roil


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roil

 (roil)
v. roiled, roil·ing, roils
v.tr.
1. To make (a liquid) turbulent or muddy or cloudy by stirring up sediment: The storm roiled the waters of the harbor.
2. To cause to be in a state of agitation or disorder: wars that roiled the continent for decades.
3. Usage Problem To put in a state of emotional agitation; rile or upset.
v.intr.
1. To move or be in a state of turbulence, especially because of an abundance of something: storm clouds roiling overhead; a stream roiling with salmon.
2. To be agitated or chaotic: when campuses were roiling with demonstrations.
3. To be vexed or upset: a person who is roiling with shame.

[Origin unknown.]
Usage Note: The verb roil means literally "to make muddy or cloudy by stirring up sediment," and this meaning has given rise to a number of figurative uses. Roil can also mean "to be or cause to be agitated." Not surprisingly, the synonymous verb rile actually began its existence as a variant of roil. The figurative uses appear to unsettle many Usage Panelists since several seemingly unremarkable examples could not elicit acceptance from more than a thin majority. In our 2002 survey, the Panel was given both transitive and intransitive examples. The transitive example The lyrics of the song roiled some Asian students, who felt they were racist was acceptable to 52 percent of Panelists. The phrasal verb roil up found even less favor. Only 44 percent accepted the sentence The administration's comments have roiled up the university's professors, who felt the administration was declaring war on tenure. For intransitive uses, the Panel was no more sanguine. Some 54 percent accepted The controversy continued to roil just two days before the primaries. The literal use meaning "to move turbulently" found even fewer takers, with 34 percent accepting It was like wading through surf when a mountainous breaker is roiling toward you. According to most dictionaries, all these uses should be acceptable. The survey results suggest then that many people see these uses of roil as malapropisms for rile. Writers who count themselves in this number can use a synonym like upset or disturb for the transitive uses or boil or roll for the intransitive ones.

roil

(rɔɪl)
vb
1. (tr) to make (a liquid) cloudy or turbid by stirring up dregs or sediment
2. (intr) (esp of a liquid) to be agitated or disturbed
3. (intr) dialect to be noisy or boisterous
4. (tr) another word (now rare) for rile1
[C16: of unknown origin; compare rile]

roil

(rɔɪl)

v.t.
1. to render (a fluid) turbid by stirring up sediment.
2. to disturb or disquiet; irritate.
v.i.
3. to move or proceed turbulently.
[1580–90]

roil


Past participle: roiled
Gerund: roiling

Imperative
roil
roil
Present
I roil
you roil
he/she/it roils
we roil
you roil
they roil
Preterite
I roiled
you roiled
he/she/it roiled
we roiled
you roiled
they roiled
Present Continuous
I am roiling
you are roiling
he/she/it is roiling
we are roiling
you are roiling
they are roiling
Present Perfect
I have roiled
you have roiled
he/she/it has roiled
we have roiled
you have roiled
they have roiled
Past Continuous
I was roiling
you were roiling
he/she/it was roiling
we were roiling
you were roiling
they were roiling
Past Perfect
I had roiled
you had roiled
he/she/it had roiled
we had roiled
you had roiled
they had roiled
Future
I will roil
you will roil
he/she/it will roil
we will roil
you will roil
they will roil
Future Perfect
I will have roiled
you will have roiled
he/she/it will have roiled
we will have roiled
you will have roiled
they will have roiled
Future Continuous
I will be roiling
you will be roiling
he/she/it will be roiling
we will be roiling
you will be roiling
they will be roiling
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been roiling
you have been roiling
he/she/it has been roiling
we have been roiling
you have been roiling
they have been roiling
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been roiling
you will have been roiling
he/she/it will have been roiling
we will have been roiling
you will have been roiling
they will have been roiling
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been roiling
you had been roiling
he/she/it had been roiling
we had been roiling
you had been roiling
they had been roiling
Conditional
I would roil
you would roil
he/she/it would roil
we would roil
you would roil
they would roil
Past Conditional
I would have roiled
you would have roiled
he/she/it would have roiled
we would have roiled
you would have roiled
they would have roiled
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.roil - be agitatedroil - be agitated; "the sea was churning in the storm"
seethe, roll - boil vigorously; "The liquid was seething"; "The water rolled"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
2.roil - make turbid by stirring up the sediments of
raise up, commove, disturb, stir up, vex, shake up, agitate - change the arrangement or position of
muddle, puddle - make into a puddle; "puddled mire"
Translations

roil

[rɔɪl] (esp US)
A. VI [water] → enturbiarse
B. VT (fig) → agitar
to roil the watersenturbiar or agitar las aguas

roil

(esp US)
vi (= churn: water) → strudeln
vt (fig)in Aufruhr bringen; to roil the watersfür Unruhe sorgen
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