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1. A renegade or deserter.
2. A vagabond.

[Alteration of obsolete renegate, renegade (influenced by run agate, on the way), from Middle English, from Medieval Latin renegātus; see renegade.]


(Historical Terms) archaic
a. a vagabond, fugitive, or renegade
b. (as modifier): a runagate priest.
[C16: variant (influenced by run) of renegade]


(ˈrʌn əˌgeɪt)

1. a fugitive or runaway.
2. a vagabond or wanderer.
[1520–30; run (v.) + obsolete agate away]
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A person who has defected:
Informal: rat.
References in classic literature ?
said Prince John to Hubert, ``an thou suffer that runagate knave to overcome thee, thou art worthy of the gallows
Having thus given an account of the colony in general, and pretty much of my runagate Englishmen, I must say something of the Spaniards, who were the main body of the family, and in whose story there are some incidents also remarkable enough.
It was technically and thematically propelled by autobiographical poems such as Hayden's "Those Winter Sundays"; by Hayden's explorations into Latin American and Hispanic culture; by his fascination with African American history, as in "Kodachromes of the Island," and the ritualistic art of black music, as in "Homage to the Empress of the Blues"; and by his use of historical narratives, as in "Runagate Runagate," and oratory, as in "Frederick Douglass.
W] ho knows his mind, / The Syrian runagate I trust this to?
Our days shaped by unseen movement in the landscape, cold-cocked by brightness coming over a hill, wild & steady as a runagate palomino spooked by something in the trees unsaid.
At Pool's request, the magazine published a 1949 and a 1964 version of "Runagate Runagate.