shine


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shine

 (shīn)
v. shone (shōn) or shined, shin·ing, shines
v.intr.
1. To emit light.
2. To reflect light; glint or glisten.
3. To distinguish oneself in an activity or a field; excel.
4. To be immediately apparent: Delight shone in her eyes.
v.tr.
1. To aim or cast the beam or glow of (a light).
2. past tense and past participle shined To make glossy or bright by polishing.
n.
1. Brightness from a source of light; radiance.
2. Brightness from reflected light; luster.
3. A shoeshine.
4. Excellence in quality or appearance; splendor.
5. Fair weather: rain or shine.
6. shines Informal Pranks or tricks.
7. Slang Whiskey; moonshine.
8. Offensive Slang Used as a disparaging term for a black person.
Idioms:
shine up to Informal
To try to impress or please: shined up to the boss, hoping to get a raise.
take a shine to Informal
To like spontaneously.

[Middle English shinen, from Old English scīnan.]
Usage Note: The verb shine has two different past tenses, shined and shone, and these forms also function as past participles. By tradition, the past tense and past participle shone is used when the verb is intransitive and means "to emit light, be luminous": The full moon shone over the field. The form shined, on the other hand, is normally used when the verb is transitive and means "to direct (a beam of light)" or "to polish," as in He shined his flashlight down the dark staircase or The butler shined the silver. In our 2008 survey, the Usage Panel found both forms acceptable in transitive literal use (shone/shined the light) and in figurative intransitive use (Carolyn always shined/shone at ribbon-cutting ceremonies), but a larger majority preferred the traditional usages (shined the light; shone at ceremonies) over the nontraditional ones, so maintaining the traditional distinction remains a sensible practice.

shine

(ʃaɪn)
vb, shines, shining or shone
1. (intr) to emit light
2. (intr) to glow or be bright with reflected light
3. (tr) to direct the light of (a lamp, etc): he shone the torch in my eyes.
4. (tr; past tense and past participle shined) to cause to gleam by polishing: to shine shoes.
5. (intr) to be conspicuously competent; excel: she shines at tennis.
6. (intr) to appear clearly; be conspicuous: the truth shone out of his words.
n
7. the state or quality of shining; sheen; lustre
8. rain or shine come rain or shine
a. whatever the weather
b. regardless of circumstances
9. (Brewing) informal short for moonshine2
10. informal a liking or fancy (esp in the phrase take a shine to)
[Old English scīnan; related to Old Norse skīna, Gothic skeinan, Old High German scīnan to shine, Greek skia shadow]

shine

(ʃaɪn)

v. shone, esp. for 9,10, shined; shin•ing; v.i.
1. to give forth or glow with light.
2. to be bright with reflected light; glisten; sparkle.
3. (of light) to appear brightly or strongly; glare.
4. to appear unusually animated, as the eyes or face.
5. to excel: to shine in algebra.
v.t.
6. to cause to shine.
7. to direct the light of (a lamp, mirror, etc.).
8. to polish (shoes, silverware, etc.).
9. shine up to, Informal.
a. to attempt to impress (a person), esp. in order to gain benefits for oneself.
b. to become esp. attentive to.
n.
10. radiance or brightness caused by emitted or reflected light.
11. luster; polish.
12. a polish or gloss given to shoes.
13. an act or instance of polishing shoes.
14. Often, shines. a prank or caper.
15. Extremely Disparaging and Offensive. (a contemptuous term used to refer to a black person.)
Idioms:
take a shine to, to develop a strong liking for (a person).
[before 900; Middle English s(c)hinen (v.), Old English scīnan, c. Old Frisian skīna, Old Saxon, Old High German skīnan, Old Norse skīna, Gothic skeinan]
usage: Definition 17 is a slur and should be avoided. It is used with disparaging intent and is perceived as highly insulting.

