shaft


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shaft

 (shăft)
n.
1. A long thin object or part, as:
a. The long narrow stem or body of a spear or arrow.
b. A spear or arrow.
c. The handle of any of various tools or implements.
d. One of two parallel poles between which an animal is harnessed to a vehicle.
e. A long, generally cylindrical bar that rotates and transmits power, as the drive shaft of an engine.
2. Zoology The main axis of a feather, especially its distal portion.
3. Anatomy
a. The midsection of a long bone; the diaphysis.
b. The section of a hair projecting from the surface of the body.
4. Architecture
a. A column or obelisk.
b. The principal portion of a column, between the capital and the base.
5. Something suggestive of a spear or arrow in appearance or configuration, as:
a. A ray or beam of light.
b. A bolt of lightning.
6.
a. A long, narrow, often vertical passage sunk into the earth, as for mining ore; a tunnel.
b. A vertical passage housing an elevator.
c. A duct or conduit for the passage of air, as for ventilation or heating.
7.
a. A scornful or sarcastic remark; a barb.
b. Slang Harsh, unfair treatment. Often used with the: The management gave the unions the shaft.
8. Vulgar Slang A penis.
tr.v. shaft·ed, shaft·ing, shafts
1. To equip with a shaft.
2. Slang To treat in a harsh, unfair way: "He had been shafted by the press quite a bit" (Frank Deford).
3. Slang To penetrate (someone) sexually.

[Middle English, from Old English sceaft.]

shaft

(ʃɑːft)
n
1. the long narrow pole that forms the body of a spear, arrow, etc
2. something directed at a person in the manner of a missile: shafts of sarcasm.
3. a ray, beam, or streak, esp of light
4. a rod or pole forming the handle of a hammer, axe, golf club, etc
5. (Mechanical Engineering) a revolving rod that transmits motion or power: usually used of axial rotation. Compare rod9
6. one of the two wooden poles by which an animal is harnessed to a vehicle
7. (Anatomy) anatomy
a. the middle part (diaphysis) of a long bone
b. the main portion of any elongated structure or part
8. (Architecture) the middle part of a column or pier, between the base and the capital
9. (Architecture) a column, obelisk, etc, esp one that forms a monument
10. (Architecture) architect a column that supports a vaulting rib, sometimes one of a set
11. (Building) a vertical passageway through a building, as for a lift
12. (Mining & Quarrying) a vertical passageway into a mine
13. (Zoology) ornithol the central rib of a feather
14. (Archery) an archaic or literary word for arrow
15. get the shaft slang US and Canadian to be tricked or cheated
vb
16. slang to have sexual intercourse with (a woman)
17. slang to trick or cheat
[Old English sceaft; related to Old Norse skapt, German Schaft, Latin scāpus shaft, Greek skeptron sceptre, Lettish skeps javelin]

shaft

(ʃæft, ʃɑft)

n.
1. a long pole forming the body of various weapons, as lances or arrows.
2. something directed at someone or something in sharp attack: shafts of sarcasm.
3. a ray or beam.
4. a long handle serving to balance or manipulate a weapon or tool, as an ax or a golf club.
5. a rotating or oscillating rod that transmits motion and torque, as a ship's propeller shaft or the drive shaft of an automobile.
6.
a. the part of a column or pier between the base and the capital.
b. any distinct, slender vertical masonry feature engaged in a wall or pier and usu. supporting an arch or vault.
7. a monument in the form of a column, obelisk, or the like.
8. either of the parallel bars between which the animal drawing a vehicle is hitched.
9. any well-like passage or vertical enclosed space, as in a building.
10. a vertical or sloping passageway in a mine that leads to the surface.
11. the trunk of a tree.
12. the main stem or midrib of a feather.
13. Slang. harsh or unfair treatment.
v.t.
14. to push or propel with a pole.
15. Slang. to treat in a harsh or treacherous manner.
[before 1000; Middle English; Old English sceaft, c. Old Frisian sceft, Old Saxon, Old High German scaft, Old Norse skaft]

shaft

- A ray of light.
See also related terms for ray.

Shaft

 a missle or beam. See also ray.
Examples: shaft of lightning, 1878; of love, 1600; of malice; of ridicule, 1779; of gentle satire, 1847; of sunlight; of wit.

