scrape

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scrape

 (skrāp)
v. scraped, scrap·ing, scrapes
v.tr.
1. To remove (an outer layer, for example) from a surface by forceful strokes of an edged or rough instrument: scraped the wallpaper off before painting the wall.
2. To abrade or smooth by rubbing with a sharp or rough instrument.
3. To rub (a surface) with considerable pressure, as with an edged instrument or a hard object.
4. To draw (a hard or abrasive object) forcefully over a surface: scraped my fingernails down the blackboard.
5. To injure the surface of by rubbing against something rough or sharp: scraped my knee on the sidewalk.
6. To amass or produce with difficulty: scrape together some cash.
v.intr.
1. To come into sliding, abrasive contact.
2. To rub or move with a harsh grating noise.
3. To give forth a harsh grating noise.
4. To economize or save money by paying attention to very small amounts; scrimp.
5. To succeed or manage with difficulty: scraped through by a narrow margin.
n.
1.
a. The act of scraping.
b. The sound of scraping.
2. An abrasion on the skin.
3.
a. An embarrassing or difficult predicament.
b. A fight; a scuffle. See Synonyms at brawl.

[Middle English scrapen, from Old Norse skrapa; see sker- in Indo-European roots.]

scrape

(skreɪp)
vb
1. to move (a rough or sharp object) across (a surface), esp to smooth or clean
2. (tr; often foll by away or off) to remove (a layer) by rubbing
3. to produce a harsh or grating sound by rubbing against (an instrument, surface, etc)
4. (tr) to injure or damage by rough contact: to scrape one's knee.
5. (intr) to be very economical or sparing in the use (of) (esp in the phrase scrimp and scrape)
6. (intr) to draw the foot backwards in making a bow
7. (Tools) (tr) to finish (a surface) by use of a scraper
8. (Tools) (tr) to make (a bearing, etc) fit by scraping
9. bow and scrape to behave with excessive humility
n
10. the act of scraping
11. a scraped place
12. a harsh or grating sound
13. informal an awkward or embarrassing predicament
14. informal a conflict or struggle
[Old English scrapian; related to Old Norse skrapa, Middle Dutch schrapen, Middle High German schraffen]
ˈscrapable adj
ˈscraper n

scrape

(skreɪp)

v. scraped, scrap•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to rub (a surface) with something rough or sharp, as to clean or smooth it.
2. to remove by rubbing with something rough or sharp.
3. to scratch, injure, or mar by brushing against something rough or sharp.
4. to produce by scratching or scraping.
5. to collect or gather laboriously or with difficulty (usu. fol. by up or together).
6. to rub roughly on or across (something).
7. to draw or rub (a thing) roughly across something.
8. to level (an unpaved road) with a grader.
v.i.
9. to scrape something.
10. to rub against something gratingly.
11. to produce a grating and unmusical tone from a string instrument.
12. to draw one's foot back along the ground in making a bow.
13. to manage or get by with difficulty.
14. to economize or save by attention to even the slightest amounts.
n.
15. an act or instance of scraping.
16. a harsh, shrill, or scratching sound made by scraping.
17. a scraped place.
18. an embarrassing or distressing situation.
19. a fight or quarrel; scrap.
[1350–1400; (v.) Middle English < Old Norse skrapa, c. Old English scrapian to scratch; (n.) late Middle English: scraper, derivative of the v.]
scrap′er, n.

scrape

  • erase - From Latin e-, "out," and radere, "scrape."
  • raze, razor - Raze, from French raser, "shave close," is from Latin radere, "scrape, scratch"—also giving us razor.
  • gride - To scratch, scrape, or cut with a grating sound.
  • scrumble - To scrape or scratch (something) out of or from.

