shame


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shame

 (shām)
n.
1.
a. A painful emotion caused by the awareness of having done something wrong or foolish: felt shame for cheating on the exam.
b. Respect for propriety or morality: Have you no shame?
c. Psychiatry A pervasive, negative emotional state, usually originating in childhood, marked by chronic self-reproach and a sense of personal failure.
2.
a. A condition of disgrace or dishonor; ignominy: an act that brought shame on the whole family.
b. A regrettable or unfortunate situation: "It was a shame how the place had fallen apart, with tall scorched grass and sagging gutters" (Tom Drury).
c. One that brings dishonor, disgrace, or condemnation: "I would ... Forget the shames that you have stained me with" (Shakespeare).
tr.v. shamed, sham·ing, shames
1.
a. To cause to feel shame: "expletives that would have shamed a stevedore" (Jeffrey Tayler).
b. To cause to feel ashamed to the point of doing something: I was shamed into making an apology.
2.
a. To bring dishonor or disgrace on: behavior that shamed him in the eyes of the community.
b. To disgrace by surpassing: wanted revenge because a rival had shamed him in the previous race.
Idioms:
put to shame
1. To cause to feel shame.
2. To outdo thoroughly; surpass: Your kindness has put the rest of us to shame.
sense of shame
An understanding and respect for propriety and morality.

[Middle English, from Old English sceamu.]

shame

(ʃeɪm)
n
1. a painful emotion resulting from an awareness of having done something dishonourable, unworthy, degrading, etc
2. capacity to feel such an emotion
3. ignominy or disgrace
4. a person or thing that causes this
5. an occasion for regret, disappointment, etc: it's a shame you can't come with us.
6. put to shame
a. to disgrace
b. to surpass totally
interj
informal
a. an expression of sympathy
b. an expression of pleasure or endearment
vb (tr)
7. to cause to feel shame
8. to bring shame on; disgrace
9. (often foll by into) to compel through a sense of shame: he shamed her into making an apology.
10. name and shame See name17
[Old English scamu; related to Old Norse skömm, Old High German skama]
ˈshamable, ˈshameable adj

shame

(ʃeɪm)

n., v. shamed, sham•ing. n.
1. the painful feeling of having done or experienced something dishonorable, improper, foolish, etc.
2. capacity to experience this feeling: to be without shame.
3. disgrace; ignominy.
4. a cause for regret, disappointment, etc.: It was a shame you weren't there.
v.t.
5. to cause to feel shame.
6. to activate or motivate through shame: He shamed me into going.
7. to cause to suffer disgrace.
Idioms:
1. for shame, (used to induce feelings of guilt in someone.)
2. put to shame,
a. to cause to suffer shame or disgrace.
b. to outdo; surpass.
[before 900; (n.) Middle English; Old English sc(e)amu, c. Old Saxon, Old High German skama, Old Norse skǫmm; (v.) Middle English scham(i)en to be ashamed, Old English sc(e)amian]
sham′a•ble, shame′a•ble, adj.
sham′a•bly, shame′a•bly, adv.
syn: shame, embarrassment, humiliation, chagrin designate different kinds or degrees of painful feeling caused by injury to one's pride or self-respect. shame is a painful feeling caused by the consciousness or exposure of unworthy or indecent conduct or circumstances: One feels shame at being caught in a lie. It is similar to guilt in the nature and origin of the feeling. embarrassment usu. refers to a less painful feeling, one associated with less serious situations, often of a social nature: embarrassment over breaking a vase at a party. humiliation is a feeling of embarrassment at being humbled in the estimation of others: Being ignored gave him a sense of humiliation. chagrin is humiliation mingled with vexation or anger: She felt chagrin at her failure to do well on the test.

Shame

 

See Also: BLUSHES

  1. As sheepish as a fowl —La Fontaine
  2. Embarrassing, like showing up for a party on the wrong date and finding the host and hostess in the middle of a family squabble —Elyse Sommer
  3. Embarrassment lay like a cloak over everyone’s shoulders —Belva Plain
  4. Embarrassment thickened in his throat like phlegm —Ross Macdonald
  5. Embarrassing as a rich man without admirers —David Denby
  6. Embarrassed as a nudist caught with his clothes on —Anon
  7. He felt a drench of shame like a hot liquid over his neck and shoulders —Saul Bellow
  8. In scandal, as in robbery, the receiver is always thought as bad as the thief —Lord Chesterfield
  9. Looked embarrassed, as if he were a spy whose cover had been blown —Robert Barnard
  10. Red-faced … like a puppy caught in his own piss —R. Wright Campbell
  11. Scandal will rub out like dirt when it is dry —John Ray’s Proverbs
  12. Shame came over me like a blanket of steam —Mary Gordon
  13. Shame … it came in twenty-eight delicious flavors, like Howard Johnson’s ice cream —Harvey Swados
  14. Uncomfortable as if she had tumbled out of a warm bed into a cold room and there was no time to dress before a crowd came to view her discomfort —Henrietta Weigel
  15. Waves of shame ran through her, like savage internal blushes —Mary McCarthy

