rust


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

rust

 (rŭst)
n.
1.
a. Any of various powdery or scaly reddish-brown or reddish-yellow hydrated ferric oxides and hydroxides formed on iron and iron-containing materials by low-temperature oxidation in the presence of water.
b. Any of various metallic coatings, especially oxides, formed by corrosion.
c. A stain or coating resembling iron rust.
2. Deterioration, as of ability, resulting from inactivity or neglect.
3. Botany
a. Rust fungus.
b. A plant disease caused by a rust fungus, characterized by reddish or brownish spots on leaves, stems, and other parts.
4. A strong brown.
v. rust·ed, rust·ing, rusts
v.intr.
1. To become corroded.
2. To deteriorate or degenerate through inactivity or neglect: My golf game has rusted from all those years of not playing.
3. To become the color of rust.
4. Botany To develop a disease caused by a rust fungus.
v.tr.
1. To corrode or subject (a metal) to rust formation.
2. To impair or spoil, as by misuse or inactivity.
3. To color (something) a strong brown.

[Middle English, from Old English rūst; see reudh- in Indo-European roots.]

rust adj.
rust′a·ble adj.

rust

(rʌst)
n
1. (Chemistry) a reddish-brown oxide coating formed on iron or steel by the action of oxygen and moisture
2. (Plant Pathology) plant pathol
a. any basidiomycetous fungus of the order Uredinales, parasitic on cereal plants, conifers, etc
b. any of various plant diseases characterized by reddish-brown discoloration of the leaves and stem, esp that caused by the rust fungi
3. (Colours)
a. a strong brown colour, sometimes with a reddish or yellowish tinge
b. (as adjective): a rust carpet.
4. any corrosive or debilitating influence, esp lack of use
vb
5. (Chemistry) to become or cause to become coated with a layer of rust
6. to deteriorate or cause to deteriorate through some debilitating influence or lack of use: he allowed his talent to rust over the years.
[Old English rūst; related to Old Saxon, Old High German rost]
ˈrustless adj

rust

(rʌst)

n.
1. the red or orange coating that forms on the surface of iron when exposed to air and moisture, consisting chiefly of ferric hydroxide and ferric oxide formed by oxidation.
2. any film or coating on metal caused by oxidation.
3. a stain resembling this coating.
4. any growth, habit, or agency tending to injure or impair the mind, abilities, etc.
5.
a. any of several diseases of plants, characterized by reddish, brownish, or black pustules on the leaves, stems, etc., caused by fungi of the order Uredinales.
b. Also called rust′ fun`gus. a fungus causing this disease.
c. any of several other diseases of unknown cause, characterized by reddish brown spots or discolorations on the affected parts.
6. reddish yellow or reddish brown.
v.i.
7. to become or grow rusty, as iron.
8. to contract rust.
9. to deteriorate or become impaired, as through inaction or disuse.
10. to become rust-colored.
v.t.
11. to affect with rust.
12. to make rust-colored.
[before 900; (n.) Old English rūst; (v.) Middle English rusten, derivative of the n.; akin to red]

rust

(rŭst)
Noun
1. Any of the various reddish-brown oxides of iron that form on iron and many of its alloys when they are exposed to oxygen in the presence of moisture. See Note at oxidation.
2. Any of various plant diseases caused by parasitic fungi that produce reddish or brownish spots on leaves.
Verb
To become corroded or oxidized.

