rub


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rub

 (rŭb)
v. rubbed, rub·bing, rubs
v.tr.
1. To apply pressure and friction to (a surface).
2. To clean, polish, or manipulate by the application of pressure and friction.
3. To apply to a surface firmly and with friction: rub lotion on the hands; rub dye into the fabric.
4. To move (an object or objects) firmly along a surface, especially repeatedly: rub an eraser over the blackboard; rubbed my fingers over the sore spot.
5. To cause to become worn, chafed, or irritated.
6. To remove, erase, or expunge: rub away a stain; rubbed the sleep from my eyes.
v.intr.
1.
a. To exert pressure or friction on something.
b. To wear or chafe with friction: My shoes were beginning to rub.
c. To cause irritation or annoyance.
2. To move along in contact with a surface; graze or scrape.
3. To be transferred or removed by contact or proximity: newsprint that rubbed off on my fingers; wished some of her luck would rub off on me.
n.
1. The act of rubbing.
2. The application of friction and pressure: a back rub.
3. A substance or preparation applied by rubbing, especially:
a. A liniment or balm.
b. A seasoning made of ground spices and herbs, applied to the surface of meat, fish, or vegetables before cooking.
4. An unevenness on a surface.
5. An act or remark that annoys or hurts another.
6. A difficulty or obstacle: "The rub for extraterrestrial life on Europa is that the moon's surface is an icy wasteland" (William J. Broad).
Phrasal Verbs:
rub down
To perform a brisk rubbing of the body, as in massage.
rub in
To harp on (an unpleasant matter).
rub out
1. To obliterate by or as if by rubbing.
2. Slang To kill; murder.
Idioms:
rub elbows/shoulders
To mix or socialize closely: diplomats rubbing elbows with heads of state.
rub (one's) hands
To experience or display pleased anticipation, self-satisfaction, or glee.
rub (someone's) nose in Slang
To bring repeatedly and forcefully to another's attention.
rub (someone) the wrong way
To annoy; irritate: "One can see ... how [his] expression of his ideals and intentions must have rubbed many people the wrong way" (Christopher Lehmann-Haupt).
rub up on
To refresh one's knowledge of: I have to rub up on my French.

[Middle English rubben.]

rub

(rʌb)
vb, rubs, rubbing or rubbed
1. to apply pressure and friction to (something) with a circular or backward and forward motion
2. to move (something) with pressure along, over, or against (a surface)
3. to chafe or fray
4. (tr) to bring into a certain condition by rubbing: rub it clean.
5. (tr) to spread with pressure, esp in order to cause to be absorbed: he rubbed ointment into his back.
6. (Cookery) (tr) to mix (fat) into flour with the fingertips, as in making pastry
7. (foll by: off, out, away, etc) to remove or be removed by rubbing
8. (Bowls & Bowling) bowls (of a bowl) to be slowed or deflected by an uneven patch on the green
9. (often foll by: together) to move against each other with pressure and friction (esp in the phrases rub one's hands, often a sign of glee, anticipation, or satisfaction, and rub noses, a greeting among Inuit people)
10. rub someone's nose in it informal to remind someone unkindly of his or her failing or error
11. rub up the wrong way to arouse anger (in); annoy
12. rub shoulders with rub elbows with informal to mix with socially or associate with
n
13. the act of rubbing
14. the rub an obstacle or difficulty (esp in the phrase there's the rub)
15. something that hurts the feelings or annoys; rebuke
16. (Bowls & Bowling) bowls an uneven patch in the green
17. any roughness or unevenness of surface
18. (Golf) golf an incident of accidental interference with the ball
19. informal a piece of good or bad luck
[C15: perhaps from Low German rubben, of obscure origin]

rub

(rʌb)

v. rubbed, rub•bing,
n. v.t.
1. to subject (something) to pressure and friction, as in cleaning, polishing, or massaging; move one thing back and forth or with a rotary motion along the surface of (something else).
2. to move, spread, or apply with pressure and friction over something: to rub lotion on chapped hands.
3. to move (two things) with pressure and friction over each other: He rubbed his hands together.
4. to force (something) by pressure and friction (fol. by in or into).
5. to make sore from friction.
6. to remove or erase by pressure and friction (often fol. by off or out).
v.i.
7. to exert pressure and friction on something.
8. to move with pressure against something.
9. to admit of being rubbed in a specified manner: Chalk rubs off easily.
10. rub down,
a. to smooth, polish, or clean by rubbing.
b. to massage.
11. rub off on, to pass along to, as or as if by touching: I wish your good luck would rub off on me.
12. rub out,
a. to obliterate; erase.
b. Slang. to murder.
n.
13. an act or instance of rubbing: an alcohol rub.
14. something that annoys or irritates one's feelings.
15. an annoying experience or circumstance.
16. an obstacle or difficulty.
17. a rough or abraded area caused by rubbing.
Idioms:
1. rub elbows or shoulders with, to associate or mingle with.
2. rub it in, to emphasize or reiterate something unpleasant in order to tease or annoy.
3. rub someone's nose in, to remind someone persistently of (a past mistake) in order to punish.
4. rub the wrong way, to irritate; offend; annoy.
[1300–50; Middle English rubben (v.); obscurely akin to Frisian (East Frisian), Low German rubben]

