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Related to scalenus: Scalenus anterior muscle, scalenus anterior syndrome


n. pl. sca·le·ni (-nī, -nē)

[Late Latin scalēnus, scalene; see scalene.]


(skəˈliːnəs; skeɪ-)
n, pl -ni (-naɪ)
(Anatomy) anatomy any one of the three muscles situated on each side of the neck extending from the cervical vertebrae to the first or second pair of ribs
[C18: from New Latin; see scalene]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.scalenus - any of four pairs of muscles extending from the cervical vertebrae to the second rib; involved in moving the neck and in breathing
skeletal muscle, striated muscle - a muscle that is connected at either or both ends to a bone and so move parts of the skeleton; a muscle that is characterized by transverse stripes
References in periodicals archive ?
In the differential diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome cervical disc protrusion, syringomyelia, cervical costa syndrome, scalenus anticus syndrome, De Quervain tenosynovitis and amyloid neuropathy in Rukavina type should be kept in mind [3].
It blends with the parietal pleura and is reinforced by the scalenus minimus muscle.
TOS refers to compression of the brachial plexus and vascular structures at the base of the neck as they exit over the first rib and between the scalenus muscles.
It then arches anterior to the scalenus anterior muscle at the level of C7 and dives downwards, terminating at the junction of the left subclavian and internal jugular veins (3, 4).
The muscles attaching to the first rib are the scalenus anterior, the scalenus medius, the serratus anterior, and the intercostaes.
The dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) is a motor nerve that arises mainly from the C5 spinal nerve root and travels within the scalenus medius muscle.
In the physiotherapeutic literature scalenus anterior has been depicted as palpable and measurable by surface electromyography (EMG) within the posterior triangle of the neck, but without explaining in detail how this is achieved.
The plexus is found at the level of the first four cervical vertebrae deep to the sternocleidomastoid, in the layer superficial to the scalenus medius and levator scapulae (5).