roof


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roof

 (ro͞of, ro͝of)
n.
1.
a. The exterior surface and its supporting structures on the top of a building.
b. The upper exterior surface of a dwelling as a symbol of the home itself: three generations living under one roof.
2. The top covering of something: the roof of a car.
3. The upper surface of an anatomical structure, especially one having a vaulted inner structure: the roof of the mouth.
4. The highest point or limit; the summit or ceiling: A roof on prices is needed to keep our customers happy.
tr.v. roofed, roof·ing, roofs
To furnish with a roof or cover.
Idioms:
go through the roof Slang
1. To grow, intensify, or rise to an enormous, often unexpected degree: Operating costs went through the roof last year.
2. To become extremely angry: When I told her about breaking the window, she went through the roof.
raise the roof Slang
1. To be extremely noisy and boisterous: They raised the roof at the party.
2. To complain loudly and bitterly: Angry tenants finally raised the roof about their noisy neighbors.

[Middle English, from Old English hrōf.]

roof

(ruːf)
n, pl roofs (ruːfs; ruːvz)
1. (Architecture)
a. a structure that covers or forms the top of a building
b. (in combination): the rooftop.
c. (as modifier): a roof garden.
2. the top covering of a vehicle, oven, or other structure: the roof of a car.
3. (Anatomy) anatomy any structure that covers an organ or part: the roof of the mouth.
4. a highest or topmost point or part: Mount Everest is the roof of the world.
5. a house or other shelter: a poor man's roof.
6. (Mountaineering) mountaineering the underside of a projecting overhang
7. hit the roof go through the roof informal
a. to get extremely angry; become furious
b. to rise or increase steeply
8. raise the roof
a. to create a boisterous disturbance
b. to react or protest heatedly
vb
(tr) to provide or cover with a roof or rooflike part
[Old English hrōf; related to Middle Dutch, Old Norse hrōf]
ˈroofer n
ˈroofless adj
ˈroofˌlike adj

roof

(ruf, rʊf)

n., pl. roofs,
n.
1. the external upper covering of a house or other building.
2. a frame for supporting this: an open-timbered roof.
3. the highest part or summit of anything: the roof of the world.
4. something that covers in the manner of a roof, as the top of a car or the upper part of the mouth.
5. a house.
v.t.
6. to provide or cover with a roof.
Idioms:
go through the roof,
a. (esp. of costs) to increase dramatically.
b. Also, hit the roof. to lose one's temper; become enraged.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English hrōf; c. Dutch roef cover, cabin, Old Norse hrōf boat shed]
roof′like`, adj.

