We hypothesise that the transfer of P from P sources, primarily the soil surface, into runoff
in our study is an equilibrium reaction that is influenced by the equilibration time (a longer time results in a greater equilibration and hence a higher runoff
P concentration) and the ratio of the volume of runoff
water to the P source (the wider the ratio, the longer taken to achieve the equilibrium runoff
The secondary objective of the study was to determine whether the particle size distribution of the organic erosion control blanket affects runoff
, erosion, and vegetation establishment.
Under pressure to take steps to clean urban runoff
and improve water quality, the Los Angeles City Council on Wednesday approved spending more than $230 million on projects ranging from cleaning up lakes to dealing with storm-drain runoff
2 percent made the runoff
, defeating Mike Schofield with 19.
agreed to settle three lawsuits that address stormwater runoff
into Potash Brook--a tributary of Lake Champlain.
from roads and storm drains--non-point source pollution--is also a significant issue.
Hydrologic changes including increased impervious area, soil compaction, and increased drainage efficiency generally lead to increased direct runoff
, decreased groundwater recharge, and increased flooding, among other problems (Booth 1991).
To gauge the relative importance of the transpiration change to global freshwater flow, Stott and his colleagues compared actual river-runoff
data from the past century with runoff
calculated in models that take account of climate change, solar radiation, deforestation, and carbon dioxide--driven changes in transpiration.
Twelve-inch piping from the site carries runoff
to a 42-inch combined storm and sanitary sewer line.
Nearly all golf courses also have an area of higher mowed turf called "rough" that borders the fairways and can serve, in part, as a vegetative buffer that reduces water runoff
(Cole et al.
We've compiled an overview of what it takes for a race to end up in a runoff
, some of the upcoming primary runoff
races and how Texas voters can learn more about the 2018 candidates and races.
The UP and opposition Coalition for Democratic Change (CDC) are due to meet at a runoff
scheduled by the Commission for 26 December, following an alleged elections fraud and irregularities case filed by opposition Liberty Party (LP) against the NEC that initially stalled the runoff
originally due on 7 November.