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1. A long thin object or part, as:
a. The long narrow stem or body of a spear or arrow.
b. A spear or arrow.
c. The handle of any of various tools or implements.
d. One of two parallel poles between which an animal is harnessed to a vehicle.
e. A long, generally cylindrical bar that rotates and transmits power, as the drive shaft of an engine.
2. Zoology The main axis of a feather, especially its distal portion.
a. The midsection of a long bone; the diaphysis.
b. The section of a hair projecting from the surface of the body.
c. The body of the clitoris, extending from the root to the glans.
d. The body of the penis, extending from the root to the glans.
a. A column or obelisk.
b. The principal portion of a column, between the capital and the base.
5. Something suggestive of a spear or arrow in appearance or configuration, as:
a. A ray or beam of light.
b. A bolt of lightning.
a. A long, narrow, often vertical passage sunk into the earth, as for mining ore; a tunnel.
b. A vertical passage housing an elevator.
c. A duct or conduit for the passage of air, as for ventilation or heating.
7. The upright portion of a boot that covers the leg.
a. A scornful or sarcastic remark; a barb.
b. Slang Harsh, unfair treatment. Often used with the: The management gave the unions the shaft.
9. Vulgar Slang A penis.
tr.v. shaft·ed, shaft·ing, shafts
1. To equip with a shaft.
2. Slang To treat in a harsh, unfair way: "He had been shafted by the press quite a bit" (Frank Deford).
3. Slang To penetrate (someone) sexually.
[Middle English, from Old English sceaft.]
1. the long narrow pole that forms the body of a spear, arrow, etc
2. something directed at a person in the manner of a missile: shafts of sarcasm.
3. a ray, beam, or streak, esp of light
4. a rod or pole forming the handle of a hammer, axe, golf club, etc
5. (Mechanical Engineering) a revolving rod that transmits motion or power: usually used of axial rotation. Compare rod9
6. one of the two wooden poles by which an animal is harnessed to a vehicle
7. (Anatomy) anatomy
a. the middle part (diaphysis) of a long bone
b. the main portion of any elongated structure or part
8. (Architecture) the middle part of a column or pier, between the base and the capital
9. (Architecture) a column, obelisk, etc, esp one that forms a monument
10. (Architecture) architect a column that supports a vaulting rib, sometimes one of a set
11. (Building) a vertical passageway through a building, as for a lift
12. (Mining & Quarrying) a vertical passageway into a mine
13. (Zoology) ornithol the central rib of a feather
14. (Archery) an archaic or literary word for arrow
15. get the shaft slang US and Canadian to be tricked or cheated
16. slang to have sexual intercourse with (a woman)
17. slang to trick or cheat
[Old English sceaft; related to Old Norse skapt, German Schaft, Latin scāpus shaft, Greek skeptron sceptre, Lettish skeps javelin]
1. a long pole forming the body of various weapons, as lances or arrows.
2. something directed at someone or something in sharp attack: shafts of sarcasm.
3. a ray or beam.
4. a long handle serving to balance or manipulate a weapon or tool, as an ax or a golf club.
5. a rotating or oscillating rod that transmits motion and torque, as a ship's propeller shaft or the drive shaft of an automobile.
a. the part of a column or pier between the base and the capital.
b. any distinct, slender vertical masonry feature engaged in a wall or pier and usu. supporting an arch or vault.
7. a monument in the form of a column, obelisk, or the like.
8. either of the parallel bars between which the animal drawing a vehicle is hitched.
9. any well-like passage or vertical enclosed space, as in a building.
10. a vertical or sloping passageway in a mine that leads to the surface.
11. the trunk of a tree.
12. the main stem or midrib of a feather.
13. Slang. harsh or unfair treatment.v.t.
14. to push or propel with a pole.
15. Slang. to treat in a harsh or treacherous manner.
[before 1000; Middle English; Old English sceaft, c. Old Frisian sceft, Old Saxon, Old High German scaft, Old Norse skaft]
shaft- A ray of light.
See also related terms for ray.
Shafta missle or beam. See also ray.
