ribonucleic acid


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Related to ribonucleic acid: deoxyribonucleic acid, ATP

ri·bo·nu·cle·ic acid

 (rī′bō-no͞o-klē′ĭk, -klā′-, -nyo͞o-)
n.
See RNA.

ribonucleic acid

(ˌraɪbəʊnjuːˈkliːɪk; -ˈkleɪ-)
n
(Biochemistry) the full name of RNA
[C20: from ribo(se) + nucleic acid]

RNA

ribonucleic acid: any of a class of single-stranded nucleic acid molecules of ribose and uracil, found chiefly in the cytoplasm of cells and in certain viruses; important in protein synthesis and in the transmission of genetic information transcribed from DNA. Compare messenger RNA, ribosomal RNA, transfer RNA.
[1945–50]

ri·bo·nu·cle·ic acid

(rī′bō-no͞o-klē′ĭk)
See RNA.

ribonucleic acid

1. (RNA) A molecule that transfers information essential for protein synthesis from DNA.
2. (RNA) Nucleic acids that help to produce proteins in living cells.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ribonucleic acid - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell; "ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses"
biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
ribose - a pentose sugar important as a component of ribonucleic acid
adenine, A - (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA
cytosine, C - a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine
informational RNA, messenger RNA, mRNA, template RNA - the template for protein synthesis; the form of RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell
nRNA, nuclear RNA - ribonucleic acid found in the nucleolus of the cell
acceptor RNA, soluble RNA, transfer RNA, tRNA - RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell (according to directions coded in the mRNA)
guanine, G - a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
nucleic acid - (biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotide chains that are vital constituents of all living cells
polymer - a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
U, uracil - a base containing nitrogen that is found in RNA (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
Translations
ribonukleiinihappo
acide ribonucléique
acido ribonucleico
リボ核酸
리보핵산
kwas rybonukleinowy
ribonukleinsyra

ribonucleic acid

ribonucleic acid (RNA)

n ácido ribonucleico (ARN)
References in periodicals archive ?
around -70AC to -80AC and below) are used for prolonged storage of biomedical samples such as deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), ribonucleic acid (RNA).
Toscana virus is a ribonucleic acid envelope virus from the family Bunyaviridae and genus Phlebovirus.
Total hepatic messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) was extracted using affinity columns (Qiagen) from adult male sheepshead minnows treated by aqueous exposure to either 65.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) was extracted from cell pellets and run through a reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to synthesize eDNA and to amplify the eDNA for DNA sequence analysis.
The test measures the amount of the AIDS virus' genetic material called RNA, or ribonucleic acid, in the mother's blood.
RNA - Ribonucleic acid, companion substance to DNA in the chemistry of heredity.
Thousands of research studies are under way to better understand microRNA -- short for micro ribonucleic acid.
5) Gel Extraction Kits of ribonucleic acid (RNA) (50 Unit)
com/research/zndfxg/investigation) has announced the addition of the "Investigation Report on China's ribonucleic acid II (RNAII) for Injection, 2010-2019" report to their offering.
The research, led by Dr Claude Libert from Ghent University in Belgium, focused on MicroRNA, tiny strains of ribonucleic acid which alongside DNA and proteins, make up the three major macromolecules that are essential for all known forms of life.
Blocking two tiny molecules of ribonucleic acid (RNA)--a chemical cousin of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)--appears to suppress the abnormal growth of blood vessels that occurs in degenerative eye disorders.
The method they have discovered involves an important class of molecules produced by DNA called ribonucleic acid or RNA.