separate


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sep·a·rate

 (sĕp′ə-rāt′)
v. sep·a·rat·ed, sep·a·rat·ing, sep·a·rates
v.tr.
1.
a. To set, force, or keep apart: The referee separated the two boxers.
b. To put space between; space apart or scatter: small farms that were separated one from another by miles of open land.
c. To form a border or barrier between (two areas or groups): A hedge separates the two yards.
d. To place in different groups; sort: separate mail by postal zones.
2.
a. To differentiate or discriminate between; distinguish: a researcher who separated the various ethnic components of the population sample.
b. To cause to be distinct or different: His natural talent separates him from all the others in the choir.
3. To remove from a mixture or combination; isolate.
4. To cause (one person) to stop living with another, or to cause (a couple) to stop living together, often by decree: She was separated from her husband last year. The couple have been separated for a year.
5. To terminate a contractual relationship with (someone); discharge.
v.intr.
1. To come apart; become detached: The lining has separated from the inside of the coat.
2. To withdraw or break away: The state threatened to separate from the Union.
3. To part company; go away from each other; disperse: The friends separated at the end of the school year.
4. To stop living together as a couple: They separated after 10 years of marriage.
5. To become divided into components or parts: Oil and water tend to separate.
adj. (sĕp′ər-ĭt, sĕp′rĭt)
1. Not touching or adjoined; detached: The garage is separate from the house.
2.
a. Existing or considered as an independent entity: The reference collection is separate from the rest of the library.
b. Dissimilar from all others; distinct or individual: a cable made of many separate fibers; two people who hold separate views on the issue.
c. often Separate Having undergone schism or estrangement from a parent body: Separate churches.
n. (sĕp′ər-ĭt, sĕp′rĭt)
Something that is separate or distinct, especially:
a. A garment, such as a skirt, jacket, or pair of slacks, that may be purchased separately and worn in various combinations with other garments.
b. A stereo component that is purchased separately and connected to other components as part of a system.
c. An offprint of an article.

[Middle English separaten, from Latin sēparātus, past participle of sēparāre : sē-, apart; see s(w)e- in Indo-European roots + parāre, to prepare; see perə- in Indo-European roots.]

sep′a·rate·ly adv.
sep′a·rate·ness n.
Synonyms: separate, divide, part, sever, sunder, divorce
These verbs mean to become or cause to become parted, disconnected, or disunited. Separate applies both to putting apart and to keeping apart: "In the darkness and confusion, the bands of these commanders became separated from each other" (Washington Irving).
Divide implies separation by or as if by cutting or splitting into parts or shares; the term often refers to separation into opposing or hostile groups: We divided the orange into segments. "'A house divided against itself cannot stand.' I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free" (Abraham Lincoln).
Part refers most often to the separation of closely associated persons or things: "Because ... nothing that God or Satan could inflict would have parted us" (Emily Brontë).
Sever usually implies abruptness and force: "His head was nearly severed from his body" (H.G. Wells).
Sunder stresses violent tearing or wrenching apart: The country was sundered by civil war. Divorce implies complete separation: "a priest and a soldier, two classes of men circumstantially divorced from the kind and homely ties of life" (Robert Louis Stevenson). See Also Synonyms at distinct.

separate

vb
1. (tr) to act as a barrier between: a range of mountains separates the two countries.
2. to put or force or be put or forced apart
3. to part or be parted from a mass or group
4. (tr) to discriminate between: to separate the men from the boys.
5. to divide or be divided into component parts; sort or be sorted
6. to sever or be severed
7. (Law) (intr) (of a married couple) to cease living together by mutual agreement or after obtaining a decree of judicial separation
adj
8. existing or considered independently: a separate problem.
9. disunited or apart
10. set apart from the main body or mass
11. distinct, individual, or particular
12. solitary or withdrawn
13. (Ecclesiastical Terms) (sometimes capital) designating or relating to a Church or similar institution that has ceased to have associations with an original parent organization
[C15: from Latin sēparāre, from sē- apart + parāre to obtain]
ˈseparately adv
ˈseparateness n