shame


Past participle: shamed
Gerund: shaming

Imperative
shame
shame
Present
I shame
you shame
he/she/it shames
we shame
you shame
they shame
Preterite
I shamed
you shamed
he/she/it shamed
we shamed
you shamed
they shamed
Present Continuous
I am shaming
you are shaming
he/she/it is shaming
we are shaming
you are shaming
they are shaming
Present Perfect
I have shamed
you have shamed
he/she/it has shamed
we have shamed
you have shamed
they have shamed
Past Continuous
I was shaming
you were shaming
he/she/it was shaming
we were shaming
you were shaming
they were shaming
Past Perfect
I had shamed
you had shamed
he/she/it had shamed
we had shamed
you had shamed
they had shamed
Future
I will shame
you will shame
he/she/it will shame
we will shame
you will shame
they will shame
Future Perfect
I will have shamed
you will have shamed
he/she/it will have shamed
we will have shamed
you will have shamed
they will have shamed
Future Continuous
I will be shaming
you will be shaming
he/she/it will be shaming
we will be shaming
you will be shaming
they will be shaming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shaming
you have been shaming
he/she/it has been shaming
we have been shaming
you have been shaming
they have been shaming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shaming
you will have been shaming
he/she/it will have been shaming
we will have been shaming
you will have been shaming
they will have been shaming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shaming
you had been shaming
he/she/it had been shaming
we had been shaming
you had been shaming
they had been shaming
Conditional
I would shame
you would shame
he/she/it would shame
we would shame
you would shame
they would shame
Past Conditional
I would have shamed
you would have shamed
he/she/it would have shamed
we would have shamed
you would have shamed
they would have shamed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shame - a painful emotion resulting from an awareness of inadequacy or guiltshame - a painful emotion resulting from an awareness of inadequacy or guilt
feeling - the experiencing of affective and emotional states; "she had a feeling of euphoria"; "he had terrible feelings of guilt"; "I disliked him and the feeling was mutual"
conscience - a feeling of shame when you do something immoral; "he has no conscience about his cruelty"
self-disgust, self-hatred - shame resulting from strong dislike of yourself or your actions
embarrassment - the shame you feel when your inadequacy or guilt is made public
2.shame - a state of dishonor; "one mistake brought shame to all his family"; "suffered the ignominy of being sent to prison"
dishonor, dishonour - a state of shame or disgrace; "he was resigned to a life of dishonor"
humiliation - state of disgrace or loss of self-respect
obloquy, opprobrium - state of disgrace resulting from public abuse
odium - state of disgrace resulting from detestable behavior
reproach - disgrace or shame; "he brought reproach upon his family"
3.shame - an unfortunate development; "it's a pity he couldn't do it"
misfortune, bad luck - unnecessary and unforeseen trouble resulting from an unfortunate event
Verb1.shame - bring shame or dishonor uponshame - bring shame or dishonor upon; "he dishonored his family by committing a serious crime"
befoul, maculate, defile, foul - spot, stain, or pollute; "The townspeople defiled the river by emptying raw sewage into it"
2.shame - compel through a sense of shame; "She shamed him into making amends"
compel, obligate, oblige - force somebody to do something; "We compel all students to fill out this form"
3.shame - cause to be ashamed
arouse, elicit, evoke, provoke, enkindle, kindle, fire, raise - call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses); "arouse pity"; "raise a smile"; "evoke sympathy"
discountenance - look with disfavor on; "The republic soon discountenanced its few friends"
4.shame - surpass or beat by a wide margin
outdo, outgo, outmatch, outperform, outstrip, surpass, exceed, surmount - be or do something to a greater degree; "her performance surpasses that of any other student I know"; "She outdoes all other athletes"; "This exceeds all my expectations"; "This car outperforms all others in its class"

shame

noun
3. pity What a shame.
verb
1. embarrass, disgrace, humiliate, humble, disconcert, mortify, take (someone) down a peg (informal), abash Her son's affair had humiliated and shamed her.
embarrass do credit to, make proud
2. dishonour, discredit, degrade, stain, smear, tarnish, blot, blacken, debase, defile, drag through the mud, give a bad name to I wouldn't shame my family by trying that.
dishonour credit, honour, enhance the reputation of
put something or someone to shame show up, disgrace, eclipse, surpass, outstrip, upstage, outdo, outclass, outshine, leave standing, knock spots off, put in the shade (Brit. informal) His playing really puts me to shame.
Quotations
"It is a most miserable thing to feel ashamed of home" [Charles Dickens Great Expectations]

shame

noun
2. A great disappointment or regrettable fact:
Slang: bummer.
Idiom: a crying shame.
verb
1. To cause to feel embarrassment, dishonor, and often guilt:
Idioms: put to shame, put to the blush.
2. To damage in reputation:
Idiom: be a reproach to.
Translations
أسَف، أسى، خساره!خَجَل، حَياءعارعار، خِزْيمَصْدَر خِزْي
hanbastudstydět sezpůsobit hanbuostuda
skamtvingebringe skam over
häpeä
sramotastidposramitipostidjetisram
megalázmegszégyenítszégyenszégyenkezés
hneisaláta skammast sínreka meî hótunumskömmsmán
恥ずかしい思い
수치심
begėdisbegėdystėjo gėdaimano gėdaineleistinas dalykas
apkaunotkaunsnegodsnepatikanokaunināt
spôsobiť hanbu
sramsramota
skamsynd
ความอับอาย
utançutandırmakyazıkyerin dibine geçirmekayıp
sự xấu hổ

shame

[ʃeɪm]
A. N
1. (= guilt) → vergüenza f, pena f (LAm)
she has no sense of shameno tiene vergüenza ninguna
to put sb to shame (fig) → poner a algn en evidencia
to put sth to shame (fig) → dejar algo en la sombra
the shame of it!¡qué vergüenza!
shame (on you)!¡qué vergüenza!, ¡vergüenza debería darte!
2. (= loss of respect) → deshonra f
to bring shame upon sbdeshonrar a algn
3. (= pity) → lástima f, pena f
it's a shame thates una lástima or pena que + subjun
what a shame!¡qué lástima!, ¡qué pena!
B. VT
1. (= cause to feel shame) → avergonzar
to shame sb into/out of doing sthhacer avergonzarse a algn para que haga/no haga algo
2. (= cause loss of respect for) → deshonrar

shame

[ˈʃeɪm]
n
(= feeling of guilt and embarrassment) → honte f
She felt a deep sense of shame
BUT Elle se sentait profondément honteuse.
to my shame → à ma grande honte
(= disgrace) → honte f
the shame of it! → quelle honte!
to bring shame on sb → déshonorer qn
to put sb to shame → faire honte à qn
to put sth to shame → éclipser qch
(= pity) → dommage m
what a shame! → quel dommage!
it's a shame (that) ... → c'est dommage que ... + subj
It's a shame he isn't here → C'est dommage qu'il ne soit pas ici.
it is a shame to do → c'est dommage de faire
It's a shame to waste all this food → C'est dommage de gaspiller toute cette nourriture.
vt
(= make ashamed) → faire honte à
to shame sb into doing sth → obliger qn à faire qch en lui faisant honte
(= disgrace) → déshonorer

shame

n
(= feeling of shame)Scham f; (= cause of shame)Schande f; to feel shame at somethingsich für etw schämen; he hung his head in shameer senkte beschämt den Kopf; (fig)er schämte sich; to bring shame upon somebody/oneselfjdm/sich Schande machen; he is without shameer hat keinerlei Schamgefühl, ihm fehlt jegliches Schamgefühl; she is beyond all (sense of) shamesie hat jegliches Schamgefühl verloren; she has no shame, dancing around like thatdass sie sich nicht schämt so herumzutanzen; have you no shame?schämst du dich (gar) nicht?; to put somebody/something to shame (lit)jdm/etw Schande machen; (fig)jdn/etw in den Schatten stellen; by working so hard he puts us to shameer arbeitet so schwer, dass er uns alle beschämt; to my (eternal) shamezu meiner (ewigen) Schande; I’ll never forget the shame of itich werde nie vergessen, wie ich mich schämte; the shame of it alldie Schande or Schmach; the shame of it!was für eine Schande!, diese Schande!; the street is the shame of the towndie Straße ist der Schandfleck or die Schande dieser Stadt; for shame!schäm dich!/schämt euch!; she didn’t! for shame!nein! sie sollte sich schämen!; shame on you!du solltest dich/ihr solltet euch schämen!
(= pity) it’s a shame you couldn’t comeschade, dass du nicht kommen konntest; it’s a (great) shame we have to leave so earlyes ist (so) schade or ein Jammer, dass wir schon so früh gehen müssen; what a shame!(das ist aber) schade!, wie schade!; what a shame he …schade, dass er …; nice legs, shame about the face (inf)hübsche Beine, aber über den Rest schweigen wir lieber ? crying
vtSchande machen (+dat); (fig, by excelling) → in den Schatten stellen; he shamed us by working so harder hat uns alle durch sein hartes Arbeiten beschämt; by giving so much he shamed me into making a bigger contributiondadurch, dass er so viel gab, fühlte ich mich moralisch gezwungen, mehr zu spenden; see if you can shame him into changing his mindappelliere an sein besseres Ich, dann überlegt er es sich vielleicht anders

