scratch


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Related to scratch: Scratch games

scratch

 (skrăch)
v. scratched, scratch·ing, scratch·es
v.tr.
1. To make a thin shallow cut or mark on (a surface) with a sharp instrument.
2. To use the nails or claws to dig or scrape at.
3. To rub or scrape (the skin) to relieve itching.
4. To scrape or strike on an abrasive surface.
5. To write or draw (something) by scraping a surface: scratched their initials on a rock.
6. To write or draw hurriedly: scratched off a thank-you note.
7.
a. To strike out or cancel (a word, for example) by or as if by drawing lines through.
b. Slang To cancel (a project or program, for example).
8. To withdraw (an entry) from a contest.
v.intr.
1. To use the nails or claws to dig, scrape, or wound.
2. To rub or scrape the skin to relieve itching.
3. To make a harsh scraping sound.
4. To gather funds or produce a living with difficulty.
5.
a. To withdraw from a contest.
b. Games To make a shot in billiards that results in a penalty, as when the cue ball falls into a pocket or jumps the cushion.
n.
1.
a. A mark resembling a line that is produced by scratching.
b. A slight wound.
2. A hasty scribble.
3. A sound made by scratching.
4.
a. Sports The starting line for a race.
b. A contestant who has been withdrawn from a competition.
5. Games
a. The act of scratching in billiards.
b. A fluke or chance shot in billiards.
6. Poultry feed.
7. Slang Money.
adj.
1. Done haphazardly or by chance.
2. Assembled hastily or at random.
3. Sports Having no golf handicap.
Idioms:
from scratch
From the very beginning.
scratch the surface
To investigate or treat something in superficial or preliminary fashion.
up to scratch Informal
1. Meeting the requirements.
2. In fit condition.

[Middle English scracchen, probably blend of scratten, to scratch, and cracchen, to scratch (possibly from Middle Dutch cratsen).]

scratch′er n.

scratch

(skrætʃ)
vb
1. to mark or cut (the surface of something) with a rough or sharp instrument
2. (often foll by: at, out, off, etc) to scrape (the surface of something), as with claws, nails, etc
3. to scrape (the surface of the skin) with the nails, as to relieve itching
4. to chafe or irritate (a surface, esp the skin)
5. to make or cause to make a grating sound; scrape
6. (sometimes foll by: out) to erase by or as if by scraping
7. (tr) to write or draw awkwardly
8. (sometimes foll by: along) to earn a living, manage, etc, with difficulty
9. (General Sporting Terms) to withdraw (an entry) from a race, match, etc
10. (Billiards & Snooker) (intr) billiards snooker
a. to make a shot resulting in a penalty
b. to make a lucky shot
11. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (tr) US to cancel (the name of a candidate) from a party ticket in an election
12. informal (often foll by: for) Austral to be struggling or in difficulty, esp in earning a living
13. to treat (a subject) superficially
14. you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours if you will help me, I will help you
n
15. the act of scratching
16. a slight injury
17. a mark made by scratching
18. a slight grating sound
19. (General Sporting Terms) (in a handicap sport)
a. a competitor or the status of a competitor who has no allowance or receives a penalty
b. (as modifier): a scratch player.
20. (General Sporting Terms) the time, initial score, etc, of such a competitor
21. (General Sporting Terms)
a. the line from which competitors start in a race
b. (formerly) a line drawn on the floor of a prize ring at which the contestants stood to begin or continue fighting
22. (General Sporting Terms) a withdrawn competitor in a race, etc
23. (Billiards & Snooker) billiards snooker
a. a shot that results in a penalty, as when the cue ball enters the pocket
b. a lucky shot
24. (Zoology) poultry food
25. from scratch informal from the very beginning
26. up to scratch (usually used with a negative) informal up to standard
adj
27. (General Sporting Terms) sport (of a team) assembled hastily
28. (General Sporting Terms) (in a handicap sport) with no allowance or penalty
29. informal rough or haphazard
[C15: via Old French escrater from Germanic; compare Old High German krazzōn (German kratzen); related to Old French gratter to grate1]
ˈscratchy adj
ˈscratchily adv
ˈscratchiness n

