shell


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to shell: shell shock, Shell scripting

shell

 (shĕl)
n.
1.
a. The usually hard outer covering that encases certain organisms, such as insects, turtles, and most mollusks.
b. A similar outer covering on a nut or seed.
c. A similar outer covering on certain eggs, such as those of birds and reptiles; an eggshell.
d. The material that constitutes such a covering.
2. Something resembling or having the form of a shell, especially:
a. An external, usually hard, protective or enclosing case or cover.
b. A framework or exterior, as of a building.
c. A thin layer of pastry.
d. The external part of the ear.
3. Nautical
a. The hull of a ship.
b. A light, long, narrow racing boat propelled by rowers.
4. A small glass for beer.
5.
a. An artillery projectile containing an explosive charge.
b. A metal or cardboard case containing the charge and primer for a piece of firearms ammunition, especially one also containing shot and fired from a shotgun.
6. An attitude or a manner adopted to mask one's true feelings or to protect one from perceived or real danger: Embarrassed, she withdrew into a shell.
7. Physics
a. A set of electron orbitals having nearly the same energy and sharing the same first quantum number.
b. Any of the stable states of other particles or collections of particles (such as the nucleons in an atomic nucleus) at a given energy or small range of energies.
8.
a. A usually sleeveless and collarless, typically knit blouse.
b. A thin, usually waterproof or windproof outer garment for the upper body.
9. Computers A program that works with the operating system as a command processor, used to enter commands and initiate their execution.
10. A company or corporation created by a second company or corporation for the purposes of facilitating a particular transaction, especially one that is intended to be concealed.
v. shelled, shell·ing, shells
v.tr.
1.
a. To remove the shell of; shuck: shell oysters.
b. To remove from a shell: shell peas.
2. To separate the kernels of (corn) from the cob.
3. To fire shells at; bombard.
4.
a. To defeat decisively.
b. Baseball To hit the pitches of (a pitcher) hard and with regularity: shelled the pitcher for eight runs in the first inning.
v.intr.
1. To shed or become free of a shell.
2. To look for or collect shells, as on a seashore: spent the day shelling on Cape Cod.
Phrasal Verb:
shell out Informal
To hand over; pay: had to shell out $500 in car repairs.

[Middle English, from Old English scell; see skel- in Indo-European roots.]

shell adj.
shell′er n.

shell

(ʃɛl)
n
1. (Zoology) the protective calcareous or membranous outer layer of an egg, esp a bird's egg
2. (Zoology) the hard outer covering of many molluscs that is secreted by the mantle
3. (Zoology) any other hard outer layer, such as the exoskeleton of many arthropods
4. (Botany) the hard outer layer of some fruits, esp of nuts
5. any hard outer case
6. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) a hollow artillery projectile filled with explosive primed to explode either during flight, on impact, or after penetration. Compare ball17a
7. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) a small-arms cartridge comprising a hollow casing inside which is the primer, charge, and bullet
8. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) a pyrotechnic cartridge designed to explode in the air
9. (Rowing) rowing a very light narrow racing boat
10. (Building) the external structure of a building, esp one that is unfinished or one that has been gutted by fire
11. (Mechanical Engineering) the basic structural case of something, such as a machine, vehicle, etc
12. (Atomic Physics) physics
a. a class of electron orbits in an atom in which the electrons have the same principal quantum number and orbital angular momentum quantum number and differences in their energy are small compared with differences in energy between shells
b. an analogous energy state of nucleons in certain theories (shell models) of the structure of the atomic nucleus
13. (Cookery) the pastry case of a pie, flan, etc
14. (Building) a thin slab of concrete or a skeletal framework made of wood or metal that forms a shell-like roof
15. (Education) Brit (in some schools) a class or form
16. come out of one's shell to become less shy and reserved
17. bring out of one's shell to help to become less shy and reserved
vb
18. to divest or be divested of a shell, husk, pod, etc
19. to separate or be separated from an ear, husk, cob, etc
20. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) (tr) to bombard with artillery shells
[Old English sciell; related to Old Norse skel shell, Gothic skalja tile, Middle Low German schelle shell; see scale1, shale]
ˈshell-less adj
ˈshelly adj