Examples: shaft of lightning, 1878; of love, 1600; of malice; of ridicule, 1779; of gentle satire, 1847; of sunlight; of wit.
Past participle: shafted
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||shaft - a line that forms the length of an arrow pointer|
line - a mark that is long relative to its width; "He drew a line on the chart"
|2.||shaft - an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect; "his parting shot was `drop dead'"; "she threw shafts of sarcasm"; "she takes a dig at me every chance she gets"|
comment, remark, input - a statement that expresses a personal opinion or belief or adds information; "from time to time she contributed a personal comment on his account"
cheap shot - an unnecessarily aggressive and unfair remark directed at a defenseless person
|3.||shaft - a long rod or pole (especially the handle of an implement or the body of a weapon like a spear or arrow)|
axle - a shaft on which a wheel rotates
rod - a long thin implement made of metal or wood
thill - one of two shafts extending from the body of a cart or carriage on either side of the animal that pulls it
|4.||shaft - a column of light (as from a beacon)|
heat ray - a ray that produces a thermal effect
high beam - the beam of a car's headlights that provides distant illumination
light, visible light, visible radiation - (physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation; "the light was filtered through a soft glass window"
laser beam - a beam of light generated by a laser
low beam - the beam of a car's headlights that provides illumination for a short distance
|5.||shaft - the main (mid) section of a long bone|
|6.||shaft - obscene terms for penis|
|7.||shaft - a long pointed rod used as a tool or weapon|
barb - a subsidiary point facing opposite from the main point that makes an arrowhead or spear hard to remove
javelin - a spear thrown as a weapon or in competitive field events
trident - a spear with three prongs
|8.||shaft - a vertical passageway through a building (as for an elevator)|
building, edifice - a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place; "there was a three-story building on the corner"; "it was an imposing edifice"
elevator shaft - a vertical shaft in a building to permit the passage of an elevator from floor to floor
passageway - a passage between rooms or between buildings
ventilation shaft - a shaft in a building; serves as an air passage for ventilation
well - an open shaft through the floors of a building (as for a stairway)
|9.||shaft - (architecture) upright consisting of the vertical part of a column|
pillar, column - (architecture) a tall vertical cylindrical structure standing upright and used to support a structure
upright, vertical - a vertical structural member as a post or stake; "the ball sailed between the uprights"
architecture - the discipline dealing with the principles of design and construction and ornamentation of fine buildings; "architecture and eloquence are mixed arts whose end is sometimes beauty and sometimes use"
|10.||shaft - a long vertical passage sunk into the earth, as for a mine or tunnel|
downcast - a ventilation shaft through which air enters a mine
mine - excavation in the earth from which ores and minerals are extracted
passage - a way through or along which someone or something may pass
tunnel - a passageway through or under something, usually underground (especially one for trains or cars); "the tunnel reduced congestion at that intersection"
|11.||shaft - a revolving rod that transmits power or motion|
camshaft - has cams attached to it
crankshaft - a rotating shaft driven by (or driving) a crank
driveshaft - a rotating shaft that transmits power from the engine to the point of application
rod - a long thin implement made of metal or wood
