Commins' depiction of three portraits in the introduction provides a great summary of the differently oriented religious fervors of three generations who were central to the reform movement in Syria: customary interpretation of Islam, scripturalist
(nass) reform, and Arabism.
jurists never accepted the trope of the extinct mujtahid, holding onto an understanding of ijtihad that was more similar to al-Shafi'i's conceptualization than to the multilayered understanding of later jurists.
However, in spite of its secularist policy, this government later supported scripturalist
forms of Buddhism (Schober 2011; Foxeus forthcoming).
Asad also rejects the dichotomy of folk Islam versus scripturalist
Islam, a notion popularized by Ernest Gellner and Clifford Geertz.
2) Ahmad Baso identifies similar developments in his critique of Indonesian bureaucratic modernity: New Order developmentalism demanded a 'critical/rational' public sphere, which found its religious counterpart in the scripturalist
methodologies of modernist Islam, and simultaneously stigmatised other forms as 'primordial' and 'mystical'.
Tunisia- based researcher Monica Marks identified three major divisions of Salafism within Tunisia: Salafiyya 'Almiyya (usually translated as scientific Salafism, but which Marks believes is better understood as scripturalist
Salafism), political Salafism, and Salafiyya Jihadiyya (Salafi-jihadism).
They also said that there was a movement to reform Pakistani Muslim names in the tradition of high scripturalist
In Muslim history there were at least six major Sunni schools of law, with only four remaining (Hanbali, Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i); in Shia Islam there are two major approaches, usuli, based on deriving principles, and akhbari, a scripturalist
posture that believes all answers are already written down in the Quran and the sayings of the Shiite saints.
This served to legitimize most anthropologists' ignorance of scripturalist
11) Salafi reformers, insisting on scripturalist
interpretations of Islam that any literate person could discover, generally attacked religious orders as superstitious saint worship because they prescribed intermediaries.
Islam; the history and doctrines of the Akhbari Shi'i School.
Upon the dawn of European-led colonialism on the world, Islamic world's response, the scripturalist
movement, (which espoused an ultimate return to the original sources of religion to avoid pitfalls of colonialism) had different echoes in the two countries.