sail

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sail

 (sāl)
n.
1. Nautical
a. A piece of fabric sewn together and fitted to the spars and rigging of a vessel so as to convert the force of the wind into forward motion of the vessel.
b. The sails of a ship or boat.
c. A narrow fairwater supporting the bridge of a submarine.
2. pl. sail or sails Nautical A sailing vessel.
3. Nautical A trip or voyage in a sailing craft.
4. Something, such as the blade of a windmill, that resembles a sail in form or function.
v. sailed, sail·ing, sails
v.intr.
1. Nautical
a. To move across the surface of water, especially by means of a sailing vessel.
b. To travel by water in a vessel.
c. To start out on such a voyage or journey: Tomorrow we sail for the islands.
d. To operate a sailing craft, especially for sport.
2. To move along or progress smoothly or effortlessly: sailed into the room five minutes late; sailed through the exam; sailed through the red light.
3. To move along through the air: The ball sailed into the stands.
v.tr. Nautical
1. To navigate or manage (a vessel).
2. To voyage upon or across: sail the Pacific.
Phrasal Verb:
sail into
To attack or criticize vigorously: sailed into the workmen for the shoddy job they were doing.
Idiom:
under sail
Nautical With the sails up; sailing.

[Middle English seil, from Old English segl. Sail into, from obsolete sail, to attack, from Middle English sailen, short for assailen; see assail.]

sail

(seɪl)
n
1. (Nautical Terms) an area of fabric, usually Terylene or nylon (formerly canvas), with fittings for holding it in any suitable position to catch the wind, used for propelling certain kinds of vessels, esp over water
2. (Nautical Terms) a voyage on such a vessel: a sail down the river.
3. (Nautical Terms) a vessel with sails or such vessels collectively: to travel by sail; we raised seven sail in the northeast.
4. (Nautical Terms) a ship's sails collectively
5. something resembling a sail in shape, position, or function, such as the part of a windmill that is turned by the wind or the part of a Portuguese man-of-war that projects above the water
6. (Nautical Terms) the conning tower of a submarine
7. (Nautical Terms) in sail having the sail set
8. (Nautical Terms) make sail
a. to run up the sail or to run up more sail
b. to begin a voyage
9. (Nautical Terms) set sail
a. to embark on a voyage by ship
b. to hoist sail
10. trim one's sails to act in a more frugal or restrained manner
11. (Nautical Terms) under sail
a. with sail hoisted
b. under way
vb (mainly intr)
12. (Nautical Terms) to travel in a boat or ship: we sailed to Le Havre.
13. (Nautical Terms) to begin a voyage; set sail: we sail at 5 o'clock.
14. (Nautical Terms) (of a vessel) to move over the water: the liner is sailing to the Caribbean.
15. (Nautical Terms) (tr) to manoeuvre or navigate a vessel: he sailed the schooner up the channel.
16. (Nautical Terms) (tr) to sail over: she sailed the Atlantic single-handed.
17. (often foll by: over, through, etc) to move fast or effortlessly: we sailed through customs; the ball sailed over the fence.
18. to move along smoothly; glide
19. informal
a. to begin (something) with vigour
b. to make an attack (on) violently with words or physical force
[Old English segl; related to Old Frisian seil, Old Norse segl, German Segel]
ˈsailable adj
ˈsailless adj

sail

(seɪl)

n.
1. an area of canvas or other fabric extended on a ship or other vessel or vehicle to catch the wind for propulsion.
2. a similar apparatus, as on a windmill.
3. a voyage or excursion esp. in a vessel with sails.
4. sailing vessels collectively.
5. the sails of a ship or boat.
v.i.
6. to travel on water in a ship or boat.
7. to manage a sailboat, esp. for sport.
8. to begin a journey by water.
9. to move along in a manner suggestive of a sailing vessel: caravans sailing along.
10. to move along in a stately, effortless way: to sail into a room.
v.t.
11. to sail upon, over, or through: to sail the seven seas.
12. to navigate (a vessel).
13. sail into, to attack vigorously; assail.
Idioms:
1. set or make sail, to start a voyage.
2. under sail, with sails set; in motion; sailing.
[before 900; (n.) Old English segl, c. Old Frisian seil, Old Saxon segel, Old High German segal (German Segel), Old Norse segl; (v.) Old English siglan, seglian]
sail′a•ble, adj.
sail′less, adj.

sail

- Once meant specifically "to travel on a ship with sails," and, later, "to travel on any ship"; figuratively, it means "to go through effortlessly," as in, "to sail through the exam."
See also related terms for sails.

