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Related to schism: Great Schism
1. A separation or division into factions: "[He] found it increasingly difficult to maintain party unity in the face of ideological schism over civil rights" (Nick Kotz).
a. A formal breach of union within a religious body, especially a Christian church.
b. The offense of attempting to produce such a breach.
[Middle English scisme, from Old French, from Latin schisma, schismat-, from Greek skhisma, from skhizein, to split; see skei- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: The word schism, which was originally spelled scisme, cisme, and sisme in English, is traditionally pronounced (sĭz′əm), without a (k) sound. The modern spelling with the h dates back to the 16th century, when the word was respelled to resemble its Latin and Greek ancestors. The pronunciation with (k), (skĭz′əm), was long regarded as incorrect, but it has become so common in both British and American English that it gained acceptability and now predominates in standard American usage. In our 1997 survey, 61 percent of the Usage Panel indicated that they use (skĭz′əm), while 31 percent said they use (sĭz′əm). A smaller number, 8 percent, preferred a third pronunciation, (shĭz′əm). These figures are similar to the percentages in the 1987 survey, suggesting that the two predominant pronunciations should continue to see widespread use for the foreseeable future.
1. the division of a group into opposing factions
2. the factions so formed
3. (Ecclesiastical Terms) division within or separation from an established Church, esp the Roman Catholic Church, not necessarily involving differences in doctrine
[C14: from Church Latin schisma, from Greek skhisma a cleft, from skhizein to split]
schism(ˈsɪz əm, ˈskɪz-)
1. division or disunion, esp. into mutually opposed parties.
2. the parties so formed.
a. a formal division within, or separation from, a church or religious body over some doctrinal difference.
b. the state of a sect or body formed by such division.
c. the offense of causing or seeking to cause such a division.
[1350–1400; < Middle French < Late Latin (Vulgate) sc(h)isma (s. sc(h)ismat-) < Greek, derivative of schízein to split, with -ma n. suffix of result]
a division especially peculiar to a Christian church or a religious body. — schismatic, n. — schismatical, adj.See also: Religion
1054, the formal separation between the Orthodox (eastern) and the Roman Catholic (western) Churches.
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|Noun||1.||schism - division of a group into opposing factions; "another schism like that and they will wind up in bankruptcy"|
division - the act or process of dividing
|2.||schism - the formal separation of a church into two churches or the withdrawal of one group over doctrinal differences|
1. An interruption in friendly relations:
2. A state of disagreement and disharmony: