sap


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

sap 1

 (săp)
n.
1.
a. The watery fluid that circulates through a plant, carrying food and other substances to the various tissues.
b. See cell sap.
2. Health and energy; vitality: The constant bickering drained his sap away.
3. Slang A foolish or gullible person.
tr.v. sapped, sap·ping, saps
1. To drain (a tree, for example) of sap.
2. To deplete or weaken gradually: The noisy children sapped all my energy. The flu sapped him of his strength. See Synonyms at deplete.

[Middle English, from Old English sæp. V., sense 2, probably partly from sap (taken as "to weaken (resistance) as by draining of sap.").]

sap 2

 (săp)
n.
A covered trench or tunnel dug to a point near or within an enemy position.
v. sapped, sap·ping, saps
v.tr.
To undermine the foundations of (a fortification).
v.intr.
To dig a sap.

[French sape, from saper, to sap, undermine, from Italian zappare, to dig with a mattock or hoe, sap, from zappa, mattock, hoe, from Old Italian, from Late Latin sappa, of unknown origin.]

sap 3

 (săp)
n.
A leather-covered bludgeon with a short, flexible shaft or strap, used as a hand weapon.
tr.v. sapped, sap·ping, saps
To hit or knock out with a sap.

[Probably short for sapling, since the bludgeons were made from wood from saplings.]

sap

(sæp)
n
1. (Botany) a solution of mineral salts, sugars, etc, that circulates in a plant
2. any vital body fluid
3. energy; vigour
4. slang a gullible or foolish person
5. (Botany) another name for sapwood
vb (tr) , saps, sapping or sapped
to drain of sap
[Old English sæp; related to Old High German sapf, German Saft juice, Middle Low German sapp, Sanskrit sabar milk juice]
ˈsapless adj

sap

(sæp)
n
(Military) a deep and narrow trench used to approach or undermine an enemy position, esp in siege warfare
vb, saps, sapping or sapped
1. (Military) to undermine (a fortification, etc) by digging saps
2. (tr) to weaken
[C16 zappe, from Italian zappa spade, of uncertain origin; perhaps from Old Italian (dialect) zappo a goat]

SAP

abbreviation for
South African Police

SAP

(sæp)
(in Britain) n acronym for
(Building) Standard Assessment Procedure: the recognized performance indicator for measuring energy efficiency in buildings

sap1

(sæp)

n., v. sapped, sap•ping. n.
1. a watery juice, containing mineral salts and sugar, that circulates through the tissues of a plant.
2. any vital body fluid.
3. energy; vitality.
4. a fool; dupe.
v.t.
5. to drain the sap from.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English sæp, c. Middle Dutch sap, Old High German saf]

sap2

(sæp)

n., v. sapped, sap•ping. n.
1. a trench constructed so as to form an approach to a besieged place.
v.t.
2. to approach (a wall, glacis, or other part of a fortification) with saps, in order to move troops or artillery into a more forward position, or to dig below and undermine the fortification.
3. to weaken insidiously.
[1585–95; < French sape (n.), derivative of saper to dig a trench < Italian zappare]

sap

(săp)
The watery fluid that circulates through a plant that has vascular tissues. Sap moving up the xylem carries water and minerals, while sap moving down the phloem carries water and food.

sap


Past participle: sapped
Gerund: sapping

Imperative
sap
sap
Present
I sap
you sap
he/she/it saps
we sap
you sap
they sap
Preterite
I sapped
you sapped
he/she/it sapped
we sapped
you sapped
they sapped
Present Continuous
I am sapping
you are sapping
he/she/it is sapping
we are sapping
you are sapping
they are sapping
Present Perfect
I have sapped
you have sapped
he/she/it has sapped
we have sapped
you have sapped
they have sapped
Past Continuous
I was sapping
you were sapping
he/she/it was sapping
we were sapping
you were sapping
they were sapping
Past Perfect
I had sapped
you had sapped
he/she/it had sapped
we had sapped
you had sapped
they had sapped
Future
I will sap
you will sap
he/she/it will sap
we will sap
you will sap
they will sap
Future Perfect
I will have sapped
you will have sapped
he/she/it will have sapped
we will have sapped
you will have sapped
they will have sapped
Future Continuous
I will be sapping
you will be sapping
he/she/it will be sapping
we will be sapping
you will be sapping
they will be sapping
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been sapping
you have been sapping
he/she/it has been sapping
we have been sapping
you have been sapping
they have been sapping
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been sapping
you will have been sapping
he/she/it will have been sapping
we will have been sapping
you will have been sapping
they will have been sapping
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been sapping
you had been sapping
he/she/it had been sapping
we had been sapping
you had been sapping
they had been sapping
Conditional
I would sap
you would sap
he/she/it would sap
we would sap
you would sap
they would sap
Past Conditional
I would have sapped
you would have sapped
he/she/it would have sapped
we would have sapped
you would have sapped
they would have sapped
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sap - a watery solution of sugars, salts, and minerals that circulates through the vascular system of a plantsap - a watery solution of sugars, salts, and minerals that circulates through the vascular system of a plant
manna - hardened sugary exudation of various trees
solution - a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances; frequently (but not necessarily) a liquid solution; "he used a solution of peroxide and water"
2.sap - a person who lacks good judgmentsap - a person who lacks good judgment  
ass - a pompous fool
buffoon, clown - a rude or vulgar fool
fucker - a stupid despised man
bozo, cuckoo, fathead, goof, goofball, jackass, twat, zany, goose - a man who is a stupid incompetent fool
meshuggeneh, meshuggener - (Yiddish) a crazy fool
morosoph - a learned fool
putz - (Yiddish) a fool; an idiot
simpleton, simple - a person lacking intelligence or common sense
wally - a silly and inept person; someone who is regarded as stupid
3.sap - a piece of metal covered by leather with a flexible handle; used for hitting people
bludgeon - a club used as a weapon
Verb1.sap - deplete; "exhaust one's savings"; "We quickly played out our strength"
play out - become spent or exhausted; "The champion's strength played out fast"
deplete, use up, wipe out, eat up, exhaust, run through, eat, consume - use up (resources or materials); "this car consumes a lot of gas"; "We exhausted our savings"; "They run through 20 bottles of wine a week"
2.sap - excavate the earth beneath
cave, undermine - hollow out as if making a cave or opening; "The river was caving the banks"