sep•a•rate

(v. ˈsɛp əˌreɪt; adj., n. -ər ɪt)

v. -rat•ed, -rat•ing,
adj., n. v.t.
1. to keep apart; divide.
2. to bring or force apart: to separate two fighting boys.
3. to disconnect; dissociate: to separate church and state.
4. to remove from active association: separated from the army.
5. to sort or disperse into individual components.
6. to extract: to separate metal from ore.
v.i.
7. to withdraw from an association: to separate from a church.
8. to stop living together but without divorce.
9. to draw or come apart.
10. to become parted from a mass or compound.
11. to take or go in different directions.
adj.
12. detached; distinct.
13. existing or maintained independently.
14. not shared; individual: separate checks.
15. (often cap.) no longer associated with a parent organization, as a church.
n.
16. Usu., separates. women's garments designed to be worn in various combinations.
[1400–50; < Latin sēparātus, past participle of sēparāre=sē- se- + parāre to furnish, produce, obtain, prepare; see -ate1]
sep′a•rate•ly, adv.
sep′a•rate•ness, n.
usage: separate is often found with the spelling seperate, even in quite respectable publications. Despite this frequency, however, seperate is almost universally considered a misspelling.

separate


Past participle: separated
Gerund: separating

Imperative
separate
separate
Present
I separate
you separate
he/she/it separates
we separate
you separate
they separate
Preterite
I separated
you separated
he/she/it separated
we separated
you separated
they separated
Present Continuous
I am separating
you are separating
he/she/it is separating
we are separating
you are separating
they are separating
Present Perfect
I have separated
you have separated
he/she/it has separated
we have separated
you have separated
they have separated
Past Continuous
I was separating
you were separating
he/she/it was separating
we were separating
you were separating
they were separating
Past Perfect
I had separated
you had separated
he/she/it had separated
we had separated
you had separated
they had separated
Future
I will separate
you will separate
he/she/it will separate
we will separate
you will separate
they will separate
Future Perfect
I will have separated
you will have separated
he/she/it will have separated
we will have separated
you will have separated
they will have separated
Future Continuous
I will be separating
you will be separating
he/she/it will be separating
we will be separating
you will be separating
they will be separating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been separating
you have been separating
he/she/it has been separating
we have been separating
you have been separating
they have been separating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been separating
you will have been separating
he/she/it will have been separating
we will have been separating
you will have been separating
they will have been separating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been separating
you had been separating
he/she/it had been separating
we had been separating
you had been separating
they had been separating
Conditional
I would separate
you would separate
he/she/it would separate
we would separate
you would separate
they would separate
Past Conditional
I would have separated
you would have separated
he/she/it would have separated
we would have separated
you would have separated
they would have separated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.separate - a separately printed article that originally appeared in a larger publication
article - nonfictional prose forming an independent part of a publication
2.separate - a garment that can be purchased separately and worn in combinations with other garments
garment - an article of clothing; "garments of the finest silk"
Verb1.separate - act as a barrier between; stand between; "The mountain range divides the two countries"
2.separate - force, take, or pull apart; "He separated the fighting children"; "Moses parted the Red Sea"
compartmentalise, compartmentalize, cut up - separate into isolated compartments or categories; "You cannot compartmentalize your life like this!"
polarise, polarize - cause to concentrate about two conflicting or contrasting positions
keep apart, sequestrate, set apart, isolate, sequester - set apart from others; "The dentist sequesters the tooth he is working on"
disjoin, disjoint - make disjoint, separated, or disconnected; undo the joining of
disarticulate, disjoint - separate at the joints; "disjoint the chicken before cooking it"
disconnect - make disconnected, disjoin or unfasten
cut - separate with or as if with an instrument; "Cut the rope"
tear - to separate or be separated by force; "planks were in danger of being torn from the crossbars"
joint - separate (meat) at the joint
gin - separate the seeds from (cotton) with a cotton gin
break - separate from a clinch, in boxing; "The referee broke the boxers"
sever, break up - set or keep apart; "sever a relationship"
rupture, tear, snap, bust - separate or cause to separate abruptly; "The rope snapped"; "tear the paper"
move, displace - cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense; "Move those boxes into the corner, please"; "I'm moving my money to another bank"; "The director moved more responsibilities onto his new assistant"
3.separate - mark as different; "We distinguish several kinds of maple"
know - be able to distinguish, recognize as being different; "The child knows right from wrong"
identify, place - recognize as being; establish the identity of someone or something; "She identified the man on the 'wanted' poster"
discriminate, know apart - recognize or perceive the difference
label - distinguish (an element or atom) by using a radioactive isotope or an isotope of unusual mass for tracing through chemical reactions
label - distinguish (as a compound or molecule) by introducing a labeled atom
