sacrifice


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sac·ri·fice

 (săk′rə-fīs′)
n.
1.
a. The act of offering something to a deity in propitiation or homage, especially the ritual slaughter of an animal or a person.
b. A victim offered in this way.
2.
a. The act of giving up something highly valued for the sake of something else considered to have a greater value or claim: Social activism often involves tremendous sacrifice.
b. Something given up in this way.
3.
a. Relinquishment of something at less than its presumed value.
b. Something so relinquished.
c. A loss so sustained.
4. Baseball A sacrifice bunt or sacrifice fly.
v. sac·ri·ficed, sac·ri·fic·ing, sac·ri·fic·es
v.tr.
1. To offer as a sacrifice to a deity.
2. To give up (one thing) for another thing considered to be of greater value.
3. To sell or give away at a loss.
4. To kill (an animal) for purposes of scientific research or experimentation.
v.intr.
1. To offer a sacrifice: The Greek warriors sacrificed to their gods.
2. To make a sacrifice: parents sacrificing for their children.
3. Baseball To make a sacrifice bunt or sacrifice fly.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin sacrificium : sacer, sacred; see sacred + facere, to make; see dhē- in Indo-European roots.]

sac′ri·fic′er n.

sacrifice

(ˈsækrɪˌfaɪs)
n
1. a surrender of something of value as a means of gaining something more desirable or of preventing some evil
2. a ritual killing of a person or animal with the intention of propitiating or pleasing a deity
3. a symbolic offering of something to a deity
4. the person, animal, or object surrendered, destroyed, killed, or offered
5. a religious ceremony involving one or more sacrifices
6. loss entailed by giving up or selling something at less than its value
7. (Chess & Draughts) chess the act or an instance of sacrificing a piece
vb
8. to make a sacrifice (of); give up, surrender, or destroy (a person, thing, etc)
9. (Chess & Draughts) chess to permit or force one's opponent to capture (a piece) freely, as in playing a combination or gambit: he sacrificed his queen and checkmated his opponent on the next move.
[C13: via Old French from Latin sacrificium, from sacer holy + facere to make]
ˈsacriˌficeable adj
ˈsacriˌficer n

sac•ri•fice

(ˈsæk rəˌfaɪs)

n., v. -ficed, -fic•ing. n.
1. the offering of animal, plant, or human life or of some object to a deity, as in propitiation or homage.
2. the person, animal, or thing so offered.
3. the surrender or destruction of something valued for the sake of something having a higher or more pressing claim.
4. something so surrendered or lost.
5. a loss incurred in selling something below its value.
6. Also called sac′rifice bunt`, sac′rifice hit`. a hit or bunted ball in baseball that results in an out for the batter, but allows a runner on base to advance or score.
v.t.
7. to make a sacrifice or offering of.
8. to surrender, give up, permit injury to, or destroy for the sake of something else.
9. to dispose of (goods, property, etc.) regardless of profit.
10. to cause the advance of (a base runner) in baseball by a sacrifice.
v.i.
11. to offer or make a sacrifice.
12. to make a sacrifice in baseball.
[1225–75; < Old French < Latin sacrificium=sacri-, comb. form of sacer sacred + -fic-, comb. form of facere to make, do1]
sac′ri•fice`a•ble, adj.
sac′ri•fic`er, n.

sacrifice

  • offer - Originally meant "to present or sacrifice something to a religious entity."
  • sacrifice - From Latin sacrificium, related to sacrificus, "sacrificial," from sacer, "holy, sacred."
  • oblation - Something offered to God or a god, like a sacrifice or donation, can be called an oblation.
  • victim - Originally denoted a person or animal killed as a sacrifice.

