severe


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se·vere

 (sə-vîr′)
adj. se·ver·er, se·ver·est
1. Unsparing, harsh, or strict, as in treatment of others: a severe critic.
2. Marked by or requiring strict adherence to rigorous standards or high principles: a severe code of behavior.
3. Stern or forbidding, as in manner or appearance: spoke in a severe voice.
4. Extremely plain in substance or style: a severe black dress.
5. Causing great discomfort, damage, or distress: a severe pain; a severe storm.
6. Very dangerous or harmful; grave or grievous: severe mental illness.
7. Extremely difficult to perform or endure; trying: a severe test of our loyalty.

[Latin sevērus, serious, strict; see segh- in Indo-European roots.]

se·vere′ly adv.
se·vere′ness n.
Synonyms: severe, stern1, austere, ascetic, strict
These adjectives mean unsparing and exacting with respect to discipline or control. Severe implies adherence to rigorous standards or high principles and often suggests harshness: "Praise or blame has but a momentary effect on the man whose love of beauty in the abstract makes him a severe critic on his own works" (John Keats).
Stern suggests unyielding disposition, uncompromising resolution, or forbidding appearance or nature: "She was a stern woman who ran the household with precision and an iron hand" (Margaret Truman).
Austere connotes aloofness or lack of feeling or sympathy, and often rigid morality: "The captain ... was an austere man that never laughed or smiled that one could see" (Alan Paton).
Ascetic suggests self-discipline and often renunciation of worldly pleasures for spiritual improvement: "Be systematically ascetic ... do ... something for no other reason than that you would rather not do it" (William James).
Strict means requiring or showing stringent observance of obligations, rules, or standards: "She was afraid to wake him up because even in his sleep he seemed to be such a strict man" (Eudora Welty).

severe

(sɪˈvɪə)
adj
1. rigorous or harsh in the treatment of others; strict: a severe parent.
2. serious in appearance or manner; stern
3. critical or dangerous: a severe illness.
4. causing misery or discomfort by its harshness: severe weather.
5. strictly restrained in appearance; austere: a severe way of dressing.
6. hard to endure, perform, or accomplish: a severe test.
7. rigidly precise or exact
[C16: from Latin sevērus]
seˈverely adv
seˈvereness, severity n

se•vere

(səˈvɪər)

adj. -ver•er, -ver•est.
1. harsh; unnecessarily extreme: severe criticism.
2. serious or stern in manner or appearance.
3. grave; critical: a severe illness.
4. rigidly restrained in style, taste, etc.; plain; austere.
5. of an extreme, intense, or violent character or nature: severe thunderstorms.
6. difficult to endure, perform, fulfill, etc.: a severe test of strength.
7. rigidly exact; demanding: severe standards.
[1540–50; < Latin sevērus, or back formation from severity]
se•vere′ly, adv.
se•vere′ness, n.
syn: See stern1.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.severe - intensely or extremely bad or unpleasant in degree or quality; "severe pain"; "a severe case of flu"; "a terrible cough"; "under wicked fire from the enemy's guns"; "a wicked cough"
intense - possessing or displaying a distinctive feature to a heightened degree; "intense heat"; "intense anxiety"; "intense desire"; "intense emotion"; "the skunk's intense acrid odor"; "intense pain"; "enemy fire was intense"
2.severe - very strong or vigorous; "strong winds"; "a hard left to the chin"; "a knockout punch"; "a severe blow"
strong - having strength or power greater than average or expected; "a strong radio signal"; "strong medicine"; "a strong man"
3.severe - severely simplesevere - severely simple; "a stark interior"
plain - not elaborate or elaborated; simple; "plain food"; "stuck to the plain facts"; "a plain blue suit"; "a plain rectangular brick building"
4.severe - unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment; "a parent severe to the pitch of hostility"- H.G.Wells; "a hefty six-footer with a rather severe mien"; "a strict disciplinarian"; "a Spartan upbringing"
nonindulgent, strict - characterized by strictness, severity, or restraint
5.severe - causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm; "a dangerous operation"; "a grave situation"; "a grave illness"; "grievous bodily harm"; "a serious wound"; "a serious turn of events"; "a severe case of pneumonia"; "a life-threatening disease"
critical - being in or verging on a state of crisis or emergency; "a critical shortage of food"; "a critical illness"; "an illness at the critical stage"
6.severe - very bad in degree or extent; "a severe worldwide depression"; "the house suffered severe damage"
bad - having undesirable or negative qualities; "a bad report card"; "his sloppy appearance made a bad impression"; "a bad little boy"; "clothes in bad shape"; "a bad cut"; "bad luck"; "the news was very bad"; "the reviews were bad"; "the pay is bad"; "it was a bad light for reading"; "the movie was a bad choice"