shaft


Past participle: shafted
Gerund: shafting

Imperative
shaft
shaft
Present
I shaft
you shaft
he/she/it shafts
we shaft
you shaft
they shaft
Preterite
I shafted
you shafted
he/she/it shafted
we shafted
you shafted
they shafted
Present Continuous
I am shafting
you are shafting
he/she/it is shafting
we are shafting
you are shafting
they are shafting
Present Perfect
I have shafted
you have shafted
he/she/it has shafted
we have shafted
you have shafted
they have shafted
Past Continuous
I was shafting
you were shafting
he/she/it was shafting
we were shafting
you were shafting
they were shafting
Past Perfect
I had shafted
you had shafted
he/she/it had shafted
we had shafted
you had shafted
they had shafted
Future
I will shaft
you will shaft
he/she/it will shaft
we will shaft
you will shaft
they will shaft
Future Perfect
I will have shafted
you will have shafted
he/she/it will have shafted
we will have shafted
you will have shafted
they will have shafted
Future Continuous
I will be shafting
you will be shafting
he/she/it will be shafting
we will be shafting
you will be shafting
they will be shafting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shafting
you have been shafting
he/she/it has been shafting
we have been shafting
you have been shafting
they have been shafting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shafting
you will have been shafting
he/she/it will have been shafting
we will have been shafting
you will have been shafting
they will have been shafting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shafting
you had been shafting
he/she/it had been shafting
we had been shafting
you had been shafting
they had been shafting
Conditional
I would shaft
you would shaft
he/she/it would shaft
we would shaft
you would shaft
they would shaft
Past Conditional
I would have shafted
you would have shafted
he/she/it would have shafted
we would have shafted
you would have shafted
they would have shafted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shaft - a line that forms the length of an arrow pointershaft - a line that forms the length of an arrow pointer
line - a mark that is long relative to its width; "He drew a line on the chart"
arrow, pointer - a mark to indicate a direction or relation
2.shaft - an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effectshaft - an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect; "his parting shot was `drop dead'"; "she threw shafts of sarcasm"; "she takes a dig at me every chance she gets"
comment, remark, input - a statement that expresses a personal opinion or belief or adds information; "from time to time she contributed a personal comment on his account"
cheap shot - an unnecessarily aggressive and unfair remark directed at a defenseless person
3.shaft - a long rod or pole (especially the handle of an implement or the body of a weapon like a spear or arrow)
axle - a shaft on which a wheel rotates
rod - a long thin implement made of metal or wood
thill - one of two shafts extending from the body of a cart or carriage on either side of the animal that pulls it
4.shaft - a column of light (as from a beacon)shaft - a column of light (as from a beacon)
heat ray - a ray that produces a thermal effect
high beam - the beam of a car's headlights that provides distant illumination
light, visible light, visible radiation - (physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation; "the light was filtered through a soft glass window"
moon ray, moonbeam, moon-ray - a ray of moonlight
sunbeam, sunray - a ray of sunlight
laser beam - a beam of light generated by a laser
low beam - the beam of a car's headlights that provides illumination for a short distance
5.shaft - the main (mid) section of a long boneshaft - the main (mid) section of a long bone
long bone, os longum - in limbs of vertebrate animals: a long cylindrical bone that contains marrow
6.shaft - obscene terms for penisshaft - obscene terms for penis    
penis, phallus, member - the male organ of copulation (`member' is a euphemism)
dirty word, vulgarism, obscenity, smut, filth - an offensive or indecent word or phrase
7.shaft - a long pointed rod used as a tool or weaponshaft - a long pointed rod used as a tool or weapon
assagai, assegai - the slender spear of the Bantu-speaking people of Africa
barb - a subsidiary point facing opposite from the main point that makes an arrowhead or spear hard to remove
javelin - a spear thrown as a weapon or in competitive field events
spearpoint, spear-point, spearhead - the head and sharpened point of a spear
trident - a spear with three prongs
weapon, weapon system, arm - any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting; "he was licensed to carry a weapon"
8.shaft - a vertical passageway through a building (as for an elevator)
building, edifice - a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place; "there was a three-story building on the corner"; "it was an imposing edifice"
elevator shaft - a vertical shaft in a building to permit the passage of an elevator from floor to floor
passageway - a passage between rooms or between buildings
ventilation shaft - a shaft in a building; serves as an air passage for ventilation
well - an open shaft through the floors of a building (as for a stairway)
9.shaft - (architecture) upright consisting of the vertical part of a column
pillar, column - (architecture) a tall vertical cylindrical structure standing upright and used to support a structure
upright, vertical - a vertical structural member as a post or stake; "the ball sailed between the uprights"
architecture - the discipline dealing with the principles of design and construction and ornamentation of fine buildings; "architecture and eloquence are mixed arts whose end is sometimes beauty and sometimes use"
10.shaft - a long vertical passage sunk into the earth, as for a mine or tunnel
air shaft, air well - a shaft for ventilation
downcast - a ventilation shaft through which air enters a mine
mine - excavation in the earth from which ores and minerals are extracted
passage - a way through or along which someone or something may pass
tunnel - a passageway through or under something, usually underground (especially one for trains or cars); "the tunnel reduced congestion at that intersection"
11.shaft - a revolving rod that transmits power or motion
camshaft - has cams attached to it
crankshaft - a rotating shaft driven by (or driving) a crank
driveshaft - a rotating shaft that transmits power from the engine to the point of application
rod - a long thin implement made of metal or wood
rotating mechanism - a mechanism that rotates
mandrel, mandril, arbor, spindle - any of various rotating shafts that serve as axes for larger rotating parts
transmission shaft - rotating shaft that transmits rotary motion from the engine to the differential
12.shaft - the hollow spine of a feather
feather, plumage, plume - the light horny waterproof structure forming the external covering of birds
rib - a riblike supporting or strengthening part of an animal or plant
Verb1.shaft - equip with a shaft
equip, fit out, outfit, fit - provide with (something) usually for a specific purpose; "The expedition was equipped with proper clothing, food, and other necessities"
2.shaft - defeat someone through trickery or deceit
beat, beat out, vanquish, trounce, crush, shell - come out better in a competition, race, or conflict; "Agassi beat Becker in the tennis championship"; "We beat the competition"; "Harvard defeated Yale in the last football game"

shaft

noun
1. tunnel, hole, passage, burrow, passageway, channel old mine shafts
2. handle, staff, pole, rod, stem, upright, baton, shank a drive shaft
3. ray, beam, gleam, streak A brilliant shaft of sunlight burst through the doorway.

