A total of 27 children initially interpreted as having HBoV1 seroconversions
had, on reassessment, HBoV2 or HBoV3 seroconversions
Antiviral treatment was stopped and at follow-up after 11 weeks (at 24 weeks from baseline), the HBs and HBe seroconversions
were maintained, ALT was 16 U/L, AST 27 U/L and serum bilirubin was 0.
The 341 serodiscordant couples in which the index partner was not taking ARVs had 11,000 acts of intercourse without condoms, 50 natural pregnancies, and five HIV seroconversions
Additionally, two seroconversions
were detected in burrowing owls between January and March.
Although fewer seroconversions
occurred among women who used the microbicide during heterosexual vaginal intercourse compared with those who used the placebo gel (3.
A study of sexual assault survivors in Brazil showed zero seroconversions
in the 180 nPEP-treated women compared with four seroconversions
in the untreated group of 145 women.
have been reported in 64 sentinel chicken flocks from four states (Arizona, California, Florida, and Louisiana), and 58 WNV-positive mosquito pools have been reported from six states (Arizona, California, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, and Pennsylvania).
Analysis of these 14 new HBV cases and the 2 previous cases showed that 9 of 16 (56%) seroconversions
occurred in patients recently admitted to the center.
Although 1,149 cases of seroconversions
for hepatitis viruses were found among the persons with bleeding disorders enrolled in the study, "none of these cases was attributable to blood products received during this time period, which indicates that blood factor concentrates used to treat bleeding disorders are unlikely to transmit viral hepatitis," the CDC report states.
Preliminary reports from those centers, which primarily performed intrauterine insemination with washed sperm, showed no seroconversions
in the mothers or babies.
The study was not designed to evaluate efficacy; however, 10 seroconversions
occurred in patients who did not use postexposure prophylaxis and 1 occurred in a patient who did.
If correct that translates to 892 new seroconversions
in San Francisco, more than double the estimate reached at the last consensus meeting in 1997 and a marked increase over last year's interim estimate of 716 new infections per year.