He describes how the ways human rights ideas were adopted and reshaped during the period of burgher republicanism and colonialism in the eighteenth century, the humanitarianism and liberalism of the nineteenth century, segregationism
of the early twentieth century, the Second World War and its aftermath, and the anti-apartheid era, as well as international condemnation of apartheid, the embrace of human rights in the late twentieth century, and the new constitution, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
Still, I would find it difficult to wrap my head around a discussion of normative racism or to distinguish American segregationism
with the name of pluralism.
In point of fact, it would be more correct to say that the accusation of "Jewish racism" has deep roots in the history of antisemitism--going back to the charges of pagan Antiquity against Jewish misanthropia, isolationism, segregationism
, originating in Hebrew monotheism.
By then, segregationism
and protectionism had become reframed within an autonomy and rights model.
The extreme opposites in the theory of fiction are sometimes characterized as forms of segregationism
But his grim picture of an emerging global segregationism
clearly contained troubling local significance.
A typical, if florid, example of the rhetoric that accompanied this new breed of extreme segregationism
can be found in William Benjamin Smith's The Color Line: A Brief in Behalf of the Unborn:
Q Also on the same subject, how can a man who's supposed to be representing the people -- black, white, Jew, gentile, protestant, Catholic -- talk of segregationism
from 1948, when he is -- in loving the old South, plantations, slaves, things of that nature, and talking of that and supposed to be for the people?
Particularly from 1948 on, they responded to the new stance of the national Democratic Party in favor of civil rights by adopting a strategy of elevating the rhetoric of anticommunism as a more widely acceptable cover for segregationism
Their calls for racial justice and the possible acceptance of black Christians into white churches were weakened by a concern to hold together a denomination largely dominated by cultural conservatism, theological fundamentalism, and unreconstructed segregationism
Mills acknowledges that, at one level, a spirit of meanness is nothing new in America, as demonstrated by the anti-Semitic and anti-New Deal views of Father Charles Coughlin in the 1930s, the rabid political intolerance by Senator Joseph McCarthy in the early 1950s, or the racial segregationism
of Alabama Governor George Wallace in the 1960s.
Having experienced the underside of populist rhetoric in segregationism
and opposition to civil rights, I'm perhaps especially sensitive to the fact that a lot of nastiness can lie under labels like "the people.