shame

[ʃeɪm]
1. n
a. (feeling) → vergogna, pudore m; (humiliation) → vergogna
shame on you! → vergognati!, vergogna!
to put sb/sth to shame (fig) → far sfigurare qn/qc
b. (pity) it's a shame (that/to do)è un peccato (che + sub/fare)
what a shame! → che peccato!
2. vt (make ashamed) → far vergognare; (bring disgrace on) → disonorare
to shame sb into doing sth → far vergognare qn a tal punto da fargli fare qc

shame

(ʃeim) noun
1. (often with at) an unpleasant feeling caused by awareness of guilt, fault, foolishness or failure. I was full of shame at my rudeness; He felt no shame at his behaviour.
2. dishonour or disgrace. The news that he had accepted bribes brought shame on his whole family.
3. (with a) a cause of disgrace or a matter for blame. It's a shame to treat a child so cruelly.
4. (with a) a pity. What a shame that he didn't get the job!
verb
1. (often with into) to force or persuade to do something by making ashamed. He was shamed into paying his share.
2. to cause to have a feeling of shame. His cowardice shamed his parents.
ˈshameful adjective
disgraceful. shameful behaviour.
ˈshamefully adverb
ˈshamefulness noun
ˈshameless adjective
1. without shame; blatant. a shameless liar; shameless deception.
2. not modest. a shameless woman.
ˈshamelessly adverb
ˈshamelessness noun
ˈshamefaced adjective
showing shame or embarrassment. He was very shamefaced about his mistake.
put to shame
to make feel ashamed of something or to make seem to be of poor quality by showing greater excellence. Your beautiful drawing puts me/mine to shame.
to my/his etc shame
it is a cause of shame to me, him etc that. To my shame, my daughter always beats me at chess.

shame

عار hanba skam Schamgefühl ντροπή vergüenza häpeä honte sramota vergogna 恥ずかしい思い 수치심 schaamte skam wstyd vergonha стыд skam ความอับอาย utanç sự xấu hổ 羞耻

shame

n. vergüenza;
What a ___ !¡Qué pena!, ¡Qué lástima!;
vr. avergonzarse;
tener vergüenza.

shame

n vergüenza
References in classic literature ?
One discovered that money couldn't keep shame and sorrow out of rich people's houses, another that, though she was poor, she was a great deal happier, with her youth, health, and good spirits, than a certain fretful, feeble old lady who couldn't enjoy her comforts, a third that, disagreeable as it was to help get dinner, it was harder still to go begging for it and the fourth, that even carnelian rings were not so valuable as good behavior.
He looked at the figure of the dead woman under the sheets and shame for his thoughts swept over him so that he began to weep.
But among the conflicting sensations which assailed her, there was neither shame nor remorse.
Aye, shame on the Hollanders and Iroquois, who circumvented them by their deviltries, into such a treaty
Spear, his head hanging, with lips white and cheeks ashen, and his eyes heavy with shame.
It would be a shame to break down that beautiful door!
You mustn't mind Dick, or he'll go off and kill himself with shame," he whispered laughingly in her ear.
It treasured itself up, too, in the half-open till, where there still lingered a base sixpence, worth neither more nor less than the hereditary pride which had here been put to shame.
At all events, I, the present writer, as their representative, hereby take shame upon myself for their sakes, and pray that any curse incurred by them -- as I have heard, and as the dreary and unprosperous condition of the race, for many a long year back, would argue to exist -- may be now and henceforth removed.
Well," I said, "I think it would be a real shame if you were to bite or kick John or James.
He was happier than he had been in a year; and yet, because he knew that the happiness would not last, he was savage, too with those who would wreck it, and with the world, and with his life; and then again, beneath this, he was sick with the shame of himself.
Why, the whole point, the real sting of it lay in the fact that continually, even in the moment of the acutest spleen, I was inwardly conscious with shame that I was not only not a spiteful but not even an embittered man, that I was simply scaring sparrows at random and amusing myself by it.