sacrifice


Past participle: sacrificed
Gerund: sacrificing

Imperative
sacrifice
sacrifice
Present
I sacrifice
you sacrifice
he/she/it sacrifices
we sacrifice
you sacrifice
they sacrifice
Preterite
I sacrificed
you sacrificed
he/she/it sacrificed
we sacrificed
you sacrificed
they sacrificed
Present Continuous
I am sacrificing
you are sacrificing
he/she/it is sacrificing
we are sacrificing
you are sacrificing
they are sacrificing
Present Perfect
I have sacrificed
you have sacrificed
he/she/it has sacrificed
we have sacrificed
you have sacrificed
they have sacrificed
Past Continuous
I was sacrificing
you were sacrificing
he/she/it was sacrificing
we were sacrificing
you were sacrificing
they were sacrificing
Past Perfect
I had sacrificed
you had sacrificed
he/she/it had sacrificed
we had sacrificed
you had sacrificed
they had sacrificed
Future
I will sacrifice
you will sacrifice
he/she/it will sacrifice
we will sacrifice
you will sacrifice
they will sacrifice
Future Perfect
I will have sacrificed
you will have sacrificed
he/she/it will have sacrificed
we will have sacrificed
you will have sacrificed
they will have sacrificed
Future Continuous
I will be sacrificing
you will be sacrificing
he/she/it will be sacrificing
we will be sacrificing
you will be sacrificing
they will be sacrificing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been sacrificing
you have been sacrificing
he/she/it has been sacrificing
we have been sacrificing
you have been sacrificing
they have been sacrificing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been sacrificing
you will have been sacrificing
he/she/it will have been sacrificing
we will have been sacrificing
you will have been sacrificing
they will have been sacrificing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been sacrificing
you had been sacrificing
he/she/it had been sacrificing
we had been sacrificing
you had been sacrificing
they had been sacrificing
Conditional
I would sacrifice
you would sacrifice
he/she/it would sacrifice
we would sacrifice
you would sacrifice
they would sacrifice
Past Conditional
I would have sacrificed
you would have sacrificed
he/she/it would have sacrificed
we would have sacrificed
you would have sacrificed
they would have sacrificed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sacrifice - the act of losing or surrendering something as a penalty for a mistake or fault or failure to perform etc.sacrifice - the act of losing or surrendering something as a penalty for a mistake or fault or failure to perform etc.
human action, human activity, act, deed - something that people do or cause to happen
2.sacrifice - personnel that are sacrificed (e.g., surrendered or lost in order to gain an objective)
personnel casualty, loss - military personnel lost by death or capture
3.sacrifice - a loss entailed by giving up or selling something at less than its value; "he had to sell his car at a considerable sacrifice"
loss - something that is lost; "the car was a total loss"; "loss of livestock left the rancher bankrupt"
4.sacrifice - the act of killing (an animal or person) in order to propitiate a deity
animal, animate being, beast, creature, fauna, brute - a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
kill, putting to death, killing - the act of terminating a life
hecatomb - a great sacrifice; an ancient Greek or Roman sacrifice of 100 oxen
immolation - killing or offering as a sacrifice
5.sacrifice - (baseball) an out that advances the base runners
putout - an out resulting from a fielding play (not a strikeout); "the first baseman made 15 putouts"
sacrifice fly - a sacrifice made by hitting a long fly ball
baseball, baseball game - a ball game played with a bat and ball between two teams of nine players; teams take turns at bat trying to score runs; "he played baseball in high school"; "there was a baseball game on every empty lot"; "there was a desire for National League ball in the area"; "play ball!"
Verb1.sacrifice - endure the loss of; "He gave his life for his children"; "I gave two sons to the war"
devote, pay, give - dedicate; "give thought to"; "give priority to"; "pay attention to"
dedicate, devote, commit, consecrate, give - give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause; "She committed herself to the work of God"; "give one's talents to a good cause"; "consecrate your life to the church"
relinquish, resign, give up, release, free - part with a possession or right; "I am relinquishing my bedroom to the long-term house guest"; "resign a claim to the throne"
2.sacrifice - kill or destroy; "The animals were sacrificed after the experiment"; "The general had to sacrifice several soldiers to save the regiment"
kill - cause to die; put to death, usually intentionally or knowingly; "This man killed several people when he tried to rob a bank"; "The farmer killed a pig for the holidays"
3.sacrifice - sell at a loss
sell - exchange or deliver for money or its equivalent; "He sold his house in January"; "She sells her body to survive and support her drug habit"
4.sacrifice - make a sacrifice of; in religious rituals
immolate - offer as a sacrifice by killing or by giving up to destruction; "The Aztecs immolated human victims"; "immolate the valuables at the temple"
offer up, offer - present as an act of worship; "offer prayers to the gods"

sacrifice

verb
1. offer, slaughter, offer up, immolate The priest sacrificed a chicken.
2. give up, abandon, relinquish, lose, surrender, let go, do without, renounce, forfeit, forego, say goodbye to She sacrificed family life when her career took off.
noun
1. offering, immolation, oblation, hecatomb animal sacrifices to the gods
2. surrender, loss, giving up, resignation, rejection, waiver, abdication, renunciation, repudiation, forswearing, relinquishment, eschewal, self-denial They have not suffered any sacrifice of identity.
Quotations
"Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few" [Winston Churchill speech to the House of Commons]
"Too long a sacrifice"
"Can make a stone of the heart" [W.B. Yeats Easter 1916]
"Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends" Bible: St. John
Proverbs
"You cannot make an omelette without breaking eggs"

sacrifice

noun
1. One or more living creatures slain and offered to a deity as part of a religious rite:
2. A loss sustained in the accomplishment of or as the result of something:
verb
To offer as a sacrifice:
Translations
بَذْل، تَضْحِيَهتَضْحِيَهذَبيحَه، قُرْبانيُضَّحييُضَحِّي من أجْل
oběťobětovatobětování
offerofreafsavn
loovutamaohverdamaohverdus
uhrausuhrautuauhriuhrilahjauhrata
žrtvažrtvovati
feláldozáldozat
fórnfórnaleggja í sölurnar, fórnatilkostnaîur, fórnfórn, fórnarlamb
犠牲
희생
aukojamasaukojimasaukotipaaukotipasiaukojamai
upurēšanaupurētupurētiesupurisuzupurēšanās
obetovať
žrtevžrtvovatižrtveno jagnježrtvovanje
offeroffra
การสังเวย
feda etmekfedakârlıkkurbankurban etmekurban etmek
sự tế lễ

