shelf


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Related to shelf: continental shelf, shelf life, IKEA

shelf

 (shĕlf)
n. pl. shelves (shĕlvz)
1.
a. A flat, usually rectangular structure composed of a rigid material, such as wood, glass, or metal, fixed at right angles to a wall or other vertical surface and used to hold or store objects.
b. The contents or capacity of such a structure.
c. Something, such as a projecting ledge of rock or a balcony, that resembles such a structure.
2. A reef, sandbar, or shoal.
3. Bedrock.
Idioms:
off the shelf
From ready-made merchandise in stock: supplies that were available off the shelf.
on the shelf
1. In a state of disuse or inactivity: The injured goalie has been on the shelf for weeks.
2. Out of consideration: The finance bill is on the shelf until next year.

[Middle English, probably from Middle Low German schelf; see skel- in Indo-European roots.]

shelf′ful′ n.

shelf

(ʃɛlf)
n, pl shelves (ʃɛlvz)
1. a thin flat plank of wood, metal, etc, fixed horizontally against a wall, etc, for the purpose of supporting objects
2. something resembling this in shape or function
3. the objects placed on a shelf, regarded collectively: a shelf of books.
4. (Geological Science) a projecting layer of ice, rock, etc, on land or in the sea. See also continental shelf
5. (Mining & Quarrying) mining a layer of bedrock hit when sinking a shaft
6. (Archery) archery the part of the hand on which an arrow rests when the bow is grasped
7. (Commerce) See off the shelf
8. on the shelf put aside or abandoned: used esp of unmarried women considered to be past the age of marriage
vb
(tr) slang Austral to inform upon
[Old English scylfe ship's deck; related to Middle Low German schelf shelf, Old English scylf crag]
ˈshelfˌlike adj

shelf

(ʃɛlf)

n., pl. shelves (shelvz).
1. a thin slab of wood, metal, etc., fixed horizontally to a wall or in a frame, for supporting objects.
2. the contents of this: a shelf of books.
3. a surface or projection resembling this; ledge.
4.
a. a sandbank or submerged extent of rock in the sea or river.
b. the bedrock underlying an alluvial deposit or the like.
Idioms:
1. off the shelf, readily available from merchandise in stock.
2. on the shelf,
a. put aside temporarily; postponed.
b. inactive; useless.
[1350–1400; Middle English; Old English scylfe; akin to Middle Low German schelf shelf, Old Norse -skjalf bench]
shelf′like`, adj.

shelf

(shĕlf)

