shake


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

shake

 (shāk)
v. shook (sho͝ok), shak·en (shā′kən), shak·ing, shakes
v.tr.
1.
a. To cause to move from side to side or up and down with jerky movements: I shook the juice container.
b. To cause to tremble, vibrate, or rock: The earthquake shook the ground. The wind shook the barley.
c. To brandish or wave, especially in anger: shake one's fist.
2.
a. To cause to lose stability or strength, as of conviction: a crisis that has shaken my deepest beliefs.
b. To disturb or agitate emotionally; upset or unnerve: She was shaken by the news of the disaster.
3.
a. To remove or dislodge by jerky movements: shook the dust from the cushions.
b. To scatter or strew by jerky movements: shook the salt on the popcorn.
c. To get rid of or put an end to: could not shake the feeling that things would not work out; wanted to shake his habit of snacking.
d. To get away from (a pursuer): couldn't shake the man who was following us.
e. To bring to a specified condition by or as if by shaking: "It is not easy to shake one's heart free of the impression" (John Middleton Murry).
4. To clasp (hands) in greeting or leave-taking or as a sign of agreement.
5. Music To trill (a note).
6. Games To rattle and mix (dice) before casting.
v.intr.
1. To move from side to side or up and down in short, irregular, often jerky movements: The trees shook in the wind.
2. To move something vigorously up and down or from side to side, as in mixing.
3. To tremble, as from cold or in anger.
4. To be unsteady; totter or waver.
5. Music To trill.
6. To shake hands: Let's shake on it.
n.
1. The act of shaking: gave the bottle a shake.
2. A trembling or quivering movement.
3. Informal An earthquake.
4.
a. A fissure in rock.
b. A crack in timber caused by wind or frost.
5. Informal A moment or instant: I'll do it in a shake.
6. Music A trill.
7.
b. A beverage in which the ingredients are mixed by shaking.
8. A rough shingle used to cover rustic buildings, such as barns: cedar shakes.
9. shakes Informal Uncontrollable trembling, as in a person who is cold, frightened, feverish, or ill. Often used with the: was suffering from a bad case of the shakes.
10. Informal A bargain or deal: getting a fair shake.
Phrasal Verbs:
shake down
1. Slang To extort money from.
2. Slang To make a thorough search of: shook down the prisoners' cells for hidden weapons.
3. To subject (a new ship or aircraft) to shakedown testing.
4. To become acclimated or accustomed, as to a new environment or a new job.
shake off
To free oneself of; get rid of: We shook off our fears.
shake out
1. To come to pass; transpire; happen: Let's see how things shake out before we finalize our plans.
2. To straighten or extend by jerky movements: She took off her hat and shook out her hair.
shake up
1. To upset by or as if by a physical jolt or shock: was badly shaken up by the accident.
2. To subject to a drastic rearrangement or reorganization: new management bent on shaking up the company.
Idioms:
give (someone) the shake Slang
To escape from or get rid of: We managed to give our pursuers the shake.
no great shakes Slang
Unexceptional; ordinary: "stepping in between the victim and the bully, even when the victim happens to be no great shakes" (Louis Auchincloss).
shake a leg Informal
1. To dance.
2. To move quickly; hurry up.
shake (someone's) tree Slang
To arouse to action or reaction; disturb: "[He] so shook Hollywood's tree that ... all manner of ... people called me unsolicited to itemize his mistakes or praise his courage" (Tina Brown).
shake a stick at Slang
To point out, designate, or name: "All of a sudden there came into being a vast conservative infrastructure: think-tanks ... and more foundations than you could shake a stick at" (National Review).

[Middle English schaken, from Old English sceacan.]

shak′a·ble, shake′a·ble adj.
Synonyms: shake, tremble, quake, quiver1, shiver1, shudder
These verbs mean to manifest involuntary back-and-forth or up-and-down movement. Shake is the most general: My hand shook as I signed the mortgage. Tremble implies quick, rather slight movement, as from excitement, weakness, or anger: The speaker trembled as he denounced his opponents. Quake refers to more violent movement, as that caused by shock or upheaval: I was so scared that my legs began to quake. Quiver suggests a slight, rapid, tremulous movement: "Her lip quivered like that of a child about to cry" (Booth Tarkington).
Shiver involves rapid trembling, as of a person experiencing chill: "as I in hoary winter night stood shivering in the snow" (Robert Southwell).
Shudder applies chiefly to convulsive shaking caused by fear, horror, or revulsion: "She starts like one that spies an adder / ... The fear whereof doth make him shake and shudder" (Shakespeare). See Also Synonyms at agitate.

shake

(ʃeɪk)
vb, shakes, shaking, shook or shaken (ˈʃeɪkən)
1. to move or cause to move up and down or back and forth with short quick movements; vibrate
2. to sway or totter or cause to sway or totter
3. to clasp or grasp (the hand) of (a person) in greeting, agreement, etc: he shook John by the hand; he shook John's hand; they shook and were friends.
4. shake hands to clasp hands in greeting, agreement, etc
5. shake on it informal to shake hands in agreement, reconciliation, etc
6. to bring or come to a specified condition by or as if by shaking: he shook free and ran.
7. (tr) to wave or brandish: he shook his sword.
8. (often foll by: up) to rouse, stir, or agitate
9. (tr) to shock, disturb, or upset: he was shaken by the news of her death.
10. (tr) to undermine or weaken: the crisis shook his faith.
11. (Gambling, except Cards) to mix (dice) by rattling in a cup or the hand before throwing
12. (tr) archaic slang Austral to steal
13. (tr) informal US and Canadian to escape from: can you shake that detective?.
14. (Music, other) music to perform a trill on (a note)
15. (tr) informal US to fare or progress; happen as specified: how's it shaking?.
16. shake a leg informal to hurry: usually used in the imperative
17. shake in one's shoes to tremble with fear or apprehension
18. shake one's head to indicate disagreement or disapproval by moving the head from side to side
19. shake the dust from one's feet to depart gladly or with the intention not to return
n
20. the act or an instance of shaking
21. a tremor or vibration
22. the shakes informal a state of uncontrollable trembling or a condition that causes it, such as a fever
23. informal a very short period of time; jiffy: in half a shake.
24. (Building) a shingle or clapboard made from a short log by splitting it radially
25. a fissure or crack in timber or rock
26. (Gambling, except Cards) an instance of shaking dice before casting
27. (Music, other) music another word for trill11
28. (Dancing) a dance, popular in the 1960s, in which the body is shaken convulsively in time to the beat
29. (Geological Science) an informal name for earthquake
30. (Cookery) short for milkshake
31. no great shakes informal of no great merit or value; ordinary
[Old English sceacan; related to Old Norse skaka to shake, Old High German untscachōn to be driven]
ˈshakable, ˈshakeable adj

shake

(ʃeɪk)

v. shook, shak•en, shak•ing,
n. v.i.
1. to move with short, quick, vibratory movements.
2. to tremble with emotion, cold, etc.
3. to become dislodged and fall (often fol. by off).
4. to move something, esp. in a bottle or container, briskly to and fro or up and down, as in mixing.
5. to totter; become unsteady.
6. to shake hands.
7. to execute a trill.
v.t.
8. to agitate (a container, bottle, etc.), as to mix the contents (sometimes fol. by up).
9. to grasp and move (a person) back and forth violently.
10. to brandish or flourish, esp. menacingly.
11. to grasp firmly in an attempt to dislodge something by quick, vigorous movements.
12. to dislodge (something) by quick, forcible movements: to shake nuts from the tree.
13. to agitate or disturb profoundly.
14. to cause to waver or weaken.
15. to trill (a note).
16. to get rid of; elude.
17. shake down,
a. to cause to descend by shaking; bring down.
b. to cause to settle.
c. (esp. of a ship) to cause to undergo a shakedown.
d. to extort money from.
e. to search for concealed weapons.
18. shake off,
a. to rid oneself of; reject.
b. to get away from.
19. shake up,
a. to upset; jar.
b. to trouble or distress.
n.
20. an act or instance of rocking, swaying, etc.
21. tremulous motion.
22. a tremor.
23. shakes, (used with a sing. v.) a state or spell of trembling, as caused by fear, fever, or cold (usu. prec. by the).
26. treatment; deal: Everyone gets a fair shake.
27. something resulting from shaking.
28. Informal. an earthquake.
29. an internal crack or fissure in timber.
31. a shingle or clapboard formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections with a hatchet.
Idioms:
1. no great shakes, common; ordinary.
2. shake a leg, Informal.
a. to hurry.
b. to dance.
3. shake hands, to clasp another's hand or one another's hands, as in greeting.
[before 900; (v.) Old English sceacan; c. Old Saxon skakan, Old Norse skaka]
shak′a•ble, shake′a•ble, adj.

shake


Past participle: shaken
Gerund: shaking

Imperative
shake
shake
Present
I shake
you shake
he/she/it shakes
we shake
you shake
they shake
Preterite
I shook
you shook
he/she/it shook
we shook
you shook
they shook
Present Continuous
I am shaking
you are shaking
he/she/it is shaking
we are shaking
you are shaking
they are shaking
Present Perfect
I have shaken
you have shaken
he/she/it has shaken
we have shaken
you have shaken
they have shaken
Past Continuous
I was shaking
you were shaking
he/she/it was shaking
we were shaking
you were shaking
they were shaking
Past Perfect
I had shaken
you had shaken
he/she/it had shaken
we had shaken
you had shaken
they had shaken
Future
I will shake
you will shake
he/she/it will shake
we will shake
you will shake
they will shake
Future Perfect
I will have shaken
you will have shaken
he/she/it will have shaken
we will have shaken
you will have shaken
they will have shaken
Future Continuous
I will be shaking
you will be shaking
he/she/it will be shaking
we will be shaking
you will be shaking
they will be shaking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shaking
you have been shaking
he/she/it has been shaking
we have been shaking
you have been shaking
they have been shaking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shaking
you will have been shaking
he/she/it will have been shaking
we will have been shaking
you will have been shaking
they will have been shaking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shaking
you had been shaking
he/she/it had been shaking
we had been shaking
you had been shaking
they had been shaking
Conditional
I would shake
you would shake
he/she/it would shake
we would shake
you would shake
they would shake
Past Conditional
I would have shaken
you would have shaken
he/she/it would have shaken
we would have shaken
you would have shaken
they would have shaken
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shake - building material used as siding or roofingshake - building material used as siding or roofing
building material - material used for constructing buildings
2.shake - frothy drink of milk and flavoring and sometimes fruit or ice creamshake - frothy drink of milk and flavoring and sometimes fruit or ice cream
drink - a single serving of a beverage; "I asked for a hot drink"; "likes a drink before dinner"
eggshake - a milkshake with egg in it
frappe - thick milkshake containing ice cream
malt, malted, malted milk - a milkshake made with malt powder
3.shake - a note that alternates rapidly with another note a semitone above itshake - a note that alternates rapidly with another note a semitone above it
musical note, note, tone - a notation representing the pitch and duration of a musical sound; "the singer held the note too long"
4.shake - grasping and shaking a person's hand (as to acknowledge an introduction or to agree on a contract)shake - grasping and shaking a person's hand (as to acknowledge an introduction or to agree on a contract)
contract - a binding agreement between two or more persons that is enforceable by law
acknowledgement, acknowledgment - a statement acknowledging something or someone; "she must have seen him but she gave no sign of acknowledgment"; "the preface contained an acknowledgment of those who had helped her"
5.shake - a reflex motion caused by cold or fear or excitementshake - a reflex motion caused by cold or fear or excitement
6.shake - causing to move repeatedly from side to sideshake - causing to move repeatedly from side to side
agitation - the act of agitating something; causing it to move around (usually vigorously)
Verb1.shake - move or cause to move back and forthshake - move or cause to move back and forth; "The chemist shook the flask vigorously"; "My hands were shaking"
fluff up, plump up, shake up - make fuller by shaking; "fluff up the pillows"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
fan - agitate the air
tremble - move or jerk quickly and involuntarily up and down or sideways; "His hands were trembling when he signed the document"
tremor, quake - shake with seismic vibrations; "The earth was quaking"
palpitate - cause to throb or beat rapidly; "Her violent feelings palpitated the young woman's heart"
convulse - shake uncontrollably; "earthquakes convulsed the countryside"
sparge - agitate by introducing air or compressed gas; "sparge the water"
succuss, shake up - shake; especially (a patient to detect fluids or air in the body)
concuss - shake violently
rattle - shake and cause to make a rattling noise
jactitate, thrash about, thresh, thresh about, thrash, convulse, toss, slash - move or stir about violently; "The feverish patient thrashed around in his bed"
jiggle, joggle, wiggle - move to and fro; "Don't jiggle your finger while the nurse is putting on the bandage!"
2.shake - move with or as if with a tremor; "his hands shook"
move involuntarily, move reflexively - move in an uncontrolled manner
3.shake - shake or vibrate rapidly and intensively; "The old engine was juddering"
Britain, Great Britain, U.K., UK, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland - a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; `Great Britain' is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom
vibrate - shake, quiver, or throb; move back and forth rapidly, usually in an uncontrolled manner
4.shake - move back and forth or sideways; "the ship was rocking"; "the tall building swayed"; "She rocked back and forth on her feet"
roll - move, rock, or sway from side to side; "The ship rolled on the heavy seas"
rock, sway - cause to move back and forth; "rock the cradle"; "rock the baby"; "the wind swayed the trees gently"
nutate - rock, sway, or nod; usually involuntarily
swag - sway heavily or unsteadily
move back and forth - move in one direction and then into the opposite direction
totter - move without being stable, as if threatening to fall; "The drunk man tottered over to our table"
5.shake - undermine or cause to waver; "my faith has been shaken"; "The bad news shook her hopes"
weaken - lessen the strength of; "The fever weakened his body"
6.shake - stir the feelings, emotions, or peace of; "These stories shook the community"; "the civil war shook the country"
arouse, elicit, evoke, provoke, enkindle, kindle, fire, raise - call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses); "arouse pity"; "raise a smile"; "evoke sympathy"
fuel - stimulate; "fuel the debate on creationism"
sex, wind up, excite, turn on, arouse - stimulate sexually; "This movie usually arouses the male audience"
affright, fright, frighten, scare - cause fear in; "The stranger who hangs around the building frightens me"; "Ghosts could never affright her"
thrill, tickle, vibrate - feel sudden intense sensation or emotion; "he was thrilled by the speed and the roar of the engine"
invite, tempt - give rise to a desire by being attractive or inviting; "the window displays tempted the shoppers"
elate, intoxicate, uplift, lift up, pick up - fill with high spirits; fill with optimism; "Music can uplift your spirits"
animate, enliven, inspire, invigorate, exalt - heighten or intensify; "These paintings exalt the imagination"
titillate - excite pleasurably or erotically; "A titillating story appeared in the usually conservative magazine"
7.shake - get rid of; "I couldn't shake the car that was following me"
escape, get away, break loose - run away from confinement; "The convicted murderer escaped from a high security prison"
8.shake - bring to a specified condition by or as if by shaking; "He was shaken from his dreams"; "shake the salt out of the salt shaker"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
9.shake - shake (a body part) to communicate a greeting, feeling, or cognitive state; "shake one's head"; "She shook her finger at the naughty students"; "The old enemies shook hands"; "Don't shake your fist at me!"
gesticulate, gesture, motion - show, express or direct through movement; "He gestured his desire to leave"

shake

verb
1. jiggle, agitate, wave, joggle Shake the rugs well and hang them out.
2. tremble, shiver, quake, shudder, quiver I stood there, crying and shaking with fear.
3. rock, sway, shudder, wobble, waver, totter, oscillate, judder The plane shook frighteningly as it hit the high, drenching waves.
4. wave, wield, flourish, brandish They shook clenched fists.
5. upset, shock, frighten, disturb, distress, move, rattle (informal), intimidate, unnerve, discompose, traumatize The news of his escape had shaken them all.
6. undermine, damage, threaten, disable, weaken, impair, sap, debilitate, subvert, pull the rug out from under (informal) It won't shake the football world if we beat them.
noun
1. vibration, trembling, quaking, shock, jar, disturbance, jerk, shiver, shudder, jolt, tremor, agitation, convulsion, pulsation, jounce blurring of photos caused by camera shake
shake someone off leave behind, lose, get rid of, get away from, elude, get rid of, throw off, get shot of (slang), rid yourself of, give the slip He had shaken off his pursuers.
shake someone up (Informal) upset, shock, frighten, disturb, distress, rattle (informal), unsettle, unnerve, discompose He was shaken up when he was thrown from his horse.
shake something off get rid of, lose, recover from, recuperate from, get shot of (Brit. informal), get better from, free yourself of He just couldn't shake off that cough.
shake something up restructure, reorganize, revolutionize, reform, stir (up), mix, transform, overturn, overhaul, churn (up), turn upside down, alter dramatically Directors and shareholders are preparing to shake things up.

