senior


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

sen·ior

 (sēn′yər)
adj.
1. Abbr. Sr. Of or being the older of two, especially the older of two persons having the same name, as father and son.
2. Of or relating to senior citizens.
3.
a. Being in a position, rank, or grade above others of the same set or class: a senior officer; the senior ship in the battle group.
b. Having precedence in making certain decisions.
4. Of or relating to the fourth and last year of high school or college: our senior class.
5. Relating to or being a class of corporate debt that has priority with respect to interest and principal over other classes of debt and equity by the same issuer.
n.
1.
a. A person who is older than another: She is eight years my senior.
b. A senior citizen.
2.
a. One that is of a higher position, rank, or grade than another in the same set or class.
b. A student in the fourth year of high school or college.

[Middle English, from Latin, comparative of senex, old; see sen- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: The Oxford English Dictionary traces the use of senior in the sense of "an older person" to the 15th century. In contemporary American English, however, this sense of senior is generally taken to be a shortening of the more recent senior citizen, and those who object to the compound may object to the shorter term as well. However, as the OED makes clear, senior has always evoked the positive qualities of aging, including wisdom, dignity, and superior position, and it is less likely to sound condescending than the obviously coined term senior citizen. In any case, there is often no clear alternative to senior other than constructions such as older person or older adult. See Usage Notes at elderly, old.

senior

(ˈsiːnjə)
adj
1. higher in rank or length of service
2. older in years: senior citizens.
3. of or relating to adulthood, maturity, or old age: senior privileges.
4. (Education) education
a. of, relating to, or designating more advanced or older pupils
b. of or relating to a secondary school
5. US of, relating to, or designating students in the fourth and final year at college
n
6. a senior person
7. an elderly person
8. (Education)
a. a senior pupil, student, etc
b. a fellow of senior rank in an English university
[C14: from Latin: older, from senex old]

Senior

(ˈsiːnjə)
adj
chiefly US being the older: used to distinguish the father from the son with the same first name or names: Charles Parker, Senior. Abbreviation: Sr or Sen

sen•ior

(ˈsin yər)

adj.
1. older or elder (typically identifying a father whose son is named after him; often abbreviated): John Doe, Sr.
2. of earlier election, appointment, or admission: the senior senator from New York.
3. of higher or the highest rank or standing.
4. of or pertaining to seniors in high school or college.
5. of, for, or pertaining to senior citizens.
6. having a claim on assets, dividends, or the like prior to other stockholders, creditors, etc.
n.
7. a person who is older than another.
8. a person of higher rank or standing than another, esp. by virtue of longer service.
9. a student in the final year at a high school, college, or university.
10. a senior fellow at a college of an English university.
11. a senior citizen.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin, =sen(ex) old, old man + -ior comp. adj. suffix]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.senior - an undergraduate student during the year preceding graduationsenior - an undergraduate student during the year preceding graduation
undergrad, undergraduate - a university student who has not yet received a first degree
2.senior - a person who is older than you aresenior - a person who is older than you are  
adult, grownup - a fully developed person from maturity onward
doyen, dean - a man who is the senior member of a group; "he is the dean of foreign correspondents"
doyenne - a woman who is the senior member of a group
Adj.1.senior - older; higher in rank; longer in length of tenure or service; "senior officer"
old - (used especially of persons) having lived for a relatively long time or attained a specific age; "his mother is very old"; "a ripe old age"; "how old are you?"
junior - younger; lower in rank; shorter in length of tenure or service
2.senior - used of the fourth and final year in United States high school or college; "the senior prom"
last - coming after all others in time or space or degree or being the only one remaining; "the last time I saw Paris"; "the last day of the month"; "had the last word"; "waited until the last minute"; "he raised his voice in a last supreme call"; "the last game of the season"; "down to his last nickel"
3.senior - advanced in yearssenior - advanced in years; (`aged' is pronounced as two syllables); "aged members of the society"; "elderly residents could remember the construction of the first skyscraper"; "senior citizen"
old - (used especially of persons) having lived for a relatively long time or attained a specific age; "his mother is very old"; "a ripe old age"; "how old are you?"

