serotonin


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Related to serotonin: dopamine, melatonin

se·ro·to·nin

 (sĕr′ə-tō′nĭn, sîr′-)
n.
An organic compound, C10H12N2O, that is formed from tryptophan and is found especially in the gastrointestinal tract, the platelets, and the nervous system of humans and other animals, and functions as a neurotransmitter and in vasoconstriction, stimulation of the smooth muscles, and regulation of cyclic body processes.

serotonin

(ˌsɛrəˈtəʊnɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a compound that occurs in the brain, intestines, and blood platelets and acts as a neurotransmitter, as well as inducing vasoconstriction and contraction of smooth muscle; 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT)
[from sero- + ton(ic) + -in]

ser•o•to•nin

(ˌsɛr əˈtoʊ nɪn, ˌsɪər-)

n.
an amine, C10H12N20, that occurs esp. in blood and nervous tissue and functions as a vasoconstrictor and neurotransmitter.
[1948; sero- + tone or ton (ic) + -in1]

serotonin

A neurotransmitter in the brain, involved in sleep, mood, etc.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.serotonin - a neurotransmitter involved in e.g. sleep and depression and memoryserotonin - a neurotransmitter involved in e.g. sleep and depression and memory
monoamine neurotransmitter - a monoamine that is functionally important in neural transmission
Translations
serotonina
serotonin
serotonin
Serotonin
serotoniini
serotonin
serotonin
serótónín

serotonin

[ˌserəʊˈtəʊnɪn] Nserotonina f

serotonin

[ˌsɛrəʊˈtəʊnɪn] nsérotonine m

serotonin

n (Biol, Med: = hormone) → Serotonin nt

serotonin

n serotonina
References in periodicals archive ?
Serotonin, a chemical in our bodies that helps balance moods, may be one solution for reducing aggressive behavior in chickens.
This study includes an in-depth discussion of the CYP450 metabolism of the most common treatment drugs for these conditions and the serious interactions that can arise from certain drug combinations including serotonin syndrome.
ISLAMABAD -- A new study has revealed that Omega3 fatty acids and vitamin D may control the brain serotonin.
Study in Rats Reveals Surprising Role for Serotonin After Childhood Trauma
TEHRAN (FNA)- New research reveals that scratching causes the brain to release serotonin, which intensifies the itch sensation.
It was discovered that calcitriol activates the transcription of tryptophan hydroxylase 2, a gene that converts the amino acid tryptophan to serotonin in the brain.
Unlike their normal counterparts, worms with a genetic mutation that makes them eat less maintain high levels of serotonin and dopamine as they get older, scientists report in the March 12 Journal of Neuroscience.
Autism, which is characterized by abnormal social behavior, has previously been linked to low levels of serotonin in the brain and to low vitamin D levels, but no mechanism has linked the two until now.
Washington, Oct 15 ( ANI ): A new study has revealed that the actual act of birth in mice causes a reduction in a brain chemical called serotonin in the newborn mice, triggering sensory maps to form.
Among them, citalopram, fluoxetine, and paroxetine belong to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), first-line therapeutic agents for treating a wide range of psychiatric disorders such as major depression, generalized anxiety disorder and post-traumatic disorder, to name but a few.
The dance club drug appears to drain the brain of serotonin, a vital signalling chemical that helps regulate mood, appetite, sleep, learning and memory, say experts.
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is an important central nervous system neurotransmitter and neuromodulator, and nearly all central nervous system neurons receive afferents from serotonergic neurons that have cell bodies in the raphe nuclei of the brain stem (1, 2).