severe

adjective
3. tough, hard, difficult, taxing, demanding, fierce, punishing, exacting, rigorous, stringent, arduous, unrelenting He had faced an appallingly severe task in the jungle.
tough easy, manageable
4. strict, hard, harsh, cruel, rigid, relentless, drastic, oppressive, austere, Draconian, unrelenting, inexorable, pitiless, unbending, iron-handed This was a dreadful crime and a severe sentence is necessary.
strict easy, lax, lenient, relaxed, tractable
5. grim, serious, grave, cold, forbidding, stern, sober, disapproving, dour, unsmiling, flinty, strait-laced, tight-lipped He had a severe look that disappeared when he smiled.
grim genial, affable
6. plain, simple, austere, classic, restrained, functional, Spartan, ascetic, unadorned, unfussy, unembellished wearing her felt hats and severe grey suits
plain fancy, ornate, embellished, ornamental
7. harsh, cutting, biting, scathing, satirical, caustic, astringent, vitriolic, mordant, unsparing, mordacious The team has suffered severe criticism from influential figures.
harsh kind, gentle, compassionate
8. cold, freezing, extreme, bitter, harsh, bleak The start of the year brought a very severe winter in Britain.
9. violent, wild, extreme, intense, dangerous, fierce, turbulent, forceful, tumultuous, inclement The fence collapsed during the recent severe weather.
violent mild, gentle, moderate

severe

adjective
1. Rigorous and unsparing in treating others:
2. Cold and forbidding:
3. Causing sharp, often prolonged discomfort:
4. Conveying great physical force:
5. Having great consequence or weight:
6. Causing or marked by danger or pain, for example:
7. Requiring great or extreme bodily, mental, or spiritual strength:
Translations
بَسيط، غَيْر مُزَخْرَفشَديد، خَطيرقارِس، لاذِع
příkrýpřísnýstrohývážný
strengvoldsomenkelhårdstærk
ankararajutuimavaikea
komolysúlyosszigorú
alvarlegureinfaldur, látlausharîur, óvæginn
厳しい
bargsnopietnssmagsstingrsvienkāršs
hudstrog
ağırçok kötügösterişsizhoşgörüsüzsade

severe

[sɪˈvɪəʳ] ADJ (severer (compar) (severest (superl)))
1. (= serious) [problem, consequence, damage] → grave, serio; [injury, illness] → grave; [defeat, setback, shortage] → serio; [blow, reprimand] → fuerte, duro; [pain, headache] → fuerte
I suffered from severe bouts of depressionpadecía profundas or serias depresiones
many families suffered severe hardship as a consequencemuchas familias sufrieron enormes penurias a consecuencia de ello
we have been under severe pressure to cut costsnos han presionado mucho para reducir gastos
to suffer a severe loss of bloodsufrir gran pérdida de sangre
severe losses (Fin) → enormes or cuantiosas pérdidas fpl
2. (= harsh) [weather, conditions, winter] → duro, riguroso; [cold] → extremo; [storm, flooding, frost] → fuerte
3. (= strict) [person, penalty] → severo; [discipline] → estricto
I was his severest criticyo era su crítico más severo
to be severe with sbser severo con algn
4. (= austere) [person, appearance, expression] → severo, adusto; [clothes, style] → austero; [hairstyle] → (de corte) serio; [architecture] → sobrio

severe

[sɪˈvɪər] adj
(= harsh) [punishment, criticism] → sévère; [person, teacher] → sévère; [expression] → sévère
A crime like this deserves a severe punishment → Un tel crime mérite un châtiment sévère.
to be severe with sb → être sévère avec qn
I think you were a little too severe with them → Je trouve que tu as été un peu trop sévère avec eux.
(= serious) [injury, pain, depression] → sévère often before n
a severe shortage of food → une sévère pénurie alimentaire
severe injuries → de sévères blessures
(= extreme) [winter] → rigoureux/euse
Winters here can be very severe → Les hivers peuvent être très rigoureux ici.
a period of severe weather (high winds, rain)une période de gros temps; (very cold)un coup de froid
(= plain) → sévère, austère
a severe grey suit → un sévère costume gris

