Furthermore, chilling temperatures (about 15 [degrees]C) during flowering induce browning and cracking of seed coats
(Sunada and Ito, 1982).
Seeds with hard seed coats
are generally long-lived (Bass, 1980; Priestley, 1986)--hard seeds such as Canna, Lotus, and Lupinus have survived for over 500 years (Bass, 1980).
Which four-letter word beginning with B is the edible seed coats
of cereal grain removed during the process of milling and used as a source of dietary fibre?
Soaking the seeds or chipping the hard seed coats
with a sharp knife will speed up the germination process.
After the initial phase of seed formation, young seed coats
remain attached to the embryo providing this necessary substances to its full development, from the previous storage in the integument and subsequent transfer to the embryo when it starts to accumulate reserves (BORISJUK et al.
can cause seed dormancy by acting as a mechanical barrier for embryo protruding, the presence of chemical inhibitors, interference with water uptake and /or oxygen exchange and can also obstacle the embryo from light (Baskin, & Baskin, 1998; Morris, Tieu, & Dixon, 2000).
Sulfuric acid acts on the seed coats
removing the outer layers, such as cuticle and the cuticle layers, throughout the coat, allowing more homogeneous permeability degrees (SANTAREM; AQUILA, 1995).
So in his next study, Gesch worked with ARS soil scientist and research leader Brenton Sharratt to evaluate the effects of seed coats
in conventional-till and no-till fields.
In addition, the seed margin, a specialised part of the seed coat
in mature seeds, exhibited the same structural differences as seed coats
in hulled vs.
Seeds with deliberately damaged seed coats
have a much lower survival probability both in the soil (Davis et al.
Contrasting accumulations of calcium and magnesium in seed coats
and embryos of common bean and soybean.
Thus, in this study, we investigated the anti-diabetic and anti-oxidative effects of anthocyanins (ANT) from black soybean seed coats
in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats.