sham


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sham

 (shăm)
n.
1.
a. Something false or empty that is purported to be genuine: "Because she had been so readily unfaithful, her marriage was a sham" (Alice Munro).
b. Deceitfulness or pretense: "She saw herself as a person surrounded by, living by, sham" (Alice Munro).
c. One who claims to be what he or she is not; an impostor or fraud: "He a man! Hell! He was a hollow sham!" (Joseph Conrad).
2. A decorative cover for a pillow.
adj.
Not genuine; fake: sham diamonds; sham modesty.
v. shammed, sham·ming, shams
v.tr.
To put on the false appearance of; feign: "shamming insanity to get his tormentors to leave him alone" (John Wain).
v.intr.
To assume a false appearance or character; dissemble.

[Perhaps dialectal variant of shame.]

sham′mer n.

sham

(ʃæm)
n
1. anything that is not what it purports or appears to be
2. something false, fake, or fictitious that purports to be genuine
3. a person who pretends to be something other than he is
adj
counterfeit or false; simulated
vb, shams, shamming or shammed
to falsely assume the appearance of (something); counterfeit: to sham illness.
[C17: perhaps a Northern English dialect variant of shame]
ˈshammer n

sham

(ʃæm)

n., adj., v. shammed, sham•ming. n.
1. a spurious imitation; fraud or hoax.
2. a person who pretends or counterfeits.
3. a cover or the like: a pillow sham.
adj.
4. pretended; counterfeit: sham attacks.
5. designed, made, or used as a sham.
v.t.
6. to produce an imitation of.
7. to feign.
v.i.
8. to make a false show of something.
[1670–80]
sham′mer, n.
syn: See false.

sham


Past participle: shammed
Gerund: shamming

Imperative
sham
sham
Present
I sham
you sham
he/she/it shams
we sham
you sham
they sham
Preterite
I shammed
you shammed
he/she/it shammed
we shammed
you shammed
they shammed
Present Continuous
I am shamming
you are shamming
he/she/it is shamming
we are shamming
you are shamming
they are shamming
Present Perfect
I have shammed
you have shammed
he/she/it has shammed
we have shammed
you have shammed
they have shammed
Past Continuous
I was shamming
you were shamming
he/she/it was shamming
we were shamming
you were shamming
they were shamming
Past Perfect
I had shammed
you had shammed
he/she/it had shammed
we had shammed
you had shammed
they had shammed
Future
I will sham
you will sham
he/she/it will sham
we will sham
you will sham
they will sham
Future Perfect
I will have shammed
you will have shammed
he/she/it will have shammed
we will have shammed
you will have shammed
they will have shammed
Future Continuous
I will be shamming
you will be shamming
he/she/it will be shamming
we will be shamming
you will be shamming
they will be shamming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shamming
you have been shamming
he/she/it has been shamming
we have been shamming
you have been shamming
they have been shamming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shamming
you will have been shamming
he/she/it will have been shamming
we will have been shamming
you will have been shamming
they will have been shamming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shamming
you had been shamming
he/she/it had been shamming
we had been shamming
you had been shamming
they had been shamming
Conditional
I would sham
you would sham
he/she/it would sham
we would sham
you would sham
they would sham
Past Conditional
I would have shammed
you would have shammed
he/she/it would have shammed
we would have shammed
you would have shammed
they would have shammed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sham - something that is a counterfeitsham - something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be
fake book - a fake in the form of an imitation book; used to fill bookcases of people who wish to appear scholarly
imitation - something copied or derived from an original
Potemkin village - something that seems impressive but in fact lacks substance
2.sham - a person who makes deceitful pretensessham - a person who makes deceitful pretenses
beguiler, cheater, deceiver, trickster, slicker, cheat - someone who leads you to believe something that is not true
name dropper - someone who pretends that famous people are his/her friends
ringer - a contestant entered in a competition under false pretenses
Verb1.sham - make a pretence of; "She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger"; "he feigned sleep"
pretend, dissemble, act - behave unnaturally or affectedly; "She's just acting"
play - pretend to be somebody in the framework of a game or playful activity; "Let's play like I am mommy"; "Play cowboy and Indians"
feint - deceive by a mock action; "The midfielder feinted to shoot"
2.sham - make believe with the intent to deceive; "He feigned that he was ill"; "He shammed a headache"
misrepresent, belie - represent falsely; "This statement misrepresents my intentions"
make believe, pretend, make - represent fictitiously, as in a play, or pretend to be or act like; "She makes like an actress"
play possum - to pretend to be dead
take a dive - pretend to be knocked out, as of a boxer
bullshit, talk through one's hat, bull, fake - speak insincerely or without regard for facts or truths; "The politician was not well prepared for the debate and faked it"
mouth - articulate silently; form words with the lips only; "She mouthed a swear word"
Adj.1.sham - adopted in order to deceive; "an assumed name"; "an assumed cheerfulness"; "a fictitious address"; "fictive sympathy"; "a pretended interest"; "a put-on childish voice"; "sham modesty"
counterfeit, imitative - not genuine; imitating something superior; "counterfeit emotion"; "counterfeit money"; "counterfeit works of art"; "a counterfeit prince"