sex - tell the sex (of young chickens)
individualise, individualize - make or mark or treat as individual; "The sounds were individualized by sharpness and tone"
contrast - put in opposition to show or emphasize differences; "The middle school teacher contrasted her best student's work with that of her weakest student"
severalise, severalize - distinguish or separate
contradistinguish - distinguish by contrasting qualities
decouple, dissociate - regard as unconnected; "you must dissociate these two events!"; "decouple our foreign policy from ideology"
demarcate - separate clearly, as if by boundaries
discriminate, single out, separate - treat differently on the basis of sex or race
stratify - divide society into social classes or castes; "Income distribution often stratifies a society"
4.separate - separate into parts or portions; "divide the cake into three equal parts"; "The British carved up the Ottoman Empire after World War I"
change integrity - change in physical make-up
subdivide - divide into smaller and smaller pieces; "This apartment cannot be subdivided any further!"
initialise, initialize, format - divide (a disk) into marked sectors so that it may store data; "Please format this disk before entering data!"
sectionalise, sectionalize - divide into sections, especially into geographic sections; "sectionalize a country"
triangulate - divide into triangles or give a triangular form to; "triangulate the piece of cardboard"
unitise, unitize - divide (bulk material) and process as units
lot - divide into lots, as of land, for example
parcel - divide into parts; "The developers parceled the land"
sliver, splinter - divide into slivers or splinters
paragraph - divide into paragraphs, as of text; "This story is well paragraphed"
canton - divide into cantons, of a country
Balkanise, Balkanize - divide a territory into small, hostile states
5.separate - divide into components or constituents; "Separate the wheat from the chaff"
change integrity - change in physical make-up
decompose, break down, break up - separate (substances) into constituent elements or parts
dialyse, dialyze - separate by dialysis
peptise, peptize - disperse in a medium into a colloidal state
macerate - separate into constituents by soaking
card, tease - separate the fibers of; "tease wool"
filter, filter out, filtrate, separate out, strain - remove by passing through a filter; "filter out the impurities"
extract - separate (a metal) from an ore
fractionate - obtain by a fractional process
fractionate - separate into constituents or fractions containing concentrated constituents
sift, sieve, strain - separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements; "sift the flour"
wash - separate dirt or gravel from (precious minerals)
disperse - separate (light) into spectral rays; "the prosm disperses light"
avulse - separate by avulsion
6.separate - arrange or order by classes or categoriesseparate - arrange or order by classes or categories; "How would you classify these pottery shards--are they prehistoric?"
unitise, unitize - separate or classify into units; "The hospital was unitized for efficiency"
catalogue, catalog - make an itemized list or catalog of; classify; "He is cataloguing his photographic negatives"
isolate - separate (experiences) from the emotions relating to them
refer - think of, regard, or classify under a subsuming principle or with a general group or in relation to another; "This plant can be referred to a known species"
reclassify - classify anew, change the previous classification; "The zoologists had to reclassify the mollusks after they found new species"
size - sort according to size
dichotomise, dichotomize - divide into two opposing groups or kinds
stereotype, pigeonhole, stamp - treat or classify according to a mental stereotype; "I was stereotyped as a lazy Southern European"
group - arrange into a group or groups; "Can you group these shapes together?"
categorise, categorize - place into or assign to a category; "Children learn early on to categorize"
grade - determine the grade of or assign a grade to
number, count - put into a group; "The academy counts several Nobel Prize winners among its members"
7.separate - make a division or separation
partition, zone - separate or apportion into sections; "partition a room off"
break - destroy the integrity of; usually by force; cause to separate into pieces or fragments; "He broke the glass plate"; "She broke the match"
break up, dissipate, scatter, dispel, disperse - to cause to separate and go in different directions; "She waved her hand and scattered the crowds"
rail off, rail - separate with a railing; "rail off the crowds from the Presidential palace"
detach - separate (a small unit) from a larger, especially for a special assignment; "detach a regiment"
close off, shut off - isolate or separate; "She was shut off from the friends"
8.separate - discontinue an association or relation; go different ways; "The business partners broke over a tax question"; "The couple separated after 25 years of marriage"; "My friend and I split up"
give the bounce, give the gate, give the axe - terminate a relationship abruptly; "Mary gave John the axe after she saw him with another woman"
disunify, break apart - break up or separate; "The country is disunifying"; "Yugoslavia broke apart after 1989"
disassociate, disjoint, dissociate, disunite, divorce - part; cease or break association with; "She disassociated herself from the organization when she found out the identity of the president"
break with - end a relationship; "China broke with Russia"
split up, divorce - get a divorce; formally terminate a marriage; "The couple divorced after only 6 months"
secede, splinter, break away - withdraw from an organization or communion; "After the break up of the Soviet Union, many republics broke away"
break away, break - interrupt a continued activity; "She had broken with the traditional patterns"
