cerebral cortex

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cerebral cortex

n.
The extensive outer layer of gray matter of the cerebral hemispheres, largely responsible for higher brain functions, including sensation, voluntary muscle movement, thought, reasoning, and memory.

cere′bral cor′tex


n.
the outer layer of gray matter in the cerebrum associated with the higher brain functions, as voluntary movement, sensory perception, and learning.
[1925–30]

cerebral cortex

The outer layer of gray matter that covers the cerebral hemispheres in the brain of many vertebrate animals and is composed of folds of nerve cells and fibers. The cerebral cortex is responsible for higher functions of the nervous system, including voluntary activity and the senses of hearing, vision, and touch. In humans, it is the center of learning, language, and memory.

cerebral cortex

The cerebrum’s thin outer layer of gray matter. It consists of neurons’ cell bodies and dendrites.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cerebral cortex - the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrumcerebral cortex - the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
Golgi cell, Golgi's cell - a neuron in the cerebral cortex with short dendrites and with either a long axon or a short axon that ramifies in the grey matter
neocortex, neopallium - the cortical part of the neencephalon
archipallium, paleocortex - the olfactory cortex of the cerebrum
gray matter, gray substance, grey matter, grey substance, substantia grisea - greyish nervous tissue containing cell bodies as well as fibers; forms the cerebral cortex consisting of unmyelinated neurons
cortical area, cortical region - any of various regions of the cerebral cortex
cerebrum - anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; dominant part of the brain in humans
frontal cortex, frontal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying directly behind the forehead
prefrontal cortex, prefrontal lobe - the anterior part of the frontal lobe
parietal cortex, parietal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying below the crown of the head
occipital cortex, occipital lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying in the back of the head
temporal ccortex, temporal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying inside the temples of the head
References in periodicals archive ?
Some of the previously funded projects have included indoor inclusive learning spaces, outdoor sensory areas and accessible playgrounds.
Our idea of sensory areas developing in childhood and then being static is part of the challenge.
Those sensory areas often connect to what we call association areas.
The guide begins with background on the benefits of boisterous physical play, discussing areas such as motor development, social-emotional development, and impulse control, then provides tips for facilitating safe physical play in the music, art, block, science, and sensory areas of the room and in outdoor play spaces.
Benton Dene School, which Andrew attends, has specialised, dedicated sensory areas where he can retreat to if everything is getting a bit too much for him.
Studies in primates already had shown that activity in the primary sensory areas of the brain's cerebral cortex lines up with perception, and they found this to be true in the mice too.
Previous studies showed that brief pain stimuli are predominantly processed by sensory areas of the brain that process the signals from the sensory organs such as the skin.
Warwickshire County Council has invited applicants to bid for cash to develop sensory areas and fully accessible Changing Places toilet facilities to improve the quality of life for disabled people in the county.
These neurons cluster in "barrels," one per whisker, a pattern of organization seen in other sensory areas as well.
These include an 18 metre warm water learner pool, a hydrotherapy pool and a number of sensory areas.
After an introduction outlining the influence of the physical environment on student behavior, the book gives ideas for one-to-one, small group, and full-group instruction areas, transition areas, cool-down or sensory areas, computer and media areas, and the teacher's area.