shake

verb
1. To cause to move to and fro with short, jerky movements:
2. To move to and fro in short, jerky movements:
3. To cause to move to and fro violently:
4. To move to and fro violently:
5. To alter the settled state or position of:
6. Slang. To free from or cast out something objectionable or undesirable:
7. Slang. To get away from (a pursuer):
Idiom: give someone the shake.
8. To impair or destroy the composure of.Also used with up:
Informal: rattle.
9. To deprive of courage or the power to act as a result of fear, anxiety, or disgust:
phrasal verb
shake down
1. Slang. To obtain by coercion or intimidation:
3. Slang. To examine the person or personal effects of in order to find something lost or concealed:
phrasal verb
shake off
1. To free from or cast out something objectionable or undesirable:
Slang: shake.
2. To get away from (a pursuer):
Slang: shake.
Idiom: give someone the shake.
noun
1. A nervous shaking of the body:
2. Informal. A shaking of the earth:
3. Informal. A state of nervous restlessness or agitation.Used in plural:
fidget (often used in plural), jitter (used in plural), jump (used in plural), shiver (used in plural), tremble (often used in plural).
Informal: all-overs.
Translations
مَشْروب يتكَوَّن بواسِطَة هَز الموادهزهَزَّهيَصْدُم، يَضْعُفيَهْتَزُّ
třásttřást setřepáníkoktejlotřást
rysteshakemilkshakerokkeryst
ravistaatäristävavistaravistellaravistelu
לזעזעלנער
trestitresti se
megrázmegrázásrázrázkódik
hristahristingurtrufla, koma úr jafnvægi
振る揺れる狼狽させる握手する揺する
떨다(...을) 흔들다
drebantisišsivaduoti išklibantiskratymaskratyti
drebētiedragātkokteiliskratīšanapurināšana
otriasť satrepanietriasťzatrepanie
trestitresti sezatresti sepretrestirokovati se
skaka
สั่น ทำให้สั่น ทำให้ตกใจและสะเทือนใจสั่นสะเทือน หวั่นไหว
allak bullak etmekçalkalamakmilkşeyksalla maksallama
lắcrung

shake

[ʃeɪk] (shook (vb: pt) (shaken (pp)))
A. N
1. (= act of shaking) → sacudida f
to give sth/sb a shake she gave the tin a shakeagitó la lata
I gave the boy a good shakezarandeé or sacudí bien al chico
she declined the drink with a shake of her headrechazó la copa moviendo la cabeza or con un movimiento de la cabeza
he gave a puzzled shake of his headmovió la cabeza confundido
in two shakes in a brace of shakesen un santiamén, en un abrir y cerrar de ojos
no great shakes he's no great shakes as a swimmer or at swimmingno es nada del otro mundo or del otro jueves nadando
2. the shakesel tembleque, la tembladera
to get the shakes I got a bad case of the shakesme entró un tembleque or una tembladera muy fuerte
to have the shakestener el tembleque or la tembladera
3. (also milkshake) → batido m
4. (= small amount) [of liquid] → chorro m; [of salt, sugar] → pizca f
B. VT
1. (= agitate) [+ bottle, tin, dice, cocktail] → agitar; [+ towel, duster] → sacudir; [+ head] → mover; [+ building] → hacer temblar, sacudir; [+ person] → zarandear, sacudir
"shake well before use"agítese bien antes de usar
a fit of coughing that shook his entire bodyun ataque de tos que le sacudió or le estremeció todo el cuerpo
high winds shook the treesfuertes vientos sacudieron los árboles
to shake handsestrecharse la mano
to shake hands with sbestrechar la mano a algn
to shake one's head (in refusal) → negar con la cabeza; (in disbelief) → mover la cabeza con gesto incrédulo; (in dismay) → mover la cabeza con gesto de disgusto
I shook the snow off my coatme sacudí la nieve del abrigo
to shake o.s. the dog shook itselfel perro se sacudió
she tried to hug him but he shook himself freeintentó abrazarlo pero él se la sacudió de encima
she shook some change out of her pursesacudió el monedero para sacar calderilla
shake a leg!¡ponte las pilas!, ¡muévete!
2. (= wave) [+ stick, paper] → blandir, agitar
to shake one's finger at sbseñalar a algn agitando el dedo
to shake one's fist at sbamenazar a algn con el puño
3. (fig) (= weaken) [+ faith] → debilitar; [+ resolve] → afectar; (= impair, upset, shock) → afectar; (= disconcert) → desconcertar
the firm's reputation has been badly shakenla reputación de la empresa se ha visto muy afectada
he was shaken by the news of her deathla noticia de su muerte lo afectó mucho or lo conmocionó
he needs to be shaken out of his smugnessnecesita que se le bajen esos humos
it shook me rigidme dejó pasmado or helado
seven days that shook the worldsiete días que conmocionaron al mundo
C. VI
1. (= tremble) [ground, building] → temblar, estremecerse; [person, animal, voice] → temblar
I was shaking all overme temblaba todo el cuerpo
he was shaking with rage/fear/coldestaba temblando de rabia/miedo/frío
her voice shook with ragela voz le temblaba de rabia
to shake with laughtercaerse de risa
to shake like a leaftemblar como un flan or una hoja
2.
to shake on sth the two men shook on itlos dos hombres cerraron el trato con un apretón de manos
let's shake on itvenga esa mano
shake down
A. VT + ADV
1. [+ fruit, snow] → hacer caer, sacudir; [+ thermometer] → agitar (para bajar la temperatura)
2. (US) to shake sb down (= rob) → sacar dinero a algn, estafar or timar a algn
they shook him down for 5,000 dollarsle sacaron 5.000 dólares; (= search) to shake sb down for weaponscachear a algn en busca de armas
B. VI + ADV
1. (= settle for sleep) → acostarse, echarse a dormir
2. (= settle in) → adaptarse
I'll give them a few weeks to see how they shake downles daré unas semanas para ver cómo se adaptan
shake off VT + ADV
1. (lit) [+ water, snow, dust] → sacudir
he grabbed my arm, I shook him offme agarró por el brazo, yo me lo sacudí de encima
2. (fig) [+ pursuer] → zafarse de, dar esquinazo a; [+ illness] → deshacerse de, librarse de; [+ cold, habit] → quitarse (de encima); [+ depression] → salir de
shake out VT + ADV [+ tablecloth, bedding, rug] → sacudir
I took off my boot and shook out a stoneme quité la bota y la sacudí para sacar una piedra
she pulled her hat off and shook out her hairse quitó el sombrero y se soltó el pelo
shake up VT + ADV
1. [+ bottle] → agitar; [+ pillow] → sacudir
2. (= upset) → conmocionar
she was badly shaken upestaba muy conmocionada or afectada
he was shaken up but not hurtestaba en estado de shock, pero ileso
3. (= rouse, stir) [+ person] → espabilar, despabilar
4. (= reform) [+ company] → reorganizar, reestructurar; [+ system] → reformar
you need to shake up your ideas a bit!¡tienes que replantearte las ideas!