roof


Past participle: roofed
Gerund: roofing

Imperative
roof
roof
Present
I roof
you roof
he/she/it roofs
we roof
you roof
they roof
Preterite
I roofed
you roofed
he/she/it roofed
we roofed
you roofed
they roofed
Present Continuous
I am roofing
you are roofing
he/she/it is roofing
we are roofing
you are roofing
they are roofing
Present Perfect
I have roofed
you have roofed
he/she/it has roofed
we have roofed
you have roofed
they have roofed
Past Continuous
I was roofing
you were roofing
he/she/it was roofing
we were roofing
you were roofing
they were roofing
Past Perfect
I had roofed
you had roofed
he/she/it had roofed
we had roofed
you had roofed
they had roofed
Future
I will roof
you will roof
he/she/it will roof
we will roof
you will roof
they will roof
Future Perfect
I will have roofed
you will have roofed
he/she/it will have roofed
we will have roofed
you will have roofed
they will have roofed
Future Continuous
I will be roofing
you will be roofing
he/she/it will be roofing
we will be roofing
you will be roofing
they will be roofing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been roofing
you have been roofing
he/she/it has been roofing
we have been roofing
you have been roofing
they have been roofing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been roofing
you will have been roofing
he/she/it will have been roofing
we will have been roofing
you will have been roofing
they will have been roofing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been roofing
you had been roofing
he/she/it had been roofing
we had been roofing
you had been roofing
they had been roofing
Conditional
I would roof
you would roof
he/she/it would roof
we would roof
you would roof
they would roof
Past Conditional
I would have roofed
you would have roofed
he/she/it would have roofed
we would have roofed
you would have roofed
they would have roofed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.roof - a protective covering that covers or forms the top of a buildingroof - a protective covering that covers or forms the top of a building
building, edifice - a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place; "there was a three-story building on the corner"; "it was an imposing edifice"
curb roof - a roof with two or more slopes on each side of the ridge
dome - a hemispherical roof
eaves - the overhang at the lower edge of a roof
gable roof, saddle roof, saddleback roof, saddleback - a double sloping roof with a ridge and gables at each end
hip roof, hipped roof - a roof having sloping ends as well as sloping sides
housetop - the roof of a house; "shout it from the housetops"
protective cover, protective covering, protection - a covering that is intend to protect from damage or injury; "they had no protection from the fallout"; "wax provided protection for the floors"
roof peak - the highest point of a roof
slate roof - a roof covered with slate
sunroof, sunshine-roof - an automobile roof having a sliding or raisable panel; "`sunshine-roof' is a British term for `sunroof'"
thatched roof, thatch - a house roof made with a plant material (as straw)
tile roof - a roof made of fired clay tiles
vault - an arched brick or stone ceiling or roof
2.roof - protective covering on top of a motor vehicle
autobus, bus, charabanc, double-decker, jitney, motorbus, motorcoach, passenger vehicle, omnibus, coach - a vehicle carrying many passengers; used for public transport; "he always rode the bus to work"
auto, automobile, car, motorcar, machine - a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine; "he needs a car to get to work"
hood - the folding roof of a carriage
protective cover, protective covering, protection - a covering that is intend to protect from damage or injury; "they had no protection from the fallout"; "wax provided protection for the floors"
motortruck, truck - an automotive vehicle suitable for hauling
3.roof - the inner top surface of a covered area or hollow space; "the roof of the cave was very high"; "I could see the roof of the bear's mouth"
cave - a geological formation consisting of an underground enclosure with access from the surface of the ground or from the sea
covering, natural covering, cover - a natural object that covers or envelops; "under a covering of dust"; "the fox was flushed from its cover"
4.roof - an upper limit on what is allowed; "he put a ceiling on the number of women who worked for him"; "there was a roof on salaries"; "they established a cap for prices"
control - the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.; "they wanted to repeal all the legislation that imposed economic controls"
glass ceiling - a ceiling based on attitudinal or organizational bias in the work force that prevents minorities and women from advancing to leadership positions
Verb1.roof - provide a building with a roof; cover a building with a roof
thatch - cover with thatch; "thatch the roofs"
shingle - cover with shingles; "shingle a roof"
cover - provide with a covering or cause to be covered; "cover her face with a handkerchief"; "cover the child with a blanket"; "cover the grave with flowers"
slate - cover with slate; "slate the roof"

roof

noun
hit or go through the roof be furious, go mad (Brit.), be very angry, be livid, go ballistic (informal), lose your temper, blow a fuse (informal), go ape (informal), go spare (Brit. informal), go off the deep end (informal), blow a gasket (informal), go into a rage, blow your top (informal), lose your rag (informal), flip your lid (informal) He will hit the roof when I tell him.

roof

noun
The highest point:
Translations
سَطْحسَطْحُ الـمَبْنىسقفيُغَطّي بِسَقْف
покрив
střechazastřešit
tag=-taglægge tag
katus
kattoulkokatto
krov
háztetőtetőtetõvel fed
atap
òakòekja, setja òak áþak
屋根
지붕
tectus
dengti stogąpasiustistogas
apjumtjumtjumts
acoperiş
strechazastrešiť
strehanebo
tak
หลังคา
çatıtavançatı ile örtmekdamörtü
дах
mái nhà

roof

[ruːf]
A. N (roofs (pl)) [of building] → tejado m (esp Sp), techo m (esp LAm); [of car etc] → techo m
flat roofazotea f
to have a roof over one's headtener dónde cobijarse
the roof of heavenla bóveda celeste
the roof of the mouthel paladar
to live under the same roofvivir bajo el mismo techo
prices are going through the rooflos precios están por las nubes
he hit the roofse subió por las paredes
to lift the roof (Brit) raise the roof (= protest) → poner el grito en el cielo
when the staff arrived the infant was still raising the roofcuando el personal llegó, el niño todavía estaba llorando a grito pelado
the cheers and roars of approval lifted the pavilion roofel pabellón se vino abajo con los vivas y los gritos de aprobación
B. VT (also roof in, roof over) → techar, poner techo a
it is roofed in woodtiene techo de madera
to roof a hut in or with woodponer techo de madera a una caseta
C. CPD roof garden Nazotea f con flores y plantas
roof rack N (esp Brit) (Aut) → baca f, portamaletas m inv, portaequipajes m inv, parrilla f (LAm)

roof

[ˈruːf]
n
[building, car] → toit m
to have a roof over one's head → avoir un toit au-dessus de sa tête
under the same roof → sous le même toit
under one roof → sous un même toit
to raise the roof → faire du vacarme
to go through the roof [prices, cost of living] → crever le plafond
to go through the roof, to hit the roof (= go mad) [person] → sauter au plafond
[tunnel, cave] → plafond m
the roof of the mouth → la voûte du palais
vtcouvrir, couvrir d'un toit
modif [repairs, tile] → de toiture; [terrace] → sur le toit; [timbers] → de charpente roof space

