sentence


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Related to sentence: sentence structure, simple sentence

sentence

A sentence, whether short or long, must express a complete idea; and a complete sentence must consist of at least one independent clause—that is, a subject and predicate that make a complete thought. Independent clauses are so called because they make sense when they stand on their own. They are also sometimes referred to as “main clauses.”
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sen·tence

 (sĕn′təns)
n.
1. A grammatical unit that is syntactically independent and has a subject that is expressed or, as in imperative sentences, understood and a predicate that contains at least one finite verb.
2. The penalty imposed by a law court or other authority upon someone found guilty of a crime or other offense.
3. Archaic A maxim.
4. Obsolete An opinion, especially one given formally after deliberation.
tr.v. sen·tenced, sen·tenc·ing, sen·tenc·es
To impose a sentence on (a criminal defendant found guilty, for example).

[Middle English, opinion, from Old French, from Latin sententia (perhaps dissimilated from *sentientia), from sentiēns, sentient-, present participle of sentīre, to feel; see sent- in Indo-European roots.]

sen′tenc·er n.

sentence

(ˈsɛntəns)
n
1. (Linguistics) a sequence of words capable of standing alone to make an assertion, ask a question, or give a command, usually consisting of a subject and a predicate containing a finite verb
2. (Law) the judgment formally pronounced upon a person convicted in criminal proceedings, esp the decision as to what punishment is to be imposed
3. an opinion, judgment, or decision
4. (Music, other) music another word for period11
5. (Ecclesiastical Terms) any short passage of scripture employed in liturgical use: the funeral sentences.
6. (Logic) logic a well-formed expression, without variables
7. archaic a proverb, maxim, or aphorism
vb
(Law) (tr) to pronounce sentence on (a convicted person) in a court of law: the judge sentenced the murderer to life imprisonment.
[C13: via Old French from Latin sententia a way of thinking, from sentīre to feel]
sentential adj
senˈtentially adv

sen•tence

(ˈsɛn tns)

n., v. -tenced, -tenc•ing. n.
1. a structurally independent grammatical unit of one or more words, in speech often preceded and followed by pauses and in writing begun with a capital letter and ended with a period or other end punctuation, typically consisting of a subject and a predicate containing a finite verb and expressing a statement, question, request, command, or exclamation, as Summer is here. or Who is it? or Stop!
2. a judicial decision or decree, esp. one decreeing the punishment to be inflicted on a convicted criminal.
3. Obs. an opinion given on a particular question.
v.t.
4. to pronounce sentence upon; condemn to punishment.
[1175–1225; < Old French < Latin sententia opinion, decision =sent- (base of sentīre to feel) + -entia -ence]
sen′tenc•er, n.

Sentence

 of judges—Bk. of St. Albans, 1486.

sentence


Past participle: sentenced
Gerund: sentencing

Imperative
sentence
sentence
Present
I sentence
you sentence
he/she/it sentences
we sentence
you sentence
they sentence
Preterite
I sentenced
you sentenced
he/she/it sentenced
we sentenced
you sentenced
they sentenced
Present Continuous
I am sentencing
you are sentencing
he/she/it is sentencing
we are sentencing
you are sentencing
they are sentencing
Present Perfect
I have sentenced
you have sentenced
he/she/it has sentenced
we have sentenced
you have sentenced
they have sentenced
Past Continuous
I was sentencing
you were sentencing
he/she/it was sentencing
we were sentencing
you were sentencing
they were sentencing
Past Perfect
I had sentenced
you had sentenced
he/she/it had sentenced
we had sentenced
you had sentenced
they had sentenced
Future
I will sentence
you will sentence
he/she/it will sentence
we will sentence
you will sentence
they will sentence
Future Perfect
I will have sentenced
you will have sentenced
he/she/it will have sentenced
we will have sentenced
you will have sentenced
they will have sentenced
Future Continuous
I will be sentencing
you will be sentencing
he/she/it will be sentencing
we will be sentencing
you will be sentencing
they will be sentencing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been sentencing
you have been sentencing
he/she/it has been sentencing
we have been sentencing
you have been sentencing
they have been sentencing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been sentencing
you will have been sentencing
he/she/it will have been sentencing
we will have been sentencing
you will have been sentencing
they will have been sentencing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been sentencing
you had been sentencing
he/she/it had been sentencing
we had been sentencing
you had been sentencing
they had been sentencing
Conditional
I would sentence
you would sentence
he/she/it would sentence
we would sentence
you would sentence
they would sentence
Past Conditional
I would have sentenced
you would have sentenced
he/she/it would have sentenced
we would have sentenced
you would have sentenced
they would have sentenced