sham

noun
1. fraud, imitation, hoax, pretence, forgery, counterfeit, pretender, humbug, impostor, feint, pseud (informal), wolf in sheep's clothing, imposture, phoney or phony (informal) Their promises were exposed as a hollow sham.
fraud original, the real thing, the genuine article, the real McCoy (or McKay)
adjective
1. false, artificial, bogus, pretended, mock, synthetic, imitation, simulated, pseudo (informal), counterfeit, feigned, spurious, ersatz, pseud (informal), phoney or phony (informal) a sham marriage
false real, genuine, authentic, sound, true, natural, legitimate, veritable, bona fide, dinkum (Austral & N.Z. informal), unfeigned

sham

noun
1. A fraudulent imitation:
2. A false, derisive, or impudent imitation of something:
3. A display of insincere behavior:
adjective
Fraudulently or deceptively imitative:
verb
1. To behave affectedly or insincerely or take on a false or misleading appearance of:
2. To take on or give a false appearance of:
Idiom: make believe.
Translations
رياء، تَصَنُّع، تَمْويهزائِف، مُقَلَّديَتَظاهَر، يَدَّعي
falešnýpodvodpředstíranýpředstírat
foregivehumbuglade som om
huijatahuiputtaajäljennöspettääväärennös
fölsun, eftirlíkinglátastuppgerî, látalæti
ごまかしごまかすまがいもの
apsimetinėti
blēdībaizlikšanāsizliktiesmācību-mākslīgs
göz boyamasahtetaklityalandan ...-mak

sham

[ʃæm]
A. ADJfalso, fingido
B. N
1. (= imposture) → farsa f
it was all a shamfue una farsa, fue pura pantalla (Mex)
2. (= person) → impostor/a m/f
C. VTfingir, simular
to sham illnessfingirse enfermo
D. VIfingir, fingirse
he's just shamminglo está fingiendo

sham

[ˈʃæm]
n
(= thing that is not genuine) → simulacre m
Their independence is a sham → Leur autonomie n'est qu'un simulacre.
They have denounced this election as a sham → Ils ont qualifié ces élections de simulacre.
(= imposter) → imposteur m
adj [illness] → feint(e), simulé(e); [love, friendship] → faux(fausse)
sham marriage → simulacre m de mariage
vt [+ illness, love] → feindre, simuler
vifaire semblant
He's shamming → Il fait semblant.

sham

n
(= pretence)Heuchelei f; he’s not really sorry, it’s all a big shames tut ihm nicht wirklich leid, er heuchelt nur or das ist geheuchelt; their marriage had become a shamihre Ehe war zur Farce geworden or bestand nur noch zum Schein; his life seemed a shamsein Leben erschien ihm als Lug und Trug; this diamond is a shamdieser Diamant ist nicht echt
(= person)Scharlatan m; you don’t really feel anything, you big sham!du empfindest überhaupt nichts, du Heuchler!
adj diamonds, oak etcunecht, imitiert; politeness etcvorgetäuscht, geheuchelt; personbetrügerisch; a sham marriageeine Scheinehe; a sham dealein Scheingeschäft nt; a sham battleein Scheingefecht nt
vtvortäuschen, vorgeben; illness alsosimulieren; emotions, sympathyheucheln
viso tun; (esp with illness) → simulieren; (with feelings) → heucheln; he’s just shamminger tut nur so

sham

[ʃæm]
1. adj (piety) → falso/a; (politeness) → finto/a; (elections) → fasullo/a; (battle, illness) → simulato/a
2. n
a. (imposture) → messinscena, finta
b. (person) → ciarlatano/a, impostore m
3. vtfingere, simulare
to sham illness → fingersi malato/a
4. vifingere, far finta
he's just shamming → fa solo finta

sham

(ʃӕm) noun
something that is pretended, not genuine. The whole trial was a sham.
adjective
pretended, artificial or false. a sham fight; Are those diamonds real or sham?
verbpast tense, past participle shammed
to pretend (to be in some state). He shammed sleep/anger; He shammed dead; I think she's only shamming.
References in classic literature ?
playing at going to church, perchance, or at scourging Quakers, or taking scalps in a sham fight with the Indians, or scaring one another with freaks of imitative witchcraft.
Was her encouragement of the poor pedagogue all a mere sham to secure her conquest of his rival?
Your master never taught you a truer thing," said John; "there is no religion without love, and people may talk as much as they like about their religion, but if it does not teach them to be good and kind to man and beast it is all a sham -- all a sham, James, and it won't stand when things come to be turned inside out.
And he and they liked me, and respected my office; but as an animal, without birth or sham title, they looked down upon me -- and were not par- ticularly private about it, either.
She was a more rabid and devoted Methodist than ever, and her piety was no sham, but was strong and sincere.
She said to a girl almost at Tom's elbow -- with sham vivacity:
I confess that we were so unpopular with the outrageous mob, that I only got away from England at the risk of being ducked to death, and that Cly was so ferreted up and down, that he never would have got away at all but for that sham.
Each worshipper knows that his own love is either a transient passion or a sham copied from his favorite poem; but he believes honestly in the love of others for him.
To-night, for the first time in my life, I saw through the hollowness, the sham, the silliness of the empty pageant in which I had always played.
Because I spent that evening watching Box Five and the sham envelope which you put there.
Worthy Sancho enjoyed himself for three days at the expense of the pair, from whom they learned that the sham wound was not a scheme arranged with the fair Quiteria, but a device of Basilio's, who counted on exactly the result they had seen; he confessed, it is true, that he had confided his idea to some of his friends, so that at the proper time they might aid him in his purpose and insure the success of the deception.
Away across the road the woods beyond Ham and Peter- sham were still afire.