shear


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Related to shear: Shear strain, sheer, Shear transformation, Shear rate

shear

 (shîr)
v. sheared, sheared or shorn (shôrn), shear·ing, shears
v.tr.
1. To remove (fleece or hair) by cutting or clipping.
2. To remove the hair or fleece from.
3. To cut with or as if with shears: shearing a hedge.
4. To divest or deprive as if by cutting: The prisoners were shorn of their dignity.
v.intr.
1. To use a cutting tool such as shears.
2. To move or proceed by or as if by cutting: shear through the wheat.
3. Physics To become deformed by shear force.
n.
1. often shears
a. A pair of scissors.
b. Any of various implements or machines that cut with a scissorlike action.
2. The act, process, or result of shearing, especially when used to indicate a sheep's age: a two-shear ram.
3. Something cut off by shearing.
4. also sheers (shîrz)(used with a sing. or pl. verb) An apparatus used to lift heavy weights, consisting of two or more spars joined at the top and spread at the base, the tackle being suspended from the top.
5. Physics

[Middle English scheren, from Old English sceran; see sker- in Indo-European roots. N., from Middle English shere, from Old English scēar; see sker- in Indo-European roots.]

shear′er n.

shear

(ʃɪə)
vb, shears, shearing or sheared, shore, sheared or shorn
1. (Agriculture) (tr) to remove (the fleece or hair) of (sheep, etc) by cutting or clipping
2. to cut or cut through (something) with shears or a sharp instrument
3. (General Engineering) engineering to cause (a part, member, shaft, etc) to deform or fracture or (of a part, etc) to deform or fracture as a result of excess torsion or transverse load
4. (often foll by: of) to strip or divest: to shear someone of his power.
5. (when: intr, foll by through) to move through (something) by or as if by cutting
6. (Agriculture) Scot to reap (corn, etc) with a scythe or sickle
n
7. the act, process, or an instance of shearing
8. (Agriculture) a shearing of a sheep or flock of sheep, esp when referred to as an indication of age: a sheep of two shears.
9. (General Engineering) a form of deformation or fracture in which parallel planes in a body or assembly slide over one another
10. (General Physics) physics the deformation of a body, part, etc, expressed as the lateral displacement between two points in parallel planes divided by the distance between the planes
11. either one of the blades of a pair of shears, scissors, etc
12. (Mechanical Engineering) a machine that cuts sheet material by passing a knife blade through it
13. (Mechanical Engineering) a device for lifting heavy loads consisting of a tackle supported by a framework held steady by guy ropes
[Old English sceran; related to Old Norse skera to cut, Old Saxon, Old High German skeran to shear; see share2]
ˈshearer n

shear

(ʃɪər)

v. sheared, sheared shorn, shear•ing, v.t.
1. to cut (something).
2. to remove by or as if by cutting or clipping: to shear wool from sheep.
3. to cut or clip the hair, fleece, wool, etc., from: to shear sheep.
4. to strip or deprive (usu. fol. by of): to shear someone of power.
5. to travel through by or as if by cutting: Chimney swifts sheared the air.
6. to subject (a solid body or structure) to shear.
v.i.
7. to cut or cut through something with a sharp instrument.
8. to break along an internal plane in response to a force parallel to the plane.
9. Chiefly Scot. to reap crops with a sickle.
n.
10. Usu., shears. (sometimes used with a sing. v.)
a. scissors of large size (usu. used with pair of).
b. any of various other cutting implements or machines having two blades that suggest those of scissors.
11. one blade of a pair of large scissors.
12. the act or process of shearing or being sheared.
13. a shearing of sheep (used in stating the age of sheep): a sheep of one shear.
14. the quantity, esp. of wool or fleece, cut off at one shearing.
15. Usu., shears. (usu. with a pl. v.) a framework for hoisting heavy weights, consisting of two or more spars with their legs separated, fastened together near the top and steadied by guys, which support a tackle.
16. a machine for cutting rigid material by moving the edge of a blade through it.
17.
a. the tendency of a force applied to a solid body or structure, as a rock stratum, to cause deformation or rupture along a plane parallel to the force.
b. deformation produced in this manner.
[before 900; (v.) Middle English sheren, Old English sceran, c. Old Frisian skera, Old High German sceran, Old Norse skera; (n.) Middle English sheres (pl.); compare Old English scērero (pl.), scēar (feminine)]
shear′er, n.

