rule of evidence

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Noun1.rule of evidence - (law) a rule of law whereby any alleged matter of fact that is submitted for investigation at a judicial trial is established or disproved
prescript, rule - prescribed guide for conduct or action
best evidence rule - a rule of evidence requiring that to prove the content of a writing or recording or photograph the original is required
estoppel - a rule of evidence whereby a person is barred from denying the truth of a fact that has already been settled
exclusionary rule - a rule that provides that otherwise admissible evidence cannot be used in a criminal trial if it was the result of illegal police conduct
fruit of the poisonous tree - a rule that once primary evidence is determined to have been illegally obtained any secondary evidence following from it may also not be used
hearsay rule - a rule that declares not admissible as evidence any statement other than that by a witness
parol evidence rule - a rule that oral evidence cannot be used to contradict the terms of a written contract
res ipsa loquitur - a rule of evidence whereby the negligence of an alleged wrongdoer can be inferred from the fact that the accident happened
res gestae - rule of evidence that covers words that are so closely associated with an occurrence that the words are considered part of the occurrence and as such their report does not violate the hearsay rule
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
References in periodicals archive ?
The rules simply require the prosecutor to identify a particular type of propensity from the list provided in Federal Rule of Evidence 404(b), or in the corresponding state evidence code.
Jacob, Senior Counsel with Husch Blackwell LLP will speak at the Knowledge Group's webcast entitled: "The Federal Rule of Evidence (FRE) 502(d), eDiscovery and Attorney-Client Privilege: What Litigants Miss.
For each rule of evidence under consideration, the text first presents a problem centered on a situation common in practice, then presents the rule of evidence and its explanation, encouraging students to search for the rule in operation that will provide an answer to the problem presented.
CREC recommends to the Florida Supreme Court that it not adopt chapter 2013- 107 as a rule of evidence, to the extent it is procedural.
Carpio's consistency in turning a basic rule of evidence on its head is discomfiting.
Colonel Alley's instructions to the Working Group were that it "was to adopt each Federal Rule of Evidence verbatim, making only the necessary wording changes needed to apply it to military procedure .
For this seventh edition, the authors have included a detailed line-by-line summary analysis of Rule 502, which places new limitations on the waiver of the attorney-client privilege and work product protection and is the first new Federal Rule of Evidence in 15 years.
For example, Illinois Rule of Evidence 801(d)(1)(A), which defines a prior inconsistent statement that is not hearsay in a criminal case, incorporates most of the text of 725 ILCS 5/115-10.
The basic rule of evidence is that information can be admitted as evidence where it is relevant to a material issue in the case.
The 2nd Circuit ruled Chin's search was permissible under Federal Rule of Evidence 201, which allows a court to "take judicial notice, whether requested or not," of matters of common knowledge and facts capable of verification.
Hearsay, as a rule of evidence, is defined in Cross on Evidence (85) as follows:
3) What would be the nature and scope of the trial court's review of those photos under Federal Rule of Evidence 403?