sap

1
noun
1. juice, essence, vital fluid, secretion, lifeblood, plant fluid The leaves, bark and sap are common ingredients of herbal remedies.
2. (Slang) fool, jerk (slang, chiefly U.S. & Canad.), idiot, noodle, wally (slang), wet (Brit. informal), charlie (Brit. informal), drip (informal), gull (archaic), prat (slang), plonker (slang), noddy, twit (informal), chump (informal), oaf, simpleton, nitwit (informal), ninny, nincompoop, dweeb (U.S. slang), putz (U.S. slang), wuss (slang), Simple Simon, weenie (U.S. informal), muggins (Brit. slang), eejit (Scot. & Irish), thicko (Brit. slang), dumb-ass (slang), gobshite (Irish taboo slang), numpty (Scot. informal), doofus (slang, chiefly U.S.), nerd or nurd (slang), numskull or numbskull her poor sap of a husband

sap

2
verb weaken, drain, undermine, rob, exhaust, bleed, erode, deplete, wear down, enervate, devitalize I was afraid the sickness had sapped my strength.

sap 1

noun
Slang. A person who is easily deceived or victimized:
Informal: sucker.
Chiefly British: mug.

sap 2

verb
1. To lessen or deplete the nerve, energy, or strength of:
2. To lessen or weaken severely, as by removing something essential:
Translations
عُصارَة الشَّجَريُنْهِك، يوهِن
mízapodrýt
saftsvækkeundergrave
heikentäähölmömahlauuvuttaa
draga òrótt úrsafi
izsūktnovārdzinātsula
miazga
öz sutüketmek

sap

1 [sæp] N (Bot) → savia f

sap

2 [sæp]
A. N (Mil) (= trench) → zapa f
B. VT (= undermine) → minar; (= weaken) → debilitar; (= exhaust) → agotar (las fuerzas de)

sap

3 [sæp] N (= fool) → bobo/a m/f
you sap!¡bobo!

sap

[ˈsæp]
n [plant] → sève f
vt [+ strength] → saper, miner

sap

1
n (Bot) → Saft m; (fig)Lebenskraft f; the sap is rising (lit)der Saft steigt; (fig)die Triebe erwachen

sap

2
n (Mil) → Sappe f
vt
(fig)untergraben; confidenceuntergraben, schwächen; to sap somebody’s strengthjdn entkräften, jds Kräfte angreifen; to sap somebody’s energy/enthusiasmjdm die Energie/Begeisterung nehmen

sap

3
n (inf)Trottel m (inf)

sap

1 [sæp] n (of plants) → linfa

sap

2 [sæp] vt (strength) → fiaccare; (confidence) → minare

sap1

(sӕp) noun
the liquid in trees, plants etc. The sap flowed out when he broke the stem of the flower.

sap2

(sӕp) past tense, past participle sapped verb
to weaken or destroy (a person's strength, confidence, courage etc). The disease slowly sapped his strength.

sap

n. savia, jugo natural de algunas plantas.
References in classic literature ?
I warrant me that the sap runs like a mill-tail up the maples this warm morning.
How one feels the water sinking, the sap departing, the thought of the times and of the people withdrawing from it
Fifteen or twenty tulips, torn and crushed, were lying about, some of them bent, others completely broken and already withering, the sap oozing from their bleeding bulbs: how gladly would Van Baerle have redeemed that precious sap with his own blood!
All the while she wondered if any strange good thing might come of her being in her ancestral land; and some spirit within her rose automatically as the sap in the twigs.
The old grass looked greener, and the young grass thrust up its tiny blades; the buds of the guelder-rose and of the currant and the sticky birch-buds were swollen with sap, and an exploring bee was humming about the golden blossoms that studded the willow.
The sap then immediately begins to flow from the upper end, and continues so doing for some months: it is, however, necessary that a thin slice should be shaved off from that end every morning, so as to expose a fresh surface.
You must learn the trick; you must imitate the trademarks of poverty, misery, oppression, insult, and the other several and common inhumanities that sap the manliness out of a man and make him a loyal and proper and approved subject and a satisfaction to his masters, or the very infants will know you for better than your disguise, and we shall go to pieces at the first hut we stop at.
Our consciousness rarely registers the beginning of a growth within us any more than without us: there have been many circulations of the sap before we detect the smallest sign of the bud.
The sap flows from an incision made high up in the tree into a vessel hung there to receive it, and soon hardens into the substance called camphor, but the tree itself withers up and dies when it has been so treated.
The Convention probably foresaw, what it has been a principal aim of these papers to inculcate, that the danger which most threatens our political welfare is that the State governments will finally sap the foundations of the Union; and might therefore think it necessary, in so cardinal a point, to leave nothing to construction.
Only, since our last journey thither, the walls had taken a grayer tint, and the brickwork assumed a more harmonious copper tone; the trees had grown, and many that then only stretched their slender branches along the tops of the hedges, now bushy, strong, and luxuriant, cast around, beneath boughs swollen with sap, great shadows of blossoms of fruit for the benefit of the traveler.
Yet after all Who is it that saps his strength save man alone?