scratch

(skrætʃ)

v.t.
1. to break, mar, or mark the surface of by rubbing, scraping, or tearing with something sharp or rough.
2. to remove with a scraping or tearing action.
3. to rub or scrape slightly, as with the fingernails, to relieve itching.
4. to rub or draw along a rough, grating surface.
5. to strike out or cancel (something written) by or as if by drawing a line through it.
6. to withdraw (an entry) from a race or contest.
7.
a. to strike out the name of (a candidate) on a party ticket, while predominantly supporting the ticket.
b. to reject a particular candidate on (a party ticket).
8. to write or draw by cutting into a surface.
9. to manipulate (a phonograph record) back and forth under the stylus to produce rhythmic sounds.
v.i.
10. to use the nails, claws, etc., for tearing, digging, etc.
11. to relieve itching by rubbing with the nails, etc.
12. to make a slight grating noise; scrape.
13. to earn a living or get along with difficulty.
14. to withdraw from a race or contest.
15. (in certain card games) to make no score; earn no points.
16. Billiards, Pool. to make a shot that results in a penalty, esp. to pocket the cue ball without hitting the object ball.
n.
17. a slight injury, mar, or mark caused by scratching.
18. a rough mark made by a pen, pencil, etc.; scrawl.
19. the act of scratching.
20. a slight grating sound produced by scratching.
21. the starting place, starting time, or status of a competitor in a handicap who has no allowance and no penalty.
22. Billiards, Pool.
a. a shot resulting in a penalty.
b. a fluke or lucky shot.
23. (in certain card games) a score of zero; nothing.
24. Slang. money.
adj.
25. used for hasty writing, notes, etc.: scratch paper.
26. without any allowance, penalty, or handicap, as a competitor.
27. gathered hastily and indiscriminately: a scratch crew.
Idioms:
1. from scratch,
a. from the very beginning or from nothing.
b. using basic components or ingredients rather than prefabricated ones: to bake a cake from scratch.
2. up to scratch, as good as the standard; satisfactory.
[1425–75; scracchen (v.), b. Middle English scratten to scratch, and cracchen, with same sense]
scratch′er, n.

