Imli' (Tamarind) contains many volatile phytochemicals such as limonene, geraniol, safrole
, cinnamic acid, methyl salicylate, pyrazine and alkylthiazoles.
The Taiwan Ministry of Economic Affairs Industrial Development Bureau imposes strict reporting requirements in tracking the production, distribution, sale, storage, and export/import of precursor chemicals such as acetic anhydride, piperonal, safrole
, piperidine, hydrogen chloride, and potassium permanganate.
32]P-postlabeling assay in mice of transplacental DNA damage induced by the environmental carcinogens safrole
, 4-aminobiphenyl, and benzo(a) pyrene.
Elevated expression of NF-kappaB in oral submucous fibrosis--evidence for NF-kappaB induction by safrole
in human buccal mucosal fibroblasts.
4: Miscellaneous compounds classified as non-genotoxic hepatocarcinogens * by IARC Classification of carcinogenesis CAS no Name IARC source IARC Dir 67/548/EEC 94-59-7 Safrole
(Vainio, 1992) 2B Carc Cat 2-R45 Mut Cat 3-R68 62-55-5 Thioacetamide (Vainio, 1992) 2B Carc Cat 2 R45 51-79-6 Urethane (Vainio, 1992) 2A Carc Cat 2 R45 111-42-2 Diethanolamine (IARC, 2013) 2B Carc NC 1746-01-6.
For food flavorings, the only class of compounds with usage restrictions by regulatory bodies to some of its constituents is the extraction solvent class, where the agaric acid, aloin, beta-azarone, berberine, coumarin, hydrocyanic acid, hypericin, pulegone, quassine, safrole
and isosafrole, santonin and tuyona alpha and beta have maximum tolerable limits discriminated in documents (Brasil, 1999; Brasil, 2007).
Piper hispidinervum: a sustainable source of safrole
En sus informes entregados a las autoridades de Estados Unidos, pero que no dio a conocer en Mexico, la PGR declaro que en el operativo de marzo de 2007 tambien encontro "una receta escrita a mano de como convertir 20 toneladas de Safrole
The most common components found in the Piper species studied are camphor, apiole, myristicin, safrole
, sarisan, dillapiole, linalool, nerolidol, [alpha] and [beta]-pinene, [alpha]-humulene, [beta]-caryophyllene, as well as propenyphenols.
Its psychoactive effects could be attributed to metabolic formation of amphetamine derivatives from its core ingredients, elemicin, myristicin, and safrole
Presence of phenolic compounds like hydroxychavicol and safrole
, and phytochemicals like tannins, gallic acid, catechin, -sitosterol, gum and amino acids have been reported in betel nut (Wang et al.
The roots make a delicious tea that tastes like root beer--be aware that the FDA considers the consumption of sassafras root to be a health hazard due to the presence of safrole