9.separate - go one's own way; move apart; "The friends separated after the party"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
dissipate, scatter, disperse, spread out - move away from each other; "The crowds dispersed"; "The children scattered in all directions when the teacher approached";
break up - come apart; "the group broke up"
diffract - undergo diffraction; "laser light diffracts electrons"
10.separate - become separated into pieces or fragmentsseparate - become separated into pieces or fragments; "The figurine broke"; "The freshly baked loaf fell apart"
change integrity - change in physical make-up
burst, break open, split - come open suddenly and violently, as if from internal pressure; "The bubble burst"
puncture - be pierced or punctured; "The tire punctured"
bust, burst - break open or apart suddenly and forcefully; "The dam burst"
smash - break suddenly into pieces, as from a violent blow; "The window smashed"
ladder, run - come unraveled or undone as if by snagging; "Her nylons were running"
break - destroy the integrity of; usually by force; cause to separate into pieces or fragments; "He broke the glass plate"; "She broke the match"
snap, crack - break suddenly and abruptly, as under tension; "The pipe snapped"
fragment, fragmentise, fragmentize, break up - break or cause to break into pieces; "The plate fragmented"
crush - become injured, broken, or distorted by pressure; "The plastic bottle crushed against the wall"
11.separate - treat differently on the basis of sex or race
isolate, insulate - place or set apart; "They isolated the political prisoners from the other inmates"
differentiate, distinguish, secern, secernate, severalise, severalize, tell apart, separate, tell - mark as different; "We distinguish several kinds of maple"
hive off - remove from a group and make separate; "The unit was hived off from its parent company"
segregate - separate by race or religion; practice a policy of racial segregation; "This neighborhood is segregated"; "We don't segregate in this county"
redline - discriminate in selling or renting housing in certain areas of a neighborhood
disadvantage, disfavor, disfavour - put at a disadvantage; hinder, harm; "This rule clearly disadvantages me"
12.separate - come apart; "The two pieces that we had glued separated"
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
subdivide - form into subdivisions; "The cells subdivided"
polarise, polarize - become polarized in a conflict or contrasting situation
calve, break up - release ice; "The icebergs and glaciers calve"
chip, chip off, break away, break off, come off - break off (a piece from a whole); "Her tooth chipped"
disjoin, disjoint - become separated, disconnected or disjoint
come away, come off, detach - come to be detached; "His retina detached and he had to be rushed into surgery"
segregate - divide from the main body or mass and collect; "Many towns segregated into new counties"; "Experiments show clearly that genes segregate"
segment - divide or split up; "The cells segmented"
reduce - undergo meiosis; "The cells reduce"
section, segment - divide into segments; "segment an orange"; "segment a compound word"
partition, partition off - divide into parts, pieces, or sections; "The Arab peninsula was partitioned by the British"
discerp, dismember, take apart - divide into pieces; "our department was dismembered when our funding dried up"; "The Empire was discerped after the war"
gerrymander - divide unfairly and to one's advantage; of voting districts
13.separate - divide into two or more branches so as to form a fork; "The road forks"
branch, ramify - grow and send out branches or branch-like structures; "these plants ramify early and get to be very large"
arborise, arborize - branch out like trees; "nerve fibers arborize"
twig - branch out in a twiglike manner; "The lightning bolt twigged in several directions"
bifurcate - divide into two branches; "The road bifurcated"
trifurcate - divide into three; "The road trifurcates at the bridge"
diverge - move or draw apart; "The two paths diverge here"
Adj.1.separate - independent; not united or joint; "a problem consisting of two separate issues"; "they went their separate ways"; "formed a separate church"
individual, single - being or characteristic of a single thing or person; "individual drops of rain"; "please mark the individual pages"; "they went their individual ways"
independent - free from external control and constraint; "an independent mind"; "a series of independent judgments"; "fiercely independent individualism"
segregated, unintegrated - separated or isolated from others or a main group; "a segregated school system"; "a segregated neighborhood"
other - not the same one or ones already mentioned or implied; "today isn't any other day"- the White Queen; "the construction of highways and other public works"; "he asked for other employment"; "any other person would tell the truth"; "his other books are still in storage"; "then we looked at the other house"; "hearing was good in his other ear"; "the other sex"; "she lived on the other side of the street from me"; "went in the other direction"
unshared - not shared
divided - separated into parts or pieces; "opinions are divided"
joint - united or combined; "a joint session of Congress"; "joint owners"
2.separate - standing apart; not attached to or supported by anything; "a freestanding bell tower"; "a house with a separate garage"
detached - used of buildings; standing apart from others; "detached houses"; "a detached garage"
3.separate - separated according to race, sex, class, or religion; "separate but equal"; "girls and boys in separate classes"
segregated, unintegrated - separated or isolated from others or a main group; "a segregated school system"; "a segregated neighborhood"
4.separate - have the connection undone; having become separate
unconnected - not joined or linked together