shaft

noun
1. A series of particles or waves traveling close together in parallel paths:
2. A relatively long, straight, rigid piece of metal or other solid material:
Translations
بَيْت المِصْعَد الكَهْرُبائيشُعاع الضّوءعَريش عَرَبَة الحِصانعَمود الأدارَهمِقْبَض خَشَبي طَويل
hřídelpaprsekšachtarukojeťnásada
akselskaftskaktstrålestribe
aisaakselihissikuilukaivoskuilukanava
kocsirúdvillásrúd
drifskaftljósgeisliskaft-stokkurvagnstöng
ienakotasšachtavelenas
assilksskātsšahtastars
hriadeľoje
araba okuaydınlıkbacaboşlukhüzme

shaft

[ʃɑːft]
A. N
1. (= stem, handle) [of arrow, spear] → astil m; [of tool, golf club etc] → mango m; [of cart etc] → vara f
a shaft of lightun rayo de luz
drive shaft (Tech) → árbol m motor
2. [of mine, lift etc] → pozo m
B. VT (= have sex with) → joder
we'll be shafted if that happenscomo pase eso estamos jodidos

shaft

[ˈʃɑːft] n
[arrow, spear] → hampe f; [tool, golf club] → manche m
(AUTOMOBILES)arbre m
[mine] → puits m; [lift] → cage f ventilation shaft
[light] → rayon m, trait m

shaft

n
Schaft m; (of tool, golf club etc)Stiel m; (of cart, carriage)Deichsel f; (of light)Strahl m; (Mech) → Welle f; (liter: = arrow) → Pfeil m; (= spear)Speer m; (fig: = remark) → Spitze f; shafts of witgeistreiche Spitzen pl; the shafts of CupidAmors Pfeile pl
(of lift, mine etc)Schacht m
vt (sl)
(= have sex with)stoßen (vulg)
(= trick, cheat)aufs Kreuz legen (inf)

shaft

[ʃɑːft] n
a. (of arrow, spear) → asta; (of tool) → manico; (of cart) → stanga (Aut, Tech) → albero
shaft of light/sunlight → raggio di luce/sole
b. (of mine, lift) → pozzo
ventilator shaft → condotto di ventilazione

shaft

(ʃaːft) noun
1. the long straight part or handle of a tool, weapon etc. the shaft of a golf-club.
2. one of two poles on a cart etc to which a horse etc is harnessed. The horse stood patiently between the shafts.
3. a revolving bar transmitting motion in an engine. the driving-shaft.
4. a long, narrow space, made for eg a lift in a building. a liftshaft; a mineshaft.
5. a ray of light. a shaft of sunlight.

shaft

n. caña. V.: diaphysis

shaft

n (hair, penis) tallo
References in classic literature ?
asked Tom of Professor Bumper one day, when the latter was at the top of a shaft waiting for a bucket load of dirt to be hoisted up.
The mouth of that mine goes right into the face of the cliff, and they used to put us in a bucket and run us over on a trolley and shoot us into the shaft.
A policeman, chewing stolidly, nodded toward an elevator shaft, and other policemen nodded him further on to the office of the district attorney.
I was surprised to behold resting against the wall the wooden shaft of Queequeg's harpoon, which the landlady the evening previous had taken from him, before our mounting to the chamber.
Rory was on the left side of the pole, and had not even a shaft to protect him.
Cassy perceived that her shaft had struck home; and, from that hour, with the most exquisite address, she never ceased to continue the train of influences she had begun.
Those banks of beautiful ladies, shining in their barbaric splendors, would see a knight sprawl from his horse in the lists with a lance- shaft the thickness of your ankle clean through him and the blood spouting, and instead of fainting they would clap their hands and crowd each other for a better view; only sometimes one would dive into her handkerchief, and look ostentatiously broken-hearted, and then you could lay two to one that there was a scandal there somewhere and she was afraid the public hadn't found it out.
NOT by war's shock, or war's shaft,--SHOT, with a rock, on a raft.
such, at least, appeared to me, at first sight, the straight, narrow, sable-clad shape standing erect on the rug: the grim face at the top was like a carved mask, placed above the shaft by way of capital.
We were quarrelling like cats about you, Heathcliff; and I was fairly beaten in protestations of devotion and admiration: and, moreover, I was informed that if I would but have the manners to stand aside, my rival, as she will have herself to be, would shoot a shaft into your soul that would fix you for ever, and send my image into eternal oblivion
Miss Garth's second shaft struck as harmless as the first.
Through such an atmosphere, by a steep dark shaft of dirt and poison, the way lay.