tend to decline faster than procedural memory (riding a bicycle) or semantic memory
Initially, it was thought that generation effect was a simply a product of the deployment of semantic memory
(Bertsch, Pesta, Wiscott & McDaniel, 2007).
For example, Schacter and Tulving (1994) proposed a taxonomy of five major memory systems: episodic memory, semantic memory
, primary or working memory, procedural memory, and perceptual representation memory.
However, semantic memory
is largely preserved in old age (which is mostly general knowledge), without specific detail, contributing to the absence of age differences.
Declarative memory was further distinguished into two forms of memory: semantic memory
and episodic memory (Tulving, 1993).
Because concrete words have stronger and more extensive associations with the data stored in semantic memory
than abstract words do, concrete words have closer connections with relevant contextual knowledge.
in partial epilepsy: verbal and non-verbal deficits and neuroanatomical relationships.
The types of memory that become encoded are declarative memory, which is made up of episodic and semantic memory
and, procedural or implicit memory.
JAXPERTISE will make this crucial step by investigating how joint action affects source memory, semantic memory
, and individual skill learning.
is our stored knowledge about the world, such as the meaning of words and objects.
It is important to consider even that level of cerebral activation strategies of clustering and switching can be taken consciously or not during the examinations, being recruited areas of the parietal lobe of semantic memory
for clustering, and frontal areas of executive function during the switching .
The following memory tasks were used for this study: digit span (forward and backward) (maximum score: 28 points), pseudoword span (maximum score: 20 points), visuospatial working memory (similar to Corsi Blocks, but on 2 D, maximum score: 28 points), immediate recall of a list of (nine) words, immediate recall of (nine) figures showed to children (visuoverbal episodic memory) and semantic memory
(4 general knowledge questions--1 point each).