rub


Past participle: rubbed
Gerund: rubbing

Imperative
rub
rub
Present
I rub
you rub
he/she/it rubs
we rub
you rub
they rub
Preterite
I rubbed
you rubbed
he/she/it rubbed
we rubbed
you rubbed
they rubbed
Present Continuous
I am rubbing
you are rubbing
he/she/it is rubbing
we are rubbing
you are rubbing
they are rubbing
Present Perfect
I have rubbed
you have rubbed
he/she/it has rubbed
we have rubbed
you have rubbed
they have rubbed
Past Continuous
I was rubbing
you were rubbing
he/she/it was rubbing
we were rubbing
you were rubbing
they were rubbing
Past Perfect
I had rubbed
you had rubbed
he/she/it had rubbed
we had rubbed
you had rubbed
they had rubbed
Future
I will rub
you will rub
he/she/it will rub
we will rub
you will rub
they will rub
Future Perfect
I will have rubbed
you will have rubbed
he/she/it will have rubbed
we will have rubbed
you will have rubbed
they will have rubbed
Future Continuous
I will be rubbing
you will be rubbing
he/she/it will be rubbing
we will be rubbing
you will be rubbing
they will be rubbing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been rubbing
you have been rubbing
he/she/it has been rubbing
we have been rubbing
you have been rubbing
they have been rubbing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been rubbing
you will have been rubbing
he/she/it will have been rubbing
we will have been rubbing
you will have been rubbing
they will have been rubbing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been rubbing
you had been rubbing
he/she/it had been rubbing
we had been rubbing
you had been rubbing
they had been rubbing
Conditional
I would rub
you would rub
he/she/it would rub
we would rub
you would rub
they would rub
Past Conditional
I would have rubbed
you would have rubbed
he/she/it would have rubbed
we would have rubbed
you would have rubbed
they would have rubbed

rub


click for a larger image
To rub fat and flour together with the fingers until the mixture resembles breadcrumbs.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.rub - an unforeseen obstaclerub - an unforeseen obstacle    
obstacle, obstruction - something immaterial that stands in the way and must be circumvented or surmounted; "lack of imagination is an obstacle to one's advancement"; "the poverty of a district is an obstacle to good education"; "the filibuster was a major obstruction to the success of their plan"
2.rub - the act of rubbing or wiping; "he gave the hood a quick rub"
physical contact, contact - the act of touching physically; "her fingers came in contact with the light switch"
scuff - the act of scuffing (scraping or dragging the feet)
Verb1.rub - move over something with pressure; "rub my hands"; "rub oil into her skin"
guide, pass, run, draw - pass over, across, or through; "He ran his eyes over her body"; "She ran her fingers along the carved figurine"; "He drew her hair through his fingers"
brush - rub with a brush, or as if with a brush; "Johnson brushed the hairs from his jacket"
pumice - rub with pumice, in order to clean or to smoothen
gauge - rub to a uniform size; "gauge bricks"
puree, strain - rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender; "puree the vegetables for the baby"
rosin - rub rosin onto; "rosin the violin bow"
sponge down, sponge off - clean with a sponge, by rubbing
worry - touch or rub constantly; "The old man worried his beads"
scrub, scour - clean with hard rubbing; "She scrubbed his back"
abrade, scour - rub hard or scrub; "scour the counter tops"
smudge, smutch, smear, blur - make a smudge on; soil by smudging
scrape, grate - scratch repeatedly; "The cat scraped at the armchair"
wipe, pass over - rub with a circular motion; "wipe the blackboard"; "He passed his hands over the soft cloth"
grate - reduce to small shreds or pulverize by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface; "grate carrots and onions"; "grate nutmeg"
massage, rub down, knead - manually manipulate (someone's body), usually for medicinal or relaxation purposes; "She rubbed down her child with a sponge"
rub out, score out, wipe off, erase, efface - remove by or as if by rubbing or erasing; "Please erase the formula on the blackboard--it is wrong!"
2.rub - cause friction; "my sweater scratches"
adjoin, contact, touch, meet - be in direct physical contact with; make contact; "The two buildings touch"; "Their hands touched"; "The wire must not contact the metal cover"; "The surfaces contact at this point"
3.rub - scrape or rub as if to relieve itching; "Don't scratch your insect bites!"
irritate - excite to an abnormal condition, or chafe or inflame; "Aspirin irritates my stomach"