scrape


Past participle: scraped
Gerund: scraping

Imperative
scrape
scrape
Present
I scrape
you scrape
he/she/it scrapes
we scrape
you scrape
they scrape
Preterite
I scraped
you scraped
he/she/it scraped
we scraped
you scraped
they scraped
Present Continuous
I am scraping
you are scraping
he/she/it is scraping
we are scraping
you are scraping
they are scraping
Present Perfect
I have scraped
you have scraped
he/she/it has scraped
we have scraped
you have scraped
they have scraped
Past Continuous
I was scraping
you were scraping
he/she/it was scraping
we were scraping
you were scraping
they were scraping
Past Perfect
I had scraped
you had scraped
he/she/it had scraped
we had scraped
you had scraped
they had scraped
Future
I will scrape
you will scrape
he/she/it will scrape
we will scrape
you will scrape
they will scrape
Future Perfect
I will have scraped
you will have scraped
he/she/it will have scraped
we will have scraped
you will have scraped
they will have scraped
Future Continuous
I will be scraping
you will be scraping
he/she/it will be scraping
we will be scraping
you will be scraping
they will be scraping
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been scraping
you have been scraping
he/she/it has been scraping
we have been scraping
you have been scraping
they have been scraping
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been scraping
you will have been scraping
he/she/it will have been scraping
we will have been scraping
you will have been scraping
they will have been scraping
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been scraping
you had been scraping
he/she/it had been scraping
we had been scraping
you had been scraping
they had been scraping
Conditional
I would scrape
you would scrape
he/she/it would scrape
we would scrape
you would scrape
they would scrape
Past Conditional
I would have scraped
you would have scraped
he/she/it would have scraped
we would have scraped
you would have scraped
they would have scraped
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.scrape - a harsh noise made by scrapingscrape - a harsh noise made by scraping; "the scrape of violin bows distracted her"
noise - sound of any kind (especially unintelligible or dissonant sound); "he enjoyed the street noises"; "they heard indistinct noises of people talking"; "during the firework display that ended the gala the noise reached 98 decibels"
2.scrape - an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn offscrape - an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
graze - a superficial abrasion
rope burn - abrasion (usually on the hands) caused by friction from a rope
wound, lesion - an injury to living tissue (especially an injury involving a cut or break in the skin)
3.scrape - a deep bow with the foot drawn backwards (indicating excessive humility); "all that bowing and scraping did not impress him"
bowing, obeisance, bow - bending the head or body or knee as a sign of reverence or submission or shame or greeting
4.scrape - an indication of damage
blemish, mar, defect - a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body); "a facial blemish"
Verb1.scrape - scratch repeatedly; "The cat scraped at the armchair"
paw - scrape with the paws; "The bear pawed the door"
rub - move over something with pressure; "rub my hands"; "rub oil into her skin"
2.scrape - make by scraping; "They scraped a letter into the stone"
create, make - make or cause to be or to become; "make a mess in one's office"; "create a furor"
3.scrape - cut the surface of; wear away the surface of
claw - scratch, scrape, pull, or dig with claws or nails
scuff - mar by scuffing; "scuffed shoes"
incise - make an incision into by carving or cutting
4.scrape - bend the knees and bow in a servile manner
bow - bend the head or the upper part of the body in a gesture of respect or greeting; "He bowed before the King"
5.scrape - gather (money or other resources) together over time; "She had scraped together enough money for college"; "they scratched a meager living"
nickel-and-dime - accumulate gradually; "she nickeled-and-dimed together a small house for her family"
collect, compile, accumulate, amass, roll up, hoard, pile up - get or gather together; "I am accumulating evidence for the man's unfaithfulness to his wife"; "She is amassing a lot of data for her thesis"; "She rolled up a small fortune"
6.scrape - bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of; "The boy skinned his knee when he fell"
injure, wound - cause injuries or bodily harm to

scrape

verb
1. rake, sweep, drag, brush She went round the car scraping the frost off the windows.
2. grate, grind, scratch, screech, squeak, rasp The only sound is that of knives and forks scraping against china.
3. graze, skin, scratch, bark, scuff, rub, abrade She stumbled and fell, scraping her palms and knees.
4. clean, remove, scour She scraped food off the plates into the bin.
noun
1. (Informal) predicament, trouble, difficulty, spot (informal), fix (informal), mess, distress, dilemma, plight, tight spot, awkward situation, pretty pickle (informal) We got into terrible scrapes.
scrape by manage to live, make ends meet, scrape a living, scrimp, live from hand to mouth, keep the wolf from the door, keep your head above water, muddle through or along We're barely scraping by on my salary.
scrape something together collect, save, muster, get hold of, amass, hoard, glean, dredge up, rake up or together They only just managed to scrape the money together.
scrape through (Informal) get by (informal), manage to live (informal), just pass, just make it, have a close shave (informal), pass by a narrow margin, narrowly achieve `How did your exams go?' - `I just scraped through.'

scrape

verb
1. To remove (an outer layer or adherent matter) by rubbing a surface with considerable pressure:
2. To bring or come into abrasive contact, often with a harsh grating sound:
3. To be severely sparing in order to economize:
Idioms: pinch pennies, tighten (one's) belt.
noun
A difficult, often embarrassing situation or condition:
Informal: bind, pickle, spot.
Translations
حَفْر، صَوْت الحَكقَشْطوَرْطَهيَتَحَرَّك مُلامِساًيَحْفُر
oděrkaodřítoškrabatprůšvihškrábání
gravekniberiftskrabeskraben
kaparledörzsölvakar
grafaklípamynda skraphljóînuggast/strjúkastskafa, skrapa
brazdėjimasbrūžavimasbrūžuotigremžtukasišrausti
beršanaizkašņātizraktķezaķibele
maléroškrabaťškrabanieškrabať
opraskatiostrgati
çıkmazçizikkazımakazımakkazıyarak çıkarmak