shine


Past participle: shone
Gerund: shining

Imperative
shine
shine
Present
I shine
you shine
he/she/it shines
we shine
you shine
they shine
Preterite
I shone
you shone
he/she/it shone
we shone
you shone
they shone
Present Continuous
I am shining
you are shining
he/she/it is shining
we are shining
you are shining
they are shining
Present Perfect
I have shone
you have shone
he/she/it has shone
we have shone
you have shone
they have shone
Past Continuous
I was shining
you were shining
he/she/it was shining
we were shining
you were shining
they were shining
Past Perfect
I had shone
you had shone
he/she/it had shone
we had shone
you had shone
they had shone
Future
I will shine
you will shine
he/she/it will shine
we will shine
you will shine
they will shine
Future Perfect
I will have shone
you will have shone
he/she/it will have shone
we will have shone
you will have shone
they will have shone
Future Continuous
I will be shining
you will be shining
he/she/it will be shining
we will be shining
you will be shining
they will be shining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shining
you have been shining
he/she/it has been shining
we have been shining
you have been shining
they have been shining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shining
you will have been shining
he/she/it will have been shining
we will have been shining
you will have been shining
they will have been shining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shining
you had been shining
he/she/it had been shining
we had been shining
you had been shining
they had been shining
Conditional
I would shine
you would shine
he/she/it would shine
we would shine
you would shine
they would shine
Past Conditional
I would have shone
you would have shone
he/she/it would have shone
we would have shone
you would have shone
they would have shone
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shine - the quality of being bright and sending out rays of lightshine - the quality of being bright and sending out rays of light
brightness - the location of a visual perception along a continuum from black to white
gleam, lambency, gleaming, glow - an appearance of reflected light
sheen, shininess, luster, lustre - the visual property of something that shines with reflected light
burnish, glossiness, polish, gloss - the property of being smooth and shiny
Verb1.shine - be bright by reflecting or casting light; "Drive carefully--the wet road reflects"
resplend - be resplendent or radiant; to shine brightly; "The Queen's garments resplended in velvet and jewels"
glare - be sharply reflected; "The moon glared back at itself from the lake's surface"
opalesce - reflect light or colors like an opal; "Distant clouds opalesce like pale brocade"; "raindrops caught in a sunbeam seem to opalesce"
luminesce - be or become luminescent; exhibit luminescence
coruscate, sparkle, scintillate - reflect brightly; "Unquarried marble sparkled on the hillside"
give out, emit, give off - give off, send forth, or discharge; as of light, heat, or radiation, vapor, etc.; "The ozone layer blocks some harmful rays which the sun emits"
2.shine - emit lightshine - emit light; be bright, as of the sun or a light; "The sun shone bright that day"; "The fire beamed on their faces"
beat down - shine hard; "The sun beat down on the hikers"
beacon - shine like a beacon
glare - shine intensely; "The sun glared down on us"
flame, flare - shine with a sudden light; "The night sky flared with the massive bombardment"
outshine - shine brighter than; "What star outshines the sun?"
shimmer - shine with a weak or fitful light; "Beech leaves shimmered in the moonlight"
flicker, flick - shine unsteadily; "The candle flickered"
blaze - shine brightly and intensively; "Meteors blazed across the atmosphere"
winkle, twinkle, scintillate - emit or reflect light in a flickering manner; "Does a constellation twinkle more brightly than a single star?"
burn, glow - shine intensely, as if with heat; "The coals were glowing in the dark"; "The candles were burning"
3.shine - be shiny, as if wet; "His eyes were glistening"
appear, seem, look - give a certain impression or have a certain outward aspect; "She seems to be sleeping"; "This appears to be a very difficult problem"; "This project looks fishy"; "They appeared like people who had not eaten or slept for a long time"
spangle - glitter as if covered with spangles
shimmer - give off a shimmering reflection, as of silk
4.shine - be distinguished or eminent; "His talent shines"
be - have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); "John is rich"; "This is not a good answer"
5.shine - be clear and obvious; "A shining example"
be - have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); "John is rich"; "This is not a good answer"
6.shine - have a complexion with a strong bright color, such as red or pinkshine - have a complexion with a strong bright color, such as red or pink; "Her face glowed when she came out of the sauna"
appear, seem, look - give a certain impression or have a certain outward aspect; "She seems to be sleeping"; "This appears to be a very difficult problem"; "This project looks fishy"; "They appeared like people who had not eaten or slept for a long time"
7.shine - throw or flash the light of (a lamp); "Shine the light on that window, please"
8.shine - touch or seem as if touching visually or audiblyshine - touch or seem as if touching visually or audibly; "Light fell on her face"; "The sun shone on the fields"; "The light struck the golden necklace"; "A strange sound struck my ears"
hap, happen, occur, come about, take place, go on, pass off, fall out, pass - come to pass; "What is happening?"; "The meeting took place off without an incidence"; "Nothing occurred that seemed important"
9.shine - experience a feeling of well-being or happiness, as from good health or an intense emotionshine - experience a feeling of well-being or happiness, as from good health or an intense emotion; "She was beaming with joy"; "Her face radiated with happiness"
feel, experience - undergo an emotional sensation or be in a particular state of mind; "She felt resentful"; "He felt regret"
10.shine - make (a surface) shine; "shine the silver, please"; "polish my shoes"
beautify, fancify, prettify, embellish - make more beautiful
Simonise, Simonize - polish with wax; "The motorcycle has been Simonized"
sleek, slick - make slick or smooth
burnish, furbish, buff - polish and make shiny; "buff the wooden floors"; "buff my shoes"
gloss - give a shine or gloss to, usually by rubbing