severe

adj (+er)
(= grave, grievous) defeat, hardship, damage, pressureschwer; illness, injury, blow, lossschwer, schlimm; painstark, heftig; problemschwer, ernsthaft; consequenceschwerwiegend, schwer wiegend; to have a severe coldeine schwere Erkältung haben
(= strict) critic, law, punishment, testhart; penaltyschwer(wiegend), schwer (wiegend); disciplinestreng, eisern; reprimand, criticismscharf
(= harsh) weatherrau; weather conditionsschwer, schwierig; winterstreng, hart; frost, droughtschwer, schlimm; stormschwer, stark
(= grim, serious) person, mannerstreng; expressionernst; to be severe with somebodystreng mit jdm sein; to be severe on somebodyhart über jdn urteilen
(= austere) clothes, appearance, hairstyle, architecture, stylestreng

severe

[sɪˈvɪəʳ] adj (-r (comp) (-st (superl))) (problem, case, flooding, injuries) → grave; (climate, winter, restrictions) → rigido/a; (frost, cold) → intenso/a; (punishment, person) → severo/a; (examination) → rigoroso/a; (damage) → ingente; (blow, criticism) → duro/a; (pain, headache, pressure) → forte; (symptoms) → acuto/a
to be severe (with sb) → essere severo/a (con qn)
a severe cold → un forte raffreddore

severe

(səˈviə) adjective
1. (of something unpleasant) serious; extreme. severe shortages of food; a severe illness; Our team suffered a severe defeat.
2. strict or harsh. a severe mother; severe criticism.
3. (of style in dress etc) very plain. a severe hairstyle.
seˈverely adverb
seˈverity (-ˈve-) noun
the severity of the punishment; the severity of her dress.

severe

a. grave, severo-a;
___ acute respiratory syndromesíndrome respiratorio agudo ___.

severe

adj severo
References in classic literature ?
I am not sorry you lost them, for you broke the rules, and deserved some punishment for disobedience," was the severe reply, which rather disappointed the young lady, who expected nothing but sympathy.
In the face of this new disaster the rain seemed to have ceased and the thunder and lightning to be less severe.
As for Jim, no disappointments have been severe enough to chill his naturally romantic and ardent disposition.
She somehow felt like a confederate in crime, and tried to look severe and disapproving.
For many minutes the struggle between the light bubble in which they floated and the swift current was severe and doubtful.
The generous usage the Indians had promised before in my capitulation, was afterwards fully complied with, and we proceeded with them as prisoners to old Chelicothe, the principal Indian town, on Little Miami, where we arrived, after an uncomfortable journey, in very severe weather, on the eighteenth day of February, and received as good treatment as prisoners could expect from savages.
Nay, please your worship," answered the man, in much perplexity, but with a backwardness that strikingly indicated the hard and severe character of Colonel Pyncheon's domestic rule; "my master's orders were exceeding strict; and, as your worship knows, he permits of no discretion in the obedience of those who owe him service.
FROM this intense consciousness of being the object of severe and universal observation, the wearer of the scarlet letter was at length relieved, by discerning, on the outskirts of the crowd, a figure which irresistibly took possession of her thoughts.
At last she kicked right over the carriage pole and fell down, after giving me a severe blow on my near quarter.
The forewoman was especially severe with Ona, because she believed that she was obstinate on account of having been refused a holiday the day after her wedding.
Her standard of right was so high, so all-embracing, so minute, and making so few concessions to human frailty, that, though she strove with heroic ardor to reach it, she never actually did so, and of course was burdened with a constant and often harassing sense of deficiency;--this gave a severe and somewhat gloomy cast to her religious character.
Living much out of doors, in the sun and wind, will no doubt produce a certain roughness of character--will cause a thicker cuticle to grow over some of the finer qualities of our nature, as on the face and hands, or as severe manual labor robs the hands of some of their delicacy of touch.

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