retrovirus


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retrovirus
schematic of a retrovirus

ret·ro·vi·rus

 (rĕt′rō-vī′rəs, rĕt′rə-vī′-)
n. pl. ret·ro·vi·rus·es
Any of a family of viruses, many of which produce tumors, that contain RNA and reverse transcriptase, including HIV.

ret′ro·vi′ral adj.

retrovirus

(ˈrɛtrəʊˌvaɪrəs)
n
(Microbiology) any of several viruses whose genetic specification is encoded in RNA rather than DNA and that are able to reverse the normal flow of genetic information from DNA to RNA by transcribing RNA into DNA: many retroviruses are known to cause cancer in animals
ˈretroˌviral adj

ret•ro•vi•rus

(ˌrɛ trəˈvaɪ rəs, ˈrɛ trəˌvaɪ-)

n., pl. -rus•es.
any of various single-stranded RNA-containing viruses, of the family Retroviridae, that have a helical envelope and contain the enzyme reverse transcriptase, which enables genetic information from viral RNA to become part of host DNA.
[1975–80]
ret`ro•vi′ral, adj.

ret·ro·vi·rus

(rĕt′rō-vī′rəs)
Any of a group of viruses containing RNA in which the RNA can convert to DNA inside a cell. Some retroviruses cause cancer in humans. The virus that causes AIDS is a retrovirus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.retrovirus - any of a group of viruses that contain two single-strand linear RNA molecules per virion and reverse transcriptase (RNA to DNA); the virus transcribes its RNA into a cDNA provirus that is then incorporated into the host cell
animal virus - an animal pathogen that is a virus
HTLV-1, human T-cell leukemia virus-1 - retrovirus causing T-cell leukemia
human immunodeficiency virus, HIV - the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
Translations
retrovirus

retrovirus

[ˈretrəʊˌvaɪrəs] Nretrovirus m inv

retrovirus

nRetrovirus nt or m

ret·ro·vi·rus

n. retrovirus, virus que pertenece al grupo ácido ARN, algunos de los cuales son oncogénicos;
human endogenous ______ endógeno humano.

retrovirus

n retrovirus m
References in periodicals archive ?
If a retrovirus happens to infect an egg or sperm, its DNA can potentially be passed to the next generation and the generation after that.
The breakthrough, according to authors of the study published in the journal Science, could help pave the way for transplantation of whole pig organs into humans, without fear of patients being infected with the pig retrovirus.
In that experiment, a maximum of 37 percent of retrovirus pol genes showed signs of editing 17 days after the team gave the signal for editing to begin.
Technavio's analysts forecast the global viral hepatitis and retrovirus diagnostic tests market to grow at a CAGR of 10.
La identificacion del animal afectado ocurrio durante el desarrollo de un proyecto de investigacion en el periodo 2002-2003 para identificar presencia molecular en tejidos pulmonares del beta retrovirus productor de la enfermedad.
When a retrovirus infects a cell, it inserts its own genes into the chromosomal DNA of the host cell.
Research groups searching for a cause of this so-called sporadic form had previously spotted a protein known as reverse transcriptase, a product of retroviruses such as HIV, in ALS patients' serum samples, suggesting that a retrovirus might play a role in the disease.
It must pointed out that IMOD is not an anti-AIDS drug, but a complementary medicine which is supposed to be used along with other retrovirus medicines for strengthening the humane immunity system and creating the required energy in the cells, so that increasing the hope of patients to live more.
Tenemos ahora una prueba de que un retrovirus denominado XMRV esta presente en la sangre de pacientes que sufren este sindrome", explico la doctora Judy Mikovits, directora de investigacion en el Whittemom Peterson Institute (Nevada, oeste), principal autora de este estudio.
CpG methylation directly regulates transcriptional activity of the human endogenous retrovirus family HERV-K (HML-2).
Se trata del retrovirus HERV-W, cuyo acido ribonucleico fue hallado en fa tercera parte de tos pacientes estudiados.
In particular, the patent provides Mymetics with broad coverage for a range of immunogenic compositions that elicit a selective immune response against a retrovirus but not against molecules of the host.