shell

(ʃɛl)

n.
1. a hard outer covering of an animal, as of a clam, snail, lobster, or turtle.
2. the material constituting any of various coverings of this kind.
3. the hard exterior of an egg.
4. the usu. hard outer covering of a seed, fruit, or the like.
5. something resembling the shell of an animal, as in shape or hollowness.
6. a hard, protecting or enclosing case or cover.
7. a reserved attitude or manner.
8. a hollow projectile, as for a cannon, filled with an explosive charge.
9. a metallic cartridge used in small arms.
10. a metal or paper cartridge for use in a shotgun.
11. a cartridgelike pyrotechnic device that explodes in the air.
12. an unfilled pastry crust, as for a pie.
13. a light, long, narrow racing boat for rowing by one or more persons.
14. the framework or external structure of a building.
15. the outer part of a finished garment that has an often detachable lining.
16. a woman's sleeveless blouse or sweater.
17. the plating or planking forming the exterior hull of a ship.
18. a computer program providing a menu-driven or graphical user interface designed to simplify use of the operating system, as in loading application programs.
19.
a. any of the electron orbits in an atom having the same principal quantum number and about the same energy.
b. a group of nucleons of approximately the same energy.
21. the curved solid forming a domed or arched roof.
22. the metal, pressure-resistant outer casing of a fire-tube boiler.
v.t.
23. to remove the shell of.
24. to separate (corn, grain, etc.) from the ear, cob, or husk.
25. to fire shells or explosive projectiles into, upon, or among; bombard.
v.i.
26. to fall or come out of the shell, husk, or pod.
27. to come away or fall off, as a shell or outer coat.
28. to gather seashells.
29. shell out, Informal. to pay (money).
[before 900; (n.) Old English scell (Anglian), sciell, c. Middle Dutch schelle pod, rind, Old Norse skel seashell, Gothic skalja tile]
shell′-less, adj.

she'll

(ʃil; unstressed ʃɪl)
contraction of she will.

shell

(shĕl)
1.
a. The usually hard outer covering of certain animals, such as mollusks, insects, and turtles.
b. The hard outer covering of a bird's egg.
c. The hard outer covering of a seed, nut, or fruit.
2. Any of the regions in which electrons are concentrated around the nucleus of an atom. Depending on the number of protons in the nucleus, atoms can have up to seven shells. Electrons in the outer shells have greater energy than those in shells closer to the nucleus. An electron in an inner shell can gain energy and move to an outer shell while, if there is space available, an electron can give off energy and drop from an outer shell to an inner shell. The energy is usually given off in the form of light. The innermost shell can hold two electrons while others can hold different amounts, with the greatest amount being 32 electrons. See more at atom. See Note at metal.

shell


Past participle: shelled
Gerund: shelling

Imperative
shell
shell
Present
I shell
you shell
he/she/it shells
we shell
you shell
they shell
Preterite
I shelled
you shelled
he/she/it shelled
we shelled
you shelled
they shelled
Present Continuous
I am shelling
you are shelling
he/she/it is shelling
we are shelling
you are shelling
they are shelling
Present Perfect
I have shelled
you have shelled
he/she/it has shelled
we have shelled
you have shelled
they have shelled
Past Continuous
I was shelling
you were shelling
he/she/it was shelling
we were shelling
you were shelling
they were shelling
Past Perfect
I had shelled
you had shelled
he/she/it had shelled
we had shelled
you had shelled
they had shelled
Future
I will shell
you will shell
he/she/it will shell
we will shell
you will shell
they will shell
Future Perfect
I will have shelled
you will have shelled
he/she/it will have shelled
we will have shelled
you will have shelled
they will have shelled
Future Continuous
I will be shelling
you will be shelling
he/she/it will be shelling
we will be shelling
you will be shelling
they will be shelling
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shelling
you have been shelling
he/she/it has been shelling
we have been shelling
you have been shelling
they have been shelling
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shelling
you will have been shelling
he/she/it will have been shelling
we will have been shelling
you will have been shelling
they will have been shelling
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shelling
you had been shelling
he/she/it had been shelling
we had been shelling
you had been shelling
they had been shelling
Conditional
I would shell
you would shell
he/she/it would shell
we would shell
you would shell
they would shell
Past Conditional
I would have shelled
you would have shelled
he/she/it would have shelled
we would have shelled
you would have shelled
they would have shelled