scratch


Past participle: scratched
Gerund: scratching

Imperative
scratch
scratch
Present
I scratch
you scratch
he/she/it scratches
we scratch
you scratch
they scratch
Preterite
I scratched
you scratched
he/she/it scratched
we scratched
you scratched
they scratched
Present Continuous
I am scratching
you are scratching
he/she/it is scratching
we are scratching
you are scratching
they are scratching
Present Perfect
I have scratched
you have scratched
he/she/it has scratched
we have scratched
you have scratched
they have scratched
Past Continuous
I was scratching
you were scratching
he/she/it was scratching
we were scratching
you were scratching
they were scratching
Past Perfect
I had scratched
you had scratched
he/she/it had scratched
we had scratched
you had scratched
they had scratched
Future
I will scratch
you will scratch
he/she/it will scratch
we will scratch
you will scratch
they will scratch
Future Perfect
I will have scratched
you will have scratched
he/she/it will have scratched
we will have scratched
you will have scratched
they will have scratched
Future Continuous
I will be scratching
you will be scratching
he/she/it will be scratching
we will be scratching
you will be scratching
they will be scratching
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been scratching
you have been scratching
he/she/it has been scratching
we have been scratching
you have been scratching
they have been scratching
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been scratching
you will have been scratching
he/she/it will have been scratching
we will have been scratching
you will have been scratching
they will have been scratching
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been scratching
you had been scratching
he/she/it had been scratching
we had been scratching
you had been scratching
they had been scratching
Conditional
I would scratch
you would scratch
he/she/it would scratch
we would scratch
you would scratch
they would scratch
Past Conditional
I would have scratched
you would have scratched
he/she/it would have scratched
we would have scratched
you would have scratched
they would have scratched
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.scratch - an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn offscratch - an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
graze - a superficial abrasion
rope burn - abrasion (usually on the hands) caused by friction from a rope
wound, lesion - an injury to living tissue (especially an injury involving a cut or break in the skin)
2.scratch - a depression scratched or carved into a surfacescratch - a depression scratched or carved into a surface
imprint, impression, depression - a concavity in a surface produced by pressing; "he left the impression of his fingers in the soft mud"
scotch, score - a slight surface cut (especially a notch that is made to keep a tally)
3.scratch - informal terms for moneyscratch - informal terms for money    
money - the most common medium of exchange; functions as legal tender; "we tried to collect the money he owed us"
4.scratch - a competitor who has withdrawn from competition
challenger, competitor, contender, rival, competition - the contestant you hope to defeat; "he had respect for his rivals"; "he wanted to know what the competition was doing"
5.scratch - a line indicating the location of the start of a race or a game
line - in games or sports; a mark indicating positions or bounds of the playing area
6.scratch - dry mash for poultryscratch - dry mash for poultry      
mash - mixture of ground animal feeds
7.scratch - a harsh noise made by scrapingscratch - a harsh noise made by scraping; "the scrape of violin bows distracted her"
noise - sound of any kind (especially unintelligible or dissonant sound); "he enjoyed the street noises"; "they heard indistinct noises of people talking"; "during the firework display that ended the gala the noise reached 98 decibels"
8.scratch - poor handwritingscratch - poor handwriting      
handwriting, script, hand - something written by hand; "she recognized his handwriting"; "his hand was illegible"
chicken scratch - cramped or illegible handwriting
squiggle - an illegible scrawl; "his signature was just a squiggle but only he could make that squiggle"
9.scratch - (golf) a handicap of zero strokes; "a golfer who plays at scratch should be able to achieve par on a course"
golf, golf game - a game played on a large open course with 9 or 18 holes; the object is use as few strokes as possible in playing all the holes
handicap - advantage given to a competitor to equalize chances of winning
10.scratch - an indication of damage
blemish, mar, defect - a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body); "a facial blemish"
Verb1.scratch - cause friction; "my sweater scratches"
adjoin, contact, touch, meet - be in direct physical contact with; make contact; "The two buildings touch"; "Their hands touched"; "The wire must not contact the metal cover"; "The surfaces contact at this point"
2.scratch - cut the surface of; wear away the surface of
claw - scratch, scrape, pull, or dig with claws or nails
scuff - mar by scuffing; "scuffed shoes"
incise - make an incision into by carving or cutting
scratch out, cut out - strike or cancel by or as if by rubbing or crossing out; "scratch out my name on that list"
3.scratch - scrape or rub as if to relieve itching; "Don't scratch your insect bites!"
irritate - excite to an abnormal condition, or chafe or inflame; "Aspirin irritates my stomach"
4.scratch - postpone indefinitely or annul something that was scheduled; "Call off the engagement"; "cancel the dinner party"; "we had to scrub our vacation plans"; "scratch that meeting--the chair is ill"
5.scratch - remove by erasing or crossing out or as if by drawing a linescratch - remove by erasing or crossing out or as if by drawing a line; "Please strike this remark from the record"; "scratch that remark"
delete, cancel - remove or make invisible; "Please delete my name from your list"
6.scratch - gather (money or other resources) together over time; "She had scraped together enough money for college"; "they scratched a meager living"
nickel-and-dime - accumulate gradually; "she nickeled-and-dimed together a small house for her family"
collect, compile, accumulate, amass, roll up, hoard, pile up - get or gather together; "I am accumulating evidence for the man's unfaithfulness to his wife"; "She is amassing a lot of data for her thesis"; "She rolled up a small fortune"
7.scratch - carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface; "engrave a pen"; "engraved the trophy cupt with the winner's"; "the lovers scratched their names into the bark of the tree"
chip at, carve - engrave or cut by chipping away at a surface; "carve one's name into the bark"
engrave, etch - carve or cut a design or letters into; "engrave the pen with the owner's name"
character - engrave or inscribe characters on