shake

[ˈʃeɪk]
vb [shook] (pt) [shaken] (pp)
vt
[+ thermometer, rug, duster] → secouer; [+ person] → secouer; [+ bottle, cocktail] → agiter; [+ dice] → agiter
She shook the rug → Elle a secoué le tapis.
The dog shook itself → Le chien s'est ébroué.
to shake one's head (in refusal)dire non de la tête, faire non de la tête; (in dismay)secouer la tête
to shake hands with sb → serrer la main à qn
They shook hands → Ils se sont serré la main.
[explosion, earthquake] [+ house, building, windows] → ébranler
(= brandish) [+ fist, stick] → brandir
to shake one's fist at sb → menacer qn du poing
(= move by shaking)
He shook the sand out of his shoes → Il a secoué ses chaussures pour faire tomber le sable.
Shake the flour into the mixture → Saupoudrez le mélange de farine.
(= shock) [+ person] → secouer
to be shaken by sth → être secoué(e) par qch
She was badly shaken by her parents' divorce
BUT Le divorce de ses parents l'a beaucoup secouée.Elle a été très secouée par le divorce de ses parents.
(= undermine) [+ convictions, belief, faith, confidence, optimism] → ébranler
vi
[person, hand, legs, knees] → trembler
He was shaking with cold → Il tremblait de froid.
to be shaking all over [person] (with fear, cold)trembler de tous ses membres
[earth, table, building, windows] → trembler
[voice] → trembler
n
(= action) → secousse f
to give sth a shake [+ bag, rug] → secouer qch; [+ bottle] → agiter qch
with a shake of one's head → d'un hochement de tête
to have the shakes (from fear, illness, alcohol)avoir la tremblote
he's no great shakes → il casse pas des briques
it's no great shakes → ça casse pas des briques
(= milkshake) → milk-shake m
a strawberry shake → un milk-shake à la fraise
shake down
vt sep (US)
(= search) [+ person, place] → fouiller
(= extort money from) → racketter
shake off
vt sep
(= remove) [+ dust, sand, snow]
Shake off any excess flour → Secouer pour enlever la farine en trop.
to shake sb off → écarter qn d'une secousse
He grabbed my arm and I shook him off → Il m'a pris par le bras et je l'ai écarté d'une secousse.
(= get rid of) [+ illness, bad habit] → se débarrasser de
(= get away from) [+ pursuer] → semer
It had taken Franklin several hours to shake off the police → Il avait fallu plusieurs heures à Franklin pour semer les policiers.
shake up
vt sep
(= reorganize) [+ organization, institution] → remanier
(= rouse from lethargy) [+ person] → secouer
(= upset) → secouer
The accident really shook him up → L'accident l'a beaucoup secoué.

