North African models face their audience and, despite their veils, invite scopophilia
, confidently returning the spectator's gaze in open space.
The scene thus supports Andrea Mirabile's assertion that vision, in D'Annunzio's work, "has often erotic and violent overtones, as scopophilia
mingles with both spiritual contemplation and sadistic eroticism" (Mirabile, 2013: 128), just as the use of the alliterative "candido cadavere" renders this link between aesthetics and violence all the more clear.
Hulme's Bergsonian aesthetic then arrives at a notion of poetic visuality as a libidinous, urgent scopophilia
, piercing the veil of appearances to reach the thing-in-itself; tellingly, the subjects of his poetry are often of the opposite sex: "The flounced edge of a skirt,/ recoiling like waves off a cliff" (Jones 49).
Thus Mulvey's article moves to discuss scopophilia
and the interweaving of the erotic pleasure to be found in film viewing "and the central place in that viewing of the image of woman" (835).
In fetishistic scopophilia
, the spectator desires the woman whose image interrupts the narrative; it is the disorganizing intensity of this desire which demands such an interruption.
Laity draws Mulvey into her approach to teaching scopophilia
through the films of Dario Argento in her essay, "A Raven's Eye View: Teaching Scopophilia
with Dario Argento.
She refused to rehearse the woman's body, so as not to fetishize it or foster male scopophilia
6) Her work is a feminist take on that of Christian Metz who theorized the production of desire in cinema, what he calls voyeurism or scopophilia
Thus, the director never wants the canero to enter the camera's racialized scopophilia
, but she also always has him in her scope.
11) For a more detailed analytic reading of Ramsay films see Valentina Vitali, "The Evil I: Realism and Scopophilia
in the Horror Films of the Ramsay Brothers", in Dwyer and Pinto (eds.
7) The forms of scopophilia
and voyeurism postulated by Mulvey and others for Hollywood cinema have no direct analogue in the ancient theater; however male actors performed their female roles, (8) the knowledge that they were men must have made a difference in the eyes of the male spectator (Zeitlin 1990, 65 and Hall 2006, 123).
More than just a desire to look, scopophilia
is accompanied by a drive to be seen.