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adv. & adj. Music
Gradually slowing in tempo; retarding. Used chiefly as a direction.

[Italian, present participle of ritardare, to slow down, from Latin retardāre; see retard1.]


adj, adv
(Classical Music) another term for rallentandoAbbreviation: rit
[C19: from Italian, from ritardare to slow down]


(ˌri tɑrˈdɑn doʊ)

adj., adv.
Music. becoming gradually slower.
[1805–15; < Italian, ger. of ritardare; see retard]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.ritardando - gradually decreasing in tempo
decreasing - music
References in periodicals archive ?
ritardando at the beginning of the finale of the New World 'Symphony, he worked with it economically, be it in the Scherzo or the Eighth or in the rather objective Largo of the Ninth.
Quest'ultimo viene considerato, talora dal fisioterapista e spesso dai familiari, l'obiettivo primario, ritardando di parecchio la proposta e l'inserimento della carrozzina elettronica nel progetto riabilitativo, come se fosse l'atto conclusivo di un insuccesso terapeutico che relega il bambino in una condizione di disabilita (1).
Such qualities as tension and relaxation, crescendo and diminuendo, accelerando and ritardando may be applied to emotions and interactions as well as to music.
Add to the eccentricity of the rubato, ritardando and ritenuto, a sometimes outrageous display of dynamics, occasionally enough to startle you out of your seat, and then an ornamentation that would do the Queen of Sheba proud, and you get a Four Seasons almost unrecognizable in parts.
This would also be the time to work on any tempo changes; ritardando is the most common tempo change in elementary-level music.
This stunning achievement, which may seem "mystically" rendered to some, is in fact mathematically built into tonality Not only is the dominant an overtone of the tonic, but the numerical ratio of their vibrating sounds is 3:2, which of course yields not only the basic duple and triple time of classical rhythm but of Western poetic meters, so that anticipations and suspensions of dissonances can be mirrored in the scored syncopations of the rhythm, the ritardando and accelerando of the performance.
3, the chromatically descending bass, the ritardando in m.
The broad stream of the river as it enters Prague is almost too sprightly and lithe, but this means that the entry of the Vysehrad theme, prepared for by a very effective ritardando, is all the more impressive.
Bashmet's occasional forays into orchestral direction here, sometimes heavy-handed, were always enthusiastic and loving; one excessive ritardando in the finale, however, was followed by a tempo pick-up where the soloists' ensemble almost came to grief.
Many times, ritardando is combined with rubato until the regular tempo is restored.
Chopin's music is filled with expressive markings that require the performer to make adjustments to the pulse: ritardando, accelerando, ritenuto, stretto and the like.
Mazullo is not content with merely paraphrasing the existing scholarship on such topics, but goes further to posit a link between such gestures as ritenuto (which he discovers has been used by Shostakovich as synonymous with ritardando and to denote a gradual rather than abrupt slowing) and tenuto, their structural roles, and their importance in precipitating a process of defamiliarization (p.