Sail

 sailing vessels collectively, 1436; sails collectively, 1385; windmill sails collectively.
Examples: sail of ducks, 1727; of ships, 1633; of Spaniards, 1458.

sail


Past participle: sailed
Gerund: sailing

Imperative
sail
sail
Present
I sail
you sail
he/she/it sails
we sail
you sail
they sail
Preterite
I sailed
you sailed
he/she/it sailed
we sailed
you sailed
they sailed
Present Continuous
I am sailing
you are sailing
he/she/it is sailing
we are sailing
you are sailing
they are sailing
Present Perfect
I have sailed
you have sailed
he/she/it has sailed
we have sailed
you have sailed
they have sailed
Past Continuous
I was sailing
you were sailing
he/she/it was sailing
we were sailing
you were sailing
they were sailing
Past Perfect
I had sailed
you had sailed
he/she/it had sailed
we had sailed
you had sailed
they had sailed
Future
I will sail
you will sail
he/she/it will sail
we will sail
you will sail
they will sail
Future Perfect
I will have sailed
you will have sailed
he/she/it will have sailed
we will have sailed
you will have sailed
they will have sailed
Future Continuous
I will be sailing
you will be sailing
he/she/it will be sailing
we will be sailing
you will be sailing
they will be sailing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been sailing
you have been sailing
he/she/it has been sailing
we have been sailing
you have been sailing
they have been sailing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been sailing
you will have been sailing
he/she/it will have been sailing
we will have been sailing
you will have been sailing
they will have been sailing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been sailing
you had been sailing
he/she/it had been sailing
we had been sailing
you had been sailing
they had been sailing
Conditional
I would sail
you would sail
he/she/it would sail
we would sail
you would sail
they would sail
Past Conditional
I would have sailed
you would have sailed
he/she/it would have sailed
we would have sailed
you would have sailed
they would have sailed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sail - a large piece of fabric (usually canvas fabric) by means of which wind is used to propel a sailing vesselsail - a large piece of fabric (usually canvas fabric) by means of which wind is used to propel a sailing vessel
balloon sail - any light loose sail
crossjack, mizzen course - the lowermost sail on a mizzenmast
fore-and-aft sail - any sail not set on a yard and whose normal position is in a fore-and-aft direction
foresail - the lowest sail on the foremast of a square-rigged vessel
reef - one of several strips across a sail that can be taken in or rolled up to lessen the area of the sail that is exposed to the wind
headsail - any sail set forward of the foremast of a vessel
mainsail - the lowermost sail on the mainmast
main-topsail - a topsail set on the mainmast
piece of cloth, piece of material - a separate part consisting of fabric
press of canvas, press of sail - the greatest amount of sail that a ship can carry safely
royal - a sail set next above the topgallant on a royal mast
sailing ship, sailing vessel - a vessel that is powered by the wind; often having several masts
save-all - a sail set to catch wind spilled from a larger sail
skysail - the sail above the royal on a square-rigger
square sail - a four-sided sail set beneath a horizontal yard suspended at the middle from a mast
topgallant, topgallant sail - a sail set on a yard of a topgallant mast
topsail - a sail (or either of a pair of sails) immediately above the lowermost sail of a mast and supported by a topmast
2.sail - an ocean trip taken for pleasuresail - an ocean trip taken for pleasure  
ocean trip, voyage - an act of traveling by water
3.sail - any structure that resembles a sail
structure, construction - a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts; "the structure consisted of a series of arches"; "she wore her hair in an amazing construction of whirls and ribbons"
Verb1.sail - traverse or travel on (a body of water); "We sailed the Atlantic"; "He sailed the Pacific all alone"
journey, travel - travel upon or across; "travel the oceans"
2.sail - move with sweeping, effortless, gliding motions; "The diva swept into the room"; "Shreds of paper sailed through the air"; "The searchlights swept across the sky"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
swan - sweep majestically; "Airplanes were swanning over the mountains"
sweep, brush - sweep across or over; "Her long skirt brushed the floor"; "A gasp swept cross the audience"
ace, breeze through, pass with flying colors, sail through, sweep through, nail - succeed at easily; "She sailed through her exams"; "You will pass with flying colors"; "She nailed her astrophysics course"
3.sail - travel on water propelled by wind; "I love sailing, especially on the open sea"; "the ship sails on"
navigation, pilotage, piloting - the guidance of ships or airplanes from place to place
run - sail before the wind
luff, point - sail close to the wind
weather - sail to the windward of
boat - ride in a boat on water
beat - sail with much tacking or with difficulty; "The boat beat in the strong wind"
scud, rack - run before a gale
outpoint - sail closer to the wind than
wear round, tack - turn into the wind; "The sailors decided to tack the boat"; "The boat tacked"
wear ship - turn away from the wind; "The sailors decided it was time to wear ship"
change course, gybe, jib, jibe - shift from one side of the ship to the other; "The sail jibbed wildly"
4.sail - travel on water propelled by wind or by other meanssail - travel on water propelled by wind or by other means; "The QE2 will sail to Southampton tomorrow"
astrogate - navigate in space
cruise - sail or travel about for pleasure, relaxation, or sightseeing; "We were cruising in the Caribbean"
journey, travel - undertake a journey or trip

