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 (rŏm′bĕn-sĕf′ə-lŏn′, -lən)
The hindbrain.

rhom′ben·ce·phal′ic (-sə-făl′ĭk) adj.


n, pl -la (-lə)
(Anatomy) the part of the brain that develops from the posterior portion of the embryonic neural tube and comprises the cerebellum, pons, and the medulla oblongata. Nontechnical name: hindbrain Compare mesencephalon, prosencephalon
[C20: from rhombus + encephalon]


(ˌrɒm bɛnˈsɛf əˌlɒn, -lən)

n., pl. -lons, -la (-lə)
the hindbrain.
[1895–1900; < German; see rhomb, encephalon]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.rhombencephalon - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
brain, encephalon - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
metencephalon - the part of the hindbrain that develops into the pons and the cerebellum
cerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
myelencephalon - the posterior part of the hindbrain in developing vertebrates; forms the medulla oblongata in adults
References in periodicals archive ?
With CNS invasion, listeriosis may target the meninges resulting in the typical clinical picture of acute/subacute bacterial meningitis, [2] but unlike other bacteria may also target the brain parenchyma and specifically the rhombencephalon (pons, medulla, cerebellum).
Verzijl and coworker performed electrophysiological studies on 11 patients with mobius syndrome and concluded that Mobius syndrome is not a primary developmental disorder of the facial musculature but is a disorder of the rhombencephalon including both motor nuclei and transversing long tracts.
canicula embryos were prepared for immunofluorescence by opening the rhombencephalon and the telencephalic vesicles.