Murine viruses and pathogenic bacteria confound experiments, so there is an emphasis on specific pathogen-flee rodent sources and an active sentinel animal
In the sentinel animal
, serologic test results for BoHV-1 were negative and for BVDV types 1 and 2 were positive at a titer of 512.
To detect reemerging BTV-8 in Germany, a sentinel animal
program was started in March 2007.
sites are being established to investigate whether the virus has become enzootic in the wildlife.
In 2013, as part of a study of FMDV transmission between wildlife, especially African buffalo (Syncerus caffer), and domestic animals, 20 long-horned Ankole cattle ([approximately equal to] 6 months of age) were introduced as sentinel animals
into Nyakatonzi (Kasese District), in close proximity to the QENP.
Having an opportunity to observe animals as sentinel animals
is not only important to Central Mass.
They're sentinel animals
for eastern equine encephalitis in the south-eastern United States.
Carnivores such as dogs and foxes, which prey on rodents and eat their fresh carcasses, are valuable sentinel animals
for plague serosurveillance in disease-endemic foci, although their infections are usually asymptomatic (2,3).
After each natural infection, sentinel animals
seroconverted, and serum scored positive in the cNP-ELISA within 2-4 weeks.
Use of sentinel animals
has been suggested as a cost-effective way to infer prevalence in host populations when direct estimation in such populations is difficult (13).