scratch

verb
1. rub, scrape, claw at The old man lifted his cardigan to scratch his side.
2. mark, cut, score, damage, grate, graze, etch, lacerate, incise, make a mark on Knives will scratch the worktop.
3. cut, skin, wound, rub, bark, scrape, graze, rasp, chafe, lacerate, abrade He had blood on his nose and he had scratched his knees.
noun
1. mark, scrape, graze, blemish, gash, laceration, claw mark I pointed to a number of scratches on the tile floor.
2. cut, wound, scrape, graze, abrasion, laceration He walked away from the accident without a scratch.
scratch about or round search (about or around), hunt (about or around), scrabble (about or around), rummage (about or around), forage (about or around), fossick (about or around) (Austral. & N.Z.), root about or around, ferret about or around, cast about or around, poke about or around, nose about or around They scratch about in the forest litter.
scratch something out erase, eliminate, delete, cancel, strike off, annul, cross out She scratched out the word `frightful'.
up to scratch (Informal) adequate, acceptable, satisfactory, capable, sufficient, competent, up to standard, up to snuff (informal) She made me feel I wasn't up to scratch.

scratch

verb
1. To bring or come into abrasive contact, often with a harsh grating sound:
2. To remove or invalidate by or as if by running a line through or wiping clean.Also used with out:
annul, blot (out), cancel, cross (off or out), delete, efface, erase, expunge, obliterate, rub (out), strike (out), undo, wipe (out), x (out).
Law: vacate.
3. Slang. To decide not to go ahead with (something previously arranged):
Slang: scrub.
noun
1. An incision, a notch, or a slight cut made with or as if with a knife:
2. Slang. Something, such as coins or printed bills, used as a medium of exchange:
Informal: wampum.
Chiefly British: brass.
Translations
جَرْح خَفيفخَدْشعَلامَه، خَدْشنُقْطَة إنْطِلاق في سِباقيَحْفُر
škrábatškrábnutískřípotšrámstartovní čára
kløriveskrammeskratstartstreg
naarmuraapaistaraapiarahaviiru
češatiogrebatiogrebotina
elvakarrajtvonal
hætta í keppniklóraráslínarisparispa, klóra, skráma
・・・に引っかき傷をつけるかき傷引っ掻く
긁기긁다
bendras startasdraskantisįbrėžtiįdrėkstiišbraukti
iegrieztiekasītieskrāpējumsieskrāpētizskrāpēt
poškrabaťrozškrabaťškrabaťškrabnutieškripot
iz ničopraskatipraskapraskati se
klösarepariva
เกาขีดข่วน ขูดขีดรอยข่วน
çizmekkaşı makkazımakoymaksıyırmak
làm xướclàm xước davết xước