roof

nDach nt; (of car also)Verdeck nt; (of cave, tunnel)Gewölbe nt; the roof of the mouthder Gaumen; the roof of the worlddas Dach der Welt; a roof of branchesein Blätterdach nt; without a roof over one’s headohne Dach über dem Kopf; a room in the roofein Zimmer ntunter dem Dach; to live under the same roof as somebodymit jdm unter demselben Dach wohnen; as long as you live under my roofsolange du deine Beine unter meinen Tisch streckst; to go through the roof (inf, person) → an die Decke gehen (inf); (prices etc) → untragbar werden ? hit, raise
vt housemit einem Dach decken; flat-/red-roofedmit flachem/rotem Dach

roof

:
roof garden
nDachgarten m
roof guard
nSchneefang m

roof

:
roof lining
n (in car) → Himmel m
roof rack
nDach(gepäck)träger m
rooftop
nDach nt; to shout or scream something from the roofs (fig)etw überall herumposaunen (inf), → etw an die große Glocke hängen (inf)

roof

[ruːf]
1. ntetto; (of tunnel, cave) → volta
roof of the mouth → palato
to have a roof over one's head → avere un tetto sopra la testa
we live under the same roof → viviamo sotto lo stesso tetto
to go through the roof (fig) (person) → andare su tutte le furie (price) → salire alle stelle
2. vt (also roof in, roof over) → mettere or fare il tetto a

roof

(ruːf) noun
the top covering of a building etc. a flat roof; a tiled roof; the roof of a car.
verb
to cover with a roof. They'll finish roofing the house next week.
go through the roof / hit the roof
to become very angry.
roof of the mouth
the upper part of the mouth.

roof

سَطْحُ الـمَبْنى střecha tag Dach στέγη tejado katto toit krov tetto 屋根 지붕 dak tak dach telhado крыша tak หลังคา çatı mái nhà 屋顶
References in classic literature ?
This cave was made with a clothes horse for a roof, bureaus for walls, and in it was a small furnace in full blast, with a black pot on it and an old witch bending over it.
They sat by a window that looked over the roof of a small frame building into Main Street.
Confronting them, and extending from side to side across the passage and from roof to floor, was a great rough stone.
Misfortune seemed to settle like an evil bird on the roof of the log house, and to flap its wings there, warning human beings away.
The Pontellier and Ratignolle compartments adjoined one another under the same roof.
The roof of bark had long since fallen, and mingled with the soil, but the huge logs of pine, which had been hastily thrown together, still preserved their relative positions, though one angle of the work had given way under the pressure, and threatened a speedy downfall to the remainder of the rustic edifice.
Whatever other accommodations it contained must have been hidden in the rear, as the flat roof above was almost level with the raftered ceiling of the shop.
With a brief sketch, therefore, of the circumstances amid which the foundation of the house was laid, and a rapid glimpse at its quaint exterior, as it grew black in the prevalent east wind,--pointing, too, here and there, at some spot of more verdant mossiness on its roof and walls,--we shall commence the real action of our tale at an epoch not very remote from the present day.
From the loftiest point of its roof, during precisely three and a half hours of each forenoon, floats or droops, in breeze or calm, the banner of the republic; but with the thirteen stripes turned vertically, instead of horizontally, and thus indicating that a civil, and not a military, post of Uncle Sam's government is here established.
Hard by the farmhouse was a vast barn, that might have served for a church; every window and crevice of which seemed bursting forth with the treasures of the farm; the flail was busily resounding within it from morning to night; swallows and martins skimmed twittering about the eaves; an rows of pigeons, some with one eye turned up, as if watching the weather, some with their heads under their wings or buried in their bosoms, and others swelling, and cooing, and bowing about their dames, were enjoying the sunshine on the roof.
They're seen only across, as it were, and beyond--in strange places and on high places, the top of towers, the roof of houses, the outside of windows, the further edge of pools; but there's a deep design, on either side, to shorten the distance and overcome the obstacle; and the success of the tempters is only a question of time.
The roof is about twelve feet high, and runs to a pretty sharp angle, as if there were a regular ridge-pole there; while these ribbed, arched, hairy sides, present us with those wondrous, half vertical, scimetar-shaped slats of whale-bone, say three hundred on a side, which depending from the upper part of the head or crown bone, form those Venetian blinds which have elsewhere been cursorily mentioned.