shear


Past participle: sheared/shorn
Gerund: shearing

Imperative
shear
shear
Present
I shear
you shear
he/she/it shears
we shear
you shear
they shear
Preterite
I sheared
you sheared
he/she/it sheared
we sheared
you sheared
they sheared
Present Continuous
I am shearing
you are shearing
he/she/it is shearing
we are shearing
you are shearing
they are shearing
Present Perfect
I have sheared/shorn
you have sheared/shorn
he/she/it has sheared/shorn
we have sheared/shorn
you have sheared/shorn
they have sheared/shorn
Past Continuous
I was shearing
you were shearing
he/she/it was shearing
we were shearing
you were shearing
they were shearing
Past Perfect
I had sheared/shorn
you had sheared/shorn
he/she/it had sheared/shorn
we had sheared/shorn
you had sheared/shorn
they had sheared/shorn
Future
I will shear
you will shear
he/she/it will shear
we will shear
you will shear
they will shear
Future Perfect
I will have sheared/shorn
you will have sheared/shorn
he/she/it will have sheared/shorn
we will have sheared/shorn
you will have sheared/shorn
they will have sheared/shorn
Future Continuous
I will be shearing
you will be shearing
he/she/it will be shearing
we will be shearing
you will be shearing
they will be shearing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shearing
you have been shearing
he/she/it has been shearing
we have been shearing
you have been shearing
they have been shearing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shearing
you will have been shearing
he/she/it will have been shearing
we will have been shearing
you will have been shearing
they will have been shearing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shearing
you had been shearing
he/she/it had been shearing
we had been shearing
you had been shearing
they had been shearing
Conditional
I would shear
you would shear
he/she/it would shear
we would shear
you would shear
they would shear
Past Conditional
I would have sheared/shorn
you would have sheared/shorn
he/she/it would have sheared/shorn
we would have sheared/shorn
you would have sheared/shorn
they would have sheared/shorn
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shear - (physics) a deformation of an object in which parallel planes remain parallel but are shifted in a direction parallel to themselves; "the shear changed the quadrilateral into a parallelogram"
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
deformation - alteration in the shape or dimensions of an object as a result of the application of stress to it
2.shear - a large edge tool that cuts sheet metal by passing a blade through itshear - a large edge tool that cuts sheet metal by passing a blade through it
edge tool - any cutting tool with a sharp cutting edge (as a chisel or knife or plane or gouge)
Verb1.shear - cut with shears; "shear hedges"
prune, snip, lop, cut back, clip, crop, trim, dress - cultivate, tend, and cut back the growth of; "dress the plants in the garden"
2.shear - shear the wool from; "shear sheep"
shave, trim - cut closely; "trim my beard"
3.shear - cut or cut through with shears; "shear the wool off the lamb"
cut - separate with or as if with an instrument; "Cut the rope"
4.shear - become deformed by forces tending to produce a shearing strain
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"

shear

verb
1. shave, fleece In the Hebrides they shear their sheep later than everyone else.
plural noun
1. blades, cutters, clippers, trimmers Trim the shrubs with shears.

