografía ___;
___ pyelographypielografía ___.

retrograde

adj retrógrado
References in classic literature ?
Within a few years we have witnessed the phenomenon of a southeastward migration, in the settlement of Australia; but this affects us as a retrograde movement, and, judging from the moral and physical character of the first generation of Australians, has not yet proved a successful experiment.
Thir wandring course now high, now low, then hid, Progressive, retrograde, or standing still, In six thou seest, and what if sev'nth to these The Planet Earth, so stedfast though she seem, Insensibly three different Motions move?
Our history must needs retrograde for the space of a few pages, to inform the reader of certain passages material to his understanding the rest of this important narrative.
The retrograde movement of those who now fell back into the plain to escape the death before them was so violent, and their concussion against those who were advancing from the rear so terrible, that numbers were smothered or trampled to death.
For, although they can inflict instantaneous death by a retrograde movement, yet unless they can at once disengage their stinging extremity from the struggling body of their victim, their own frail bodies are liable to be shattered.
I fell asleep on the sofa, however, wondering over and over again how Lucy had made such a retrograde movement, and how she could have been drained of so much blood with no sign any where to show for it.
But, contrary to my expectations, the Nautilus took a decided retrograde motion.
Then the cardinal, whatever he said, very well knew that the horror of bloodshed in this encounter, in which Frenchman would combat against Frenchman, was a retrograde movement of sixty years impressed upon his policy; and the cardinal was at that period what we now call a man of progress.
The new system being now established, a retrograde movement to the old would be almost as difficult as the step that placed him in his unparalleled position.
There is scarcely anything when a man is in difficulties that he is more disposed to look upon with abhorrence than a rightabout retrograde movement--a systematic going over of the already trodden ground: and especially if he has a love of adventure, such a course appears indescribably repulsive, so long as there remains the least hope to be derived from braving untried difficulties.
The faculty of re-solution is possibly much invigorated by mathematical study, and especially by that highest branch of it which, unjustly, and merely on account of its retrograde operations, has been called, as if par excellence, analysis.
In the present instance it was retrograde, and in less than a minute after the bellowing report of the swivel among the rocks and caverns, the whole weight of the attack from the left rested on the prowess of the single arm of the veteran.