scrape

[skreɪp]
A. N
1. (= act) → raspado m, raspadura f; (= sound) → chirrido m; (= mark) → arañazo m, rasguño m
to give sth a scraperaspar algo, limpiar algo raspándolo
to give one's knee a scraperasguñarse la rodilla
2. (fig) → lío m, aprieto m
to get into/out of a scrapemeterse en/salir de un lío or aprieto
to get sb out of a scrapesacar a algn de un lío or aprieto
B. VT [+ knee, elbow] → arañarse, rasguñarse; (= clean) [+ vegetables] → raspar, limpiar; [+ walls, woodwork] → raspar
to scrape on/along/against stharrastrar en/a lo largo de/contra algo
the lorry scraped the wallel camión rozó el muro
to scrape one's bootslimpiarse las botas
to scrape one's plate cleandejar completamente limpio el plato
to scrape a livingsacar lo justo para vivir
the ship scraped the bottomel barco rozó el fondo
to scrape one's feet across the floorarrastrar los pies por el suelo
to scrape the bottom of the barreltocar fondo
C. VI (= make sound) → chirriar; (= rub) to scrape (against)pasar rozando
to scrape pastpasar rozando
we just managed to scrape through the gapnos costó pasar por la abertura sin tocar las paredes
scrape along VI + ADV (financially) → sacar lo justo para vivir; (= live) → ir tirando
I can scrape along in Arabicme defiendo en árabe
scrape away
A. VT + ADVraspar, quitar raspando
B. VI + ADV to scrape away at the violinir rascando el violín
scrape by VIarreglárselas, vivir con lo justo
scrape off
A. VT + ADVraspar, quitar raspando
B. VT + PREPraspar de
scrape out VT + ADV [+ contents] → remover raspando
scrape through
A. VI + ADV (= succeed) → lograr hacer algo por los pelos
I just scraped throughaprobé por los pelos
B. VI + PREP [+ narrow gap] → pasar muy justo por
to scrape through an examaprobar un examen por los pelos
scrape together VT + ADV (fig) → reunir poco a poco
we managed to scrape enough money togetherlogramos reunir suficiente dinero
scrape up VT + ADV (fig) → reunir poco a poco
to scrape up an acquaintance with sbtrabar amistad con algn

scrape

[ˈskreɪp]
vt
(= clean) [+ shoes, pan, vegetables] → gratter
He scraped his boots clean → Il gratta la semelle de ses bottes.
BUT Il racla la boue de ses bottes.
(= graze) [+ hand, knees, skin] → érafler
He scraped his hand on a rock → Il s'est éraflé la main sur un rocher.
(= scratch) [+ table, paint, car, woodwork] → érafler
I'd scraped the back bumper → J'avais éraflé le pare-chocs arrière.
(= touch lightly) [+ wall] → érafler
(= move noisily) [+ chair] → faire racler
She scraped her chair backward → Elle recula sa chaise en la faisant racler.
(= get with difficulty) [+ win, draw, victory] → arracher
Everton scraped a 1-0 win at Ipswich → Everton a arraché une victoire 1 à 0 à Ipswich.
to scrape a living → s'en sortir
vi
(= make grating sound) → racler
The only sound is that of knives and forks scraping against china → On n'entend que les couverts raclant contre la porcelaine., On n'entend que les couverts raclant la porcelaine.
(= win with difficulty) to scrape home → s'imposer à l'arraché
n
(= scratch) (on skin, car, paintwork)éraflure f
(= grating sound) → raclement m
She got up with a scrape of her chair → Elle se leva dans un raclement de chaise.
(= trouble) → embarras m
He has rescued her from many a scrape → Il l'a tirée d'embarras plus d'une fois.
to get into a scrape → s'attirer des ennuis
scrape back
vt sep [+ hair] → peigner en arrière
scrape by
vis'en sortir
scrape off
vt sep (= remove) [+ mud, dirt, frost, ice] → racler
She scraped the mud off her boots → Elle racla la boue de ses bottes.
scrape through
vi (in exam)être reçu(e) de justesse; (in elections, competition)l'emporter de justesse
vt fus [+ exam] → réussir de justesse
to scrape through the qualifying round → se qualifier de justesse
scrape together
vt sep [+ money] → racler les fonds de tiroir pour réunir