separate

adjective
1. unconnected, individual, particular, divided, divorced, isolated, detached, disconnected, discrete, unattached, disjointed The two things are separate and mutually irrelevant.
unconnected connected, united, similar, alike, unified, affiliated
2. individual, independent, apart, isolated, cut off, distinct, autonomous, set apart We both live our separate lives.
individual joined, connected, interdependent
verb
1. divide, detach, disconnect, come between, disentangle, keep apart, move apart, disjoin Police moved in to separate the two groups.
divide mix, combine, amalgamate
2. come apart, split, break off, come away The nose section separates from the fuselage.
come apart unite, join, link, connect, merge
3. sever, detach, disconnect, disengage, break apart, split in two, disunite, divide in two, disassemble, uncouple, bifurcate, disjoin Separate the garlic into cloves.
sever join, link, connect
4. split up, part, divorce, break up, part company, get divorced, be estranged, go different ways, stop living together Her parents separated when she was very young.
5. distinguish, mark, isolate, single out, set apart, make distinctive, set at variance or at odds What separates terrorism from other acts of violence?
distinguish unite, join, link, connect
6. disperse, split (up), scatter, disband Let's separate into smaller groups.
7. part, part company, wave goodbye, go your separate ways, say goodbye, say your goodbyes We separated to inspect different areas of the place.