shine

verb
1. gleam, flash, beam, glow, sparkle, glitter, glare, shimmer, radiate, twinkle, glimmer, glisten, emit light, give off light, scintillate It is a mild morning and the sun is shining.
2. polish, buff, burnish, brush, wax, gloss, rub up Let him dust and shine the furniture.
3. be outstanding, stand out, excel, star, be successful, be distinguished, steal the show, be conspicuous, be pre-eminent, stand out in a crowd He conspicuously failed to shine academically.
noun
1. polish, gloss, sheen, glaze, lustre, patina The wood has been recently polished to bring back the shine.
2. brightness, light, sparkle, radiance There was a sparkle about her, a shine of anticipation.
take a shine to something or someone take a fancy to, be captivated by, have a crush on, find attractive, have a thing about, start to like, start to fancy, grow attracted to Seems to me you've taken quite a shine to her.

shine

verb
1. To emit a bright light:
2. To give a gleaming luster to, usually through friction:
3. To be in one's prime:
noun
A radiant brightness or glow, usually due to light reflected from a smooth surface:
Translations
تَلْميعلَمَعان، بَريقيُشْرِق، يُشِعيَصْقُليَلْمَعُ
svítitvyleštěnízářezářitcídit
skinnebrillereglanslysepolering
brili
kiiltääkirkkausloistaaloistavuusloiste
svijetliti
cipõfényesítésjeleskedikragyográirányítja a lámpát
gljápússa, bursta; fægjaskara fram úrskin, ljómi, gljáiskína, lÿsa
光る卓越照らす目立つ磨く
빛나다
blizginimassublizgėti
izceltiesmirdzētnospodrinātspīdētspīdināt
leštenieposvietiťsvietiťvylešteniezaskvieť sa
leskloščenjeloščitiosvetlitisijati
skinastrålablankablänkablankhet
ทำให้ส่องแสง
parlamakparlatmaparlatmakboyamaboyamak
chiếu sángsoi sángtỏa sáng

shine

[ʃaɪn] (shone (vb: pt, pp))
A. N (= brilliance) → brillo m, lustre m
to give sth a shinesacar brillo a algo
to take the shine off sth (lit) → deslustrar algo (fig) → deslucir algo, quitar a algo su encanto
come rain or shinehaga el tiempo que haga
to take a shine to sbtomar simpatía por algn
B. VT
1. (shined (pt, pp)) (= polish) → sacar brillo a, pulir
2. to shine a light on sthechar luz sobre algo
C. VI
1. [sun, light etc] → brillar; [metal] → relucir
the sun is shiningbrilla el sol
the metal shone in the sunel metal relucía al sol
her face shone with happinesssu cara irradiaba felicidad
2. (fig) [student etc] → destacar, sobresalir
to shine at Englishdestacar or sobresalir en inglés
shine down VI + ADV [sun, moon, stars] → brillar

shine

[ˈʃaɪn]
n
(= sheen) (on hair, silver, shoes, floor, fabric)brillant m
(= action) to give sth a shine [+ shoes, floor, silver] → faire briller qch
to take a shine to sb → se prendre tout de suite d'amitié pour qn
vb [shone] (pt, pp)
vi
[sun, light] → briller
The sun was shining → Le soleil brillait.
[eyes, hair, shoes, metal] → briller
(= excel) → être brillant(e)
to shine at sth → être excellent(e) en qch
vt
(= polish) [+ shoes, furniture, silver] → faire briller
to shine a torch → s'éclairer avec une lampe électrique
The man walked slowly towards her, shining the flashlight → L'homme s'avançait lentement vers elle, s'éclairant avec une lampe électrique.
to shine a light on sth → braquer une lampe sur qch
to shine a torch in sb's eyes → éblouir qn avec une lampe

shine

vb: pret, ptp <shone>
nGlanz m; to give one’s shoes a shineseine Schuhe polieren or blank putzen; shine, sir?Schuhe putzen, der Herr?; to have a shineglänzen; to put a shine on somethingetw blank polieren; (fig)einer Sache (dat)(den richtigen) Glanz geben; to take the shine off something (lit, fig)einer Sache (dat)den Glanz nehmen; she’s taken a real shine to Oxford/my brother (inf)Oxford/mein Bruder hat es ihr wirklich angetan ? rain
vt
pret, ptp usu <shined> (= polish: also shine up) → blank putzen; shoespolieren
(= direct a light) to shine a light on somethingetw beleuchten; shine the torch this way!leuchte einmal hierher!; don’t shine it in my eyes!blende mich nicht!
vi
(lit)leuchten; (stars, eyes, face)leuchten, glänzen; (metal, nose, paint)glänzen; (moon, sun, lamp)scheinen; (glass)blitzblank sein; to shine like a beacon (fig)wie ein Licht in der Dunkelheit sein or leuchten; (hum: face, nose) → wie ein Lampion leuchten
(fig: = excel) → glänzen; to shine at/in somethingbei/in etw (dat)glänzen; he doesn’t exactly shine at sports/his worker ist keine or nicht gerade eine Leuchte im Sport/bei der Arbeit