sail

noun
1. sheet, canvas The white sails billow with the breezes they catch.
verb
1. go by water, cruise, voyage, ride the waves, go by sea We sailed upstream
2. set sail, embark, get under way, put to sea, put off, leave port, hoist sail, cast or weigh anchor, hoist the blue peter The boat is due to sail tonight.
3. pilot, steer, helm, navigate, captain, skipper I shall get myself a little boat and sail her around the world.
4. glide, sweep, float, shoot, fly, wing, soar, drift, skim, scud, skirr We got into the lift and sailed to the top floor.
sail through something cruise through, walk through, romp through, pass easily, succeed easily at She sailed through her maths exams.
set sail put to sea, embark, get under way, put off, leave port, hoist sail, cast or weigh anchor, hoist the blue peter He loaded his vessel with another cargo and set sail.
under sail sailing, cruising, on the sea, riding the waves a big ship under sail

sail

verb
2. To pass quickly and lightly through the air:
3. To move through the air with or as if with wings:
4. To proceed with ease, especially of expression:
phrasal verb
sail in
To start work on vigorously:
attack, go at, tackle, wade in (or into).
Idiom: hop to it.
phrasal verb
sail into
To set upon with violent force:
Translations
تَبْدأ الرِّحْلَهجَوْلَه في قارِب شِراعيريشَة المَرْوَحَهشِراعشِرَاع
plachtaploutplachtitplavbalopatka
sejlsejlesejlturskridevingearm
purjepurjehtiaseilatasiipitorni
jedritijedroklizitiplovidbaploviti
átsétálátúszikvitorla
seglsiglasigla umsigla, halda úr höfnsigla, stjórna
航海する
항해하다
navigovelum
burėburinisburiuotiburlentėkeliauti laivu
braukt ar kuģi/laivuburaburātcēli kustētiesceļojums ar kuģi/laivu
naviga
odplávaťplachtapreplávať
jadrokrmaritiodplutijadranjejadrati
jedrenjejedro
segelsegla
แล่นเรือใบเรือ
cánh buồmđi thuyền

