roughly


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rough
left: rough jade
right: polished jade

rough

 (rŭf)
adj. rough·er, rough·est
1.
a. Having a surface marked by irregularities, protuberances, or ridges; not smooth: planed the board so it was no longer rough.
b. Coarse or shaggy to the touch: a rough scratchy blanket.
2.
a. Difficult to travel over or through: the rough terrain of the highlands.
b. Characterized by violent motion; turbulent: rough waters.
c. Difficult to endure or live through, especially because of harsh or inclement weather: a rough winter.
d. Unpleasant or difficult: had a rough time during the exam.
3.
a. Characterized by or done with violence or forcefulness: a sport noted for rough play; a package that received rough handling.
b. Boisterous, disorderly, or given to violence: ran with a rough crowd.
c. Characterized by violence or crime: lives in a rough neighborhood.
d. Lacking polish or finesse: rough manners.
4. Harsh to the ear: a rough raspy sound.
5. Being in a natural state: rough diamonds.
6. Not perfected, completed, or fully detailed: a rough drawing; rough carpentry.
n.
1. The surface or part of something that is uneven or coarse: felt the rough of his chin.
2.
a. Rugged overgrown terrain.
b. Sports The area of a golf hole in which the grass is left unmowed or is cut to a length longer than that of the fairway.
3.
a. A disorderly, unrefined, or unfinished state.
b. A difficult or disagreeable aspect or condition of something: observed politics in the rough when working as an intern on Capitol Hill.
4. A person given to violent or disorderly behavior; a rowdy.
tr.v. roughed, rough·ing, roughs
1.
a. To treat roughly or with physical violence: roughed up his opponent.
b. Sports To treat (an opposing player) with unnecessary roughness, often in violation of the rules: was ejected from the game for roughing the passer.
2. To prepare or indicate in an unfinished form: rough out a house plan.
adv.
In a rough manner; roughly: The engine began to run rough and faltered.
Idiom:
rough it
To live without the usual comforts and conveniences: roughed it in a small hunting shack.

[Middle English, from Old English rūh.]

rough′er n.
rough′ly adv.
rough′ness n.

roughly

(ˈrʌflɪ)
adv
1. without being exact or fully authenticated; approximately: roughly half the candidates were successful.
2. in a clumsy, coarse, or violent manner: his captors did not treat him roughly.
3. in a crude or primitive manner: a slab of roughly hewn stone.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.roughly - (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correctroughly - (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct; "lasted approximately an hour"; "in just about a minute"; "he's about 30 years old"; "I've had about all I can stand"; "we meet about once a month"; "some forty people came"; "weighs around a hundred pounds"; "roughly $3,000"; "holds 3 gallons, more or less"; "20 or so people were at the party"
2.roughly - with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly'); "he was pushed roughly aside"; "they treated him rough"
colloquialism - a colloquial expression; characteristic of spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech
3.roughly - with rough motion as over a rough surface; "ride rough"

roughly

adverb
1. forcefully, abruptly, violently, aggressively, forcibly A hand roughly pushed him aside.
2. approximately, about, around, close to, just about, more or less, in the region of, circa (used with dates), in the vicinity of, not far off, in the neighbourhood of a period of roughly 30 million years

roughly

adverb
Near to in quantity or amount:
Translations
بِخُشونَه، بصورةٍ تَقْريبيَّهبِقَسْوَة
hrubězhruba
cirkagrofthårdhændeti grove trækråt
karkeasti
grubo
hozzávetõlegesen
gróflega
およそ
대략
grobopribližno
ungefär
อย่างหยาบ
thô bạo

roughly

[ˈrʌflɪ] ADV
1. (= approximately) [equal] → aproximadamente, más o menos
he was roughly the same age/height as metenía aproximadamente or más o menos la misma edad/altura que yo
roughly similarmás o menos parecido
roughly translatedtraducido a grandes rasgos or de forma aproximada
2. (= generally) [describe, outline] → en líneas generales, más o menos
they fall roughly into two categoriesen términos generales se dividen en dos categorías
roughly speaking, it means an increase of 10%en líneas generales, supone un incremento del 10%
roughly speaking, it acts as a transformerviene a actuar más o menos como un transformador
roughly speaking, his job is that of an administratorsu trabajo es, por así decirlo, de administrador
3. (= not gently) [push] → bruscamente; [play] → de forma violenta; [speak, order] → con brusquedad
to treat sth/sb roughlytratar mal algo/tratar a algn con brusquedad
4. (= crudely) [constructed, built, carved] → toscamente
to sketch sth roughlyhacer un bosquejo de algo
5. (Culin) [chop] → en trozos grandes; [slice] → en rodajas grandes