shine

[ʃaɪn]
1. (shone (pt, pp)) vi(ri)splendere, brillare
the light was shining in his eyes → aveva la luce negli occhi
the light was shining under the door → si vedeva la luce sotto la porta
the metal shone in the sun → il metallo risplendeva al sole
her face shone with happiness → il suo viso splendeva di felicità
her eyes shone with joy → i suoi occhi brillavano di gioia
to shine at maths (fig) → brillare in matematica
2. vt (shone or shined (pt, pp))
a. shine the light or your torch over herefai luce (con la pila) in questa direzione
b. (shined (pt, pp)) (polish) → lucidare, lustrare
3. n (of sun, metal) → lucentezza, splendore m
to give sth a shine → dare una lucidata a qc
those shoes have got a good shine → quelle scarpe luccicano
to take the shine off sth → far perdere il lucido a qc (fig) → offuscare qc
to take a shine to sb (fig) → prendere qn in simpatia
come rain or shine ... → qualunque tempo faccia..., col bello o col cattivo tempo...

shine

(ʃain) past tense, past participle shone (ʃon, (American) ʃoun) verb
1. to (cause to) give out light; to direct such light towards someone or something. The light shone from the window; The policeman shone his torch; He shone a torch on the body.
2. to be bright. She polished the silver till it shone.
3. (past tense, past participle shined) to polish. He tries to make a living by shining shoes.
4. (often with at) to be very good (at something). He shines at games; You really shone in yesterday's match.
noun
1. brightness; the state of being well polished. He likes a good shine on his shoes; a ray of sunshine.
2. an act of polishing. I'll just give my shoes a shine.
ˈshining adjective
very bright and clear; producing or reflecting light; polished. a shining star; The windows were clean and shining.
ˈshiny adjective
glossy; reflecting light; polished. a shiny cover on a book; a shiny nose; shiny shoes.
ˈshininess noun

shine

يَلْمَعُ zářit skinne leuchten λάμπω relucir kiiltää briller svijetliti splendere 光る 빛나다 schijnen skinne zaświecić brilhar светить skina ทำให้ส่องแสง parlamak chiếu sáng 闪亮
References in classic literature ?
I think it's been a pretty hard one," observed Amy, watching the light shine on her ring with thoughtful eyes.
The day was cold with a raw wind, but presently the sun began to shine and the road became soft and muddy.
We burrowed down in the straw and curled up close together, watching the angry red die out of the west and the stars begin to shine in the clear, windy sky.
Foot by foot, they were driven back from the shores, until I, that am a chief and a Sagamore, have never seen the sun shine but through the trees, and have never visited the graves of my fathers.
And we view Kentucke situated on the fertile banks of the great Ohio, rising from obscurity to shine with splendor, equal to any other of the stars of the American hemisphere.
And if the observer chanced to be ill-natured, as well as acute and susceptible, he would probably suspect that the smile on the gentleman's face was a good deal akin to the shine on his boots, and that each must have cost him and his boot-black, respectively, a good deal of hard labor to bring out and preserve them.
And now surrounded, like the saint-like personage of olden times, with a radiant halo, that glorified him amid this gloomy night of sin -- as if the departed Governor had left him an inheritance of his glory, or as if he had caught upon himself the distant shine of the celestial city, while looking thitherward to see the triumphant pilgrim pass within its gates -- now, in short, good Father Wilson was moving homeward, aiding his footsteps with a lighted lantern
It stands on a knoll, surrounded by locust, trees and lofty elms, from among which its decent, whitewashed walls shine modestly forth, like Christian purity beaming through the shades of retirement.
I can still see his wonderful smile, the whites of his beautiful eyes, and the uncovering of his little teeth shine to me in the dusk.
Sometimes they are polished with soapstone and sand, till they shine within like silver punch-bowls.
So do I," said master, "as well as any man, but I don't like to see them held up; that takes all the shine out of it.
They used the very flimsiest and cheapest material; they built the houses a dozen at a time, and they cared about nothing at all except the outside shine.