shell

To remove nuts from their shells, or peas from their pods.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shell - ammunition consisting of a cylindrical metal casing containing an explosive charge and a projectileshell - ammunition consisting of a cylindrical metal casing containing an explosive charge and a projectile; fired from a large gun
ammo, ammunition - projectiles to be fired from a gun
artillery shell - a shell fired by artillery
shotgun shell - a shell containing lead shot; used in shotguns
shrapnel - shell containing lead pellets that explodes in flight
tank shell - a shell fired by the cannon on a tank
whizbang, whizbang shell, whizzbang - a small high-velocity shell; it makes a whizzing sound followed by a bang when it hits
2.shell - the material that forms the hard outer covering of many animals
carapace, cuticle, shell, shield - hard outer covering or case of certain organisms such as arthropods and turtles
animal material - material derived from animals
mother-of-pearl, nacre - the iridescent internal layer of a mollusk shell
3.shell - hard outer covering or case of certain organisms such as arthropods and turtlesshell - hard outer covering or case of certain organisms such as arthropods and turtles
turtle - any of various aquatic and land reptiles having a bony shell and flipper-like limbs for swimming
arthropod - invertebrate having jointed limbs and a segmented body with an exoskeleton made of chitin
cuticula - the outer body wall of an insect
scute - large bony or horny plate as on an armadillo or turtle or the underside of a snake
mollusc, mollusk, shellfish - invertebrate having a soft unsegmented body usually enclosed in a shell
shell - the material that forms the hard outer covering of many animals
4.shell - the hard usually fibrous outer layer of some fruits especially nuts
nutshell - the shell around the kernel of a nut
hull - dry outer covering of a fruit or seed or nut
5.shell - the exterior covering of a bird's eggshell - the exterior covering of a bird's egg
eggs, egg - oval reproductive body of a fowl (especially a hen) used as food
covering, natural covering, cover - a natural object that covers or envelops; "under a covering of dust"; "the fox was flushed from its cover"
6.shell - a rigid covering that envelops an object; "the satellite is covered with a smooth shell of ice"
covering, natural covering, cover - a natural object that covers or envelops; "under a covering of dust"; "the fox was flushed from its cover"
7.shell - a very light narrow racing boatshell - a very light narrow racing boat  
racing boat - a boat propelled by oarsmen and designed for racing
racing skiff, single shell - a shell for a single oarsman
scull - a racing shell that is propelled by sculls
sliding seat - rower's seat that slides fore and aft
8.shell - the housing or outer covering of something; "the clock has a walnut case"
boot - protective casing for something that resembles a leg
gear box, gear case, gearbox - the shell (metal casing) in which a train of gears is sealed
grandfather clock, longcase clock - a pendulum clock enclosed in a tall narrow case
housing - a protective cover designed to contain or support a mechanical component
jacket - the tough metal shell casing for certain kinds of ammunition
9.shell - a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners)
armor plate, armor plating, armour plate, plate armor, plate armour - specially hardened steel plate used to protect fortifications or vehicles from enemy fire
horseshoe, shoe - U-shaped plate nailed to underside of horse's hoof
shell plating - the plates covering the frame of a steel ship and corresponding to the planking of a wooden ship
shield - a protective covering or structure
10.shell - the hard largely calcareous covering of a mollusc or a brachiopod
valve - one of the paired hinged shells of certain molluscs and of brachiopods
valve - the entire one-piece shell of a snail and certain other molluscs
scallop shell - a shell of a scallop
oyster shell - a shell of an oyster
phragmacone, phragmocone - the thin conical chambered internal shell (either straight or curved) of a belemnite
seashell - the shell of a marine organism
clamshell - the shell of a clam