scratch

[ˈskrætʃ]
A. N
1. (= mark) (on skin) → arañazo m, rasguño m; (on surface, record) → raya f
it's just a scratches sólo un rasguño, nada más
the cat gave her a scratchel gato la arañó
he hadn't a scratch on himno tenía ni un arañazo
to have a good scratchrascarse con ganas
2. (= noise) → chirrido m
3. to start from scratch (fig) → partir de or empezar desde cero
we shall have to start from scratch againtendremos que partir nuevamente de cero, tendremos que comenzar desde el principio otra vez
to be or come up to scratchcumplir con los requisitos
to bring/keep sth up to scratchponer/mantener algo en buenas condiciones
B. VT
1. (with claw, nail etc) → rasguñar, arañar; (making sound) → rascar, raspar; [+ surface, record] → rayar; (= scramble, dig) → escarbar
you'll scratch the worktop with that knifevas a rayar la encimera con ese cuchillo
the glass of this watch cannot be scratchedel cristal de este reloj no se raya
he scratched his hand on a rose bushse arañó la mano en un rosal
the lovers scratched their names on the treelos amantes grabaron sus nombres en el árbol
see also surface A1
2. (to relieve itch) → rascarse
he scratched his headse rascó la cabeza
she scratched the dog's earle rascó la oreja al perro
you scratch my back and I'll scratch yoursun favor con favor se paga
3. (= cancel) [+ meeting, game] → cancelar; (= cross off list) [+ horse, competitor] → tachar, borrar
to scratch sb off a listtachar a algn de una lista
4. (Comput) → borrar
C. VI [person, dog etc] → rascarse; [hens] → escarbar; [pen] → rascar; [clothing] → rascar, picar
stop scratching!¡deja de rascarte!
the dog scratched at the doorel perro arañó la puerta
D. CPD [competitor] → sin ventaja
scratch card Ntarjeta f de "rasque y gane"
scratch file N (Comput) → fichero m de trabajo
scratch meal Ncomida f improvisada
scratch paper N (US) → papel m de borrador
scratch score N (Golf) → puntuación f par
scratch tape Ncinta f reutilizable
scratch team Nequipo m improvisado
scratch out VT + ADV (from list) → borrar, tachar
to scratch sb's eyes outsacarle los ojos a algn

scratch

[ˈskrætʃ]
n
(= small cut) (on skin)égratignure f; (from claw)égratignure f
She had a large scratch on her cheek → Elle avait une grosse égratignure sur la joue.
I got away without a scratch → Je m'en suis sorti sans une égratignure.
(= mark) (on paintwork, CD, furniture, glass)éraflure f
There were no scratches on the paintwork → Il n'y avait pas d'éraflures sur la peinture.
(to relieve itch)
The dog had a good scratch → Le chien s'est gratté un bon coup.
(= sound) → grattement m
We heard a scratch at the door → Nous avons entendu un grattement à la porte.
(= beginning) to start from scratch → partir de zéro
to build sth from scratch [+ building, economy, business] → construire qch à partir de rien
(= standard) to be up to scratch, to come up to scratch → être à la hauteur
His work isn't up to scratch → Son travail n'est pas à la hauteur.
She's not up to scratch → Elle n'est pas à la hauteur.
The team didn't come up to scratch → L'équipe n'a pas été à la hauteur.
modif
scratch team → équipe f de fortune, équipe f improvisée
vt
(= mark) [+ record, CD, furniture] → rayer; [+ paint] → érafler
Knives will scratch the worktop → Les couteaux rayeront le plan de travail.
to scratch one's name onto sth
People had scratched their names into their rock → Les gens avaient gravé leur nom dans leur rocher.
to scratch the surface (fig)rester à la surface des choses
Even this fairly complex analysis only begins to scratch the surface → Même cette analyse assez complexe commence tout juste à gratter la surface du sujet., Même cette analyse assez complexe ne fait que rester à la surface des choses.
(= cut) [+ skin, person, arm, leg] (with nail, thorn)égratigner; (with claw)griffer
I scratched my hand on the rosebush → Je me suis égratigné la main sur le rosier.
The cat scratched me → Le chat m'a griffé.
(to relieve itch)se gratter
He scratched himself under his arm → Il s'est gratté sous le bras.
to scratch one's head (lit, fig)se gratter la tête
you scratch my back, I'll scratch yours (fig)un service en vaut un autre
(COMPUTING)effacer
to scratch a living → s'en sortir
vi
[person] (to relieve itch)se gratter
Stop scratching! → Arrête de te gratter!
[cat] → se gratter
scratch out
vt sep
[+ name, words] → gratter
to scratch sb's eyes out → arracher les yeux de qnscratch card scratchcard [ˈskrætʃkɑːrd] nticket m à gratterscratch file n (COMPUTING)fichier m de travailscratch mark n (on skin)égratignure f; (on furniture, paintwork)éraflure fscratch pad n
(= notepad) → bloc-notes m
(COMPUTING)bloc-notes mscratch paper n (US)papier m de brouillon, papier m brouillon

