The results showed that women in the masculine sex-typed
condition underperformed in terms of both quality and quantity relative to women in the feminine sex-typed
As such, the field became quickly sex-typed
as a profession meant for women, mainly because women were seen as natural nurturers and caregivers to children.
I focus on the connections between gender, power and organizations, the creation of gendered subjectivities, communication as a way of grasping the fabric of gendered identity and links, and sex-typed
conducts related to gender relations in professional activity.
The 15 essays in this volume consider recent debates in the literature on life course analysis: whether life courses are sex-typed
and whether they are in the process of de-standardization.
Prenatal sex hormone effects on childhood and adult sex-typed
behavior: methods and findings.
If an individual is gender schematic, he or she has sorted those behaviors and attributes into two categories, masculine and feminine, and individuals most prone to using gender as a schema are considered sex-typed
individuals (Bern, 1982; Powell and Greenhaus, 2010).
An evolutionary perspective of sex-typed
toy preferences: Pink, blue, and the brain.
More specifically, we expected differences between husbands and wives in the way they support each other, but only for spouses with traditional sex-typed
orientations, that is, husbands characterized as masculine and wives characterized as feminine.
individuals are more likely to process and categorize information in terms of gender schemas and choose to participate in gender-appropriate behaviors (Anderson & Bem, 1981; Bem).
Children are treated differently, especially when engaged in behavior resonating gender stereotypes, with parents encouraging sex-typed
activities (Fagot & Hagan, 1991; McHale, Crouter, & Whiteman, 2003).
Taking care of one's self, as these men do, is not a sex-typed
activity, but taking care of others is.
Although Schmitt, Leclerc, and Dube-Rioux did not find the support they expected for gender schema theory, as we will see later in this paper, the salience of one's gender (a situational characteristic) may have a stronger influence on behavior than whether or not one is a sex-typed
individ- ual (a personality characteristic).