separate

verb
1. To become or cause to become apart one from another:
Idioms: part company, set at odds.
2. To make a division into parts, sections, or branches:
3. To set apart (one kind or type) from others:
4. To distribute into groups according to kinds:
5. To recognize as being different:
6. To set apart from a group:
7. To terminate a relationship or an association by or as if by leaving one another:
Informal: split (up).
Idioms: call it quits, come to a parting of the ways, part company.
8. To release from military duty:
adjective
1. Being or related to a distinct entity:
2. Alone in a given category:
3. Distinguished from others by nature or qualities:
Translations
مُنْفَصِليَتَفَرَّق، يفْتَرِقيُفَرِّقُيفْصِليَنْفَصِل عَن
oddělenýoddělitodělitrozdělitrozejít se
adskilledeledele opforskelligseparat
erillinenerottaairrottaairtonaineneri
odvojenodvojiti
elkülönítelválasztkülönkülönálló
aîskilinnsérstakur, aîskilinnskiljaskilja aî/sundurskiljast, dreifast
分ける単独の
...을 가르다별개의
atsiskiriantisatsiskirtiatskiros drabužių dalysatskirumasgyvenimas atskirai
atdalītsatsevišķsatšķirtatšķirtsizšķirt
ločenločevatiločitiločiti se
separatseparera
แยกออกจากซึ่งแยกออกจากกัน
riêng biệttách ra

separate

[ˈseprɪt]
A. ADJ (= apart) → separado; (= different) → distinto, diferente; (= distant) → apartado, retirado
"with separate toilet"con inodoro separado
could we have separate bills?queremos cuentas individuales, ¿podemos pagar por separado?
under separate coverpor separado
separate from (= apart from) → separado de; (= different from) → distinto de
that's a separate issueesa es una cuestión aparte
they live very separate livesviven independientes uno de otro
it was discussed at a separate meetingse trató en otra reunión or reunión aparte
on separate occasionsen diversas ocasiones
the children have separate roomslos niños tienen cada uno su habitación
they sleep in separate roomsduermen en habitaciones distintas
I wrote it on a separate sheetlo escribí en una hoja aparte
we sat at separate tablesnos sentamos en mesas distintas
they went their separate waysfueron cada uno por su lado
B. N separates (= clothes) → coordinados mpl
C. [ˈsepəreɪt] VT (= keep apart) → separar; (= set aside) → apartar; (= divide) → dividir, partir; (= distinguish) → distinguir
police moved in to separate the two groupsla policía intervino para separar a los dos grupos
to separate truth from errorseparar lo falso de lo verdadero, distinguir entre lo falso y lo verdadero
he is separated from his wifeestá separado de su mujer
D. [ˈsepəreɪt] VIsepararse
her parents separated last yearsus padres se separaron el año pasado
separate off VT + ADVseparar
separate out VT + ADV (= set apart) → apartar

separate

[ˈsɛpərət]
adj
(= different) → à part
I wrote it on a separate sheet → Je l'ai écrit sur une feuille à part.
on separate occasions → en différentes occasions
under separate cover → sous pli séparé
(= distinct) → à part
Quebec feels separate from the rest of Canada → Le Québec se sent à part du reste du Canada.
a separate bank account
BUT un compte de banque séparé.
Keep the two accounts separate
BUT Ne mélangez pas les deux comptes.
They plan to form their own separate party
BUT Ils projettent de créer leur propre parti.
(= not shared) [room, facilities] → séparé(e)
We'd like separate rooms → Nous voudrions des chambres séparées.
The children have separate rooms
BUT Les enfants ont chacun leur chambre.
Each holiday chalet has its own separate garden
BUT Chaque chalet possède son propre jardin.
(= apart, at a distance) separate from sb/sth → à l'écart de qn/qch
Rose stayed separate from the other children → Rose restait à l'écart des autres enfants.
to go one's separate ways (= go different ways) → aller chacun de son côté
We went our separate ways home → Nous sommes rentrés chez nous chacun de notre côté. (= split up) [couple, partners] → prendre des chemins différents
After ten years of marriage they had decided to go their separate ways → Après dix ans de mariage, ils avaient décidé de prendre des chemins différents.
[ˈsɛpəreɪt] vb
vt
(= cause to part) [+ family, couple, twins] → séparer
to separate sb from sb/sth → séparer qn de qn/qch
The war separated her from her family → La guerre l'a séparée de sa famille.
to be separated [people, couple, twins] → être séparés
twins who were separated at birth → des jumeaux qui ont été séparés à la naissance
We had never been separated for more than a few days → Nous n'avions jamais été séparés pendant plus de quelques jours.
(= divide group) [+ people, students] → séparer
to separate the class into groups → séparer la classe en groupes
to become separated → se séparer
One child had become separated from the group and got lost → L'un des enfants s'était séparé du groupe et s'était perdu.
(= make distinction between) → séparer
to separate sth from sth → séparer qch de qch
It is difficult to separate truth from legend
BUT Il est difficile de faire la part de la réalité et de la légende.Il est difficile de séparer la réalité de la légende.
vi
(= split up) [couple] → se séparer
Her parents separated when she was eleven → Ses parents se sont séparés lorsqu'elle avait onze ans.
We felt the best thing was to separate → Nous avons pensé que le mieux était de nous séparer.
(= go different ways) → se séparer
to separate from sb/sth → se séparer de qn/qch
He separated from the rest of the group → Il s'est séparé du reste du groupe.
to separate into groups → se mettre en groupes