scratch

n
(= mark)Kratzer m
(= act) to give a dog a scratcheinen Hund kratzen; to have a scratchsich kratzen; the dog enjoys a scratchder Hund kratzt sich gern
(= sound)Kratzen nt no pl
to start from scratch(ganz) von vorn(e) anfangen; (Sport) → ohne Vorgabe anfangen; to start something from scratchetw ganz von vorne anfangen; businessetw aus dem Nichts aufbauen; to learn a language/a new trade from scratcheine Sprache/einen neuen Beruf ganz von Anfang an or von Grund auf erlernen; to be or come up to scratch (inf)die Erwartungen erfüllen, den Anforderungen entsprechen; he/it is not quite up to scratch yet (inf)er/es lässt noch zu wünschen übrig; to bring somebody up to scratchjdn auf Vordermann bringen (inf)
adj attr
mealimprovisiert; crew, teamzusammengewürfelt
(= with no handicap)ohne Vorgabe
vt
(with nail, claw etc) → kratzen; holescharren; (= leave scratches on)zerkratzen; the spots will get worse if you scratch themdie Pickel werden nur schlimmer, wenn du (daran) kratzt; she scratched the dog’s earsie kratzte den Hund am Ohr; to scratch something awayetw abkratzen; we scratched our names in the woodwir ritzten unsere Namen ins Holz; to scratch a livingsich (dat)einen kümmerlichen Lebensunterhalt verdienen; he scratched a living from the soiler konnte sich nur mühsam von den Erträgen des Bodens ernähren; to scratch one’s head (lit, fig)sich am Kopf kratzen; if you scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours (fig)eine Hand wäscht die andere; to scratch the surface of something (fig)etw oberflächlich berühren
to scratch something throughetw durchstreichen; to scratch somebody/somebody’s name off a listjdn/jds Namen von or aus einer Liste streichen
(Sport etc, = withdraw) → streichen; horsezurückziehen
vi
(= make scratching movement/noise)kratzen; (in soil etc) → scharren; (= scratch oneself)sich kratzen
(= become scratched) the new paint will scratch easily/won’t scratchdie neue Farbe bekommt leicht Kratzer/bekommt keine Kratzer
(Mus) → scratchen
(Sport) → zurücktreten; to scratch fromnicht antreten zu

scratch

:
scratch line
n (US, in races) → Startlinie f; (in jumping) → Absprunglinie f; (in throwing) → Abwurflinie f
scratch method
n (Med: = test) → Skarifikation f (spec); (= inoculation)Ritzmethode f
scratch ’n’ sniff
scratch pad
n (US Comput) → Notizblock m
scratch paper
n (US) → Notizpapier nt
scratch-resistant
adjkratzfest
scratch sheet
n (US Horse Racing inf) → Rennzeitung f
scratch test
n (Med) → Kutanreaktionstest m, → Einreibungstest m

scratch

[skrætʃ]
1. n
a. (mark) → graffio, graffiatura
it's just a scratch → è solo un graffio
without a scratch (unharmed) → illeso/a, senza un graffio
b. (noise) I heard a scratch at the doorho sentito grattare alla porta
c. to start from scratch (fig) → cominciare or partire da zero
his work wasn't or didn't come up to scratch → il suo lavoro non è stato all'altezza
to keep sth up to scratch → mantenere qc al livello desiderato
2. vt
a. (gen) → graffiare; (one's name) → incidere
we've barely scratched the surface (fig) (of problem, topic) → l'abbiamo appena sfiorato
b. (to relieve itch) → grattare
he scratched his head → si è grattato la testa
you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours (fig) → una mano lava l'altra
c. (cancel, meeting, game) (Comput) → cancellare; (cross off list, horse, competitor) → eliminare
3. vi (person, dog) → grattarsi; (hens) → razzolare, raspare; (pen) → raschiare; (clothing) → pungere
the dog scratched at the door → il cane raspava alla porta
scratch out vt + adv (from list) → cancellare
to scratch sb's eyes out → cavare gli occhi a qn