senior

adjective
1. higher ranking, superior Television and radio needed many more women in senior jobs.
higher ranking lower, subordinate, inferior, junior, minor, lesser
2. superior, better Williams felt himself to be senior to all of them.
3. the elder, major (Brit.) George Bush Senior
the elder younger, junior

senior

adjective
1. Of greater age than another:
2. Far along in life or time:
Idiom: getting along in years.
3. Being at a rank above another:
noun
1. A person who is older than another:
2. An elderly person:
Informal: oldster, old-timer.
3. One who stands above another in rank:
Informal: higher-up.
Translations
أَكْبَرأكبَر، الأكْبَر، الأقْدَمطالب في السَّنَةِ الأخيرَه
nadřízenýstaršístudent v posledním ročníku školy
d.æden ældreledendesenior-sidsteårsstuderende
vanhempi
stariji
rangidős
eldri
先輩の
연상의
abiturientaspagyvenęs žmogusvyresnisvyresniškumasvyresnysis
izlaiduma klases skolenspedeja kursa studentsseniorsvecākaisvecāks
študent v poslednom ročníku
starejšivišji
äldre
ผู้อาวุโส
bababüyükkıdemlison sınıf öğrencisiüst
lớn

senior

[ˈsiːnɪəʳ]
A. ADJ
1. (in age) → mayor
he is senior to me by five years (frm) → es cinco años mayor que yo, tiene cinco años más que yo
Douglas Fairbanks SeniorDouglas Fairbanks padre
senior pupilslos alumnos de los cursos más avanzados
2. (in rank) [position, rank] → superior; [partner, executive, officer] → mayoritario; (in length of service) → de más antigüedad
he is senior to me in the firmes mi superior en la compañía
senior managementlos altos directivos
B. N
1. (in age) → mayor mf
he is my seniores mayor que yo
he's my senior by two yearses dos años mayor que yo, tiene dos años más que yo
2. (in rank) → superior mf, socio/a m/f más antiguo/a
he's my seniores mi superior
3. (Scol) → alumno/a m/f de los cursos más avanzados (US) → estudiante mf del último año GRADE
4. (US) = senior citizen
C. CPD senior citizen Njubilado/a m/f, persona f de la tercera edad
senior high school N (US) → instituto m de enseñanza superior (Sp), preparatoria f (Mex)
senior partner Nsocio/a m/f mayoritario/a
senior school Ninstituto m de enseñanza secundaria
the Senior Service N (Brit) → la marina

senior

[ˈsiːnjər]
adj
(= of high rank) [official, officer] → supérieur(e); [lecturer] → principal(e); [post, position] → élevé(e)
a more senior post → un poste plus élevé
senior management → les cadres supérieurs
to be senior to sb (= of higher rank) → occuper un poste plus élevé que qn
Although he only joined the firm last year he's senior to me already → Bien qu'il n'ait rejoint la compagnie que l'année dernière, il occupe déjà un poste plus élevé que moi.
(= older) → plus âgé(e)
the senior pupils → les élèves les plus âgés
n
(= older one) → aîné(e) m/f
He is the senior of the two → C'est l'aîné des deux.
10 years sb's senior
She is 15 years his senior → Elle est de 15 ans son aînée.
P. Jones senior → P. Jones père
the seniors (at school)les grandes classes
(= elderly person) → personne f âgée
(in rank)
She is his senior → Elle a plus d'ancienneté que lui.senior citizen npersonne f âgéesenior common room n (British)
(in university) (= room) → salle f des professeurs
(= professors collectively) → professeurs mplsenior executive ncadre m supérieursenior high school n (US)lycée m

senior

adj (in age) → älter; (in rank) → vorgesetzt, übergeordnet; (with longer service) → dienstälter; rank, civil servanthöher; officerranghöher; positionhöher, leitend; designer, editor, executive, accountant etcleitend; at senior level (in sport) → in einer höheren Altersgruppe; he is senior to me (in age) → er ist älter als ich; (in rank) → er ist mir übergeordnet; (in length of service) → er ist or arbeitet schon länger hier als ich; senior sectionältere or höhere Altersgruppe; the senior managementdie Geschäftsleitung; senior consultantChefarzt m/-ärztin f; senior pupilOberstufenschüler(in) m(f); my senior officermein Vorgesetzter; a very senior officerein sehr hoher Offizier; he’s very/not very seniorer hat eine ziemlich hohe/keine sehr hohe Stellung; can I speak to somebody more senior?könnte ich bitte jemanden sprechen, der verantwortlich ist?; J. B. Schwartz, SeniorJ. B. Schwartz senior
n (Sch) → Oberstufenschüler(in) m(f); (US Univ) → Student(in) m(f)im 4./letzten Studienjahr; (in club etc) → Senior(in) m(f); he is my senior (in age) → er ist älter als ich; (in rank) → er ist mir übergeordnet; (in length of service) → er ist or arbeitet schon länger hier als ich; he is two years my senior, he is my senior by two yearser ist zwei Jahre älter als ich

