ruff


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Related to ruff: Common Teal

ruff 1

 (rŭf)
n.
1. A stiffly starched frilled or pleated circular collar of lace, muslin, or other fine fabric, worn by men and women in the 1500s and 1600s.
2. A distinctive collarlike projection around the neck, as of feathers on a bird or of fur on a mammal.
3. A migratory sandpiper (Philomachus pugnax) of the Eastern Hemisphere, the male of which has collarlike, erectile feathers around the neck during the breeding season.

[Perhaps short for ruffle.]

ruffed adj.

ruff 2

 (rŭf) Games
n.
1. The playing of a trump card when one cannot follow suit.
2. An old game resembling whist.
tr. & intr.v. ruffed, ruff·ing, ruffs
To trump or play a trump.

[Obsolete French ronfle, roffle, a kind of card game, from Old French ronfle, from renfler, to rise : re-, re- + enfler, to cause to swell (from Latin īnflāre; see inflate).]

ruff 3

 (rŭf)
n.
1. also ruffe Any of several marine fishes of the family Centrolophidae, usually having spiny dorsal fins.
2. A small edible fish (Arripis georgianus) of coastal and estuarine waters of southern Australia. Also called roughy.
3. Variant of ruffe..

[Middle English rowe, roffe, ruffe, any of various fishes, especially Gymnocephalus cernuus, perhaps from variant of rough, rough; see rough, or from Medieval Latin rufus, a kind of fish (perhaps from Latin rūfus, red, tawny; see rufous).]

ruff 4

 (rŭf)
n.
See ruffle2.

[Of imitative origin.]

ruff

(rʌf)
n
1. (Clothing & Fashion) a circular pleated, gathered, or fluted collar of lawn, muslin, etc, often starched or wired, worn by both men and women in the 16th and 17th centuries
2. (Zoology) zoology a natural growth of long or coloured hair or feathers around the necks of certain animals or birds
3. (Animals)
a. an Old World shore bird, Philomachus pugnax, the male of which has a large erectile ruff of feathers in the breeding season: family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, etc), order Charadriiformes
b. the male of this bird. Compare reeve3
[C16: back formation from ruffle1]
ˈruffˌlike adj

ruff

(rʌf) cards
n
1. (Card Games) another word for trump1
2. (Card Games) an old card game similar to whist
vb
another word for trump14
[C16: from Old French roffle; perhaps changed from Italian trionfa trump1]

ruff

(rʌf)
n
(Animals) another name for roughie

ruff1

(rʌf)
n.
1. a neckpiece or collar of lace, lawn, or the like, gathered into deep, full, regular folds, worn in the 16th and 17th centuries.
2. a collar, or set of lengthened or specially marked hairs or feathers, on the neck of an animal.
3. a Eurasian sandpiper, Philomachus pugnax, the male of which has a large erectile ruff of feathers during the breeding season. Compare reeve 3.
[1515–25; perhaps back formation from ruffle1]
ruffed, adj.

ruff2

(rʌf)

n.
1. an act or instance of trumping in cards when one cannot follow suit.
2. an old game of cards resembling whist.
v.t., v.i.
3. to trump when unable to follow suit.
[1580–90; probably < French ro(u)ffle, akin to Italian ronfa a card game, probably < German Trumpf trump1]

ruff3

(rʌf)

n.
a small European freshwater fish, Acerina cernua, of the perch family.
[1400–50; Middle English ruf, roffe; perhaps identical with rough]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ruff - an external body part consisting of feathers or hair about the neck of a bird or other animal
external body part - any body part visible externally
2.ruff - a high tight collarruff - a high tight collar      
collar, neckband - a band that fits around the neck and is usually folded over
fraise - a ruff for the neck worn in the 16th century
3.ruff - common Eurasian sandpiperruff - common Eurasian sandpiper; the male has an erectile neck ruff in breeding season
sandpiper - any of numerous usually small wading birds having a slender bill and piping call; closely related to the plovers
reeve - female ruff
4.ruff - (card games) the act of taking a trick with a trump when unable to follow suit
turn, play - (game) the activity of doing something in an agreed succession; "it is my turn"; "it is still my play"
card game, cards - a game played with playing cards
bridge - any of various card games based on whist for four players
Verb1.ruff - play a trumpruff - play a trump        
card game, cards - a game played with playing cards
move, go - have a turn; make one's move in a game; "Can I go now?"
overtrump - play a trump higher than (one previously played) to the trick
crossruff - trump alternately in two hands

ruff

noun
Related words
female reeve
collective noun hill
Translations
nyakfodor

ruff

1 [rʌf] N
1. (Dress) → gorguera f, gola f
2. (Orn, Zool) → collarín m

ruff

2 [rʌf] (Cards)
A. N
1. (= game) viejo juego de cartas similar al whist
2. (= act of trumping) → fallo m
B. VTfallar

ruff

[ˈrʌf] nfraise f, collerette f

ruff

1
n
(on dress etc, of bird, animal) → Halskrause f
(= bird)Kampfläufer m

ruff

2 (Cards)
nTrumpfen nt
vtitrumpfen, stechen

ruff

[rʌf] n (Dress) → gorgiera (Zool) → collare m
References in classic literature ?
The company, tremulous as the leaves of a tree, when all are shaking together, drew nearer, and perceived that there was an unnatural distortion in the fixedness of Colonel Pyncheon's stare; that there was blood on his ruff, and that his hoary beard was saturated with it.
Here, in gold-embroidered red doublet, jewelled surcoat, and gilt-edged ruff and wristbands, stood Sir Anthony Sherard, with his silver-and-black armour piled at his feet.
You wore a close ruff, a small cap upon your head of the same color as your robe, and in that cap a heron's feather.
His garb, like that of his predecessors, was of an antique fashion, and there was a stain of blood upon his ruff.
Imagine him a person of grave and benevolent aspect, dressed in a black velvet suit, with a broad ruff around his neck, and a peaked beard upon his chin.
It used to be said, in her younger days, that if anything were amiss with a corpse, if only the ruff were not smooth, or the cap did not set right, the corpse in the coffin and beneath the clods would strive to put up its cold hands and arrange it.
You might as well wear a standing ruff as such a dress as that.
Fine gentlemen though he was, the intensity of his communings had soiled his ruff, and suddenly he knew that she was gazing at it.
A small jacket of the same material was adorned with a high ruff at the back, and laid well open over the breast, to display some lace and a locket.
There was Miss Snevellicci--who could do anything, from a medley dance to Lady Macbeth, and also always played some part in blue silk knee-smalls at her benefit-- glancing, from the depths of her coal-scuttle straw bonnet, at Nicholas, and affecting to be absorbed in the recital of a diverting story to her friend Miss Ledrook, who had brought her work, and was making up a ruff in the most natural manner possible.
His lean face was dark by contrast, and ended in a curt black beard that looked Spanish and suggested an Elizabethan ruff.
On his short, round body, he wore a close covering, ornamented with small slashes; a short cloak dangled at his back; the collar was cut into curious peaks, which served the goblin in lieu of ruff or neckerchief; and his shoes curled up at his toes into long points.