scratch

(skrӕtʃ) verb
1. to mark or hurt by drawing a sharp point across. The cat scratched my hand; How did you scratch your leg?; I scratched myself on a rose bush.
2. to rub to relieve itching. You should try not to scratch insect bites.
3. to make by scratching. He scratched his name on the rock with a sharp stone.
4. to remove by scratching. She threatened to scratch his eyes out.
5. to withdraw from a game, race etc. That horse has been scratched.
noun
1. a mark, injury or sound made by scratching. covered in scratches; a scratch at the door.
2. a slight wound. I hurt myself, but it's only a scratch.
3. in certain races or competitions, the starting point for people with no handicap or advantage.
ˈscratchy adjective
ˈscratchiness noun
scratch the surface
to deal too slightly with a subject. We started to discuss the matter, but only had time to scratch the surface.
start from scratch
to start (an activity etc) from nothing, from the very beginning, or without preparation. He now has a very successful business but he started from scratch.
up to scratch
at or to the required or satisfactory standard. Your work does not come up to scratch.

scratch

خَدْش, يَخْدِشُ poškrábat, škrábat, škrábnutí klø, rift, rive kratzen, Schramme γδάρσιμο, γδέρνω, γρατζουνίζω arañar, rasguño, rayar naarmu, raapaista, raapia égratigner, égratignure, griffer češati, ogrebati, ogrebotina graffiare, graffio ・・・に引っかき傷をつける, かき傷, 引っ掻く 긁기, 긁다 krabben, krassen, schram klore, ripe, skrape podrapać, zadrapanie arranhão, arranhar царапать, царапина repa, riva เกา, ขีดข่วน ขูดขีด, รอยข่วน çizme, çizmek làm xước, làm xước da, vết xước , 抓痕, 擦伤

scratch

n. rasguño, arañazo;
v. raspar, rascar, rascarse;
___ testprueba del rasguño, gen. para uso en pruebas alérgicas.

scratch

n rasguño, (by claws) arañazo; vt rasguñar, arañar; (an itch, etc.) rascarse; You have to quit scratching..Tiene que dejar de rascarse.
References in classic literature ?
Brooke will scratch up a fortune somehow, carry her off, and make a hole in the family, and I shall break my heart, and everything will be abominably uncomfortable.
Even the chickens had gone elsewhere to scratch and cluck.
But she has no great tenderness even in her best of moods, and, sooner or later -- oftener soon than late -- is apt to fling off her nestlings with a scratch of her claw, a dab of her beak, or a rankling wound from her barbed arrows.
I then rolled over, my neck feeling as if it were in a horse-collar; and suddenly felt a slight scratch.
In it one of the men received many injuries, while the other one escaped without a scratch.
There was a place on my ankle that got to itching, but I dasn't scratch it; and then my ear begun to itch; and next my back, right between my shoul- ders.
Scar of a cut or a scratch, usually"--and he took the strip of glass indifferently, and raised it toward the lamp.
She still screamed and sobbed lustily, kicked her two brothers for offering to touch her, and all their united soothings were ineffectual till Lady Middleton luckily remembering that in a scene of similar distress last week, some apricot marmalade had been successfully applied for a bruised temple, the same remedy was eagerly proposed for this unfortunate scratch, and a slight intermission of screams in the young lady on hearing it, gave them reason to hope that it would not be rejected.
An odd expression came into his face and he began to scratch at the earth.
His message perplexed his mind to that degree that he was fain, several times, to take off his hat to scratch his head.
Every scratch in the scheme was a gnarled oak in the forest of difficulty, and I went on cutting them down, one after another, with such vigour, that in three or four months I was in a condition to make an experiment on one of our crack speakers in the Commons.
I'm the fellow to bring old Bryce up to the scratch.