senior

:
senior citizen
nälterer (Mit)bürger, ältere (Mit)bürgerin; senior rail/bus passSeniorenpass m
senior common room
n (Brit Univ) → Aufenthaltsraum mfür Dozenten
senior doctor
nOberarzt m, → Oberärztin f

senior

:
senior nurse
nOberschwester f; (male) → Oberpfleger m
senior partner
nSeniorpartner(in) m(f)
senior school, (US) senior high school
nOberstufe f
senior service
n (Brit) → Kriegsmarine f

senior

[ˈsiːnɪəʳ]
1. adj
a. (in age) → maggiore, più anziano/a
she is 10 years senior to me → ha 10 anni più di me
P. Jones senior → P. Jones senior or padre
senior year (Am) (Univ, Scol) → ultimo anno di studi
b. (of higher rank, employee, officer) → di grado superiore; (partner) → più anziano/a
he holds a senior position in the company → occupa una posizione di responsabilità nell'azienda
he is senior to me in the firm → ha più anzianità di me nella ditta
2. n
a. (in age) → persona più anziana
he is my senior by 2 years → ha 2 anni più di me
b. (Am) (Univ) → studente/essa dell'ultimo anno

senior

(ˈsiːnjə) noun
1. (also adjective) (a person who is) older in years or higher in rank or authority. John is senior to me by two years; He is two years my senior; senior army officers.
2. (American) a student in his/her last year in college or high school.
adjective
(often abbreviated to Snr, ~Sr or Sen. when written) used to indicate the father of a person who is alive and who has the same name. John Jones Senior.
ˌseniˈority (-niˈo-) noun
the state of being senior. The officers sat at the table in order of seniority.
senior citizen
a person who has passed retirement age.

older than but senior to.

senior

أَكْبَر nadřízený ledende dienstälter πρεσβύτερος superior vanhempi ancien stariji superiore 先輩の 연상의 senior eldre starszy sénior, sênior старший äldre ผู้อาวุโส üst lớn 高级的
References in classic literature ?
It is a corps which has many majors; the gentleman you name is the senior, but I speak of the junior of them all; he who commands the companies in garrison at William Henry.
But once Tashtego's senior, an old Gay-Head Indian among the crew, superstitiously asserted that not till he was full forty years old did Ahab become that way branded, and then it came upon him, not in the fury of any mortal fray, but in an elemental strife at sea.
Not a bit; the senior editor read it and thought it highly instructive; it appears in the next issue.
mixed with the air I breathed; and besides, I remembered I had once been her husband--that recollection was then, and is now, inexpressibly odious to me; moreover, I knew that while she lived I could never be the husband of another and better wife; and, though five years my senior (her family and her father had lied to me even in the particular of her age), she was likely to live as long as I, being as robust in frame as she was infirm in mind.
Before this boy, who was reputed to be a great scholar, and was very good-looking, and at least half-a-dozen years my senior, I was carried as before a magistrate.
At this time the senior deacon was taken dangerously ill, and, being a childless widower, he was tended night and day by some of the younger brethren or sisters.
I have not seen our senior in such earnest preparation since he condemned to the stake Hamet Alfagi, a convert who relapsed to the Moslem faith.
The other is one of the senior noblemen of the British Peerage.
The cubs tumbled over each other in the center of the circle where their mothers and fathers sat, and now and again a senior wolf would go quietly up to a cub, look at him carefully, and return to his place on noiseless feet.
Cavalcanti, senior, then the baroness, afterwards the "future couple," as they are styled in the abominable phraseology of legal documents.
A dozen average women would need the weight and strength of more than a dozen strong heavy men even over the best pulley hung to the roof over them; and the idea of pulling them up by a rope hung anyhow round a pillar [Greek] is absurdly impossible; and how a dozen of them could be hung dangling round one post is a problem which a senior wrangler would be puzzled to answer.
He is not the Emelia whom you know, but a man who, like myself, is a privy councillor, as well as represents, with myself, the senior and oldest official in our department.