shake

vb: pret <shook>, ptp <shaken>
n
(= act of shaking)Schütteln nt; to give a rug a shakeeinen Läufer ausschütteln; give the paint a (good) shakedie Farbe (gut) durchschütteln; to give somebody/oneself a good shakejdn/sich kräftig schütteln; with a shake of her headmit einem Kopfschütteln; with a shake in his voicemit zitternder Stimme
(= milkshake)Milchshake m
(inf: = moment) → Minütchen nt (inf); in two shakes (of a lamb’s tail)in zwei Sekunden
to be no great shakes (inf)nicht umwerfend sein (→ at in +dat)
the shakes pl (inf)der Tatterich (inf); (esp with fear) → das Zittern; he’s got the shakeser hat einen Tatterich (inf); (due to alcoholism also) → ihm zittern die Hände, er hat einen Flattermann (inf); (esp with fear) → er hat das große Zittern (inf); (esp with cold, emotion) → er zittert am ganzen Körper
vt
person, head, objectschütteln; buildingerschüttern; cocktaildurchschütteln; “shake well before using”„vor Gebrauch gut schütteln; to be shaken to piecestotal durchgeschüttelt werden; she shook the door handle which seemed to have stucksie rüttelte an der Türklinke, die zu klemmen schien; to shake pepper on a steakPfeffer auf ein Steak streuen; to shake one’s fist at somebodyjdm mit der Faust drohen; to shake oneself/itself freesich losmachen; to shake handssich (dat)die Hand geben; (for longer time, in congratulations etc) → sich (dat)die Hand schütteln; to shake hands with somebodyjdm die Hand geben/schütteln; I’d like to shake him by the handihm würde ich gern die Hand schütteln or drücken; English people don’t often shake handsEngländer geben sich (dat)selten die Hand; shake hands (to dog) → (gib) Pfötchen; (to child) → gib mal die Hand; to shake a leg (inf, = hurry) → Dampf machen (inf); (dated: = dance) → das Tanzbein schwingen (dated); he has more medals than you can shake a stick at (inf)er hat jede Menge Medaillen (inf)
(= weaken) faith, foundation of societyerschüttern; evidence, reputation, courage, resolveins Wanken bringen; to shake the foundations of somethingdie Grundfesten einer Sache (gen)erschüttern; society was shaken to its very coredie Gesellschaft wurde bis in ihre Grundfesten erschüttert
(= shock, amaze)erschüttern; to shake the worlddie Welt erschüttern; that shook him!da war er platt (inf); it shook me rigid (inf)da war ich schwer geschockt (inf); it was a nasty accident, he’s still rather badly shakenes war ein schlimmer Unfall, der Schreck sitzt ihm noch in den Knochen; she was badly shaken by the newsdie Nachricht hatte sie sehr mitgenommen or erschüttert
(inf) = shake off
viwackeln; (hand, voice)zittern; (earth, voice)beben; the whole boat shook as the waves struck itdas ganze Boot wurde vom Aufprall der Wellen erschüttert; the trees shook in the winddie Bäume schwankten im Wind; to shake like a leafzittern wie Espenlaub; to shake with fear/coldvor Angst/Kälte zittern; he was shaking all overer zitterte am ganzen Körper; to shake with laughtersich vor Lachen schütteln; to shake in one’s shoes (inf)das große Zittern kriegen (inf); shake! (inf) shake on it! (inf)Hand drauf; shake! (= me too)da können wir uns ja die Hand reichen!; they shook on the dealsie bekräftigten das Geschäft mit Handschlag; what’s shaking? (US) (sl)was geht ab? (inf)

shake

[ʃeɪk] (shook (vb: pt) (shaken (pp)))
1. nscossa, scrollata
with a shake of her head ... → scuotendo or scrollando la testa or il capo...
to give a rug a good shake → dare una bella sbattuta ad un tappeto
he's no great shakes at swimming (fam) → nel nuoto non è che brilli
in two shakes (fam) → in quattro e quattr'otto
to have the shakes → avere la tremarella
he gets the shakes when ... → gli viene la tremarella quando ...
2. vt
a. (person, object) → scuotere; (building, windows) → far tremare; (bottle, dice) → agitare; (cocktail) → shakerare
to shake one's fist at sb → minacciare qn col pugno
to shake hands → stringersi la mano, darsi una stretta di mano
to shake one's head (in refusal, dismay) → scuotere la testa
b. (harm, confidence, belief, opinion) → scuotere; (reputation) → minare; (amaze, disturb) → scuotere, sconvolgere
nothing will shake our resolve → niente ci smuoverà
even torture did not shake him → nemmeno la tortura riuscì a farlo vacillare
he needs to be shaken out of his apathy → bisogna scuoterlo dalla sua apatia
3. vi (person, building, voice) → tremare
to shake with fear/cold → tremare di paura/freddo
to shake with laughter → essere scosso/a dalle risate
the walls shook at the sound → il fragore ha fatto tremare i muri
shake down
1. vt + adv to shake down apples from a treescuotere un albero per far cadere le mele
2. vi + adv (fam) (sleep) → dormire
shake off vt + adv (raindrops, snow) → scrollarsi di dosso; (dust) → scuotersi di dosso (fig) (cold, cough) → sbarazzarsi di; (habit) → togliersi; (pursuer) → seminare
shake out vt + adv (sail) → sciogliere; (blanket) → scuotere; (bag) → svuotare scuotendo
shake up vt + adv
a. (bottle) → agitare; (pillow) → sprimacciare
b. (upset, person) → sconvolgere, scuotere
c. (rouse, stir, person, company) → scuotere, dare una scossa salutare a