rust


Past participle: rusted
Gerund: rusting

Imperative
rust
rust
Present
I rust
you rust
he/she/it rusts
we rust
you rust
they rust
Preterite
I rusted
you rusted
he/she/it rusted
we rusted
you rusted
they rusted
Present Continuous
I am rusting
you are rusting
he/she/it is rusting
we are rusting
you are rusting
they are rusting
Present Perfect
I have rusted
you have rusted
he/she/it has rusted
we have rusted
you have rusted
they have rusted
Past Continuous
I was rusting
you were rusting
he/she/it was rusting
we were rusting
you were rusting
they were rusting
Past Perfect
I had rusted
you had rusted
he/she/it had rusted
we had rusted
you had rusted
they had rusted
Future
I will rust
you will rust
he/she/it will rust
we will rust
you will rust
they will rust
Future Perfect
I will have rusted
you will have rusted
he/she/it will have rusted
we will have rusted
you will have rusted
they will have rusted
Future Continuous
I will be rusting
you will be rusting
he/she/it will be rusting
we will be rusting
you will be rusting
they will be rusting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been rusting
you have been rusting
he/she/it has been rusting
we have been rusting
you have been rusting
they have been rusting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been rusting
you will have been rusting
he/she/it will have been rusting
we will have been rusting
you will have been rusting
they will have been rusting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been rusting
you had been rusting
he/she/it had been rusting
we had been rusting
you had been rusting
they had been rusting
Conditional
I would rust
you would rust
he/she/it would rust
we would rust
you would rust
they would rust
Past Conditional
I would have rusted
you would have rusted
he/she/it would have rusted
we would have rusted
you would have rusted
they would have rusted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.rust - a red or brown oxide coating on iron or steel caused by the action of oxygen and moisturerust - a red or brown oxide coating on iron or steel caused by the action of oxygen and moisture
goethite, gothite - a red or yellow or brown mineral; an oxide of iron that is a common constituent of rust
ferric oxide - a red oxide of iron
2.rust - a plant disease that produces a reddish-brown discoloration of leaves and stems; caused by various rust fungi
plant disease - a disease that affects plants
blister rust, white pine blister rust, white-pine rust - any of several diseases of pines caused by rust fungi of the genus Cronartium and marked by destructive invasion of bark and sapwood and producing blisters externally
3.rust - the formation of reddish-brown ferric oxides on iron by low-temperature oxidation in the presence of water
corroding, corrosion, erosion - erosion by chemical action
oxidation, oxidisation, oxidization - the process of oxidizing; the addition of oxygen to a compound with a loss of electrons; always occurs accompanied by reduction
ferric oxide - a red oxide of iron
4.rust - any of various fungi causing rust disease in plantsrust - any of various fungi causing rust disease in plants
fungus - an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia
order Uredinales, Uredinales - rust fungi: parasitic fungi causing rust in plants; sometimes placed in
aecium - fruiting body of some rust fungi bearing chains of aeciospores
aeciospore - spore of a rust fungus formed in an aecium
flax rust, flax rust fungus, Melampsora lini - fungus causing flax rust
Cronartium ribicola, blister rust - fungus causing white pine blister rust and having a complex life cycle requiring a plant of genus Ribes as alternate host
Puccinia graminis, wheat rust - rust fungus that attacks wheat
apple rust, cedar-apple rust, Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae - rust fungus causing rust spots on apples and pears etc
Verb1.rust - become destroyed by water, air, or a corrosive such as an acid; "The metal corroded"; "The pipes rusted"
decay, dilapidate, crumble - fall into decay or ruin; "The unoccupied house started to decay"
corrode, rust, eat - cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid; "The acid corroded the metal"; "The steady dripping of water rusted the metal stopper in the sink"
eat away, fret - wear away or erode
2.rust - cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid; "The acid corroded the metal"; "The steady dripping of water rusted the metal stopper in the sink"
damage - inflict damage upon; "The snow damaged the roof"; "She damaged the car when she hit the tree"
rust, corrode - become destroyed by water, air, or a corrosive such as an acid; "The metal corroded"; "The pipes rusted"
3.rust - become coated with oxide
oxidise, oxidize, oxidate - add oxygen to or combine with oxygen
oxidate, oxidize, oxidise - enter into a combination with oxygen or become converted into an oxide; "This metal oxidizes easily"
Adj.1.rust - of the brown color of rust
chromatic - being or having or characterized by hue

rust

noun
1. corrosion, oxidation a decaying tractor, red with rust
2. mildew, must, mould, rot, blight canker, rust, mildew or insect attack
3. reddish-brown, reddish, russet, coppery a pair of rust slacks
verb
1. corrode, decay, tarnish, oxidize, become rusty The bolt on the door had rusted
2. deteriorate, decline, decay, stagnate, atrophy, go stale If you rest, you rust.
Translations
صَدأصَدَأيَصْدأ
rezrezivětzpůsobit rezivění
rustruste
زن‍ﯔ
ruosteruosteenruskearuostuaruostuttaa
hrđa
megrozsdásodikrozsdarozsdabarnarozsdásodik
ryîryîga
さび
antikorozinisaprūdijęsprastumasrūdyssaugantis nuo rūdijimo
saēst ar rūsu
roestroestenoxydatie
hrdza
rjazarjaveti
rostrosta
สนิม
paspaslanmak
rỉ