sacrifice

[ˈsækrɪfaɪs]
A. N (lit, fig) → sacrificio m
to offer sth in sacrificeofrecer algo como sacrificio
no sacrifice was too greattodo sacrificio merecía la pena
to make sacrifices (for sb)hacer sacrificios (por algn), sacrificarse (por algn)
the sacrifice of the massel sacrificio de la misa
to sell sth at a sacrificevender algo con pérdida
B. VT (lit, fig) → sacrificar (Comm) → vender con pérdida
she sacrificed everything for melo ha sacrificado todo por mí
to sacrifice o.s. (for sb/sth)sacrificarse (por algn/algo)
accuracy should never be sacrificed to speednunca debería sacrificarse la exactitud por la rapidez

sacrifice

[ˈsækrɪfaɪs]
n
(= personal denial) → sacrifice m
a mother's sacrifices for her children → les sacrifices d'une mère pour ses enfants
to make sacrifices → se sacrifier, faire des sacrifices
(= religious killing) → sacrifice m
to make a sacrifice to the gods → offrir un sacrifice aux dieux
vt
(= give up) → sacrifier
to sacrifice sth for sb/sth → sacrifier qch à qn/qch, sacrifier qch pour qn/qch
(= kill) (for religious purposes) [+ animal, person] → sacrifiersacrificial lamb n (fig) (= scapegoat) → victime f expiatoire

sacrifice

n (lit, fig)Opfer nt; (= thing sacrificed also)Opfergabe f; to make a sacrifice of somebody/somethingjdn/etw opfern or zum Opfer bringen; to make sacrifices (lit, fig)Opfer bringen; what a sacrifice (to make)!welch ein Opfer!; the sacrifice of quality to speedwenn Qualität der Geschwindigkeit geopfert wird or zum Opfer fällt; to sell something at a sacrifice (inf)etw mit Verlust verkaufen
vtopfern (sth to sb jdm etw)

sacrifice

[ˈsækrɪˌfaɪs]
1. nsacrificio
to make sacrifices (for sb) → fare (dei) sacrifici (per qn)
2. vtsacrificare

sacrifice

(ˈsӕkrifais) noun
1. the act of offering something (eg an animal that is specially killed) to a god. A lamb was offered in sacrifice.
2. the thing that is offered in this way.
3. something of value given away or up in order to gain something more important or to benefit another person. His parents made sacrifices to pay for his education.
verb
1. to offer as a sacrifice. He sacrificed a sheep in the temple.
2. to give away etc for the sake of something or someone else. He sacrificed his life trying to save the children from the burning house.
ˌsacriˈficial (-ˈfiʃəl) adjective
sacrificial victims.
ˌsacriˈficially adverb

sacrifice

يُضَّحي oběť offer Opfergabe θυσία sacrificio uhraus sacrifice žrtva sacrificio 犠牲 희생 offer offer ofiara sacrifício жертвоприношение offer การสังเวย feda etmek sự tế lễ 牺牲

sacrifice

n. sacrificio; v. sacrificar.
References in classic literature ?
Remembering the conversation of the afternoon, the boy said to himself, with the resolve to make the sacrifice cheerfully, "I'll let my castle go, and stay with the dear old gentleman while he needs me, for I am all he has.
Now he had decided that like the men whose stories filled the pages of the Bible, he would make a sacrifice to God.
Edna had once told Madame Ratignolle that she would never sacrifice herself for her children, or for any one.
The most positive mandate from him who seemed the acknowledged leader, was liable to be violated at each moment by any rash hand that might choose to sacrifice a victim to the manes of some dead friend or relative.
He could not complain because these people were not apparently aware of the sacrifice he was making.
He had no right to be a martyr; and, beholding him so fit to be happy and so feeble for all other purposes, a generous, strong, and noble spirit would, methinks, have been ready to sacrifice what little enjoyment it might have planned for itself, --it would have flung down the hopes, so paltry in its regard,--if thereby the wintry blasts of our rude sphere might come tempered to such a man.
It is probable that there was an idea of penance in this mode of occupation, and that she offered up a real sacrifice of enjoyment in devoting so many hours to such rude handiwork.
She promised to do this, and she mentioned to me that when, for a moment, disburdened, delighted, he held her hand, thanking her for the sacrifice, she already felt rewarded.
If I could only at least save Eliza's child, I would sacrifice anything I have.
He sees his enemy: horsemen sitting motionless, with long spears in rest, upon blindfolded broken-down nags, lean and starved, fit only for sport and sacrifice, then the carrion-heap.
but the good God will sanctify the sacrifice to me.
She made this sacrifice as a matter of religious etiquette; as a thing necessary just now, but by no means to be wrested into a precedent; no, a week or two would limber up her piety, then she would be rational again, and the next two dollars that got left out in the cold would find a comforter--and she could name the comforter.