roughly

[ˈrʌfli] adv
(= approximately) → à peu près
It weighs roughly 20 kilos → Ça pèse à peu près vingt kilos.
roughly speaking → en gros
(= violently) [handle, push, pull] → brutalement
(= harshly) [speak, answer] → durement
(= crudely) [make, cut, chop] → grossièrement

roughly

adv
(= not gently)grob, roh; playrau; speakgrob; answer, ordergrob, hart
(= crudely) make, sew, sketch, chop, slicegrob
(= approximately)ungefähr; roughly (speaking)grob gesagt; roughly halfungefähr die Hälfte; roughly equalungefähr gleich; roughly the sameungefähr dasselbe; roughly similarin etwa ähnlich; to be roughly similar to somethingeine grobe Ähnlichkeit mit etw besitzen; roughly comparablegrob vergleichbar; roughly translatedgrob übersetzt

roughly

[ˈrʌflɪ] adv
a. (not gently, YYY, push, handle) → brutalmente; (speak, order) → bruscamente
to treat sb/sth roughly → maltrattare qn/qc
b. (not finely, YYY, make, sew) → grossolanamente
to chop roughly → tagliare a pezzi grossi
to sketch sth roughly → fare uno schizzo di qc
c. (approximately) → grosso modo, approssimativamente, pressappoco
roughly speaking → grosso modo, ad occhio e croce
there were roughly 50 people → c'erano pressappoco 50 persone

rough

(raf) adjective
1. not smooth. Her skin felt rough.
2. uneven. a rough path.
3. harsh; unpleasant. a rough voice; She's had a rough time since her husband died.
4. noisy and violent. rough behaviour.
5. stormy. The sea was rough; rough weather.
6. not complete or exact; approximate. a rough drawing; a rough idea/estimate.
noun
1. a violent bully. a gang of roughs.
2. uneven or uncultivated ground on a golf course. I lost my ball in the rough.
ˈroughly adverb
ˈroughness noun
ˈroughage (-fidʒ) noun
substances in food, eg bran or fibre, which help digestion.
ˈroughen verb
to make or become rough. The sea roughened as the wind rose.
rough diamond
a person of fine character but rough manners.
ˌrough-and-ˈready adjective
1. not carefully made or finished, but good enough. a rough-and-ready meal.
2. (of people) friendly enough but without politeness etc.
ˌrough-and-ˈtumble noun
friendly fighting between children etc.
rough it
to live for a period of time without the comforts or conveniences of modern life. They roughed it in the jungles for two months.
rough out
to draw or explain roughly. I roughed out a diagram; He roughed out his plan.

roughly

بِقَسْوَة zhruba hårdhændet ungefähr βίαια aproximadamente karkeasti approximativement grubo pressappoco およそ 대략 ruw omtrent z grubsza bruscamente грубо ungefär อย่างหยาบ kabaca thô bạo 粗暴地
References in classic literature ?
Taking the boy rather roughly by the shoulder, he climbed over a fallen log and when he had come to an open place among the trees he dropped upon his knees and began to pray in a loud voice.
Blue puffs of smoke came from the stovepipe that stuck out through the grass and snow, but the wind whisked them roughly away.
The scout, who by this time was seated, examining into the state of his rifle with a species of parental assiduity, now looked up at the other in a displeasure that he did not affect to conceal, roughly interrupting further speech.
At a door a tipstaff laid his hand roughly on the arm of Mr.
Bear with me; for I love you, Phoebe, though I speak so roughly.
Her mind, and especially her memory, was preternaturally active, and kept bringing up other scenes than this roughly hewn street of a little town, on the edge of the western wilderness: other faces than were louring upon her from beneath the brims of those steeple-crowned hats.
The poor fellow whom Queequeg had handled so roughly, was swept overboard; all hands were in a panic; and to attempt snatching at the boom to stay it, seemed madness.
The fellow seems to have handled you pretty roughly.
So I have," said the man, as he roughly, but kindly, drew her up the steep bank.
And they must not be struck, or roughly accosted; Sandy could not bear to see them treated in ways unbecoming their rank.
The streets were narrow and roughly paved, and there was not a sidewalk or a street-lamp anywhere.
said Heathcliff, stretching out a hand and dragging him roughly between his knees, and then holding up his head by the chin.