shelf


Past participle: shelfed
Gerund: shelfing

Imperative
shelf
shelf
Present
I shelf
you shelf
he/she/it shelfs
we shelf
you shelf
they shelf
Preterite
I shelfed
you shelfed
he/she/it shelfed
we shelfed
you shelfed
they shelfed
Present Continuous
I am shelfing
you are shelfing
he/she/it is shelfing
we are shelfing
you are shelfing
they are shelfing
Present Perfect
I have shelfed
you have shelfed
he/she/it has shelfed
we have shelfed
you have shelfed
they have shelfed
Past Continuous
I was shelfing
you were shelfing
he/she/it was shelfing
we were shelfing
you were shelfing
they were shelfing
Past Perfect
I had shelfed
you had shelfed
he/she/it had shelfed
we had shelfed
you had shelfed
they had shelfed
Future
I will shelf
you will shelf
he/she/it will shelf
we will shelf
you will shelf
they will shelf
Future Perfect
I will have shelfed
you will have shelfed
he/she/it will have shelfed
we will have shelfed
you will have shelfed
they will have shelfed
Future Continuous
I will be shelfing
you will be shelfing
he/she/it will be shelfing
we will be shelfing
you will be shelfing
they will be shelfing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shelfing
you have been shelfing
he/she/it has been shelfing
we have been shelfing
you have been shelfing
they have been shelfing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shelfing
you will have been shelfing
he/she/it will have been shelfing
we will have been shelfing
you will have been shelfing
they will have been shelfing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shelfing
you had been shelfing
he/she/it had been shelfing
we had been shelfing
you had been shelfing
they had been shelfing
Conditional
I would shelf
you would shelf
he/she/it would shelf
we would shelf
you would shelf
they would shelf
Past Conditional
I would have shelfed
you would have shelfed
he/she/it would have shelfed
we would have shelfed
you would have shelfed
they would have shelfed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shelf - a support that consists of a horizontal surface for holding objectsshelf - a support that consists of a horizontal surface for holding objects
bookcase - a piece of furniture with shelves for storing books
bookshelf - a shelf on which to keep books
buffet, sideboard, counter - a piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room; has shelves and drawers
cabinet - a piece of furniture resembling a cupboard with doors and shelves and drawers; for storage or display
chest of drawers, dresser, bureau, chest - furniture with drawers for keeping clothes
closet - a small private room for study or prayer
etagere - a piece of furniture with open shelves for displaying small ornaments
food market, grocery, grocery store, market - a marketplace where groceries are sold; "the grocery store included a meat market"
hob - a shelf beside an open fire where something can be kept warm
chimneypiece, mantel, mantelpiece, mantlepiece, mantle - shelf that projects from wall above fireplace; "in Britain they call a mantel a chimneypiece"
overmantel - a shelf over a mantelpiece
support - any device that bears the weight of another thing; "there was no place to attach supports for a shelf"
2.shelf - a projecting ridge on a mountain or submerged under watershelf - a projecting ridge on a mountain or submerged under water
berm - a narrow ledge or shelf typically at the top or bottom of a slope
ridge - a long narrow natural elevation or striation

shelf

noun shelving, rack, bookshelf, mantelpiece He took a book from the shelf.
on the shelf unmarried, single, unwed, unwedded, spouseless I was afraid of getting left on the shelf.
Translations
رَصيف صَخْريرَفرَفّ
policepoličkařímsavýběžek
hyldeafsats
hylly
polica
polcsziklaszirtvíz alatti sziklaszirt
hilla
선반
įrengti lentynaslentynanurašytašelfasuolienos klodas
klintsradzeplaukts
poliţă
skalná terasa
polica
hylla
ชั้นวาง
rafşelfkaya tabakası
giá

shelf

[ʃelf]
A. N (shelves (pl))
1. (fixed to wall, in shop) → estante m, balda f; (in cupboard) → tabla f, anaquel m; (in oven) → parrilla f
to buy a product off the shelfcomprar un producto ya hecho
to be (left) on the shelf [proposal etc] → quedar arrinconado [woman] → quedarse para vestir santos
2. (= edge) (in rock face) → saliente m; (underwater) → plataforma f
B. CPD shelf life N (Comm) → tiempo m de durabilidad antes de la venta
most pop stars have a very short shelf lifela mayoría de las estrellas del pop son flor de un día or tienen una carrera efímera
shelf mark N (in library) → código m
shelf space Ncantidad f de estanterías (para exponer la mercancía)

shelf

[ˈʃɛlf] [shelves] (pl) n
(on wall, in cupboard, in bookshelf)étagère f; (in oven, fridge)étagère f; (in shop)rayon m
set of shelves → étagère f, rayonnage m
to buy sth off the shelf (British)acheter qch tout(e) fait(e)
to be left on the shelf [man] → rester vieux garçon; [woman] → rester vieille fille
(on cliff, mountain)rebord mshelf life n [product] → durée f de conservation

shelf

n pl <shelves>
Brett nt, → Bord nt; (for books) → Bücherbrett or -bord nt; shelves (= unit of furniture)Regal nt; to buy something off the shelfetw als Handelsware kaufen; to be on the shelf (girl)eine alte Jungfer sein, sitzen geblieben sein; (worker)zum alten Eisen gehören; she was left on the shelfsie ist eine alte Jungfer geworden, sie ist sitzen geblieben
(= ledge of rock etc, on rock face) → Gesims nt, → (Fels-)vorsprung m; (under water) → (Felsen)riff nt, → Felsbank f; (= sandbank)Sandbank f, → Untiefe f