sentence

A group of words forming an independent grammatical unit, usually made up of a subject and a predicate that contains a finite verb.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sentence - a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a language; "he always spoke in grammatical sentences"
simple sentence - a sentence having no coordinate clauses or subordinate clauses
complex sentence - a sentence composed of at least one main clause and one subordinate clause
compound sentence - a sentence composed of at least two coordinate independent clauses
grammatical constituent, constituent - (grammar) a word or phrase or clause forming part of a larger grammatical construction
clause - (grammar) an expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence
declarative sentence, declaratory sentence - a sentence (in the indicative mood) that makes a declaration
run-on sentence - an ungrammatical sentence in which two or more independent clauses are conjoined without a conjunction
topic sentence - a sentence that states the topic of its paragraph
linguistic string, string of words, word string - a linear sequence of words as spoken or written
interrogation, interrogative, interrogative sentence, question - a sentence of inquiry that asks for a reply; "he asked a direct question"; "he had trouble phrasing his interrogations"
2.sentence - (criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed; "the conviction came as no surprise"
final decision, final judgment - a judgment disposing of the case before the court; after the judgment (or an appeal from it) is rendered all that remains is to enforce the judgment
murder conviction - conviction for murder
rape conviction - conviction for rape
robbery conviction - conviction for robbery
criminal law - the body of law dealing with crimes and their punishment
3.sentence - the period of time a prisoner is imprisoned; "he served a prison term of 15 months"; "his sentence was 5 to 10 years"; "he is doing time in the county jail"
term - a limited period of time; "a prison term"; "he left school before the end of term"
hard time - a term served in a maximum security prison
life sentence, life - a prison term lasting as long as the prisoner lives; "he got life for killing the guard"
Verb1.sentence - pronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law; "He was condemned to ten years in prison"
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
foredoom - doom beforehand
declare - state emphatically and authoritatively; "He declared that he needed more money to carry out the task he was charged with"
reprobate - abandon to eternal damnation; "God reprobated the unrepenting sinner"

sentence

noun
1. punishment, prison sentence, jail sentence, prison term, condemnation He was given a four-year sentence.
2. verdict, order, ruling, decision, judgment, decree, pronouncement When she heard of the sentence, she said: `Is that all?'
verb
1. condemn, doom A military court sentenced him to death in his absence.
2. convict, condemn, penalize, pass judgment on, mete out justice to, impose a sentence on They sentenced him for punching a policewoman

sentence

noun
A judicial decision, especially one setting the punishment to be inflicted on a convicted person:
Slang: rap.
verb
To pronounce judgment against:
Translations
جملةجُمْلَةجُمْلَهحُكْمعُقوبَه، حُكم
изречениеосъждамосъжданеприсъда
odsouditvětarozsudektrestsentence
sætningstrafdomdømmeidømme
frazo
lause
lausetuomiotuomitavirkerangaistus
rečenicaosuditipresudapresuditikazna
mondatbüntetéselítélítélet
kalimat
dæmadómursetning, málsgrein
刑罰判決を下す
문장판결판결을 내리다
nuosprendissakinys
notiesātpiespriest soduspriedumsteikums
veta
stavekkazenobsoditipoved
реченица
dommeningstrafffrasavkunna dom över
การพิพากษาตัดสินลงโทษประโยค
bản áncâukết án

sentence

[ˈsentəns]
A. N
1. (Ling) → frase f, oración f
he writes very long sentencesescribe frases or oraciones larguísimas
what does this sentence mean?¿qué significa esta frase or oración?
2. (Jur) → sentencia f, fallo m
a sentence of ten yearsuna condena de diez años
the judge gave him a six-month sentenceel juez le condenó a seis meses de prisión
the death sentencela pena de muerte
under sentence of deathcondenado a la pena de muerte
he got a life sentencefue condenado a cadena perpetua
a long sentenceuna larga condena
to pass sentence on sb (lit, fig) → condenar a algn (a una pena)
he got a five-year prison sentencese le condenó a cinco años de prisión
to serve one's sentencecumplir su condena
B. VTcondenar (to a) to sentence sb to life imprisonmentcondenar a algn a cadena perpetua
to sentence sb to deathcondenar a muerte a algn
C. CPD sentence structure Nestructura f de la frase

