cerebral cortex

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cerebral cortex

n.
The extensive outer layer of gray matter of the cerebral hemispheres, largely responsible for higher brain functions, including sensation, voluntary muscle movement, thought, reasoning, and memory.

cere′bral cor′tex


n.
the outer layer of gray matter in the cerebrum associated with the higher brain functions, as voluntary movement, sensory perception, and learning.
[1925–30]

cerebral cortex

The outer layer of gray matter that covers the cerebral hemispheres in the brain of many vertebrate animals and is composed of folds of nerve cells and fibers. The cerebral cortex is responsible for higher functions of the nervous system, including voluntary activity and the senses of hearing, vision, and touch. In humans, it is the center of learning, language, and memory.

cerebral cortex

The cerebrum’s thin outer layer of gray matter. It consists of neurons’ cell bodies and dendrites.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cerebral cortex - the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrumcerebral cortex - the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
Golgi cell, Golgi's cell - a neuron in the cerebral cortex with short dendrites and with either a long axon or a short axon that ramifies in the grey matter
neocortex, neopallium - the cortical part of the neencephalon
archipallium, paleocortex - the olfactory cortex of the cerebrum
gray matter, gray substance, grey matter, grey substance, substantia grisea - greyish nervous tissue containing cell bodies as well as fibers; forms the cerebral cortex consisting of unmyelinated neurons
cortical area, cortical region - any of various regions of the cerebral cortex
cerebrum - anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; dominant part of the brain in humans
frontal cortex, frontal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying directly behind the forehead
prefrontal cortex, prefrontal lobe - the anterior part of the frontal lobe
parietal cortex, parietal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying below the crown of the head
occipital cortex, occipital lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying in the back of the head
temporal ccortex, temporal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying inside the temples of the head
References in periodicals archive ?
Studies in primates already had shown that activity in the primary sensory areas of the brain's cerebral cortex lines up with perception, and they found this to be true in the mice too.
Objective: The cerebral cortex is organized into highly specialized sensory areas.
Warwickshire County Council has invited applicants to bid for cash to develop sensory areas and fully accessible Changing Places toilet facilities to improve the quality of life for disabled people in the county.
These neurons cluster in "barrels," one per whisker, a pattern of organization seen in other sensory areas as well.
Work is due to begin shortly and, once completed, the site will include a fully accessible vegetable garden with raised beds, wheelchair accessible tubs, hanging baskets and different sensory areas.
These include an 18 metre warm water learner pool, a hydrotherapy pool and a number of sensory areas.
We've measured it in sensory areas of the brain but we hypothesize that the same kind of unreliability might be what's limiting the development of social and language abilities in the brain areas that subserve those functions.
After an introduction outlining the influence of the physical environment on student behavior, the book gives ideas for one-to-one, small group, and full-group instruction areas, transition areas, cool-down or sensory areas, computer and media areas, and the teacher's area.
Support for children and young people with Autistic Spectrum Conditions with: gardening clubs, dance and drama, arts and crafts, music, sensory areas, nature trails and wetland, an animal-petting farm, formal and informal outdoor play areas, educational opportunities and work placements.