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These adjectives refer to manner, appearance, disposition, or acts marked by absorption in thought, pressing concerns, or significant work. Serious implies a concern with responsibility and work as opposed to play: serious students of music. Sober emphasizes circumspection and self-restraint: "When ... his sober demeanor gave way at the graveside, it was with the severity of one bereft beyond redemption" (Philip Roth).
Grave suggests the dignity and somberness associated with weighty matters: "a little girl with brownish-blackish hair standing at one of those windows like a grave captain at the prow of a ship" (Stacey D'Erasmo).
Solemn often adds to grave the suggestion of impressiveness: The judge was solemn when issuing the sentence. Earnest implies sincerity and intensity of purpose: We are earnest in our desire to reach an equitable solution.
se•ri•ous(ˈsɪər i əs)
You say that a problem or situation is serious when it is bad enough to make people worried or afraid.
Serious matters are important and deserve careful consideration.
People who are serious are thoughtful and quiet and do not often make jokes.
You can also describe someone's expression as serious.
If someone is serious about doing something that they have talked about doing, they really intend to do it.
|Adj.||1.||serious - concerned with work or important matters rather than play or trivialities; "a serious student of history"; "a serious attempt to learn to ski"; "gave me a serious look"; "a serious young man"; "are you serious or joking?"; "Don't be so serious!"|
frivolous - not serious in content or attitude or behavior; "a frivolous novel"; "a frivolous remark"; "a frivolous young woman"
|2.||serious - of great consequence; "marriage is a serious matter"|
|3.||serious - causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm; "a dangerous operation"; "a grave situation"; "a grave illness"; "grievous bodily harm"; "a serious wound"; "a serious turn of events"; "a severe case of pneumonia"; "a life-threatening disease"|
critical - being in or verging on a state of crisis or emergency; "a critical shortage of food"; "a critical illness"; "an illness at the critical stage"
|4.||serious - appealing to the mind; "good music"; "a serious book"|
intellectual - appealing to or using the intellect; "satire is an intellectual weapon"; "intellectual workers engaged in creative literary or artistic or scientific labor"; "has tremendous intellectual sympathy for oppressed people"; "coldly intellectual"; "sort of the intellectual type"; "intellectual literature"
|5.||serious - completely lacking in playfulness|
|6.||serious - requiring effort or concentration; complex and not easy to answer or solve; "raised serious objections to the proposal"; "the plan has a serious flaw"|
important insignificant, minor, trivial, slight, unimportant
solemn jolly, frivolous, carefree, smiling, joyful, flippant, light-hearted, funny
a rather serious girl → una chica bastante seria or formal
are you serious? → ¿lo dices en serio?
you can't be serious! → no lo dices en serio, ¿verdad?
gentlemen, let's be serious → señores, un poco de formalidad
to be serious about sth/sb she's serious about her studies → se toma sus estudios en serio
are you serious about giving up the job? → ¿hablas en serio de dejar el trabajo?
he is serious about his threat → sus amenazas van en serio
he's serious about leaving home → está decidido a irse de casa
is she serious about him? → ¿va ella en serio con él?
they haven't made a serious attempt to solve the problem → no han intentado realmente resolver el problema
the serious business of running the country → la importante tarea de gobernar el país
eating shellfish is a serious business in France → comer marisco no es algo que se tome a la ligera en Francia
to give serious consideration to sth → considerar algo seriamente
to take a serious interest in sth → interesarse seriamente por algo
don't look so serious! → ¡no te pongas tan serio!
on a more serious note → pasando a un tema más serio
all serious offers considered → cualquier oferta (que sea) seria se tendrá en cuenta
to give serious thought to sth → considerar algo seriamente
see also deadly B
the patient's condition is serious → el paciente está grave
to have serious doubts about sth → tener serias dudas sobre algo
to get serious [shortage, epidemic, drought] → convertirse en un serio or grave problema
things are getting serious → la situación se está poniendo seria
she is in serious trouble → está en serios apuros
Are you serious? → Vous êtes sérieux?
Is that your serious opinion?
BUT Pensez-vous sérieusement ce que vous dites?.
You look very serious → Tu as l'air sérieux.
The government faces serious difficulties → Le gouvernement fait face à de sérieuses difficultés.
Doctors said his condition was serious → Les médecins ont dit que son état était sérieux.
The storm caused serious damage → La tempête a causé de sérieux dommages.
to give serious thought to sth → considerare seriamente qc
he's a serious student of jazz → s'interessa seriamente di jazz
she's getting serious about him → si sta innamorando sul serio di lui
are you serious (about it)? → parli sul serio?
you can't be serious! → stai scherzando!