rust

[rʌst]
A. N (= action) → oxidación f; (= substance) → orín m, herrumbre f, óxido m; (= colour) → color m herrumbre or de orín (Agr) → roya f
C. VToxidar, aherrumbrar
D. CPD the Rust Belt N (US) → el cinturón industrial SUNBELT

rust

[ˈrʌst]
n
(on metal)rouille f
(= colour) → rouille f
virouiller
adj (also rust-coloured) → rouille invrust belt nrégion f industrielle en déclinrust bucket n (= car, boat) → tas m de rouille

rust

nRost m; (Bot) → Brand m; covered in rustvöllig verrostet
adj (also rust-coloured)rostfarben
vt (lit)rosten lassen
virosten; (talent)verkümmern; (brain, language)(ein)rosten

rust

:
Rust Belt
n (US) the rust˜ das Industriegebiet; the rust states of America’s industrial heartlanddie Staaten in Amerikas industriellem Zentrum
rust bucket
n (inf: = car, boat) → Rostlaube f (inf)
rust-coloured, (US) rust-colored
rust converter

rust

:
rust perforation
nDurchrosten nt
rustproof
adjrostfrei
vteinem Rostschutzverfahren unterziehen
rustproofing
n (= substance)Rostschutzmittel nt; (applied to surface etc) → Rostschutz m
rust resistant
adjnicht rostend
rust-through
nDurchrosten nt

rust

[rʌst]
1. nruggine f
3. vt(far) arrugginire

rust

(rast) noun
the reddish-brown substance which forms on iron and steel, caused by air and moisture. The car was covered with rust.
verb
to (cause to) become covered with rust. The rain has rusted the gate; There's a lot of old metal rusting in the garden.
ˈrustproof adjective
that will not (allow) rust. rustproof paint.
ˈrusty adjective
1. covered with rust. a rusty old bicycle.
2. not as good as it was because of lack of practice. My French is rusty.
ˈrustily adverb
ˈrustiness noun

rust

صَدَأ rez rust Rost σκουριά herrumbre, óxido ruoste rouille hrđa ruggine さび roest rust rdza ferrugem ржавчина rost สนิม pas rỉ 铁锈
References in classic literature ?
The lamp had a tin reflector, brown with rust and covered with dust.
The brown scales, too, had evidently undergone rigid discipline, in an unavailing effort to rub off the rust, which, alas
These supplied material for petty activity to a mind that would otherwise have been eaten up with rust.
where moth and rust do corrupt, but lay--" Lay, indeed, thought I, and such a lay
Where unrecorded names and navies rust, and untold hopes and anchors rot; where in her murderous hold this frigate earth is ballasted with bones of millions of the drowned; there, in that awful water-land, there was thy most familiar home.
Every spring they did it; and in the barrels would be dirt and rust and old nails and stale water--and cartload after cartload of it would be taken up and dumped into the hoppers with fresh meat, and sent out to the public's breakfast.
I, who cannot stay in my chamber for a single day without acquiring some rust, and when sometimes I have stolen forth for a walk at the eleventh hour, or four o'clock in the afternoon, too late to redeem the day, when the shades of night were already beginning to be mingled with the daylight, have felt as if I had committed some sin to be atoned for,--I confess that I am astonished at the power of endurance, to say nothing of the moral insensibility, of my neighbors who confine themselves to shops and offices the whole day for weeks and months, aye, and years almost together.
On his wrists and ankles were cicatrices, old smooth scars, and fastened to the stone on which he sat was a chain with manacles and fetters attached; but this apparatus lay idle on the ground, and was thick with rust.
They were crusted thick with rust and dirt; but she dared not attempt to clean them until bed-time secluded her from the prying eyes of the servants in the solitude of her room.
Girded round its middle was an antique scabbard; but no sword was in it, and the ancient sheath was eaten up with rust.
Sometimes of an evening, when I looked up from my writing, and saw her seated opposite, I would lean back in my chair, and think how queer it was that there we were, alone together as a matter of course - nobody's business any more - all the romance of our engagement put away upon a shelf, to rust - no one to please but one another - one another to please, for life.
His eyes also were bound round with a band of leather, as though to hide something from their gaze, one foot was gone, one hung over the edge of the niche towards the floor, and beneath it on the floor, red with rust, lay the blade of a broken spear.