rotating mechanism - a mechanism that rotates
mandrel, mandril, arbor, spindle - any of various rotating shafts that serve as axes for larger rotating parts
transmission shaft - rotating shaft that transmits rotary motion from the engine to the differential
|12.||shaft - the hollow spine of a feather|
feather, plumage, plume - the light horny waterproof structure forming the external covering of birds
rib - a riblike supporting or strengthening part of an animal or plant
|Verb||1.||shaft - equip with a shaft|
|2.||shaft - defeat someone through trickery or deceit|
بَيْت المِصْعَد الكَهْرُبائيشُعاع الضّوءعَريش عَرَبَة الحِصانعَمود الأدارَهمِقْبَض خَشَبي طَويل
1. (= stem, handle) [of arrow, spear] → astil m; [of tool, golf club etc] → mango m; [of cart etc] → vara f
a shaft of light → un rayo de luz
drive shaft (Tech) → árbol m motor
a shaft of light → un rayo de luz
drive shaft (Tech) → árbol m motor
2. [of mine, lift etc] → pozo m
→ Schaft m; (of tool, golf club etc) → Stiel m; (of cart, carriage) → Deichsel f; (of light) → Strahl m; (Mech) → Welle f; (liter: = arrow) → Pfeil m; (= spear) → Speer m; (fig: = remark) → Spitze f; shafts of wit → geistreiche Spitzen pl; the shafts of Cupid → Amors Pfeile pl
(of lift, mine etc) → Schacht m
1. the long straight part or handle of a tool, weapon etc. the shaft of a golf-club. steel مِقْبَض خَشَبي طَويل дръжка cabo rukojeť der Schaft skaft λαβή εργαλείου ή όπλου, κοντάριmango vars ميله نازك varsi mancheקת हत्था držak nyél tangkai senjata dsb skaft asta 柄 자루 rankena, kotas kāts batang schachtskafttrzonek لاستى، ډنډه، مېله، تير، شلګى، شتۍ (هر اوږمشى چې لكه نيزه اچول كيږي)، غشى: ستنه، اچه، مټه: سورې، غار (لكه دكان درا اېستلو دپاره)، غار (لكه چې لفټ پكښې پورته كښته كيږي cabo mâner ручка, рукоятка rukoväť držaj drška skaft ด้าม sap 桿，柄 ручка, держак کسی اوزار کا دستہ cán, tay cầm 杆，柄
2. one of two poles on a cart etc to which a horse etc is harnessed. The horse stood patiently between the shafts. disselboom عَريش عَرَبَة الحِصان теглич poste oj die Deichsel skaft κάθε ένα από τα δύο οριζόντια κοντάρια του ζυγού vara ais مالبند aisa brancardיצול डण्डा motka, držalo kocsirúd, villásrúd batang penghela vagnstöng/-kjálki stanga ながえ (수레의) 채 iena ilkss gandar lamoenstok drag, vognstang dyszel رسۍ ، پړه varal osie оглобля oje ojnica ruda na zaprežnim kolima skakel ไม้สำหรับเทียมเกวียน ok, araba oku 轅 голобля; дишель گھوڑے جوتنے کی کاٹھی càng xe 辕
3. a revolving bar transmitting motion in an engine. the driving-shaft. skag عَمود الأدارَه техн. вал eixo hřídel die Welle aksel άξοναςeje väntvõll دسته؛ميل akseli arbreציר धुरा osovina tengely poros engkol drifskaft albero, asse 軸 축 velenas ass; vārpsta aci asdrivaksel wał مېله eixo arbore (de transmisie) вал, ось hriadeľ gred osovina [driv]axel เพลา mil, şaft 軸 вал, вісь انجن کو متحرک کرنے والے دھرا trục 轴
4. a long, narrow space, made for eg a lift in a building. a liftshaft; a mineshaft. skag بَيْت المِصْعَد الكَهْرُبائي шахта poço šachta der Schacht skakt; -skakt φρεάτιοhueco, pozo ðaht دالان زيرزميني kuilu cage, puitsפיר कुपक rov, okno akna lorong -stokkur pozzo; gabbia シャフト 위아래로 터진 공간, 수갱 šachta, šulinys šahta lubang schachtsjakt szyb تر ځمكى لاندى دالان poço puţ (de lift, de mină) шахта šachta jašek okno schakt ช่องลิฟท์ aydınlık, boşluk, baca 通風井 шахта عمارت یا کان میں لفٹ کے لیے بنا راستہ ống thông, đường thông 通风井
5. a ray of light. a shaft of sunlight. straal شُعاع الضّوء слънчев лъч) raio paprsek der Strahl stribe; stråle ακτίνα φωτός rayo kiir پرتو säde rayon קֶרֶן אוֹר किरणपुंज zraka fénysugár berkas cahaya ljósgeisli raggio １筋 빛 줄기 spindulys stars pancaran lichtbundel lysstrimepromień وړانګه raio rază луч lúč žarek tračak [ljus]stråle ลำแสง hüzme, ışın demeti 光束 промінь شعاع tia sáng, đường chớp 一束（光）
n. caña. V.: diaphysis