separate

adj
getrennt, gesondert (from von); organization, unitgesondert, eigen attr; two organizations, issues, partsgesondert attr, → voneinander getrennt, verschieden attr; provisions, regulationsbesondere(r, s) attr, → separat, gesondert attr; beds, rooms, accountsgetrennt; account, bill, agreement, departmentgesondert attr, → extra attr inv; entrance, toilet, flatseparat; existenceeigen attr; separate peaceSeparat- or Sonderfrieden m; separate treatySondervertrag m; that is a separate question/issuedas ist eine andere Frage, das ist eine Frage für sich; on two separate occasionsbei zwei verschiedenen Gelegenheiten; on a separate occasionbei einer anderen Gelegenheit; there will be separate discussions on this questiondiese Frage wird extra or separat or gesondert diskutiert; they live separate livessie gehen getrennte Wege; a separate sheet of paperein anderes Blatt Papier; (= additional)ein gesondertes or extra Blatt Papier; this is quite separate from his jobdas hat mit seinem Beruf nichts zu tun; to keep two things separatezwei Dinge nicht zusammentun; questions, issueszwei Dinge auseinanderhalten; always keep your chequebook (Brit) or checkbook (US) separate from your cardbewahren Sie Scheckbuch und Scheckkarte immer getrennt auf; keep this book separate from the othershalten Sie dieses Buch von den anderen getrennt
(= individual)einzeln; all the separate sections/pieces/units/questionsalle einzelnen Abschnitte/Teile/Einheiten/Fragen; everybody has a separate cup/taskjeder hat eine Tasse/Aufgabe für sich or seine eigene Tasse/Aufgabe
n separates
plRöcke, Blusen, Hosen etc
vttrennen; (Chem also) → scheiden; milkentrahmen; (= divide up)aufteilen (→ into in +acc); to separate the good from the baddie Guten von den Schlechten trennen or scheiden; he can’t separate his private life from his worker kann Privatleben und Arbeit nicht (voneinander) trennen, er kann das Privatleben nicht von der Arbeit trennen; he is separated from his wifeer lebt von seiner Frau getrennt
visich trennen; (Chem also) → sich scheiden; it separates into four partses lässt sich in vier Teile auseinandernehmen; (fig: problem etc) → es zerfällt in vier Teile

separate

[adj ˈsɛprɪt; vb ˈsɛpəˌreɪt]
1. adj (gen) → separato/a; (organization, career) → indipendente; (occasion, issue) → diverso/a
they went their separate ways (also) (fig) → sono andati ognuno per la propria strada
we sat at separate tables → ci siamo seduti a tavoli diversi
it was discussed at a separate meeting → è stato discusso in un'altra riunione
separate from → separato/a da
under separate cover (Comm) → in plico a parte
2. vt (gen) → separare, dividere; (divide up) to separate intodividere in
to separate sth from sth → separare qc da qc
he is separated from his wife, but not divorced → è separato dalla moglie ma non divorziato
3. vi (mixture, milk) → separarsi; (married couple, boxers) → separarsi, dividersi; (unmarried couple, friends) → lasciarsi
see also separates

