Meanwhile, British royal dukes
produced offspring of healthy English mistresses.
York Street was one of several named after royal dukes
as the aspirations of the town grew.
Many families mourned because of the folly, conceit and selfishness of royal dukes
who were eager to inflict mass suffering over a dynastic row.
He also assumed, with good reason, that they would have a consuming interest in the affairs of Court, the parsimony of George and Charlotte -- the latter of whom was the target of some of his most brutal caricatures -- the very public amours of the royal dukes
, and the outrageous behaviour of the Prince of Wales.
He said: "To create another royal dukedom at exactly the moment when the Queen has indicated that royal dukes
will play no part in the House of Lords, that the House of Lords' hereditary element is being abolished, I think it would send out the wrong signals.
And her elevation to the peerage would mean her joining royal Dukes
Prince Philip, Prince Charles and Prince Andrew as members of Parliament's Upper House.
As a widow she was the senior partner in Coutts Bank, lending money to the royal dukes and George IV.
He became the royal banker and made large loans to George III and his sons, the profligate royal dukes, two of whom became George IV and William IV.