shear

verb
To decrease, as in length or amount, by or as if by severing or excising:
Translations
يَجُز الصّوفيَقُص الشَّعْريَقُص الشَّعْر مِنيَنْكَسِر، يَكْسِر
ostříhatstříhatustřihnoutusmyknout se
brække afklippe
کوتاه کردن
levágmegnyírvág
klípa/klippastklipparÿja
切る刈る剪断
atkirpti
cirptgrieztnogrieztnolauztnolūzt
zosunúť sa
kırkmakkırpmaksaçını kesmekkesmek

shear

[ʃɪəʳ] (sheared (pt) (sheared) (shorn (pp)))
A. VT [+ sheep] → esquilar
to be shorn of sth (fig) → quedar pelado de algo, quedar sin algo
B. VI (= give way) → partirse, romperse
shear off
A. VT + ADVcortar
the machine sheared off two fingersla máquina le cortó or (frm) cercenó dos dedos
B. VI + ADV (= break off) → partirse, romperse
shear through VI + PREPcortar

shear

[ˈʃɪər] vt [sheared] (pt) [sheared or shorn] (pp) [+ sheep] → tondre
shear off
vi [bolt, rudder] → se détacher

shear

pret <sheared>, ptp <shorn>
vt sheepscheren; wool(ab)scheren ? shorn
vi
the knife shears through the metaldas Messer zerschneidet das Metall; the bird sheared through the airder Vogel segelte durch die Luft; the motorboat sheared through the waterdas Motorboot durchpflügte das Wasser
(Mech: = fracture) the metal plate had shearedin der Metallplatte hatte sich ein Riss gebildet

shear

[ʃɪəʳ] (sheared (pt) (sheared or shorn (pp))) vt (sheep) → tosare
shear off vi + adv (break off) → spezzarsi

shear

(ʃiə) past tense sheared: past participles sheared ~shorn (ʃoːn) verb
1. to clip or cut wool from (a sheep).
2. (past tense shorn. often with off) to cut (hair) off: All her curls have been shorn off.
3. (past tense shorn. especially with of) to cut hair from (someone): He has been shorn (of all his curls).
4. to cut or (cause to) break. A piece of the steel girder sheared off.
shears noun plural
a cutting-tool with two blades, like a large pair of scissors. a pair of shears.
References in classic literature ?
The child half rose from her pillow as she came in, and, shaking down her long golden-brown curls, said, rather playfully, "Come aunty, shear the sheep
Oh, niece of mine," replied Don Quixote, "how much astray art thou in thy reckoning: ere they shear me I shall have plucked away and stripped off the beards of all who dare to touch only the tip of a hair of mine.
Then bitterly the Sheriff rued the day that first he meddled with Robin Hood, for all men laughed at him and many ballads were sung by folk throughout the country, of how the Sheriff went to shear and came home shorn to the very quick.
By some henidical process - henidical, by the way is a favorite word of mine which nobody understands - by some henidical process you persuade yourself that you believe in the competitive system and the survival of the strong, and at the same time you indorse with might and main all sorts of measures to shear the strength from the strong.
The thing to do, Split-Nose said, was to shear these men of their evil strength; to make them go to work, all of them, and to let no man eat who did not work.
Like Argus of the ancient times, We leave this modern Greece, Tum-tum, tum-tum, tum, tum, tum-tum, To shear the Golden Fleece.
Then look out for woodchucks, if it is an exposed place, for they will nibble off the earliest tender leaves almost clean as they go; and again, when the young tendrils make their appearance, they have notice of it, and will shear them off with both buds and young pods, sitting erect like a squirrel.
Upon the stranger's shears were beheld the shattered, white ribs, and some few splintered planks, of what had once been a whale-boat; but you now saw through this wreck, as plainly as you see through the peeled, half-unhinged, and bleaching skeleton of a horse.
Who ever saw such a pair of shears used about a wound?
So Oz brought a pair of tinsmith's shears and cut a small, square hole in the left side of the Tin Woodman's breast.
The circular garden led to a long garden, where the gardener's shears had scarcely been, unless now and then, when he cut a bough of blossom for his beloved.
If you want my flesh, there is the butcher, who will kill me in an instant; but if you want my fleece and wool, there is the shearer, who will shear and not hurt me.