sentence

[ˈsɛntəns]
n
(= group of words) → phrase f
What does this sentence mean? → Que veut dire cette phrase?
(LAW) (= punishment) → peine f
She is serving a four-year sentence → Elle purge une peine de quatre ans.
He got a life sentence → Il a été condamné à la réclusion à perpétuité.
the death sentence → la peine de mort
to pass sentence [judge, court] → rendre sa sentence
to pass sentence on sb → prononcer une peine contre qn
She had been found guilty but sentence had not yet been passed → Elle avait été déclarée coupable mais la sentence n'avait pas encore été rendue.
vtjuger
He will be sentenced later today → Il sera jugé dans la journée.
to sentence sb to 5 years → condamner qn à 5 ans
to sentence sb to life imprisonment → condamner qn à la réclusion à perpétuité
to sentence sb to death → condamner qn à mortsentence adverb n (LINGUISTICS)adverbe m de phrase

sentence

n
(Gram) → Satz m; sentence structureSatzbau m; (of particular sentence)Satzaufbau m, → Satzstruktur f
(Jur) → Strafe f; to be under sentence of deathzum Tode verurteilt sein; the judge gave him a 6-month sentenceder Richter verurteilte ihn zu 6 Monaten Haft; to pass sentence (on somebody)(über jdn) das Urteil verkünden; (fig)jdn verurteilen
vt (Jur) → verurteilen; he was sentenced to life imprisonmenter wurde zu lebenslänglichem Freiheitsentzug verurteilt

sentence

[ˈsɛntəns]
1. n
a. (gen) → frase f (Gram) → proposizione f; (complex sentence) → periodo
b. (Law) (verdict) → sentenza; (punishment) → condanna
to pass sentence on sb → condannare qn (fig) → giudicare qn
sentence of death → condanna a morte
under sentence of death → condannato/a a morte
the judge gave him a 6-month sentence → il giudice lo ha condannato a 6 mesi di prigione
2. vt to sentence sb to death/to 5 years (in prison)condannare qn a morte/a 5 anni (di prigione)

sentence

(ˈsentəns) noun
1. a number of words forming a complete statement. `I want it', and `Give it to me!' are sentences.
2. a punishment imposed by a lawcourt. a sentence of three years' imprisonment; He is under sentence of death.
verb
(usually with to) to condemn to a particular punishment. He was sentenced to life imprisonment.

sentence

جُمْلَة, حُكْم, يَحْكُمُ odsoudit, rozsudek, věta idømme, sætning, straf Satz, Strafurteil, verurteilen καταδικάζω, καταδίκη, πρόταση oración, sentencia, sentenciar lause, tuomio, tuomita condamner, phrase, verdict kazna, osuditi, rečenica condanna, condannare, frase 刑罰, 判決を下す, 文 문장, 판결, 판결을 내리다 veroordelen, vonnis, zin dom, idømme, setning skazać, wyrok, zdanie frase, sentença, sentenciar предложение, приговаривать, приговор avkunna dom över, dom, mening การพิพากษา, ตัดสินลงโทษ, ประโยค ceza, cümle, mahkum etmek bản án, câu, kết án 判刑, 句子, 徒刑
References in classic literature ?
March, crossing out the third spoiled sentence in her letter.
He will express a phrase in a word, and he will qualify the meaning of an entire sentence by a syllable; he will even convey different significations by the simplest inflections of the voice.
Now, the probation officer is trying to get the judge to suspend sentence.
Clifford," said she,--still too agitated to utter more than an abrupt sentence,--"Clifford has a home here
It could have betokened nothing short of the anticipated execution of some rioted culprit, on whom the sentence of a legal tribunal had but confirmed the verdict of public sentiment.
It was only when the policeman who had him by the arm turned and started to lead him away that he realized that sentence had been passed.
Ye who have wondered to hear, in the same evangel, that God is love, and that God is a consuming fire, see ye not how, to the soul resolved in evil, perfect love is the most fearful torture, the seal and sentence of the direst despair?
They're a great endeavor To be something forever; Blank tablets of stone, Where a traveler might groan, And in one sentence Grave all that is known Which another might read, In his extreme need.
He said that in trying to escape from him I sprang into the top of a tree two hundred cubits high at a single bound, but he dislodged me with a stone the size of a cow, which "all-to brast" the most of my bones, and then swore me to appear at Arthur's court for sentence.
X arrived, faced this same man, looked him in the eye, and emptied this sentence on him, in the most glib and confident way: "Can man boat get here?
But with the closing sentence his hand began to curve and steal forward; and the instant the "Amen" was out the fly was a prisoner of war.
At that time, it was the custom (as I learnt from my terrible experience of that Sessions) to devote a concluding day to the passing of Sentences, and to make a finishing effect with the Sentence of Death.