sail

[seɪl]
A. N
1. (Naut) (= cloth) → vela f
the age of sailla época de la navegación a vela
in or under full saila toda vela, a vela llena
to lower the sailsarriar las velas
to set sail [ship, person] → hacerse a la vela, zarpar
we set sail from Portsmouthnos hicimos a la vela en Portsmouth
to set sail for Liverpoolzarpar hacia Liverpool, hacerse a la vela con rumbo a Liverpool
to take in the sailsamainar las velas
under saila vela
to take the wind out of sb's sailsbajarle los humos a algn
2. (Naut) (= trip) → paseo m en barco
it's three days' sail from heredesde aquí se tarda tres días en barco
to go for a saildar una vuelta en barco
3. (Naut) (= boat) (sail (pl)) → barco m de vela, velero m
20 sail20 veleros
4. [of windmill] → aspa f
B. VT [+ boat, ship] → gobernar
to sail the Atlanticcruzar el Atlántico
he sails his own boattiene barco propio
they sailed the ship to Cadizfueron con el barco a Cádiz
to sail the (seven) seasnavegar (en alta mar)
C. VI
1. (Naut) [boat, ship, person] → navegar
to sail at 12 knotsnavegar a 12 nudos, ir a 12 nudos
we sailed into harbourentramos a puerto
we sailed into Lisbonllegamos a Lisboa
to sail round the worlddar la vuelta al mundo en barco
to sail round a headlanddoblar un cabo
to sail up the Tagusnavegar por el Tajo, subir el Tajo
to sail close to the windpisar terreno peligroso
2. (Naut) (= leave) → zarpar, salir
the boat sails at eight o'clockel barco zarpa or sale a las ocho
we sail for Australia soonpronto zarpamos or salimos hacia Australia
she sails on Mondayzarpa or sale el lunes
3. (fig)
she sailed into the roomentró majestuosamente en la sala
the plate sailed over my headel plato voló por encima de mi cabeza
sail into VI + PREP to sail into sb (= scold) → poner a algn como un trapo; (= attack) → arremeter contra algn, atacar a algn
sail through VI + PREP [+ life, situation] → pasar sin esfuerzo por; [+ exam, driving test] → no tener problemas para aprobar
don't worry, you'll sail through itno te preocupes, todo te resultará facilísimo

sail

[ˈseɪl]
n
(on boat)voile f
(= trip) to go for a sail → faire un tour en bateau
to set sail → appareiller
vt
[+ boat] (= be in charge of) → piloter (= steer) → manœuvrer
vi
(= travel) [ship] → avancer, naviguer; [passenger] → aller (en bateau)
to sail somewhere
They sailed into Le Havre → Ils sont entrés dans le port du Havre.
(= set off) [ship, passenger] → partir, prendre la mer
The boat sails at eight o'clock → Le bateau prend la mer à huit heures.
(as sport)faire de la voile
Do you know how to sail? → Sais-tu faire de la voile?
(= move through air) to sail across the room → traverser la pièce
The ball went sailing over the bushes → La balle est passée par-dessus les buissons.
sail through
vi (= succeed easily) → réussir haut la main
vt fus
She sailed through her exams → Elle a réussi ses examens haut la main.

sail

n
Segel nt; (of windmill)Flügel m; under sailmit aufgezogenen Segeln; in or under full sailmit vollen Segeln; with all sails setmit gesetzten Segeln; to make sail (= hoist)Segel setzen; to set or make sail (for …)los- or abfahren (nach …); (with sailing boat) → absegeln (nach …); he set sail from Doverer fuhr von Dover los; (with sailing boat) → er segelte von Dover ab or los
(= trip)Fahrt f; it’s 3 days’ sail from herevon hier aus fährt or (in yacht) → segelt man 3 Tage; to go for a sailsegeln gehen; to take somebody for a sailmit jdm segeln gehen; have you ever had a sail in his yacht?sind Sie schon einmal auf seiner Jacht gefahren or gesegelt?
(= boat)(Segel)schiff nt; (small) → (Segel)boot nt; 20 sail20 Schiffe/Boote; there was not a sail in sightkein einziges Schiff war zu sehen
vt shipsegeln mit; liner etcsteuern; they sailed the ship to Cadizsie segelten nach Cadiz; he sails his own yachter hat eine eigene Jacht; to sail the Atlanticden Atlantik durchkreuzen; to sail the seasdie Meere befahren
vi
(Naut) → fahren; (with yacht) → segeln; are you flying? — no, sailingfliegen Sie? — nein, ich fahre mit dem Schiff; I went sailing for a weekich ging eine Woche segeln; to sail round the worldum die Welt segeln, die Erde umsegeln; to sail round a headlandeine Landzunge umfahren/umsegeln
(= leave) (→ nach) → abfahren; (yacht, in yacht)absegeln; passengers sailing for New YorkPassagiere nach New York
(fig) (glider, swan etc)gleiten; (moon, clouds)ziehen; (ball, object)fliegen; the plate sailed past my headder Teller segelte an meinem Kopf vorbei; she sailed past/out of the roomsie rauschte vorbei/aus dem Zimmer (inf); she sailed into the roomsie kam ins Zimmer gerauscht (inf); she sailed through all her examssie schaffte alle Prüfungen spielend or mit Leichtigkeit; the week just sailed by (inf)die Woche verging wie im Flug