covering, natural covering, cover - a natural object that covers or envelops; "under a covering of dust"; "the fox was flushed from its cover"
Verb1.shell - use explosives onshell - use explosives on; "The enemy has been shelling us all day"
bomb, bombard - throw bombs at or attack with bombs; "The Americans bombed Dresden"
crump - bombard with heavy shells
2.shell - create by using explosives; "blast a passage through the mountain"
create, make - make or cause to be or to become; "make a mess in one's office"; "create a furor"
3.shell - fall out of the pod or husk; "The corn shelled"
emerge - come out into view, as from concealment; "Suddenly, the proprietor emerged from his office"
4.shell - hit the pitches of hard and regularly; "He shelled the pitcher for eight runs in the first inning"
hit - cause to move by striking; "hit a ball"
5.shell - look for and collect shells by the seashore
gather - look for (food) in nature; "Our ancestors gathered nuts in the Fall"
6.shell - come out better in a competition, race, or conflictshell - come out better in a competition, race, or conflict; "Agassi beat Becker in the tennis championship"; "We beat the competition"; "Harvard defeated Yale in the last football game"
outscore, outpoint - score more points than one's opponents
walk over - beat easily; "The local team walked over their old rivals for the championship"
eliminate - remove from a contest or race; "The cyclist has eliminated all the competitors in the race"
worst, whip, mop up, pip, rack up - defeat thoroughly; "He mopped up the floor with his opponents"
whomp - beat overwhelmingly
get the best, have the best, overcome - overcome, usually through no fault or weakness of the person that is overcome; "Heart disease can get the best of us"
spreadeagle, rout, spread-eagle - defeat disastrously
get the jump - be there first; "They had gotten the jump on their competitors"
chicane, chouse, jockey, cheat, shaft, screw - defeat someone through trickery or deceit
outsmart, outwit, overreach, circumvent, outfox, beat - beat through cleverness and wit; "I beat the traffic"; "She outfoxed her competitors"
outdo, outgo, outmatch, outperform, outstrip, surpass, exceed, surmount - be or do something to a greater degree; "her performance surpasses that of any other student I know"; "She outdoes all other athletes"; "This exceeds all my expectations"; "This car outperforms all others in its class"
defeat, get the better of, overcome - win a victory over; "You must overcome all difficulties"; "defeat your enemies"; "He overcame his shyness"; "He overcame his infirmity"; "Her anger got the better of her and she blew up"
surmount, master, overcome, subdue, get over - get on top of; deal with successfully; "He overcame his shyness"
best, outdo, outflank, scoop, trump - get the better of; "the goal was to best the competition"
outfight - to fight better than; get the better of; "the Rangers outfought the Maple Leafs"; "The French forces outfought the Germans"
overmaster, overpower, overwhelm - overcome by superior force
checkmate, mate - place an opponent's king under an attack from which it cannot escape and thus ending the game; "Kasparov checkmated his opponent after only a few moves"
immobilise, immobilize - make defenseless
outplay - excel or defeat in a game; "The Knicks outplayed the Lakers"
drub, lick, clobber, cream, bat, thrash - beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight; "We licked the other team on Sunday!"
7.shell - remove from its shell or outer covering; "shell the legumes"; "shell mussels"
remove, take away, withdraw, take - remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract; "remove a threat"; "remove a wrapper"; "Remove the dirty dishes from the table"; "take the gun from your pocket"; "This machine withdraws heat from the environment"
pod - take something out of its shell or pod; "pod peas or beans"
8.shell - remove the husks from; "husk corn"
remove, take away, withdraw, take - remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract; "remove a threat"; "remove a wrapper"; "Remove the dirty dishes from the table"; "take the gun from your pocket"; "This machine withdraws heat from the environment"

