Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to roundness: concentricity, circularity, cylindricity

round 1

adj. round·er, round·est
a. Being such that every part of the surface or the circumference is equidistant from the center: a round ball.
b. Moving in or forming a circle.
c. Shaped like a cylinder; cylindrical.
d. Rather rounded in shape: the child's round face.
e. Full in physique; plump: a round figure.
a. Linguistics Formed or articulated with the lips in a rounded shape: a round vowel.
b. Full in tone; sonorous.
3. Whole or complete; full: a round dozen.
a. Mathematics Having been rounded.
b. Not exact, especially when expressed as a multiple of 10; approximate: a round estimate.
5. Large; considerable: a round sum of money.
6. Brought to satisfactory conclusion or completion; finished.
a. Outspoken; blunt: a round scolding.
b. Done with full force; unrestrained: gave me a round thrashing.
a. Something, such as a circle, disk, globe, or ring, that is round.
b. A circle formed of various things.
c. Movement around a circle or about an axis.
2. A rung or crossbar, as one on a ladder or chair.
3. A cut of beef from the part of the thigh between the rump and the shank.
4. An assembly of people; a group.
5. A round dance.
a. A complete course, succession, or series: a round of parties; a round of negotiations.
b. often rounds A course of customary or prescribed actions, duties, or places: physicians' rounds.
7. A complete range or extent.
8. One drink for each person in a gathering or group: Let me buy the next round.
9. A single outburst, as of applause or cheering.
a. A single shot or volley.
b. Ammunition for a single shot or volley.
11. A specified number of arrows shot from a specified distance to a target in archery.
12. Sports & Games A unit of play that occupies a specified time, constitutes a certain number of plays, or allows each player a turn, especially the 18-hole sequence played in golf or one of the periods in a boxing match.
13. Music A composition for two or more voices in which each voice enters at a different time with the same melody.
v. round·ed, round·ing, rounds
1. To make round or curved: rounded his lips in surprise; rounded off the end of the board.
2. Linguistics To pronounce with rounded lips; labialize.
3. To fill out; make plump.
4. To bring to completion or perfection; finish. Often used with out or off: The new dog rounded out our household. The speaker rounded off his lecture with a joke.
5. Mathematics To approximate (a real number) by a nearby rational number with a specified level of precision. When rounded to the nearest hundred, 286 becomes 300. When rounded to the nearest tenth, 1.63 becomes 1.6.
a. To make a turn about or to the other side of: rounded a bend in the road.
b. To make a complete circuit of; go or pass around: rounded the entire peninsula.
7. Archaic To encompass; surround:
1. To become round or curved.
2. To take a circular course; complete or partially complete a circuit: racecars rounding into the final lap.
3. To turn about, as on an axis: rounded and came back across the field.
4. To become filled out or plump.
5. To develop into satisfactory completion or perfection: is rounding into a fine quarterback.
1. In a circular progression or movement; around.
2. With revolutions: wheels moving round.
3. To a specific place or person: called round for the pastor; sent round for the veterinarian.
1. Around.
2. From the beginning to the end of; throughout: a plant that grows round the year.
Phrasal Verbs:
round on
To turn on and assail.
round up
1. To seek out and bring together; gather.
2. To herd (cattle) together from various places.
in the round
1. With the stage in the center of the audience.
2. Fully shaped so as to stand free of a background: a sculpture in the round.
make/go the rounds
1. To go from place to place, as on business or for entertainment: a delivery truck making the rounds; students going the rounds in the entertainment district.
2. To be communicated or passed from person to person: The news quickly made the rounds. A piece of juicy gossip is going the rounds.

[Middle English, from Anglo-Norman rounde, variant of Old French rond, ultimately from Vulgar Latin *retundus, from Latin rotundus; see ret- in Indo-European roots.]

round′ness n.

round 2

tr.v. round·ed, round·ing, rounds Archaic
To whisper.

[Middle English rounden, from Old English rūnian, from rūn, a secret.]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.roundness - the fullness of a tone of voice; "there is a musky roundness to his wordiness"
tone, tone of voice - the quality of a person's voice; "he began in a conversational tone"; "he spoke in a nervous tone of voice"
2.roundness - the quality of being round numbers; "he gave us the results in round numbers, but their roundness didn't affect the point he was making"
number, figure - the property possessed by a sum or total or indefinite quantity of units or individuals; "he had a number of chores to do"; "the number of parameters is small"; "the figure was about a thousand"
3.roundness - the property possessed by a line or surface that is curved and not angular
shape, configuration, conformation, contour, form - any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline); "he could barely make out their shapes"
globosity, globularness, rotundity, rotundness, sphericalness, sphericity - the roundness of a 3-dimensional object
cylindricality, cylindricalness - the roundness of a 3-dimensional cylinder
circularity, disk shape - the roundness of a 2-dimensional figure
angularity - the property possessed by a shape that has angles
4.roundness - the bodily property of being well rounded
corpulency, fleshiness, obesity - more than average fatness
chubbiness, pudginess, rolypoliness, tubbiness - the property of having a plump and round body
buxomness - the bodily property of being attractively plump and vigorous and (of women) full-bosomed
إسْتِدارَه، كُرَوِيَّه
kerek ség
hnöttótt/kúpt lögun