rub

verb
1. stroke, smooth, massage, caress, knead He rubbed his arms and stiff legs.
2. polish, clean, shine, wipe, scour She took off her glasses and rubbed them.
3. spread, put, apply, work in, smear He rubbed oil into my aching back.
4. chafe, scrape, grate, abrade Smear cream on to prevent it from rubbing.
noun
1. massage, caress, kneading She sometimes asks if I want a back rub.
2. polish, stroke, shine, wipe Give them a rub with a clean, dry cloth.
rub along cope, manage, get along, make do, muddle along They rubbed along tolerably.
rub off on someone influence, affect, be transferred to, be passed on to, have an effect on, be transmitted to I was hoping some of his genius might rub off on them.
rub something in make an issue of, stress, highlight, emphasize, underline, dwell on, harp on about Officials couldn't resist rubbing it in.
rub something or someone down smooth, clean, dry, wash, sponge rub down the whole body with a loofah
rub something out erase, remove, cancel, wipe out, excise, delete, obliterate, efface, expunge She began rubbing out the pencilled marks.
the rub difficulty, problem, catch, trouble, obstacle, hazard, hitch, drawback, snag, uphill (S. African), impediment, hindrance And therein lies the rub.

rub

verb
To remove or invalidate by or as if by running a line through or wiping clean.Also used with out:
annul, blot (out), cancel, cross (off or out), delete, efface, erase, expunge, obliterate, scratch (out), strike (out), undo, wipe (out), x (out).
Law: vacate.
phrasal verb
rub out
2. Slang. To take the life of (a person or persons) unlawfully:
Informal: put away.
noun
A tricky or unsuspected condition:
Informal: catch.
Translations
حَك، دَلْك، تَدْليكيَحُكيُدَلِّكُ
třítdříttření
gnideomganggnave
hangata
trljati
nudd, núningurnudda, strjúka, núa
こする
문지르다
kartu trintisnusišluostytinušluostytinušveistinuvalyti
berzēšanaberzētberztberztiespaberzēt
šúchať
drgnitiloščenjeotiranjevtretizbrisati
gnida
ถู
sürtmekov makovma
cọ

rub

[rʌb]
A. N
1. (gen) to give sth a rubfrotar algo
to give one's shoes a rub (up)limpiar los zapatos
to give the silver a rubsacar brillo a la plata
to give sb's back a rubfrotar la espalda de algn
2. (fig) there's the rubahí está el problema, ésa es la dificultad
the rub is thatel problema es que ...
B. VT (= apply friction) → frotar; (hard) → restregar, estregar (Med etc) → friccionar; (to clean) → limpiar frotando; (= polish) → sacar brillo a
to rub one's hands togetherfrotarse las manos
to rub sth drysecar algo frotándolo
to rub a surface barealisar una superficie a fuerza de frotarla
to rub a cream into the skinfrotar la piel con una crema
C. VI to rub against/on sthrozar algo
rub along VI + ADV (Brit) → ir tirando
I can rub along in Arabicme defiendo en árabe
to rub along with sbllevarse or entenderse bastante bien con algn
rub away VT + ADV (= wipe away) → quitar frotando; (= wear off) → desgastar
rub down
A. VT + ADV
1. [+ body] → secar frotando; [+ horse] → almohazar
2. [+ door, wall etc] → lijar
B. VI + ADV [person] → secarse frotándose con una toalla
rub in
A. VT + ADV
1. [+ ointment, cream] → aplicar frotando
2. don't rub it in!¡no me lo refriegues por las narices!
B. VT + PREP to rub sb's nose in it or in the dirtrestregarle algo a algn por las narices
rub off
A. VI + ADV [dirt] → quitarse (frotando); [writing, pattern] → borrarse; [paint] → quitarse
to rub off on sb (fig) → pegarse a algn
some of their ideas have rubbed off on himse le han pegado algunas de sus ideas, ha hecho suyas algunas de sus ideas
B. VT + ADV [+ writing, pattern] → borrar; [+ dirt etc] → quitar (frotando); [+ paint] → quitar
rub out
A. VT + ADV
1. (= erase) → borrar
2. (= kill) to rub sb outcargarse a algn
B. VI + ADVborrarse
it rubs out easilyes fácil de quitar, se borra fácilmente
rub up VT + ADVpulir, sacar brillo a
to rub sb up the wrong waybuscar las cosquillas a algn