shell

noun
1. husk, case, pod, shuck They cracked the nuts and removed their shells.
2. carapace, armour The baby tortoise tucked his head in his shell.
4. frame, structure, hull, framework, skeleton, chassis The solid feel of the car's shell is impressive.
5. missile, shot, bullet, slug, cartridge, pellet, projectile the whistling screech of an enemy shell
verb
1. remove the shells from, pod, husk, shuck (U.S.) She shelled and ate a few nuts.
2. bomb, barrage, bombard, attack, strike, blitz, strafe The rebels shelled the densely-populated suburbs near the port.
shell something out (with money or a specified sum of money as object) pay out, fork out (slang), expend, give, hand over, lay out (informal), disburse, ante up (informal, chiefly U.S.) You won't have to shell out a fortune for it.
Translations
صَدَفَةقَذيفَهقِشْرمَحارَه، صَدَفَههَيْكَل البِناء
skořápkaulitabombardovatgranátkostra
skalskjoldskrælleydermurbeskyde med granater
granaatkarpkaunkestkilp
kuorilaidoitusmunankuoripalkopanssari
oklopškoljka
fejtgránátgránátokkal lõ
afhÿîa, flysjafallbyssuskotgera stórskotaárás ágrindskel; skurn
껍데기
artilerijos sviedinysgriaučiaiišaižytiišlįsti iš savo kiautoišlukštenti
apšaudītčaulačaumalagliemežnīcaizlobīt
panciervylúpať
lupinaluščitiobstreljevatiškoljka
skalskalasnäcka
เปลือก
kabukkovanmermi kovanımermi yağdırmakbombalamak
vỏ

shell

[ʃel]
A. N
1. [of egg, nut] → cáscara f; [of tortoise, turtle] → caparazón m, carapacho m; [of snail, shellfish] → concha f, caracol m (LAm); [of pea] → vaina f; [of coconut] → cáscara f leñosa
to come out of one's shell (fig) → salir del caparazón or (LAm) carapacho
to crawl or go into one's shell (fig) → encerrarse or meterse en su concha, encerrarse or meterse en su caparazón
2. [of building, vehicle, ship] → armazón m or f, casco m
3. (= artillery round) → obús m, proyectil m (US) [of shotgun] → cartucho m
4. (Culin) [of pie, flan] → masa f
B. VT
1. [+ peas] → pelar, desvainar; [+ nuts] → pelar, descascarar; [+ mussels, cockles] → quitar la concha a; [+ prawns] → pelar; [+ eggs] → quitar la cáscara a
shelled prawnsgambas fpl peladas
it's like or as easy as shelling peases pan comido, es coser y cantar
2. (Mil) → bombardear
C. CPD shell game N (US) (lit) (= trick) juego consistente en adivinar en cuál de tres cubiletes se esconde un objetotriles fpl (fig) (= fraud) → artimaña f
shell hole N hoyo que forma un obús al explotar
shell shock Nneurosis f inv de guerra
shell suit N tipo de chandal
shell out
A. VI + ADV (= pay) → soltar el dinero
B. VT + ADV [+ money] → desembolsar
to shell out for sthdesembolsar para pagar algo

shell

[ˈʃɛl]
n
(on beach)coquillage m; [shellfish, snail] → coquille f
to come out of one's shell [shy person] → sortir de sa coquille
to retreat into one's shell [shy person] → rentrer dans sa coquille
[tortoise, crab] → carapace f
[egg, nut] → coquille f
(= explosive) → obus m
[building] → carcasse f; [boat] → coque f; [car] → châssis m
modif (MILITARY) [casing, fragment, hole, crater] → d'obus
vt
[+ crab, prawn] → décortiquer
[+ peas] → écosser
(MILITARY) (= bomb) → bombarder (d'obus)
shell out
vicasquer
to shell out for sth → casquer pour qch
vt sep [+ money] → casquer ; [+ amount] → raquer

shell

n
(of egg, nut, mollusc)Schale f; (on beach) → Muschel f; (of pea etc)Hülse f; (of snail)(Schnecken)haus nt; (of tortoise, turtle, insect)Panzer m; (= pastry shell)Form f; to come out of one’s shell (fig)aus seinem Schneckenhaus kommen, aus sich (dat)herausgehen; to retire into one’s shell (fig)sich in sein Schneckenhaus verkriechen; I’m just an empty shell (fig)ich bin nur noch eine leere Hülse
(= frame, of building) → Mauerwerk nt, → Mauern pl; (unfinished) → Rohbau m; (= ruin)Gemäuer nt, → Ruine f; (of car, unfinished) → Karosserie f; (gutted) → Wrack nt; (of ship)Gerippe nt, → Rumpf m; (gutted) → Wrack nt
(Mil) → Granate f; (esp US: = cartridge) → Patrone f
(= boat)Rennruderboot nt
(Comput) → Shell f
vt
peas etcenthülsen; eggs, nutsschälen; shelled prawnsgeschälte Garnelen
(Mil) → (mit Granaten) beschießen; the town is still being shelleddie Stadt steht immer noch unter Beschuss