scrape

n
(= act) to give something a scrape (= make clean or smooth, potatoes, carrots etc) → etw schaben; plate, wall, shoesetw abkratzen; dish, saucepanetw auskratzen; (= mark, graze) caretw schrammen; wall, gatepostetw streifen; arm, kneeetw auf- or abschürfen
(= mark, graze)Schramme f
(= sound)Kratzen nt; the scrape of his feet on the graveldas Knirschen seiner Füße auf dem Kies
(dated: = difficulty) → Schwulitäten pl (inf); to get into a scrapein Schwulitäten kommen (inf); he gets into one scrape after anotherer handelt sich (dat)dauernd Ärger ein (inf); to get somebody out of a scrapejdm aus der Patsche or Klemme helfen (inf)
vt
(= make clean or smooth) potatoes, carrots etcschaben; plate, wall, shoesabkratzen; dish, saucepanauskratzen; that’s really scraping the (bottom of the) barrel (fig)das ist wirklich das Letzte vom Letzten
(= mark, graze) carschrammen; wall, gatepoststreifen; arm, kneeauf- or abschürfen; the paint was scraped in the crashder Lack bekam bei dem Unfall Kratzer
(= grate against)kratzen an (+dat); he scraped his bow across the violiner kratzte mit dem Bogen auf der Geige; he scraped his nail along the glasser kratzte mit dem Nagel über das Glas
(= make by scraping) holescharren; to scrape a livinggerade so sein Auskommen haben; he scraped a living as a freelance reporterer hielt sich als freier Reporter gerade so über Wasser (inf); he was trying to scrape (up) an acquaintance with himer versuchte mit allen Mitteln, seine Bekanntschaft zu machen
vi
(= make clean)kratzen; he scraped at the paint for hourser kratzte stundenlang an der Farbe herum
(= rub)streifen (→ against +acc); (= grate)kratzen (→ against an +dat); the bird’s broken wing scraped along the groundder gebrochene Flügel des Vogels schleifte am Boden; as he scraped past meals er sich an mir vorbeizwängte; the car just scraped past the gatepostder Wagen fuhr um Haaresbreite am Torpfosten vorbei ? bow2
(= be economical)knapsen (inf), → knausern

scrape

[skreɪp]
1. n
a. (act) → raschiatura; (sound) → stridio; (mark) → graffio; (on leg, elbow) → scorticatura, sbucciatura
b. (fig) → pasticcio, guaio
to get into a scrape → mettersi nei pasticci or nei guai
to get out of a scrape → tirarsi fuori dai pasticci or dai guai
2. vt (knee) → scorticare, sbucciare; (clean, vegetables) → raschiare, grattare; (walls, woodwork) → raschiare
the lorry scraped the wall → il camion ha strisciato il muro
to scrape a living → sbarcare il lunario
we managed to scrape enough money together → siamo riusciti a racimolare abbastanza soldi
to scrape the bottom of the barrel (fig) → raschiare il fondo del barile
3. vi (make sound) → grattare; (rub) to scrape (against)strusciare (contro)
scrape along scrape by vi + adv (fam) (manage) → cavarsela; (live) → tirare avanti
scrape off scrape away
1. vt + advgrattare via, raschiare via
2. vt + prepgrattare via
scrape through
1. vi + adv (succeed) → farcela per un pelo, cavarsela
2. vi + prep (exam) → passare per il rotto della cuffia

scrape

(skreip) verb
1. to rub against something sharp or rough, usually causing damage. He drove too close to the wall and scraped his car.
2. to clean, clear or remove by rubbing with something sharp. He scraped his boots clean; He scraped the paint off the door.
3. to make a harsh noise by rubbing. Stop scraping your feet!
4. to move along something while just touching it. The boat scraped against the landing-stage.
5. to make by scraping. The dog scraped a hole in the sand.
noun
1. an act or sound of scraping.
2. a mark or slight wound made by scraping. a scrape on the knee.
3. a situation that may lead to punishment. The child is always getting into scrapes.
ˈscraper noun
a tool or instrument for scraping, especially one for scraping paint and wallpaper off walls etc.
scrape the bottom of the barrel
to (be obliged to) use the least useful, efficient, person or thing available. We're short of players for the game but including John would really be scraping the bottom of the barrel.
scrape through
to only just avoid failing. He scraped through his exams.
scrape together/up
to manage (with difficulty) to find (enough). I'll try to scrape a team together for tomorrow's game.

scrape

n. raspadura, rasponazo, raspado;
v. raspar, rasguñar.

scrape

n (fam) abrasión f, raspadura; vt raspar
References in periodicals archive ?
He said: "There have been many bumps and scrapes along this stretch of road over the years but most of them happen outside the shops.
The estimator can only work off the damage that is visible in that image," the new blog explained, adding that the picture might show a few scrapes along the bumper of the car and the bumper hanging on by a thread to the rest of the car.
MICK HIGGINS won the latest Griffin Sixteen - but there were some close scrapes along the way.
When you use someone else's pen, it scrapes along the paper and it feels like you are scratching the page.