rub

[ˈrʌb]
n
(with cloth)coup m de chiffon, coup m de torchon
to give sth a rub [+ lamp, object] → frotter qch
(= massage) to give sb a back rub → frotter le dos de qn
She sometimes ask if I want a back rub → Elle me demande parfois si je veux qu'elle me frotte le dos.
to give sth a rub [+ one's knee, back, arm] → se frotter qch
(= problem) → hic m
there's the rub → voilà le hic
vt
[+ one's eyes, arm, leg, chin, nose] → se frotter
Don't rub your eyes! → Ne te frotte pas les yeux!
The cat was rubbing itself against his leg → Le chat se frottait contre sa jambe.
She rubbed her nose against his shoulder
BUT Elle frotta son nez contre son épaule.
to rub one's hands → se frotter les mains
to rub one's hands together → se frotter les mains
to rub shoulders with sb, to rub elbows with sb (US)se frotter à qn
(= massage) [+ person] → frictionner
to rub sb all over → frictionner qn sur tout le corps
to rub sb up the wrong way (British) to rub sb the wrong way (US) (= annoy) → prendre qn à rebrousse-poil
[+ glasses, surface, lamp] → frotter
to rub sth with sth → frotter qch avec qch
[+ stain, dirt] → frotter
Do not rub the stain → Ne frottez pas la tache.
(= apply) to rub sth into sth [+ oil, sun cream] → passer qch sur qch
He rubbed oil into my back → Il m'a passé de l'huile sur le dos.
to rub sth onto sth → passer qch sur qch
vi
(= chafe) [shoe, strap] → frotter
rub down
vt sep
[+ body] → frictionner
[+ horse] → bouchonner
rub in
vt sep
[+ ointment, lotion, cream] → faire pénétrer
(COOKERY) [+ butter] → pétrir
to rub it in > → remuer le couteau dans la plaie
Don't rub it in! → Ne remue pas le couteau dans la plaie!
rub off
vi [mark, stain] → déteindre; [ink, dye, paint, writing] → déteindre
The ink rubbed off on my hands → L'encre déteignait sur mes mains.
[qualities, enthusiasm, genius] → déteindre
to rub off on sb → déteindre sur qn
His enthusiasm rubbed off on all the students → Son enthousiasme déteignait sur tous les étudiants
vt sep [+ stain, mark, nail varnish] → ôter
rub out
vt sep
(= erase) → effacer
(US) (= kill) → descendre
vis'effacer

rub

n
Reiben nt; (with duster etc) → Polieren nt; to give something a rubetw reiben; furniture, shoes, silveretw polieren; rub-a-dub(-dub)! (inf)rubbel-rubbel! (inf)
(fig) there’s the rub!da liegt der Hase im Pfeffer
vtreiben; (with towel also) → frottieren; (= polish)polieren; (Art) brass, inscriptiondurchzeichnen; to rub lotion into something/oneselfetw/sich mit einer Lotion einreiben; to rub something with sandpaperetw (mit Sandpapier) abschmirgeln; to rub one’s eyessich (dat)die Augen reiben; to rub one’s hands (together) (in or with glee)sich (dat)(vor Freude) die Hände reiben; to rub something dryetw trocken reiben or rubbeln (inf); to rub noses (as greeting) → die Nasen aneinanderreiben; to rub somebody’s nose in something (fig)jdm etw dauernd unter die Nase reiben or halten; to rub shoulders (esp Brit) or elbows (esp US) with all sorts of people (fig)mit allen möglichen Leuten in Berührung kommen; to rub somebody the wrong way (US) → bei jdm anecken ? salt N a
vi (thing) (→ an +dat) → reiben; (collar)scheuern; you must have rubbed against some wet paintda musst du an feuchte Farbe gekommen sein; the cat rubbed against my legs/the treedie Katze strich mir um die Beine/scheuerte sich am Baum