separate

(ˈsepəreit) verb
1. (sometimes with into or from) to place, take, keep or force apart. He separated the money into two piles; A policeman tried to separate the men who were fighting.
2. to go in different directions. We all walked along together and separated at the cross-roads.
3. (of a husband and wife) to start living apart from each other by choice.
(-rət) adjective
1. divided; not joined. He sawed the wood into four separate pieces; The garage is separate from the house.
2. different or distinct. This happened on two separate occasions; I like to keep my job and my home life separate.
ˈseparateness noun
ˈseparable adjective
that can be separated.
ˈseparately (-rət-) adverb
in a separate way; not together.
ˈseparates (-rəts) noun plural
garments (eg jerseys, skirts, trousers, blouses, shirts) that can be worn together in varying combinations.
ˌsepaˈration noun
1. the act of separating or the state or period of being separated. They were together again after a separation of three years.
2. a (legal) arrangement by which a husband and wife remain married but live separately.
ˈseparatist (-rə-) noun
a person who urges separation from an established political state, church etc.
ˈseparatism noun
separate off
to make or keep (a part or parts) separate.
separate out
to make or keep separate or distinct.
separate up (often with into)
to divide. The house has been separated up into different flats.

separate is spelt with -ar- (not -er-).

separate

مُنْفَصِل, يُفَرِّقُ oddělený, oddělit adskille, separat getrennt, trennen διαχωρίζω, χωριστός separado, separar erillinen, erottaa séparé, séparer odvojen, odvojiti separare, separato 分ける, 単独の ...을 가르다, 별개의 gescheiden, scheiden separat, separere oddzielny, rozdzielić separado, separar отдельный, отделять separat, separera แยกออกจาก, ซึ่งแยกออกจากกัน ayırmak, ayrı riêng biệt, tách ra 分离, 分离的

separate

v. separar, dividir.

separate

adj separado; vt separar
References in classic literature ?
Our drawing class breaks up next week, and before the girls separate for the summer, I want to ask them out here for a day.
The howling of the wind grew louder, flecks of foam began to separate themselves from the crests of the waves, and the vessel pitched, rolled and tossed more violently.
Almost every one danced but the twins, who could not be induced to separate during the brief period when one or the other should be whirling around the room in the arms of a man.
He had seated himself more within the circle of light, where the frequent, uneasy glances of his guests were better enabled to separate the natural expression of his face from the artificial terrors of the war paint.
It makes me think of English places that you read about, for there are hedges and walls and gates that lock, and lots of separate little houses for the gardeners and people.
What had been the counter or "bar" of the saloon, gorgeous in white and gold, now sawn in two and divided, was set up on opposite sides of the room as separate dressing-tables, decorated with huge bunches of azaleas, that hid the rough earthenware bowls, and gave each table the appearance of a vestal altar.
She yearned to take him by the hand, and go and kneel down, they two together,--both so long separate from the world, and, as she now recognized, scarcely friends with Him above,--to kneel down among the people, and be reconciled to God and man at once.
There is the little domestic scenery of the well-known apartment; the chairs, with each its separate individuality; the centre-table, sustaining a work-basket, a volume or two, and an extinguished lamp; the sofa; the book-case; the picture on the wall -- all these details, so completely seen, are so spiritualised by the unusual light, that they seem to lose their actual substance, and become things of intellect.
It was a dreadfully austere inquiry, but levity was not our note, and, at any rate, before the gray dawn admonished us to separate I had got my answer.
Why did the Greeks give it a separate deity, and own brother of Jove?
Moreover, while in most other animals that I can now think of, the eyes are so planted as imperceptibly to blend their visual power, so as to produce one picture and not two to the brain; the peculiar position of the whale's eyes, effectually divided as they are by many cubic feet of solid head, which towers between them like a great mountain separating two lakes in valleys; this, of course, must wholly separate the impressions which each independent organ imparts.
Once crowded in here, the creatures were prisoned, each in a separate pen, by gates that shut, leaving them no room to turn around; and while they stood bellowing and plunging, over the top of the pen there leaned one of the "knockers," armed with a sledge hammer, and watching for a chance to deal a blow.