shell

:
shell company
n (Comm) → Firmenmantel m
shellfire
nGranatfeuer nt
shellfish
nSchaltier(e) nt(pl); (Cook) → Meeresfrüchte pl
shell-hole
nGranattrichter m

shell

:
shell program
n (Comput) → Shellprogramm nt
shellproof
adjbombensicher
shell shock
nKriegsneurose f
shell-shocked
adj to be shell (lit)unter einer Kriegsneurose leiden; (fig)verstört sein
shell suit
n modischer leichter Jogginganzug

shell

[ʃɛl]
1. n
a. (of egg, nut, tortoise) → guscio; (of oyster, mussel) → conchiglia; (of lobster) → corazza, guscio (Phys) → guscio elettronico
to come out of one's shell (fig) → uscire dal (proprio) guscio
b. (of building) → struttura, scheletro; (of ship) → ossatura
c. (Mil) → granata
2. vt
a. (nuts) → sgusciare; (peas, beans) → sgranare
b. (Mil) → bombardare
shell out (fam)
1. vi + adv to shell out (for)sganciare soldi (per)
2. vt + adv to shell out (for) (money) → sganciare (per)

shell

(ʃel) noun
1. the hard outer covering of a shellfish, egg, nut etc. an eggshell; A tortoise can pull its head and legs under its shell.
2. an outer covering or framework. After the fire, all that was left was the burned-out shell of the building.
3. a metal case filled with explosives and fired from a gun etc. A shell exploded right beside him.
verb
1. to remove from its shell or pod. You have to shell peas before eating them.
2. to fire explosive shells at. The army shelled the enemy mercilessly.
ˈshellfishplural ˈshellfish noun
any of several kinds of sea animal covered with a shell (eg oyster, crab).
come out of one's shell
to become more confident and less shy.
shell out
to pay out (money). I had to shell out twenty dollars.

shell

صَدَفَة, قِشْر skořápka, ulita skal Schale κέλυφος cáscara, concha kuori coquille oklop, školjka conchiglia, guscio 껍데기 dop, omhulsel skall, skjell muszla, skorupka carapaça, casca, concha раковина skal, snäcka เปลือก kabuk vỏ

shell

n. cáscara; concha marina.
References in classic literature ?
The shell of the circum- stances of his life was broken and he was compelled to start forth.
Grandmother insisted on his drinking a glass of Virginia apple-brandy after his long walk in the cold, and when a faint flush came up in his cheeks, his features might have been cut out of a shell, they were so transparent.
When Arobin, one night, urged her to drive with him, she went--out to the lake, on the Shell Road.
A milkman was distributing the contents of his cans from door to door; and the harsh peal of a fisherman's conch shell was heard far off, around the corner.
whispered Stubb; the chick that's in him pecks the shell.
From the right, from the left, and from the front, shot and shell poured in upon us.
It built magnificent racing parks all over the country, and by means of enormous purses it lured the people to come, and then it organized a gigantic shell game, whereby it plundered them of hundreds of millions of dollars every year.
Clare walked the streets busily, and strove to fill up the chasm in his heart with hurry and bustle, and change of place; and people who saw him in the street, or met him at the cafe, knew of his loss only by the weed on his hat; for there he was, smiling and talking, and reading the newspaper, and speculating on politics, and attending to business matters; and who could see that all this smiling outside was but a hollowed shell over a heart that was a dark and silent sepulchre?
Well, a man that is packed away like that is a nut that isn't worth the cracking, there is so little of the meat, when you get down to it, by comparison with the shell.
It don't make no difference what you want it for -- you just shell it out.
We was in a sweat to find out what his secret was, but Tom said the best way was not to seem anxious, then likely he would drop into it himself in one of his talks, but if we got to asking questions he would get suspicious and shet up his shell.
I've watched 'em break shell an' come out an' fledge an' learn to fly an' begin to sing, till I think I'm one of 'em.