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Any of various fishes belonging to the family Sciaenidae, which includes the drums and croakers.

[New Latin Sciaena, type genus (from Latin sciaena, a kind of sciaenid fish, from Greek skiaina, perhaps from skiā, shadow) + -id.]

sci·ae′nid adj.


(saɪˈiːnɪd) or


(Animals) of, relating to, or belonging to the Sciaenidae, a family of mainly tropical and subtropical marine percoid fishes that includes the drums, grunts, and croakers
(Animals) any sciaenid fish
[C19: from Latin sciaena a type of fish, from Greek skiaina]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sciaenid - widely distributed family of carnivorous percoid fishes having a large air bladder used to produce soundsciaenid - widely distributed family of carnivorous percoid fishes having a large air bladder used to produce sound
percoid, percoid fish, percoidean - any of numerous spiny-finned fishes of the order Perciformes
family Sciaenidae, Sciaenidae - warm-water marine fishes including the drums and grunts and croakers and sea trout
drumfish, drum - small to medium-sized bottom-dwelling food and game fishes of shallow coastal and fresh waters that make a drumming noise
jewfish, mulloway, Sciaena antarctica - large important food fish of Australia; almost indistinguishable from the maigre
maiger, maigre, Sciaena aquila - large European marine food fish
croaker - any of several fishes that make a croaking noise
whiting - any of several food fishes of North American coastal waters
sea trout - any of several sciaenid fishes of North American coastal waters
References in periodicals archive ?
Plagioscions quamosissimus (Heckel, 1840) commonly called "corvina" or "pescada branca", is a sciaenid fish mainly found in large rivers and constitute an important resource for commercial and sport fishing (Casatti, 2003).
Among these, the most abundantly used species were herring, silver pomfret, elongated sole, sardine, mangrove red snapper, mullet, grunter, sea perch, long-rayed silver, black sea bream, hilsa, catfish, sting rays, grunts, Indian threadfin, jaw fish, cobia, croaker, sciaenid, Indian scads, oil sardine, Indian mackerels (Table I).
and sciaenid fish) over mostly shallow continental shelf areas.
The use of polymerase chain reaction for the identification of sciaenid eggs.
The whitemouth croaker, Micropogonias furnieri occurred in this group along with other demersal sciaenid fishes (Paralonchurus brasiliensis (Steindachner, 1875), Stellifer rastrifer (Jordan, 1889), Umbrina canosai Berg, 1895, Cynoscion microlepidotus (Cuvier, 1830)).
The collective results of this study indicate that the Gulf corvina is a fast growing sciaenid fish that attains sexual maturity at a relatively small size (200 ram) and young age (2 yrs).
southeastern Atlantic coast and the northern Gulf of Mexico, two sciaenid species, the spot (Micropogonias undulatus) and Atlantic croaker (Leiostomus xanthurus), are among the most widespread and abundant fishes in shallow estuarine habitats (McErlean et al.
Otolith chemical composition as a useful tool for sciaenid stock discrimination in the south-western Atlantic.
In order to ascertain if these patterns may be influenced by food availability, an analysis of the stomach fullness and prey item composition and abundance of three dominant sciaenid species (Bairdiella chrysoura, Cynoscion regalis, Micropogonias undulatus, total stomachs n = 312) was conducted along eight locations across a sand ridge.