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One who believes that evolution occurs chiefly as a result of natural selection.

se·lec′tion·ism n.
se·lec′tion·ist adj.


(Philosophy) a person who believes in natural selection
(Biology) of or relating to the belief in natural selection
References in periodicals archive ?
Identification of patient name references within medical documents using semantic selectional restrictions.
Given the nature of the game though you're always relying on a series of individual efforts rather than the moulding of a combined unit which is ironic given the increased selectional and tactical input expected of a cricket captain than the player who wears the armband in football.
Furthermore, in terms of semantic features, Ayuninjam mentions that there are verbs which express aspectual meanings but do not have overt grammatical markers, and that selectional restrictions in these features are analogous to collocational restrictions, although some are semantic and others are formal (1998:334-335).
He postulates the hypothesis that suffixation is constrained by selectional restrictions of the affixes involved.
Similarly, what appears from the lexical perspective as a change in the selectional properties of a word (the developing auxiliary which begins to combine with new semantic classes of non-finite complements and subject nouns), appears from the constructional perspective as a change in the selectional properties and an increase in the productivity of a complex construction.
A more revealing solution analyses the selectional restrictions imposed on the participating predicates as the result of the necessary semantic fit between the different components of a meaningful construction.
The adaptation that resulted in intelligence in the human species, permitting development of out of body technology, Vermeij places in the Pliocene Era in Equatorial East Africa, because that timeframe and area provided the competitive environment for the selectional background in which exceptional intelligence would most likely have evolved.
Cazden (1988) extends the IRE structure, commenting that it has two dimensions: the sequential (horizontal) and the selectional (vertical).
The volume's 15 papers specifically address such topics as semantic form as interface, derivation of selectional properties of "exclamative" predicates, German w-clause at the left and right peripheries of copular sentences, the syntax of prepositional phrases, the structure of events in word formation, the lexical content of connectors and its interplay with intonation, the semantic foundations of the contrastive focus within a lexicalist approach, the brain's electrophysiological response to focus particles and accents in German, corpus- and psycholinguistic investigations of linguistic constraints on German object order, and contextual effects of aboutness topics in German.
That is, one branch of Langpo's poetry can be seen as based in a generative grammar, with a tendency toward purposeful violations of selectional restrictions of syntactic elements at clausal levels--what I would call its "synthetic" wing (Palmer, Silliman, Hejinian, Armantrout, Watten, Perelman, etc.
21) Should the reduction of the amount of publications prove to be unrealistic, the only feasible and promising solution would, in my opinion, be to give the reader a hand by applying strict selectional criteria for publication.
13) One of the distinguishing features of such a reader is, among other things, his tendency to juggle with the selectional grids that vary according to narrative situation or the style of the age.