shelf

:
shelf life
n (lit)Lagerfähigkeit f; (fig)Dauer f; to have a long/short shelf (fig)sich lange/kurz halten
shelf mark
nStandortzeichen nt
shelf room
nPlatz min den Regalen
shelf-warmer
n (hum)Ladenhüter m (inf)

shelf

[ʃɛlf] n (shelves (pl))
a. (in cupboard, oven) → ripiano; (fixed to wall) → mensola
to be on the shelf (fig) (fam) (woman) → essere zitella
b. (in rock face, underwater) → piattaforma

shelf

(ʃelf) plural shelves (ʃelvz) noun
1. a board for laying things on. There are shelves on the kitchen walls.
2. a rock surface shaped like a shelf, especially on a mountain or under water.
shelve (ʃelv) verb
1. to put aside, usually for consideration, completion etc later. The project has been shelved for the moment.
2. to put up shelves in.
3. (of land) to slope gradually. The land shelves towards the sea.
on the shelf
(of an unmarried woman) no longer likely to attract a man enough for him to want to marry her.

shelf

رَفّ polička hylde Regal ράφι estante hylly étagère polica scaffale 선반 plank hylle półka prateleira полка hylla ชั้นวาง raf giá 架子

shelf

n. anaquel, estructura en forma horizontal alargada.
References in classic literature ?
The shaggy eyebrows unbent a little as he rolled the steps toward the shelf where the Johnsonian literature was placed.
When she took the paste out to bake it, she left smears of dough sticking to the sides of the measure, put the measure on the shelf behind the stove, and let this residue ferment.
Brom, who had a degree of rough chivalry in his nature, would fain have carried matters to open warfare and have settled their pretensions to the lady, according to the mode of those most concise and simple reasoners, the knights-errant of yore, -- by single combat; but lchabod was too conscious of the superior might of his adversary to enter the lists against him; he had overheard a boast of Bones, that he would "double the schoolmaster up, and lay him on a shelf of his own schoolhouse;" and he was too wary to give him an opportunity.
Likewise, there was a parcel of outlandish bone fish hooks on the shelf over the fire-place, and a tall harpoon standing at the head of the bed.
On fair nights he would sleep in the park or on a truck or an empty barrel or box, and when it was rainy or cold he would stow himself upon a shelf in a ten-cent lodginghouse, or pay three cents for the privileges of a "squatter" in a tenement hallway.
It has the appearance of being on a shelf half-way up the wooded mountainside; and as it is remote and isolated, and very white, it makes a strong mark against the lofty leafy rampart at its back.
They smoked their own names under an overhanging shelf and moved on.
The teacher's desk and chair stood on a platform in one corner; there was an uncouth stove, never blackened oftener than once a year, a map of the United States, two blackboards, a ten-quart tin pail of water and long-handled dipper on a corner shelf, and wooden desks and benches for the scholars, who only numbered twenty in Rebecca's time.
Then they seemed so familiar with French names and French authors: but my amazement reached its climax when Miss Temple asked Helen if she sometimes snatched a moment to recall the Latin her father had taught her, and taking a book from a shelf, bade her read and construe a page of Virgil; and Helen obeyed, my organ of veneration expanding at every sounding line.
Norah, whose fondness for reading had passed into a family proverb, took up book after book from table and shelf, and laid them down again, in despair of fixing her attention.
Gummidge, and little Em'ly, that day; and passed the night at Peggotty's, in a little room in the roof (with the Crocodile Book on a shelf by the bed's head) which was to be always mine, Peggotty said, and should always be kept for me in exactly the same state.
I was nearly going away without the pie, but I was tempted to mount upon a shelf, to look what it was that was put away so carefully in a covered earthen ware dish in a corner, and I found it was the pie, and I took it, in the hope that it was not intended for early use, and would not be missed for some time.