sail

:
sailable
adj (Naut)
canal, river etcschiffbar, befahrbar
boatsegelfertig
sailboard
nWindsurfbrett nt
viwindsurfen
sailboarder
nWindsurfer(in) m(f)
sailboarding
nWindsurfen nt
sailboat
n (US) → Segelboot nt
sailcloth
nSegeltuch nt
sailfish
nFächerfisch m

sail

[seɪl]
1. n (of boat) → vela; (of windmill) → pala; (trip) to go for a sailfare un giro in barca a vela
to set sail → salpare
under sail → a vela
2. vt
a. (ship) → condurre, governare
b. (travel over) to sail the Atlanticattraversare l'Atlantico
to sail the seas → solcare i mari
3. vi
a. (travel, ship) → navigare; (000, person) → viaggiare per mare
to sail into harbour → entrare in porto
the ship sailed into Naples → la nave è arrivata a Napoli
to sail round the Cape → doppiare il Capo
to sail away/back → allontanarsi/rientrare in barca
they sailed into Genoa → sono entrati nel porto di Genova
to sail round the world → fare il giro del mondo in barca a vela
to sail close to the wind (fig) → tirare troppo la corda
b. (set off) → salpare
the ship sails at 5 o'clock → la nave salpa alle 5
c. (Sport) → fare della vela
d. (fig) (clouds) → veleggiare; (swan) → incedere maestosamente
she sailed into the room → fece il suo ingresso solenne nella stanza
the plate sailed over my head → il piatto è volato al di sopra della mia testa
sail through
1. vi + adv (fig) → farcela senza difficoltà
2. vi + prep (fig) → fare qc senza difficoltà; (pass, exam, driving text) → superare senza difficoltà

sail

(seil) noun
1. a sheet of strong cloth spread to catch the wind, by which a ship is driven forward.
2. a journey in a ship. a sail in his yacht; a week's sail to the island.
3. an arm of a windmill.
verb
1. (of a ship) to be moved by sails. The yacht sailed away.
2. to steer or navigate a ship or boat. He sailed (the boat) to the island.
3. to go in a ship or boat (with or without sails). I've never sailed through the Mediterranean.
4. to begin a voyage. The ship sails today; My aunt sailed today.
5. to travel on (the sea etc) in a ship. He sailed the North Sea.
6. to move steadily and easily. Clouds sailed across the sky; He sailed through his exams; She sailed into the room.
ˈsailboard noun
a windsurfer.
ˈsailing noun
the activity or sport of navigating a ship or boat that has sails. Sailing is one of his hobbies.
sailing-
having a sail or sails. sailing-boat.
ˈsailor noun
a member of a ship's crew whose job is helping to sail a ship.
in full sail
with all the sails spread. The ship was in full sail.

sail

شِرَاع, يُبْحِرُ plachta, plout sejl, sejle Segel, segeln πανί, πλέω navegar, vela purje, purjehtia naviguer, voile jedriti, jedro navigare, vela, 航海する, 항해하다 zeil, zeilen seil, seile żagiel, żeglować vela, velejar парус, плыть segel, segla แล่นเรือ, ใบเรือ gemiyle yolculuk etmek, yelken cánh buồm, đi thuyền , 航行
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