shake

(ʃeik) past tense shook (ʃuk) : past participle shaken verb
1. to (cause to) tremble or move with jerks. The explosion shook the building; We were shaking with laughter; Her voice shook as she told me the sad news.
2. to shock, disturb or weaken. He was shaken by the accident; My confidence in him has been shaken.
noun
1. an act of shaking. He gave the bottle a shake.
2. drink made by shaking the ingredients together vigorously. a chocolate milk-shake.
ˈshaking noun
an act of shaking or state of being shaken, shocked etc. They got a shaking in the crash.
ˈshaky adjective
1. weak or trembling with age, illness etc. a shaky voice; shaky handwriting.
2. unsteady or likely to collapse. a shaky chair.
3. (sometimes with at) not very good, accurate etc. He's a bit shaky at arithmetic; My arithmetic has always been very shaky; I'd be grateful if you would correct my rather shaky spelling.
ˈshakily adverb
ˈshakiness noun
ˈshake-up noun
a disturbance or reorganization.
no great shakes
not very good or important. He has written a book, but it's no great shakes.
shake one's fist at
to hold up one's fist as though threatening to punch. He shook his fist at me when I drove into the back of his car.
shake one's head
to move one's head round to left and right to mean `No'. `Are you coming?' I asked. She shook her head.
shake off
to rid oneself of. He soon shook off the illness.
shake up
to disturb or rouse (people) so as to make them more energetic.

shake

يَهْتَزُّ, يَهُزُّ třást, třást se ryste schütteln, zittern δονώ, τρέμω agitar, temblar ravistaa, täristä secouer, trembler tresti, tresti se scuotere, tremare 振る, 揺れる 떨다, (...을) 흔들다 beven, schudden riste potrząsnąć, zatrząść się sacudir, tremer трясти, трястись skaka สั่น ทำให้สั่น ทำให้ตกใจและสะเทือนใจ, สั่นสะเทือน หวั่นไหว çalkalamak, titremek lắc, rung 摇动

shake

vi. agitar; [hands] dar la mano; [from cold] temblar, tiritar de frío;
___ well before usingagítese bien antes de usarse.

shake

vt (pret shook; pp shaken) agitar, sacudir; Shake well before using.. Agíte(se) bien antes de usar...You shouldn't shake your child..No debe sacudir a su niño...Shake your head to say no..Mueva la cabeza de lado a lado para decir no; vi (to tremble) temblar
References in classic literature ?
was the answer, as a louder crash of thunder than usual seemed to shake the very mountain.
The women at once rose and began to shake out their draperies and relax their muscles.
When he ventured to utter this impression to his companions, it was met by Hawkeye with an incredulous shake of the head.
In this situation the articles were formally agreed to, and signed; and the Indians told us it was customary with them, on such occasions, for two Indians to shake hands with every white-man in the treaty, as an evidence of entire friendship.
The faint figure behind seemed to shake the pattern, just as if she wanted to get out.
As soon as it was moonlight and that poor thing began to crawl and shake the pattern, I got up and ran to help her.
We can't stop HERE, papa," said Christie Carr decidedly, with a shake of her pretty head.
Hepzibah, whenever she happened to witness one of these fits of miniature enthusiasm, would shake her head, with a strange mingling of the mother and sister, and of pleasure and sadness, in her aspect.
Dimmesdale longed at least to shake hands with the tarry black-guard, and recreate himself with a few improper jests, such as dissolute sailors so abound with, and a volley of good, round, solid, satisfactory, and heaven-defying oaths
His hospitable attentions were brief, but expressive, being confined to a shake of the hand, a slap on the shoulder, a loud laugh, and a pressing invitation to "fall to, and help themselves.
He gave, at any rate, like a convalescent slightly fatigued, a languid shake of his head.
Delight is to him, whom all the waves of the billows of the seas of the boisterous mob can never shake from this sure Keel of the Ages.