rub

[rʌb]
1. n (with cloth) → fregata, strofinata; (on person) → frizione f, massaggio
to give sth a rub (furniture, mark) → strofinare qc (sore place) → massaggiare qc
there's the rub! (liter) → qui sta il problema!
2. vtsfregare, fregare, strofinare
to rub one's hands together/one's nose → sfregarsi le mani/il naso
to rub lotion into one's skin → frizionare la pelle con una lozione
to rub sth dry → asciugare qc sfregando
to rub a hole in sth → fare un buco in qc strofinando
there is no need to rub my nose in it! (fig) → non c'è bisogno che continui a ricordarmelo!
to rub shoulders with sb (fig) → venire a contatto con qn
3. vi to rub against sth, rub on sthstrofinarsi contro or su qc
rub along vi + adv (fam) (two people) → andare d'accordo nonostante le difficoltà
rub away vt + advtogliere (sfregando)
rub down vt + adv
a. (body) → strofinare, frizionare; (horse) → strigliare
b. (door, wall) → levigare
rub in vt + adv (ointment) → far penetrare (massaggiando or frizionando); (cream, polish, into leather) → far penetrare (strofinando)
don't rub it in! (fam) → non rivoltare il coltello nella piaga!
rub off
1. vi + advvenire (or andare) via
to rub off onto sth → restare attaccato/a a qc
his opinions have rubbed off on me → ho finito col pensarla come lui
2. vt + prep (writing) → cancellare; (dirt) → togliere or levare (strofinando)
rub out vt + advcancellare
rub up vt + adv (silver, vase) → lucidare
to rub sb up the wrong way (Am) rub sb the wrong way (fig) → prendere qn per il verso sbagliato, lisciare qn contropelo

rub

(rab) past tense, past participle rubbed verb
to move against the surface of something else, pressing at the same time. He rubbed his eyes; The horse rubbed its head against my shoulder; The back of the shoe is rubbing against my heel.
noun
an act of rubbing. He gave the teapot a rub with a polishing cloth.
rub down
to dry (a horse) after exercise by rubbing.
rub it in
to keep reminding someone of something unpleasant.
rub out
to remove (a mark, writing etc) with a rubber; to erase.
rub shoulders with
to meet or mix with (other people).
rub up
to polish. She rubbed up the silver.
rub up the wrong way
to annoy or irritate (someone).

rub

يُدَلِّكُ třít gnide reiben τρίβω frotar hangata frotter trljati sfregare こする 문지르다 wrijven gni zetrzeć esfregar тереть gnida ถู sürtmek cọ

rub

1. n. fricción, frote, frotación, masaje;
2. sonido producido por el roce de dos superficies secas que se detecta en auscultación;
v. frotar, hacer penetrar un ungüento o pomada en la piel; friccionar;
to ___ offlimpiar frotando; borrar;
to ___ downdar un masaje.

rub

vt (pret & pp rubbed; ger rubbing) frotar; (to massage) masajear; (to chafe) rozar; vi rozar
References in classic literature ?
The brown scales, too, had evidently undergone rigid discipline, in an unavailing effort to rub off the rust, which, alas
Well, then, however the old sea-captains may order me about--however they may thump and punch me about, I have the satisfaction of knowing that it is all right; that everybody else is one way or other served in much the same way -- either in a physical or metaphysical point of view, that is; and so the universal thump is passed round, and all hands should rub each other's shoulder-blades, and be content.
Jonas had told them how the meat that was taken out of pickle would often be found sour, and how they would rub it up with soda to take away the smell, and sell it to be eaten on free-lunch counters; also of all the miracles of chemistry which they performed, giving to any sort of meat, fresh or salted, whole or chopped, any color and any flavor and any odor they chose.
Fetch water, and wash dishes, and rub knives, and wait on folks.
Take a barrel of water and bring it to a boil; rub a chicory berry against a coffee berry, then convey the former into the water.
Why, they rub an old tin lamp or an iron ring, and then the genies come tearing in, with the thunder and lightning a-ripping around and the smoke a-rolling, and everything they're told to do they up and do it.
A fine an delicate print of the lines in the skin results, and is permanent, if it doesn't come in contact with something able to rub it off.
Rub your feet on that braided rug; hang your hat and cape in the entry there as you go past.
Long before daylight, I was called to go and rub, curry, and feed, the horses.
In spite of this little rub, however, Emma was smiling with enjoyment, delighted to see the respectable length of the set as it was forming, and to feel that she had so many hours of unusual festivity before her.
As to that," said he, "I must rub through the world as well as I can.
to CLEAN DOWN Moor House from chamber to cellar; my next to rub it up with bees-wax, oil, and an indefinite number of cloths, till it glitters again; my third, to arrange every chair, table, bed, carpet, with mathematical precision; afterwards I shall go near to ruin you in coals and peat to keep up good fires in every room; and lastly, the two days preceding that on which your sisters are expected will be devoted by Hannah and me to such a beating of eggs, sorting of currants, grating of spices, compounding of Christmas cakes, chopping up of materials for mince-pies, and solemnising of other culinary rites, as words can convey but an inadequate notion of to the uninitiated like you.