[ˈraʊndnɪs] Nredondez f, rotundidad f


nRundheit f; (of sound also)Vollheit f; (of vowel)Gerundetheit f


[ˈraʊndnɪs] nrotondità


(raund) adjective
1. shaped like a circle or globe. a round hole; a round stone; This plate isn't quite round.
2. rather fat; plump. a round face.
1. in the opposite direction. He turned round.
2. in a circle. They all stood round and listened; A wheel goes round; All (the) year round.
3. from one person to another. They passed the letter round; The news went round.
4. from place to place. We drove round for a while.
5. in circumference. The tree measured two metres round.
6. to a particular place, usually a person's home. Are you coming round (to our house) tonight?
1. on all sides of. There was a wall round the garden; He looked round the room.
2. passing all sides of (and returning to the starting-place). They ran round the tree.
3. changing direction at. He came round the corner.
4. in or to all parts of. The news spread all round the town.
1. a complete circuit. a round of drinks (= one for everyone present); a round of golf.
2. a regular journey one takes to do one's work. a postman's round.
3. a burst of cheering, shooting etc. They gave him a round of applause; The soldier fired several rounds.
4. a single bullet, shell etc. five hundred rounds of ammunition.
5. a stage in a competition etc. The winners of the first round will go through to the next.
6. a type of song sung by several singers singing the same tune starting in succession.
to go round. The car rounded the corner.
ˈrounded adjective
curved; like part of the line forming a circle. a rounded arch.
ˈroundly adverb
plainly; rudely. He rebuked her roundly.
ˈroundness noun
rounds noun plural
a doctor's visits to his patients. The doctor is (out) on his rounds.
ˈall-round adjective
complete. It was an all-round success.
ˌall-ˈrounder noun
a person who has a talent for several different kinds of work, sport etc, or who can play in any position in a game.
ˈroundabout noun
1. a revolving machine on which one can ride for pleasure; a merry-go-round.
2. a circular piece of ground where several roads meet, and round which traffic must travel.
not direct. a roundabout route.
round figures/numbers
the nearest convenient or easily remembered numbers. Tell me the cost in round figures (ie $20 rather than $19.87).
ˌround-ˈshouldered adjective
with stooping shoulders.
round trip
1. (American) a journey to a place and back again (round-trip ticket a ticket for such a journey).
2. a trip to several places and back, taking a circular route.
all round
surrounding. There were people all round him.
round about
1. surrounding. She sat with her children round about her.
2. near. There are not many houses round about.
3. approximately. There must have been round about a thousand people there.
round off
1. to make something smooth etc. He rounded off the sharp corners with a file.
2. to complete successfully. He rounded off his career by becoming president.
round on
to turn to face (a person) suddenly, especially angrily.
round up to collect together: The farmer rounded up the sheep ( ˈround-up) noun
References in classic literature ?
March than if it had given back the rosy roundness of her youth.
Her lips had the true feminine delicacy of form, her cheeks the lovely roundness and smoothness of youth -- but the mouth was too large and firm, the chin too square and massive for her sex and age.
A little later I moved away from the rail to look at the compass with such a stealthy gait that the helmsman noticed it-- and I could not help noticing the unusual roundness of his eyes.
It would be the easiest folly in the world to fall in love with her: there is such a sweet babylike roundness about her face and figure; the delicate dark rings of hair lie so charmingly about her ears and neck; her great dark eyes with their long eye-lashes touch one so strangely, as if an imprisoned frisky sprite looked out of them.
This terrible fowl had no head that we could perceive, but was fashioned entirely of belly, which was of a prodigious fatness and roundness, of a soft-looking substance, smooth, shining and striped with various colors.
There is something meagre about us; our line is wanting in roundness, our composition in richness.
Her eyes were bright, her pale cheek still showed its wonted roundness, though half-dried tears had left glistening traces thereon; and the usually ripe red mouth was almost as pale as her cheek.
We all conceived a prepossession in his favour, for there was a sterling quality in this laugh, and in his vigorous, healthy voice, and in the roundness and fullness with which he uttered every word he spoke, and in the very fury of his superlatives, which seemed to go off like blank cannons and hurt nothing.
Some roundness or warmth essential to that statement was absent from his voice, and she had merely to shake her head very slightly for him to drop her hand and turn away in shame at his own impotence.
It might have been fairly proportioned to the rest of her face, in her younger days, before her cheeks had lost flesh and roundness.
They were painted and their cheeks had lost their roundness.
It ill becomes me to prate too much of what I have endured for the faith, and yet, since you have observed it, I must tell you that this thickness and roundness of the waist is caused by a dropsy brought on by over-haste in journeying from the house of Pilate to the Mount of Olives.