oyapocki with those of other similar-sized rodents, we selected vouchered animals (list of specimens available from senior author ) collected in French Guiana for one scansorial
(Hylaeamys megacephalus), one terrestrial (Zygodontomys brevicauda), and two arboreal (Oecomys auyantepui and Rhipidomys nitela) cricetid rodents.
Many Furnariidae maintained the primitive scansorial
habit either on the soft ground of forests (as Sclerurus), or at tree branches (Aphrastura, Berlepschia and Xenops) where the highest degree of specialization is found (Dendrocolaptinae; and Pygarrhichini Margarornis).
As summarized by Koprowski (1994), gray squirrels are medium sized (300-700 g) scansorial
mammals with relatively long maximum lifespans (12 years in females, 9 years in males) compared to other comparably sized mammalian species.
Hershkovitz (1972) compare the characteristics of the feet between species of Muridae and drew attention to the large feet of terrestrial rodents with scansorial
habits, citing the genus Oligoryzomys as an example.
turcicus may remain undocumented for prolonged periods of time because of its nocturnal, scansorial
, and secretive behaviors.
Phyllodactylus reissi is a scansorial
gecko, using primarily vertical rock boulders and, to a lesser extent, trees as perches in the study area.
These substrate utilization strategies are not equivalent to and should not be confused with the more restricted locomotor characteristics: natatorial, fossorial, cursorial, scansorial
, and volant.
undulatus tristichus scansorial
and saxicolous (personal observation).
Furthermore, most Neotropical marsupial genera are recognized as arboreal or scansorial
(Vieira and Camargo, 2012).